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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2022-07-13 and last amended on 2022-03-06. Previous Versions

Part VI — General Operating and Flight Rules (continued)

Subpart 2 — Operating and Flight Rules (continued)

Division VII — Instrument Flight Rules (continued)

Runway Visibility
  •  (1) When no reading from RVR “A” or RVR “B” for the runway of intended approach is available, runway visibility is assessed

    • (a) by a pilot holding an instrument rating and in the manner set out in section 622.131 of Standard 622 — Pilot Assessment of Runway Visibility Standards of the General Operating and Flight Rules Standards; or

    • (b) by a person qualified in accordance with section 804.26 and in the manner set out in section 804.25.

  • (2) The assessment of runway visibility is valid only for a period of 20 minutes after it is established.

  • SOR/2006-199, s. 14
  • SOR/2015-160, s. 28(F)

[602.132 reserved]

Division VIII — Radiocommunications

Language Used in Aeronautical Radiocommunications

 English and French are the languages of aeronautical radiocommunication in Canada.

Request for Air Traffic Services

 Any person operating an aircraft who wishes to receive air traffic services referred to in section 801.11 in English or French shall so indicate to the appropriate air traffic control unit or flight service station by means of an initial radiocommunication in English or French, as appropriate.

 [Reserved, SOR/2019-119, s. 35]

[602.135 Reserved]

Continuous Listening Watch

 Subject to sections 602.137 and 602.138, where an aircraft is equipped with radiocommunication equipment, the pilot-in-command shall ensure that

  • (a) a listening watch is maintained on the appropriate frequency; and

  • (b) where communications are required, communication is established with an air traffic control unit, flight service station or community aerodrome radio station, as applicable, on that appropriate frequency.

Two-way Radiocommunication Failure in IFR Flight
  •  (1) Where there is a two-way radiocommunication failure between the controlling air traffic control unit and an IFR aircraft that is in or has received a clearance to enter controlled airspace, the pilot-in-command shall

    • (a) maintain a listening watch on the appropriate frequency for control messages or further clearance and acknowledge receipt of any such messages, if possible, by any means available;

    • (b) set the transponder to code 7600; and

    • (c) attempt to establish communications with any air traffic services facility or other aircraft, inform the facility or aircraft of the difficulty and request it to relay the information to the last air traffic control unit with which communications had been established.

  • (2) Where communications cannot be established with any air traffic services facility, either directly or by relay through an intermediary, the pilot-in-command shall, except where specific instructions to cover an anticipated communications failure have been received from an air traffic control unit, comply with the procedures specified by the Minister in the Canada Air Pilot and the Canada Flight Supplement.

Two-way Radiocommunication Failure in VFR Flight

 Where there is a two-way radiocommunication failure between the controlling air traffic control unit and a VFR aircraft while operating in Class B, Class C or Class D airspace, the pilot-in-command shall

  • (a) leave the airspace

    • (i) where the airspace is a control zone, by landing at the aerodrome for which the control zone is established, and

    • (ii) in any other case, by the shortest route;

  • (b) where the aircraft is equipped with a transponder, set the transponder to code 7600; and

  • (c) inform an air traffic control unit as soon as possible of the actions taken pursuant to paragraph (a).

[602.139 to 602.142 reserved]

Division IX — Emergency Communications and Security

Emergency Radio Frequency Capability

 No person shall operate an aircraft equipped with two-way VHF radiocommunication equipment unless the equipment is capable of providing communication on VHF frequency 121.5 MHz.

Interception Signals, Interception of Aircraft and Instructions to Land
  •  (1) No person shall give an interception signal or an instruction to land except

    • (a) a peace officer, an officer of a police authority or an officer of the Canadian Armed Forces acting within the scope of their duties; or

    • (b) a person authorized to do so by the Minister pursuant to subsection (2).

  • (2) The Minister may authorize a person to give an interception signal or an instruction to land if such authorization is in the public interest and is not likely to affect aviation safety.

  • (3) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft who receives an instruction to land from a person referred to in subsection (1) shall, subject to any direction received from an air traffic control unit, comply with the instruction.

  • (4) The pilot-in-command of an intercepting aircraft and the pilot-in-command of an intercepted aircraft shall comply with the rules of interception set out in the Canada Flight Supplement.

ADIZ
  •  (1) This section applies in respect of aircraft before entering into and while operating within the ADIZ, the dimensions of which are specified in the Designated Airspace Handbook.

  • (2) Every flight plan or flight itinerary required to be filed pursuant to this section shall be filed with an air traffic control unit, a flight service station or a community aerodrome radio station.

  • (3) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft whose point of departure within the ADIZ or last point of departure before entering the ADIZ has facilities for the transmission of flight plan or flight itinerary information shall

    • (a) before take-off, file a flight plan or flight itinerary;

    • (b) in the case of a VFR aircraft where the point of departure is outside the ADIZ,

      • (i) indicate in the flight plan or flight itinerary the estimated time and point of ADIZ entry, and

      • (ii) as soon as possible after take-off, communicate by radio to an air traffic control unit, a flight service station or a community aerodrome radio station a position report of the aircraft’s location, altitude, aerodrome of departure and estimated time and point of ADIZ entry; and

    • (c) in the case of a VFR aircraft where the point of departure is within the ADIZ, as soon as possible after take-off, communicate by radio to an air traffic control unit, a flight service station or a community aerodrome radio station a position report of the aircraft’s location, altitude and aerodrome of departure.

  • (4) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft whose point of departure within the ADIZ or last point of departure before entering the ADIZ does not have facilities for the transmission of flight plan or flight itinerary information shall

    • (a) as soon as possible after take-off, file by radiocommunication a flight plan or flight itinerary; and

    • (b) in the case of a VFR aircraft, indicate in the flight plan or flight itinerary the estimated time and point of ADIZ entry, if applicable.

  • (5) The pilot-in-command of a VFR aircraft shall revise the estimated time and point of ADIZ entry and inform an air traffic control unit, a flight service station or a community aerodrome radio station, when the aircraft is not expected to arrive

    • (a) within plus or minus five minutes of the estimated time at

      • (i) a reporting point,

      • (ii) the point of ADIZ entry, or

      • (iii) the point of destination within the ADIZ; or

    • (b) within 20 nautical miles of

      • (i) the estimated point of ADIZ entry, or

      • (ii) the centre line of the route of flight indicated in the flight plan or flight itinerary.

ESCAT Plan
[
  • SOR/2002-352, s. 2
]
  •  (1) This section applies in respect of aircraft before entering into and while operating within Canadian domestic airspace or the ADIZ.

  • (2) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft referred to in subsection (1) who is notified by an air traffic control unit of the implementation of the ESCAT Plan shall

    • (a) before take-off, obtain approval for the flight from the appropriate air traffic control unit or flight service station;

    • (b) comply with any instruction to land or to change course or altitude that is received from the appropriate air traffic control unit or flight service station; and

    • (c) provide the appropriate air traffic control unit or flight service station with position reports

      • (i) when operating within controlled airspace, as required pursuant to section 602.125, and

      • (ii) when operating outside controlled airspace, at least every 30 minutes.

  • SOR/2002-352, s. 3

[602.147 to 602.149 reserved]

Division X — Noise Emission Levels for Subsonic Turbo-Jet Aeroplanes

Requirements
  •  (1) No person shall operate a subsonic turbo-jet aeroplane that has a maximum certificated take-off weight of 34 000 kg (74,956 pounds) or more to or from an aerodrome other than Gander International Airport unless the aeroplane meets the noise emission standards set out in Chapter 3 or 4 of Volume I, Aircraft Noise, of Annex 16 to the Convention.

  • (2) For the purpose of subsection (1), the following expressions, used in Annex 16 to the Convention, have the following meanings:

    • (a) aeroplane has the same meaning as in subsection 101.01(1);

    • (b) maximum certificated take-off mass has the same meaning as maximum certificated take-off weight in subsection 101.01(1); and

    • (c) subsonic jet has the same meaning as subsonic turbo-jet aeroplane in subsection (1).

  • SOR/2008-277, s. 1
  • SOR/2010-304, s. 3

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-277, s. 1]

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-277, s. 1]

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-277, s. 1]

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-277, s. 1]

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-277, s. 1]

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-277, s. 1]

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-277, s. 1]

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-277, s. 1]

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-277, s. 1]

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-277, s. 1]

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-277, s. 1]

 [Repealed, SOR/2008-277, s. 1]

Subpart 3 — Special Flight Operations

Division I — Special Aviation Events

Certification Requirements for Special Aviation Events

 No person shall conduct a special aviation event, other than a fly-in, unless the person complies with the provisions of a special flight operations certificate — special aviation event issued by the Minister under section 603.02.

Issuance of Special Flight Operations Certificate — Special Aviation Event

 Subject to section 6.71 of the Act, the Minister shall, on receipt of an application submitted in the form and manner required by and within the time limits specified in the Special Flight Operations Standards, issue a special flight operations certificate-special aviation event to an applicant who demonstrates to the Minister the ability to conduct a special aviation event in accordance with the Special Flight Operations Standards.

  • SOR/2006-77, s. 13
Contents of Special Flight Operations Certificate — Special Aviation Event

 A special flight operations certificate — special aviation event shall contain the following information:

  • (a) the name and address of the certificate holder;

  • (b) the number of the certificate;

  • (c) the date of issue of the certificate;

  • (d) the validity period of the certificate;

  • (e) the general conditions identified in section 603.04; and

  • (f) specific conditions with respect to

    • (i) the types of aircraft authorized to operate at the special aviation event and, if applicable, their registration,

    • (ii) the names and, if applicable, the qualifications of the flight crew members authorized to participate in the special aviation event, and

    • (iii) any other condition pertaining to the special aviation event that the Minister deems necessary for aviation safety.

General Conditions of Special Flight Operations Certificate — Special Aviation Event

 A special flight operations certificate — special aviation event shall contain the following general conditions:

  • (a) the certificate holder shall maintain an adequate management organization;

  • (b) the certificate holder shall ensure that participants are

    • (i) qualified for the type of demonstration to be flown, and

    • (ii) provided with a briefing that meets the Special Flight Operations Standards; and

  • (c) the certificate holder shall conduct the special aviation event in a safe manner.

Event Management

 No person shall conduct a special aviation event unless the person has a management organization that

  • (a) is capable of exercising supervision and operational control over

    • (i) persons attending the special aviation event,

    • (ii) any flight that is to be operated at the special aviation event; and

    • (iii) personnel involved in the conduct of the special aviation event whose duties and responsibilities are specified in the Special Flight Operations Standards; and

  • (b) meets the Special Flight Operations Standards.

  • SOR/2006-77, s. 14
Participant and Aircraft Eligibility

 No person shall operate an aircraft or permit an aircraft to be operated in a special aviation event unless the person operating the aircraft and the aircraft

  • (a) meet the eligibility requirements specified in section 623.06 of the Special Flight Operations Standards; and

  • (b) are authorized to do so in a special flight operations certificate-special aviation event.

  • SOR/2006-77, s. 15
Minimum Safety Distances and Altitudes

 No person shall operate an aircraft in a special aviation event at a distance from, or at an altitude above, a spectator area, a built-up area or an occupied building if that distance or altitude is less than the minimum specified in section 623.07 of the Special Flight Operations Standards.

  • SOR/2006-77, s. 15
 
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