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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2021-05-19 and last amended on 2021-01-01. Previous Versions

Part VII — Commercial Air Services (continued)

Division V — Exemptions — Fatigue Risk Management System (continued)

Fatigue Risk Management Process

  •  (1) The air operator’s fatigue risk management process shall include procedures for

    • (a) the internal reporting of fatigue by flight crew members;

    • (b) acknowledging in writing, to flight crew members, receipt of each fatigue report and advising of any follow-up action;

    • (c) collecting information to identify fatigue-related hazards, including

      • (i) flight crew member performance data,

      • (ii) accident and incident information,

      • (iii) data from work schedules,

      • (iv) data from comparisons of planned schedules in relation to time worked, and

      • (v) data from a review of operational or administrative duties;

    • (d) developing a list of the safety data and scientific studies used in support of the processes that form part of the fatigue risk management system;

    • (e) managing the data and information referred to in this subsection;

    • (f) identifying and assessing the levels of fatigue and alertness through modelling with respect to flight crew members’ schedules; and

    • (g) analyzing planned schedules in relation to time worked in order to assess whether fatigue is being managed.

  • (2) The air operator’s fatigue risk assessment process shall be based on the information referred to in subsection (1) and shall include procedures for

    • (a) identifying the cause of fatigue-related hazards;

    • (b) assessing the likelihood that a fatigue-related event will occur and the severity of its consequences;

    • (c) identifying and prioritizing the risks that need to be managed;

    • (d) creating and updating a record of the risks that are identified;

    • (e) determining the actions to be taken to manage the risks referred to in paragraph (c), including the preventive measures or corrective actions; and

    • (f) developing safety performance indicators to measure the effectiveness of the measures and actions taken under paragraph (e).

Collaboration with Employees

 The air operator shall have a process to collaborate with employees in the development of the policy and procedure for the internal reporting of fatigue.

Fatigue Risk Management Promotion

  •  (1) In the case of an air operator to whom sections 700.20 to 700.72 or 700.101 to 700.135 apply, its program for fatigue risk management promotion shall include training for its employees on the following subjects:

    • (a) the components and functioning of the fatigue risk management system and the employees’ responsibilities with respect to the system;

    • (b) the actions to be taken with respect to fatigue-related risks; and

    • (c) the requirements of these Regulations with respect to fatigue management.

  • (2) In the case of an air operator to whom sections 702.91 to 702.98 apply, its program for fatigue risk management promotion shall include training for its employees on the following subjects:

    • (a) the components and functioning of the fatigue risk management system and the employees’ responsibilities with respect to the system;

    • (b) the actions to be taken with respect to fatigue-related risks;

    • (c) the requirements of these Regulations with respect to fatigue management;

    • (d) personal fatigue management strategies relating to

      • (i) sleep hygiene,

      • (ii) lifestyle, exercise and diet, and

      • (iii) the consumption of alcohol and drugs;

    • (e) the impact of fatigue on aviation safety;

    • (f) sleep requirements and the science relating to fatigue;

    • (g) the causes and consequences of fatigue;

    • (h) how to recognize fatigue in themselves and in others;

    • (i) sleep disorders, their impact on aviation safety and treatment options; and

    • (j) human and organizational factors that may cause fatigue, including

      • (i) sleep quality and duration,

      • (ii) the effect of shift work and overtime,

      • (iii) the circadian rhythm, and

      • (iv) the effects of changes of time zones.

  • (3) The programs set out in subsections (1) and (2) shall include

    • (a) competency-based training for persons who have been assigned duties in respect of the fatigue risk management system; and

    • (b) means of measuring the level of competency attained by each person who receives the training.

  • (4) For the purposes of promoting fatigue risk management, an air operator shall have a procedure for communicating the following information to its employees:

    • (a) industry reports on fatigue;

    • (b) industry best practices in respect of fatigue risk management;

    • (c) advancements in the science relating to fatigue;

    • (d) the results of the data analysis conducted in accordance with the process referred to in subsection 700.216(2);

    • (e) updates to the fatigue risk management system; and

    • (f) the results of the review of the fatigue risk management system.

Quality Assurance Program for the Fatigue Risk Management System

  •  (1) The air operator’s quality assurance program for the fatigue risk management system shall include a process for the audit of the fatigue risk management system that includes procedures for

    • (a) auditing the extent to which the air operator has implemented its fatigue risk management system, including

      • (i) a checklist setting out all of the components of the air operator’s fatigue risk management system that are to be audited, and

      • (ii) a plan establishing the frequency of the audits and the manner in which they will be conducted;

    • (b) auditing the fatigue risk management system in the event of an accident or incident;

    • (c) analyzing the findings of the audit and determining the contributing factors of those findings;

    • (d) developing, implementing and monitoring preventive measures and corrective actions to address the findings of the audit; and

    • (e) keeping and updating records, including the findings of the audit, the preventive measures and corrective actions to address those findings and any follow-up taken in respect of those measures and actions.

  • (2) The air operator’s process for the periodic review of the effectiveness of its fatigue risk management system shall include procedures for the assessment of

    • (a) the fatigue risk management process;

    • (b) the reliability of the safety performance indicators; and

    • (c) the attainment of the safety objectives.

  • (3) An air operator shall have procedures for the ongoing monitoring of the effect of the variance described in the notice of intent on the flight crew members’ levels of fatigue and alertness.

 
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