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Federal Courts Rules (SOR/98-106)

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Regulations are current to 2021-06-28 and last amended on 2021-06-17. Previous Versions

PART 5Applications (continued)

Foreign Judgments and Arbitral Awards

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply to rules 327 to 334.

arbitration agreement

arbitration agreement means an agreement in writing as defined in article II of the convention set out in the schedule to the United Nations Foreign Arbitral Awards Convention Act or an arbitration agreement as defined in Article 7 of the Commercial Arbitration Code, set out in Schedule 1 to the Commercial Arbitration Act. (convention d’arbitrage)

foreign judgment

foreign judgment means a judgment or arbitral award that may be registered in a court in Canada in accordance with

  • SOR/2004-283, s. 39
  • 2012, c. 26, s. 27

Marginal note:Form of application

 An application for registration, recognition or enforcement of a foreign judgment shall be in Form 327.

Marginal note:Ex parte application

  •  (1) An application under rule 327 may be brought ex parte.

  • Marginal note:Directions regarding service

    (2) On an ex parte application under subsection (1), the Court may direct that notice of the application be served on the foreign judgment debtor and may give such directions respecting the manner of service as it considers just.

Marginal note:Affidavit

  •  (1) An affidavit filed in an application under rule 327 shall be accompanied by an exemplified or certified copy of the foreign judgment, any reasons, including dissenting reasons, given in respect of that judgment and a copy of any arbitration agreement under which the judgment was awarded and shall state

    • (a) that the foreign judgment was not fully satisfied as at the filing of the application;

    • (b) whether the foreign judgment debtor appeared in the original proceeding;

    • (c) an address in Canada for service on the foreign judgment creditor;

    • (d) the name and usual or last known address of the foreign judgment debtor;

    • (e) whether interest has accrued on the amount payable under the foreign judgment in accordance with the law of the state of the originating court or arbitral tribunal and, if interest has accrued, the rate of interest, the day from which it is payable, the amount due at the time of the filing of the application and, where applicable, the day on which interest ceases to accrue;

    • (f) the rate of exchange into Canadian currency prevailing on the day on which the foreign judgment was rendered, as ascertained from a chartered bank in Canada;

    • (g) that, having made careful and full inquiries, the applicant knows of no impediment to registration, recognition or enforcement of the foreign judgment; and

    • (h) that the foreign judgment is executory, that no appeal or other form of judicial review is pending and that any time prescribed for the making of an appeal or application for judicial review has expired.

  • Marginal note:Affidavit of service

    (2) Where a foreign judgment debtor did not appear in the original proceeding, an affidavit referred to in subsection (1) shall be accompanied by an affidavit of service on the foreign judgment debtor of the document instituting the original proceedings.

  • SOR/2006-219, s. 12

Marginal note:Other evidence

 The Court may accept evidence on an application under rule 327 other than affidavit evidence.

Marginal note:Amounts in Canadian currency

 Unless the Court orders otherwise, an amount payable under a foreign judgment shall be converted into the equivalent amount in Canadian currency on the basis of the rate of exchange, ascertained from a chartered bank in Canada, that was prevailing on the day on which the foreign judgment was rendered.

Marginal note:Interest

  •  (1) Any interest on an amount payable under a foreign judgment that has accrued to the day of registration of the foreign judgment shall be added to the amount payable under the foreign judgment.

  • Marginal note:Interest

    (2) Unless the Court orders otherwise, an amount payable under a foreign judgment registered pursuant to an application under rule 327 bears interest from the day of registration at the rate set out in section 3 of the Interest Act.

Marginal note:Service of order for registration

 Unless the Court orders otherwise, a foreign judgment creditor who obtains an order for registration of a foreign judgment shall personally serve the order on the foreign judgment debtor, together with a translation thereof in the language of the foreign judgment and an affidavit attesting to its accuracy.

Marginal note:Execution

 Unless the Court orders otherwise, execution shall not be issued on a foreign judgment registered pursuant to an application under rule 327 until proof of service of the order for registration has been filed.

PART 5.1Class Proceedings

Application

Marginal note:Application

 This Part applies to actions and applications other than applications for judicial review under section 28 of the Act.

  • SOR/2007-301, s. 7

Marginal note:Applicability of rules for actions and applications

 Except to the extent that they are incompatible with the rules in this Part, the rules applicable to actions and applications, as the case may be, apply to class proceedings.

  • SOR/2007-301, s. 7

Proceedings That May Be Certified as Class Proceedings

Marginal note:By class member

  •  (1) Despite rule 302, a member of a class of persons may commence an action or an application on behalf of the members of that class, in which case the originating document shall be prefaced by the heading “Proposed Class Proceeding”.

  • Marginal note:Motion for certification of proceeding

    (2) The member shall bring a motion for the certification of the proceeding as a class proceeding and for the appointment of the member as representative plaintiff or applicant.

  • Marginal note:Who may be representative

    (3) The representative of a class shall be a person who may act as a plaintiff or an applicant under these Rules.

  • Marginal note:Originating document in immigration matters

    (4) For the purposes of subsection (1), in the case of an application for judicial review referred to in section 72 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, the originating document is the application for leave referred to in subsection 72(1) of that Act.

  • SOR/2007-301, s. 7

Marginal note:By defendant or respondent

  •  (1) A defendant to an action or a respondent to an application may, at any time, bring a motion for the certification of the proceeding as a class proceeding and for the appointment of a representative plaintiff or applicant.

  • Marginal note:Application of rule 334.16

    (2) Rule 334.16 applies to the certification of a proceeding referred to in subsection (1) as a class proceeding, with the exception, unless a judge orders otherwise, of subparagraphs 334.16(1)(e)(ii) and (iv) and paragraphs 334.16(3)(b) and (d).

  • SOR/2007-301, s. 7

Marginal note:Counterclaims

  •  (1) If a defendant to an action that was commenced by a member of a class of persons on behalf of the members of that class makes a counterclaim against the class, the counterclaim may not proceed unless it is certified as a class proceeding.

  • Marginal note:Defendant or respondent class proceeding

    (2) A party to an action or an application against two or more defendants or respondents may, at any time, bring a motion for the certification of the proceeding as a class proceeding and for the appointment of a representative defendant or respondent.

  • Marginal note:Necessary modifications

    (3) This Part applies, with any necessary modifications, to a counterclaim referred to in subsection (1) and to a proceeding referred to in subsection (2).

  • SOR/2007-301, s. 7
 
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