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Trust and Loan Companies Act (S.C. 1991, c. 45)

Act current to 2023-01-11 and last amended on 2022-06-23. Previous Versions

PART VIIOwnership (continued)

DIVISION IIConstraints on Ownership (continued)

Marginal note:Acquisition of control permitted

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2) and sections 376 and 385, section 379 does not apply in respect of the company if a person acquires control of a company with equity of two billion dollars or more through the purchase or other acquisition of all or any number of the shares of the company by the person or by any entity controlled by the person.

  • Marginal note:Undertaking required

    (2) Subsection (1) applies only if the person provides the Minister with an undertaking satisfactory to the Minister to do all things necessary so that, within three years after the acquisition, or any other period that the Minister may specify, the company has voting shares that carry at least 35 per cent of the voting rights attached to all of the outstanding voting shares of the company and that are

    • (a) shares of one or more classes of shares that are listed and posted for trading on a recognized stock exchange in Canada; and

    • (b) shares none of which is beneficially owned by a person who is a major shareholder of the company in respect of the voting shares of the company or by any entity that is controlled by a person who is a major shareholder of the company in respect of such shares.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 384
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 524
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 357

Marginal note:Application of section 379

 At the expiration of the period for compliance with an undertaking referred to in subsection 384(2), section 379 shall apply in respect of the company to which the undertaking relates.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 385
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 524

Marginal note:Restriction on voting rights

  •  (1) If, with respect to any company, a particular person contravenes section 375 or 375.1 or fails to comply with an undertaking referred to in subsection 384(2) or with any term or condition imposed under section 389, no person, and no entity controlled by the particular person, shall, in person or by proxy, exercise any voting rights

    • (a) that are attached to shares of the company beneficially owned by the particular person or any entity controlled by the particular person; or

    • (b) that are subject to an agreement entered into by the particular person, or any entity controlled by the particular person, pertaining to the exercise of the voting rights.

  • Marginal note:Subsection (1) ceases to apply

    (2) Subsection (1) ceases to apply in respect of a person when, as the case may be,

    • (a) the shares to which the contravention relates have been disposed of;

    • (b) the person ceases to control the company within the meaning of paragraph 3(1)(d);

    • (c) if the person failed to comply with an undertaking referred to in subsection 384(2), the company complies with section 379; or

    • (d) if the person failed to comply with a term or condition imposed under section 389, the person complies with the term or condition.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 386
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 374
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 524

Approval Process

Marginal note:Application for approval

  •  (1) An application for an approval of the Minister required under this Part must be filed with the Superintendent and contain the information, material and evidence that the Superintendent may require.

  • Marginal note:Applicant

    (2) If, with respect to any particular transaction, this Part applies to more than one person, any one of those persons may make the application to the Minister for approval on behalf of all of those persons.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 387
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 525

Marginal note:Matters for consideration

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), if an application for an approval under section 375 is made, the Minister, in determining whether or not to approve the transaction, shall take into account all matters that the Minister considers relevant to the application, including

    • (a) the nature and sufficiency of the financial resources of the applicant or applicants as a source of continuing financial support for the company;

    • (b) the soundness and feasibility of the plans of the applicant or applicants for the future conduct and development of the business of the company;

    • (c) the business record and experience of the applicant or applicants;

    • (d) the character and integrity of the applicant or applicants or, if the applicant or any of the applicants is a body corporate, its reputation for being operated in a manner that is consistent with the standards of good character and integrity;

    • (e) whether the company will be operated responsibly by persons with the competence and experience suitable for involvement in the operation of a financial institution;

    • (f) the impact of any integration of the businesses and operations of the applicant or applicants with those of the company on the conduct of those businesses and operations; and

    • (g) the best interests of the financial system in Canada.

  • Marginal note:National treatment

    (2) Where a transaction in respect of which subsection 375(1) or (2) applies would cause a company to become a subsidiary of a foreign institution that is engaged in the trust and loan business, that does not have any other company as its subsidiary and that is a non-WTO Member foreign institution, the Minister shall not approve the transaction unless the Minister is satisfied that treatment as favourable for companies to which this Act applies exists or will be provided in the jurisdiction in which the foreign institution principally carries on business, either directly or through a subsidiary.

  • Marginal note:Part XII of the Bank Act

    (3) Nothing in subsection (1) or (2) affects the operation of Part XII of the Bank Act.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 388
  • 1999, c. 28, s. 140
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 526

Marginal note:Terms and conditions

 The Minister may impose any terms and conditions in respect of an approval given under this Part that the Minister considers necessary to ensure compliance with any provision of this Act.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 389
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 527

Marginal note:Certifying receipt of application

  •  (1) If, in the opinion of the Superintendent, an application filed under this Part contains all the required information, the Superintendent shall without delay refer the application to the Minister and send a receipt to the applicant certifying the date on which the completed application was received by the Superintendent.

  • Marginal note:Incomplete application

    (2) If, in the opinion of the Superintendent, an application filed under this Part is incomplete, the Superintendent shall send a notice to the applicant specifying the information required by the Superintendent to complete the application.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 390
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 528

Marginal note:Notice of decision to applicant

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) and 392(1), the Minister shall, within a period of thirty days after the certified date referred to in subsection 390(1), send to the applicant

    • (a) a notice approving the transaction to which the application relates; or

    • (b) where the Minister is not satisfied that the transaction to which the application relates should be approved, a notice to that effect, advising the applicant of the right to make representations to the Minister in respect of the matter.

  • Marginal note:Notice of decision

    (2) Subject to subsections (4) and 392(2), the notice referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) shall be sent by the Minister within a period of 45 days after the certified date referred to in subsection 390(1) in the following cases:

    • (a) the application involves the acquisition of control of a company;

    • (b) the application is made by an eligible agent or an entity controlled by an eligible agent; or

    • (c) an application is made for the approval referred to in subsection 396(3).

  • Marginal note:Extension of period for notice

    (3) Where the Minister is unable to complete the consideration of an application within the period referred to in subsection (1), the Minister shall,

    • (a) within that period, send a notice to that effect to the applicant; and

    • (b) within a further period of thirty days after the date of the sending of the notice referred to in paragraph (a) or within such other further period as may be agreed on by the applicant and the Minister, send a notice referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) to the applicant.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (4) Where the Minister considers it appropriate to do so, the Minister may extend the period referred to in subsection (2) for one or more periods of forty-five days.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 391
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 103

Marginal note:Reasonable opportunity to make representations

  •  (1) Where, after receipt of the notice referred to in paragraph 391(1)(b), the applicant advises the Minister that the applicant wishes to make representations, the Minister shall provide the applicant with a reasonable opportunity within a period of thirty days after the date of the notice, or within such further period as may be agreed on by the applicant and the Minister, to make representations in respect of the matter.

  • Marginal note:Reasonable opportunity to make representations

    (2) If, after receipt of the notice sent in accordance with subsection 391(2) that the Minister is not satisfied that the transaction to which the application relates should be approved, the applicant advises the Minister that the applicant wishes to make representations, the Minister shall provide the applicant with a reasonable opportunity within a period of 45 days after the date of the notice, or within any further period that may be agreed on by the applicant and the Minister, to make representations in respect of the matter.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 392
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 104(E)

Marginal note:Notice of decision

  •  (1) Within a period of thirty days after the expiration of the period for making representations referred to in subsection 392(1), the Minister shall, in the light of any such representations and having regard to the matters to be taken into account, send a notice to the applicant indicating whether or not the Minister approves the share transaction to which the application relates.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) Within a period of forty-five days after the expiration of the period for making representations referred to in subsection 392(2), the Minister shall, in the light of any such representations and having regard to the matters to be taken into account, send a notice to the applicant indicating whether or not the Minister approves the share transaction to which the application relates.

Marginal note:Deemed approval

 Where the Minister does not send a notice under subsection 391(1) or (3) or 393(1) within the period provided for in those subsections, the Minister is deemed to have approved the share transaction to which the application relates.

 [Repealed, 1994, c. 47, s. 207]

Marginal note:Constraining registration: Crown and foreign governments

  •  (1) No company shall record in its securities register a transfer or issue of any share of the company to

    • (a) Her Majesty in right of Canada or of a province or any agent or agency of Her Majesty in either of those rights; or

    • (b) the government of a foreign country or any political subdivision thereof, or any agent or agency thereof.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Despite subsection (1), a company may record in its securities register a transfer or issue of any share of the company to a foreign institution that is controlled by the government of a foreign country or any political subdivision of a foreign country, or by any agent or agency of a foreign government, if the share that is transferred or issued is beneficially owned by the foreign institution or by an entity controlled by the foreign institution.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Despite subsection (1), a company may, with the Minister’s approval, record in its securities register the issue of any share of the company to an eligible agent.

  • Marginal note:Application made jointly

    (4) The application for the approval referred to in subsection (3) must be made jointly by the company and the eligible agent.

  • Marginal note:Matters for consideration

    (5) The Minister, in determining whether to grant the approval referred to in subsection (3), shall take into account all matters that he or she considers relevant, including those set out in paragraphs 388(1)(a) to (g).

  • Marginal note:Consequence of revocation of approval

    (6) If an approval referred to in subsection (3) is revoked, the company shall delete any entry in its securities register in respect of the recording of the issuance of shares to the eligible agent.

  • Marginal note:Disposition of shareholdings

    (7) If a company or an eligible agent fails to comply with any undertaking or term or condition in relation to an approval referred to in subsection (3), or if an eligible agent ceases to be an eligible agent, the Minister may, if the Minister considers it to be in the public interest to do so, by order, direct the eligible agent or former eligible agent and any person controlled by the eligible agent or former eligible agent to dispose of any number of shares of the company beneficially owned by the eligible agent or former eligible agent or the persons controlled by the eligible agent or former eligible agent that the Minister specifies in the order, within the time specified in the order and in the proportion, if any, as between the eligible agent or former eligible agent and the persons controlled by the eligible agent or former eligible agent that is specified in the order.

  • Marginal note:Representations

    (8) No direction shall be made under subsection (7) unless the Minister has provided each person to whom the direction relates and the company concerned with a reasonable opportunity to make representations in respect of the subject-matter of the direction.

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (9) Any person with respect to whom a direction has been made under subsection (7) may, within 30 days after the date of the direction, appeal the matter in accordance with section 530.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 396
  • 2012, c. 5, s. 165, c. 19, s. 328, c. 31, s. 105

 [Repealed, 1994, c. 47, s. 208]

  •  (1) [Repealed, 1994, c. 47, s. 209]

  • Marginal note:Suspension of voting rights held by governments

    (2) Notwithstanding section 151, where any voting shares of a company are beneficially owned by

    • (a) Her Majesty in right of Canada or of a province or any agency of Her Majesty in either of those rights, or

    • (b) the government of a foreign country or any political subdivision thereof, or any agency thereof,

    no person shall, in person or by proxy, exercise the voting rights attached to those shares.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2.1) Subsection (2) does not apply to a foreign institution that is controlled by the government of a foreign country or any political subdivision of a foreign country, or by any agent or agency of a foreign government, if the shares referred to in subsection (1) are beneficially owned by the foreign institution or by an entity controlled by the foreign institution.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (3) Subsection (2) does not apply in respect of a government or agency referred to in that subsection that, on September 27, 1990, beneficially owned shares of a former-Act company where the exercise of the voting rights attached to those shares was not prohibited under subsection 41(2) of the Trust Companies Act or subsection 48(2) of the Loan Companies Act, as those subsections read immediately prior to June 1, 1992.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (4) Subsection (3) ceases to apply where a government or agency referred to in that subsection acquires beneficial ownership of any additional voting shares of the former-Act company in such number that the percentage of the voting rights attached to all of the voting shares of the former-Act company beneficially owned by the government or agency is greater than the percentage of the voting rights attached to all of the voting shares of the former-Act company that were beneficially owned by the government or agency on September 27, 1990.

  • Marginal note:Exception — eligible agent

    (5) Subsection (2) does not apply in respect of the exercise of voting rights attached to any share referred to in subsection 396(3).

  • Marginal note:Consequence of suspension of approval

    (6) If an approval referred to in subsection 396(3) is suspended, the eligible agent shall not exercise, in person or by proxy, any voting rights attached to any share of the company that is beneficially owned by the eligible agent.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 399
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 209
  • 2012, c. 5, s. 166, c. 19, s. 329, c. 31, s. 106
 
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