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Trust and Loan Companies Act (S.C. 1991, c. 45)

Act current to 2022-09-11 and last amended on 2022-06-23. Previous Versions

PART XIIIAdministration (continued)

Approvals

Definition of approval

 In sections 527.3 to 527.8, approval includes any consent, designation, order, exemption, extension or other permission granted by the Minister or the Superintendent under this Act, and includes the issuance of letters patent.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 567
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 382

Marginal note:Matters to take into account — Minister

  •  (1) In addition to any matters or conditions provided for in this Act that are relevant to the granting of an approval, the Minister may, in considering whether to grant the approval, take into account all matters that he or she considers relevant in the circumstances, including

    • (a) national security; and

    • (b) Canada’s international relations and its international legal obligations.

  • Marginal note:Matters to take into account — Superintendent

    (2) In addition to any matters or conditions provided for in this Act that are relevant to the granting of an approval and to any prudential considerations that the Superintendent considers relevant in the circumstances, the Superintendent may, in considering whether to grant the approval, take into account

    • (a) national security; and

    • (b) Canada’s international relations and its international legal obligations.

  • 2007, c. 6, s. 382

Marginal note:Minister — terms, conditions and undertakings

  •  (1) In addition to any other action that may be taken under this Act, the Minister may, in granting an approval, impose any terms and conditions or require any undertaking that the Minister considers appropriate, including any terms, conditions or undertakings specified by the Superintendent to maintain or improve the safety and soundness of any financial institution regulated under an Act of Parliament to which the approval relates or that might be affected by it.

  • Marginal note:Commissioner — supervision of terms, conditions and undertakings

    (1.1) If the Minister specifies that the Commissioner is to supervise a company to determine if it is complying with any terms and conditions that are imposed, or undertakings that are required, by the Minister for the protection of the company’s customers, the Commissioner may take the same measures that the Commissioner could take if the terms and conditions or undertaking were a consumer provision.

  • Marginal note:Superintendent — terms, conditions and undertakings

    (2) In addition to any other action that may be taken under this Act, the Superintendent may, in granting an approval, impose any terms and conditions or require any undertaking that the Superintendent considers appropriate.

  • 2007, c. 6, s. 382
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 1861

Marginal note:Revocation, suspension or amendment of approval — Minister

  •  (1) The Minister may revoke, suspend or amend any approval granted by the Minister if he or she considers it appropriate to do so. In deciding whether to take any of those actions, the Minister may take into account all matters that he or she considers relevant in the circumstances, including

    • (a) national security; and

    • (b) Canada’s international relations and its international legal obligations.

  • Marginal note:Revocation, suspension or amendment of approval — Superintendent

    (2) The Superintendent may revoke, suspend or amend any approval granted by the Superintendent if he or she considers it appropriate to do so. In deciding whether to take any of those actions, the Superintendent may take into account any prudential considerations that he or she considers relevant in the circumstances and

    • (a) national security; and

    • (b) Canada’s international relations and its international legal obligations.

  • Marginal note:Representations

    (3) Before taking any action under this section, the Minister or the Superintendent, as the case may be, shall give the person concerned a reasonable opportunity to make representations.

  • 2007, c. 6, s. 382

Marginal note:Effect of non-compliance on approval

  •  (1) Unless otherwise expressly provided in this Act, a failure to comply with a term, condition or undertaking imposed or required under any provision of this Act does not invalidate the approval to which the term, condition or undertaking relates.

  • Marginal note:Non-compliance

    (2) In addition to any other action that may be taken under this Act, in the case of non-compliance by a person with a term, condition or undertaking imposed or required under any provision of this Act, the Minister or the Superintendent, as the case may be, may

    • (a) revoke, suspend or amend the approval to which the term, condition or undertaking relates; or

    • (b) apply to a court for an order directing the person to comply with the term, condition or undertaking, and on such an application the court may make the order and any other order that it thinks fit.

  • Marginal note:Representations

    (3) Before taking any action under subsection (2), the Minister or the Superintendent, as the case may be, shall give the person concerned a reasonable opportunity to make representations.

  • Marginal note:Revocation, suspension or amendment

    (4) At the request of the person concerned, the Minister or the Superintendent, as the case may be, may revoke, suspend or amend any terms or conditions imposed by him or her and may revoke or suspend an undertaking given to him or her or approve its amendment.

  • 2007, c. 6, s. 382

Marginal note:Multiple approval — other approvals

 The Minister or the Superintendent may grant more than one approval, other than letters patent, in a single instrument if he or she considers it appropriate to do so, and if the Minister or Superintendent does so, he or she may specify different effective dates for each of the approvals.

  • 2007, c. 6, s. 382

Marginal note:Exemption in relation to notices of intention

 The Superintendent may, on application, exempt an applicant or applicants from the provisions of this Act respecting the publication of a notice of intention in respect of applications for approvals and impose any terms and conditions respecting the publication of the notice of intention that he or she considers appropriate.

  • 2007, c. 6, s. 382

Exceptions to Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

Marginal note:Calculations — generally accepted accounting principles

  •  (1) If, as a result of a change to the accounting principles referred to in subsection 313(4) — whether the change is made before or after this section comes into force — the Superintendent considers, given any prudential considerations that he or she considers relevant, that any amount, calculation or valuation under this Act or the regulations is not appropriate, the Superintendent may specify the amount that is to be used or the calculation or valuation that is to be performed instead.

  • Marginal note:Canada Gazette

    (2) The Superintendent shall cause a notice of the specification to be published in the Canada Gazette within 60 days after the day on which the specification has effect.

  • Marginal note:Five-year limit

    (3) The specification ceases to have effect on the day indicated in the notice, which may be no later than five years after the day on which the specification is made.

  • 2012, c. 5, s. 181

Orders to Exempt or Adapt

Marginal note:Order

  •  (1) On the recommendation of the Minister, the Governor in Council may, by order,

    • (a) provide that any provision of this Act or the regulations shall not apply to a company, to Her Majesty in right of Canada or an agent or agency of Her Majesty or to any other person otherwise subject to the provision; and

    • (b) provide that any provision of this Act or the regulations applies to a company, to Her Majesty in right of Canada or Her Majesty’s agent or agency or to any other person subject to the provision only in the manner and to the extent provided for in the order, and adapt the provision for the purposes of that application.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s recommendation

    (2) The Minister may make a recommendation under subsection (1) only if the Minister

    • (a) is of the opinion that the order would relate to

      • (i) the acquisition, holding, sale or other disposition of, or other dealing with, shares of a company by, or the transfer or issue of shares of a company to, Her Majesty in right of Canada or Her Majesty’s agent or agency, or

      • (ii) the management of the business and affairs or the regulation and supervision of a company during the time that Her Majesty or Her Majesty’s agent or agency is acquiring, holding, selling or otherwise disposing of, or otherwise dealing with, shares of the company, or during the time that shares of the company are transferred or issued to Her Majesty or Her Majesty’s agent or agency; and

    • (b) is of the opinion — after considering measures other than an order under that subsection and after consulting with the Superintendent, the Governor of the Bank of Canada and the Chief Executive Officer of the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation — that the order will promote the stability of the financial system in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Terms and conditions

    (3) On the recommendation of the Minister, the Governor in Council may, by order, impose any terms and conditions relating to the acquisition of shares of a company by, or transfer or issue of shares of a company to, Her Majesty in right of Canada or Her Majesty’s agent or agency.

  • Marginal note:Repeal of order under subsection (1)

    (4) The Minister may recommend the repeal of an order made under subsection (1) without regard to subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Terms, conditions and undertakings

    (5) From the time that Her Majesty in right of Canada or an agent or agency of Her Majesty acquires shares of a company to the time that the shares are sold or otherwise disposed of, the Minister may, by order, impose any terms and conditions on — or require any undertaking from — the company that the Minister considers appropriate, including any terms and conditions or undertakings relating to

    • (a) the remuneration of the company’s senior officers, as defined in section 509.01, and directors;

    • (b) the appointment or removal of the company’s senior officers, as defined in section 509.01, and directors;

    • (c) the payment of dividends by the company; and

    • (d) the company’s lending policies and practices.

  • Marginal note:Acquisition

    (6) Despite Part X of the Financial Administration Act, the Minister or an agent or agency of Her Majesty in right of Canada may, on any terms and conditions imposed under subsection (3), acquire and hold shares of a company on behalf of or in trust for Her Majesty if, as a result of an order under subsection (1), the company may record in its securities register the transfer or issue of shares to Her Majesty or an agent or agency of Her Majesty.

  • Marginal note:Payment out of C.R.F.

    (7) On the requisition of the Minister, there may be paid out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund the amount that the Minister or an agent or agency of Her Majesty in right of Canada is required to pay for the acquisition of shares under subsection (6) and any costs and expenses incurred in connection with the acquisition, holding, sale or other disposition of, or other dealing with, the shares.

  • Marginal note:Registration of shares

    (8) Shares acquired under subsection (6) by the Minister or an agent or agency of Her Majesty in right of Canada shall be registered in the name of the Minister, agent or agency, as the case may be, in the company’s securities register if they are capable of being registered in it, and the shares shall be held by the Minister, agent or agency, as the case may be, on behalf of or in trust for Her Majesty.

  • Marginal note:Disposition by Minister

    (9) The Minister may, at any time, sell or otherwise dispose of shares acquired under subsection (6). The Surplus Crown Assets Act and section 61 of the Financial Administration Act do not apply to the sale or disposition.

  • Marginal note:Disposition by agent or agency

    (10) An agent or agency of Her Majesty in right of Canada — at the request of the Minister, which may be made at any time — shall sell or otherwise dispose of shares acquired under subsection (6). The Surplus Crown Assets Act and section 61 of the Financial Administration Act do not apply to the sale or disposition.

  • Marginal note:Consideration by Minister

    (11) If the Minister or an agent or agency of Her Majesty in right of Canada is holding shares of a company on behalf of or in trust for Her Majesty on the day that is two years after the day on which the shares were acquired, the Minister shall consider whether holding the shares continues to promote the stability of the financial system in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Mandatory disposition

    (12) If the Minister, under subsection (11), considers that holding shares acquired under subsection (6) no longer continues to promote the stability of the financial system in Canada, the Minister — or, at the request of the Minister, the agent or agency of Her Majesty in right of Canada — shall take the measures that the Minister considers practicable in the circumstances to sell or otherwise dispose of the shares. The Surplus Crown Assets Act and section 61 of the Financial Administration Act do not apply to the sale or disposition.

  • Marginal note:Not a Crown corporation

    (13) Even if the acquisition of a company’s shares under subsection (6) would otherwise cause the company to be a Crown corporation, as defined in subsection 83(1) of the Financial Administration Act, the company is not a Crown corporation for the purposes of that Act.

  • Marginal note:Statutory Instruments Act

    (14) The Statutory Instruments Act does not apply to an order made under this section.

  • Definition of shares

    (15) For the purposes of this section, shares includes any conversion or exchange privilege, option or right to acquire shares.

  • 2009, c. 2, s. 292
  • 2016, c. 7, s. 174

Orders and Directives

Marginal note:Not statutory instruments

 An instrument issued or made under this Act and directed to a single company or person, other than an order referred to in section 487, is not a statutory instrument for the purposes of the Statutory Instruments Act.

Marginal note:Form

 The Superintendent may, by order, establish the form of any application to be made to the Minister or the Superintendent under this Act.

Applications to Superintendent

Marginal note:Content of applications

  •  (1) The following applications to the Superintendent must contain the information, material and evidence that the Superintendent may require:

    • (a) applications for approval under subsection 68(1), 75(2), 78(4), 82(5), 83(1), 174(1), 222(3), 421(1), 453(6) or (10), 456(1) or (2) or 470(1), subparagraph 475(2)(b)(vi), section 478 or subsection 482(3) or (4) or 483.3(1);

    • (b) applications for consent under subsection 74(1);

    • (c) applications for exemptions under subsection 160.05(3); and

    • (d) applications for extensions of time under subsection 456(3) or (5), 457(4) or 458(4).

  • Marginal note:Receipt

    (2) Without delay after receiving the application, the Superintendent shall send a receipt to the applicant certifying the date on which it was received.

  • Marginal note:Notice of decision to applicant

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), the Superintendent shall, within a period of thirty days after the receipt of the application, send to the applicant

    • (a) a notice approving the application, subject to any terms and conditions that the Superintendent considers appropriate; or

    • (b) if the Superintendent is not satisfied that it should be approved, a notice to that effect.

  • Marginal note:Extension of period

    (4) If the Superintendent is unable to complete the consideration of the application within the period referred to in subsection (3), the Superintendent shall, within that period, send a notice to the applicant informing the applicant that the Superintendent has extended the period for a further period set out in the notice.

  • Marginal note:Deemed approval

    (5) If the applicant does not receive the notice required by subsection (3) and, where applicable, subsection (4), within the required period, the Superintendent is deemed to have approved the application and granted the approval, consent, extension or exemption to which the application relates, regardless of whether the approval, consent, extension or exemption is to be in writing or not.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 568
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 383
 
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