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Trust and Loan Companies Act (S.C. 1991, c. 45)

Act current to 2022-09-22 and last amended on 2022-06-23. Previous Versions

PART VICorporate Governance (continued)

Directors and Officers (continued)

Incomplete Elections and Director Vacancies (continued)

Marginal note:Unexpired term

  •  (1) Unless the by-laws otherwise provide, a director elected or appointed to fill a vacancy holds office for the unexpired term of the director’s predecessor in office.

  • Marginal note:Affiliation

    (2) Notwithstanding subsection 167(3), the affiliation of a person to be elected or appointed to fill a vacancy shall be determined as at the date of the person’s election or appointment and that person shall be deemed to continue to be affiliated or unaffiliated, as the case may be, until the next annual meeting of the shareholders.

Marginal note:Additional directors

  •  (1) The directors may appoint one or more additional directors where the by-laws of the company allow them to do so and the by-laws determine the minimum and maximum numbers of directors.

  • Marginal note:Term of office

    (2) A director appointed under subsection (1) holds office for a term expiring not later than the close of the next annual meeting of shareholders of the company.

  • Marginal note:Limit on number appointed

    (3) The total number of directors appointed under subsection (1) may not exceed one third of the number of directors elected at the previous annual meeting of shareholders of the company.

  • 1997, c. 15, s. 356

Meetings of the Board

Marginal note:Meetings required

  •  (1) The directors shall meet at least four times during each financial year.

  • Marginal note:Place for meetings

    (2) The directors may meet at any place unless the by-laws provide otherwise.

  • Marginal note:Notice for meetings

    (3) The notice for the meetings must be given as required by the by-laws.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 184
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 357

Marginal note:Notice of meeting

  •  (1) A notice of a meeting of directors shall specify each matter referred to in section 202 that is to be dealt with at the meeting but, unless the by-laws otherwise provide, need not otherwise specify the purpose of or the business to be transacted at the meeting.

  • Marginal note:Waiver of notice

    (2) A director may in any manner waive notice of a meeting of directors and the attendance of a director at a meeting of directors is a waiver of notice of that meeting except where the director attends the meeting for the express purpose of objecting to the transaction of any business on the grounds that the meeting is not lawfully called.

  • Marginal note:Adjourned meeting

    (3) Notice of an adjourned meeting of directors is not required to be given if the time and place of the adjourned meeting was announced at the original meeting.

Marginal note:Quorum

  •  (1) Subject to section 187, the number of directors referred to in subsection (2) constitutes a quorum at any meeting of directors or a committee of directors and, notwithstanding any vacancy among the directors, a quorum of directors may exercise all the powers of the directors.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) The number of directors constituting a quorum at any meeting of directors or a committee of directors shall be

    • (a) a majority of the minimum number of directors required by this Act for the board of directors or a committee of directors; or

    • (b) such greater number of directors than the number calculated pursuant to paragraph (a) as may be established by the by-laws of the company.

  • Marginal note:Director continues to be present

    (3) A director who is present at a meeting of directors or of a committee of directors but is not, in accordance with subsection 208(1), present at any particular time during the meeting is considered to be present for the purposes of this section.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 186
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 401

Marginal note:Resident Canadian majority

  •  (1) The directors of a company shall not transact business at a meeting of directors unless

    • (a) in the case of a company that is the subsidiary of a foreign institution, at least one half of the directors present are resident Canadians; and

    • (b) in the case of any other company, a majority of the directors present are resident Canadians.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Despite subsection (1), the directors of a company may transact business at a meeting of directors without the required proportion of directors who are resident Canadians if

    • (a) a director who is a resident Canadian unable to be present approves, in writing or by telephonic, electronic or other communications facilities, the business transacted at the meeting; and

    • (b) there would have been present the required proportion of directors who are resident Canadians had that director been present at the meeting.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 187
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 104

Marginal note:Presence of unaffiliated director

  •  (1) The directors of a company shall not transact business at a meeting of directors unless at least one of the directors who is not affiliated with the company is present.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Despite subsection (1), the directors of a company may transact business at a meeting of directors if a director who is not affiliated with the company and who is not able to be present approves, in writing or by telephonic, electronic or other communications facilities, the business transacted at the meeting.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Subsection (1) does not apply if all the voting shares of the company, other than directors’ qualifying shares, if any, are beneficially owned by a Canadian financial institution incorporated by or under an Act of Parliament.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 501

Marginal note:Electronic meeting

  •  (1) Subject to the by-laws of a company, a meeting of directors or of a committee of directors may be held by means of such telephonic, electronic or other communications facilities as permit all persons participating in the meeting to communicate adequately with each other during the meeting.

  • Marginal note:Deemed present

    (2) A director participating in a meeting by any means referred to in subsection (1) is deemed for the purposes of this Act to be present at that meeting.

Marginal note:Resolution outside board meeting

  •  (1) A resolution in writing signed by all the directors entitled to vote on that resolution at a meeting of directors is as valid as if it had been passed at a meeting of directors.

  • Marginal note:Filing directors’ resolution

    (2) A copy of the resolution referred to in subsection (1) shall be kept with the minutes of the proceedings of the directors.

  • Marginal note:Resolution outside committee meeting

    (3) A resolution in writing signed by all the directors entitled to vote on that resolution at a meeting of a committee of directors, other than a resolution of the audit committee in carrying out its duties under subsection 198(3) or a resolution of the conduct review committee in carrying out its duties under subsection 199(3), is as valid as if it had been passed at a meeting of that committee.

  • Marginal note:Filing committee resolution

    (4) A copy of the resolution referred to in subsection (3) shall be kept with the minutes of the proceedings of that committee.

  • Marginal note:Evidence

    (5) Unless a ballot is demanded, an entry in the minutes of a meeting that the chairperson declared a resolution to be carried or defeated is in the absence of evidence to the contrary proof of that fact without proof of the number or proportion of votes recorded in favour of or against the resolution.

  • 1997, c. 15, s. 358
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 402

Marginal note:Dissent of director

  •  (1) A director of a company who is present at a meeting of directors or a committee of directors is deemed to have consented to any resolution passed or action taken at that meeting unless

    • (a) the director requests that the director’s dissent be entered or the director’s dissent is entered in the minutes of the meeting;

    • (b) the director sends a written dissent to the secretary of the meeting before the meeting is adjourned; or

    • (c) the director sends the director’s dissent by registered mail or delivers it to the head office of the company immediately after the meeting is adjourned.

  • Marginal note:Loss of right to dissent

    (2) A director of a company who votes for or consents to a resolution is not entitled to dissent under subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Dissent of absent director

    (3) A director of a company who is not present at a meeting at which a resolution is passed or action taken is deemed to have consented thereto unless, within seven days after the director becomes aware of the resolution, the director

    • (a) causes the director’s dissent to be placed with the minutes of the meeting; or

    • (b) sends the director’s dissent by registered mail or delivers it to the head office of the company.

Marginal note:Record of attendance

  •  (1) A company shall keep a record of the attendance at each meeting of directors and each committee meeting of directors.

  • Marginal note:Statement to shareholders

    (2) A company shall attach to the notice of each annual meeting it sends to its shareholders a statement showing, in respect of the financial year immediately preceding the meeting, the total number of directors’ meetings and directors’ committee meetings held during the financial year and the number of those meetings attended by each director.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 190
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 359

Marginal note:Meeting required by Superintendent

  •  (1) Where in the opinion of the Superintendent it is necessary, the Superintendent may, by notice in writing, require a company to hold a meeting of directors of the company to consider the matters set out in the notice.

  • Marginal note:Attendance of Superintendent

    (2) The Superintendent may attend and be heard at a meeting referred to in subsection (1).

By-laws

Marginal note:By-laws

  •  (1) Unless this Act otherwise provides, the directors of a company may by resolution make, amend or repeal any by-law that regulates the business or affairs of the company.

  • Marginal note:Shareholder approval

    (2) The directors shall submit a by-law, or an amendment to or a repeal of a by-law, that is made under subsection (1) to the shareholders at the next meeting of shareholders, and the shareholders may, by resolution, confirm or amend the by-law, amendment or repeal.

  • Marginal note:Effective date of by-law

    (3) Unless this Act otherwise provides, a by-law, or an amendment to or a repeal of a by-law, is effective from the date of the resolution of the directors under subsection (1) until it is confirmed, confirmed as amended or rejected by the shareholders under subsection (2) or until it ceases to be effective under subsection (4) and, where the by-law is confirmed, or confirmed as amended, it continues in effect in the form in which it was so confirmed.

  • Marginal note:Effect where no shareholder approval

    (4) If a by-law, or an amendment to or a repeal of a by-law, is rejected by the shareholders, or is not submitted to the shareholders by the directors as required under subsection (2), the by-law, amendment or repeal ceases to be effective from the date of its rejection or the date of the next meeting of shareholders, as the case may be, and no subsequent resolution of the directors to make, amend or repeal a by-law having substantially the same purpose or effect is effective until it is confirmed, or confirmed as amended, by the shareholders.

Marginal note:Shareholder proposal of by-law

 A shareholder entitled to vote at an annual meeting of shareholders may, in accordance with sections 146 and 147, make a proposal to make, amend or repeal a by-law.

Marginal note:By-laws of former-Act company

 Subject to section 195, where a by-law of a former-Act company is in effect on the coming into force of this section, the by-law continues in effect until amended or repealed, unless it is contrary to a provision of this Act.

Marginal note:By-laws re remuneration

  •  (1) A by-law of a company respecting the remuneration of the directors of the company, as directors, that is in effect on the coming into force of this section ceases to have effect on the day on which the first annual meeting is held following the coming into force of this section.

  • Marginal note:Existing by-laws

    (2) A by-law made by the directors of a company under section 29 of the Trust Companies Act or section 29 of the Loan Companies Act as that section read immediately before the coming into force of this section, and not confirmed by the shareholders of the company in accordance with that section on or before the coming into force of this section, continues to have effect, unless it is contrary to the provisions of this Act, until the first meeting of the shareholders following the coming into force of this section.

  • Marginal note:Shareholder approval

    (3) A by-law referred to in subsection (2) shall be submitted to the shareholders at the first meeting of shareholders following the coming into force of this section.

  • Marginal note:Existing resolutions

    (4) Where the remuneration of directors of a former-Act company was, immediately prior to the coming into force of this section, fixed by a resolution of the directors, that resolution continues to have effect, unless it is contrary to the provisions of this Act, until the first meeting of the shareholders following the coming into force of this section.

  • Marginal note:Application of ss. 192(3) and (4) and 193

    (5) Subsections 192(3) and (4) and section 193 apply in respect of a by-law referred to in this section as if it were a by-law made under section 192.

Marginal note:Deemed by-laws

  •  (1) Any matter provided for in the incorporating instrument of a former-Act company on the coming into force of this section or of a body corporate continued as a company under this Act at the time of continuance that, under this Act, would be provided for in the by-laws of a company is deemed to be provided for in the by-laws of the company.

  • Marginal note:By-law prevails

    (2) Where a by-law of the company made in accordance with sections 192 and 193 amends or repeals any matter referred to in subsection (1), the by-law prevails.

Committees of the Board

Marginal note:Committees

 The directors of a company may appoint from their number, in addition to the committees referred to in subsection 161(2), such other committees as they deem necessary and, subject to section 202, delegate to those committees such powers of the directors, and assign to those committees such duties, as the directors consider appropriate.

Marginal note:Audit committee

  •  (1) The audit committee of a company shall consist of at least three directors.

  • Marginal note:Membership

    (2) A majority of the members of the audit committee must consist of directors who are not persons affiliated with the company and none of the members of the audit committee may be officers or employees of the company or a subsidiary of the company.

  • Marginal note:Duties of audit committee

    (3) The audit committee of a company shall

    • (a) review the annual statement of the company before the annual statement is approved by the directors;

    • (b) review such returns of the company as the Superintendent may specify;

    • (c) require the management of the company to implement and maintain appropriate internal control procedures;

    • (c.1) review, evaluate and approve those procedures;

    • (d) review such investments and transactions that could adversely affect the well-being of the company as the auditor or any officer of the company may bring to the attention of the committee;

    • (e) meet with the auditor to discuss the annual statement and the returns and transactions referred to in this subsection; and

    • (f) meet with the chief internal auditor of the company, or the officer or employee of the company acting in a similar capacity, and with management of the company, to discuss the effectiveness of the internal control procedures established for the company.

  • Marginal note:Report

    (4) In the case of the annual statement and returns of a company that under this Act must be approved by the directors of the company, the audit committee of the company shall report thereon to the directors before the approval is given.

  • Marginal note:Required meeting of directors

    (5) The audit committee of a company may call a meeting of the directors of the company to consider any matter of concern to the committee.

  • 1991, c. 45, s. 198
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 360
 
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