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Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/86-304)

Regulations are current to 2022-11-16 and last amended on 2022-05-02. Previous Versions

SCHEDULE(Subsection 8.5(6))

Distances from Live Electrical Parts

ItemColumn IColumn IIColumn III
Voltage Range of Part: Part to GroundDistance in metresDistance in metres
1Over 425 to 12,000 blank line30.9
2Over 12,000 to 22,000 blank line31.2
3Over 22,000 to 50,000 blank line31.5
4Over 50,000 to 90,000 blank line4.51.8
5Over 90,000 to 120,000 blank line4.52.1
6Over 120,000 to 150,000 blank line62.7
7Over 150,000 to 250,000 blank line63.3
8Over 250,000 to 300,000 blank line7.53.9
9Over 300,000 to 350,000 blank line7.54.5
10Over 350,000 to 400,000 blank line95.4
  • SOR/98-427, s. 4

PART IXSanitation

Interpretation

 In this Part,

ARI

ARI means the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute of the United States; (ARI)

Canadian Plumbing Code

Canadian Plumbing Code means the Canadian Plumbing Code, 1985; (Code canadien de la plomberie)

field accommodation

field accommodation means fixed or mobile accommodation that is living, eating or sleeping quarters provided by an employer for the accommodation of employees at a work place; (logement sur place)

mobile accommodation

mobile accommodation means field accommodation that may be easily and quickly moved. (logement mobile)

General

  •  (1) Every employer shall maintain each personal service room and food preparation area used by employees in a clean and sanitary condition.

  • (2) Personal service rooms and food preparation areas shall be so used by employees that the rooms or areas will remain as clean and in such a sanitary condition as is possible.

 All janitorial work that may cause dusty or unsanitary conditions shall be carried out in a manner that will prevent the contamination of the air by dust or other substances injurious to health.

 Each personal service room shall be cleaned at least once every day that it is used.

  •  (1) Every plumbing system that supplies potable water and removes water-borne waste

    • (a) shall meet the standards set out in the Canadian Plumbing Code; and

    • (b) subject to subsection (2), shall be connected to a municipal sanitation sewer or water main.

  • (2) If it is not feasible to comply with paragraph (1)(b), the employer shall provide a waste disposal system that meets the standards set out in ANSI standard ANSI Z4.3-1979, Minimum Requirements for Nonsewered Waste-Disposal Systems, dated November 8, 1978.

  •  (1) Each container that is used for solid or liquid waste in the work place shall

    • (a) be equipped with a tight-fitting cover;

    • (b) be so constructed that it can easily be cleaned and maintained in a sanitary condition;

    • (c) be leak-proof; and

    • (d) where there may be internal pressure in the container, be so designed that the pressure is relieved by controlled ventilation.

  • (2) Each container referred to in subsection (1) shall be emptied at least once every day that it is used.

  •  (1) Each enclosed part of a work place, each personal service room and each food preparation area shall be constructed, equipped and maintained in a manner that will prevent the entrance of vermin.

  • (2) Where vermin have entered any enclosed part of a work place, personal service room or food preparation area, the employer shall immediately take all steps necessary to eliminate the vermin and prevent the re-entry of the vermin.

 No person shall use a personal service room for the purpose of storing equipment unless a closet fitted with a door is provided in that room for that purpose.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 28(F)

 In each personal service room and food preparation area, the temperature, measured one metre above the floor in the centre of the room or area, shall, if feasible, be maintained at a level of not less than 18°C and not more than 29°C.

  •  (1) In each personal service room and food preparation area, the floors, partitions and walls shall be so constructed that they can be easily washed and maintained in a sanitary condition.

  • (2) The floor and lower 150 mm of any walls and partitions in any food preparation area or toilet room shall be water-tight and impervious to moisture.

  • SOR/94-263, s. 24(E)

 Where separate personal service rooms are provided for employees of each sex, each room shall be equipped with a door that is self-closing and is clearly marked to indicate the sex of the employees for whom the room is provided.

Toilet Rooms

  •  (1) If feasible, a toilet room shall be provided for employees and, subject to section 9.13, if persons of both sexes are employed at the same work place, a separate toilet room shall be provided for employees of each sex.

  • (2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), where a toilet room is provided in accordance with subsection (1), the employer shall provide in that room a number of toilets determined according to the maximum number of employees of each sex who are normally employed by him at any one time at the same work place as follows:

    • (a) where the number of such employees does not exceed nine, one toilet;

    • (b) where the number of such employees exceeds nine but does not exceed 24, two toilets;

    • (c) where the number of such employees exceeds 24 but does not exceed 49, three toilets;

    • (d) where the number of such employees exceeds 49 but does not exceed 74, four toilets;

    • (e) where the number of such employees exceeds 74 but does not exceed 100, five toilets; and

    • (f) where the number of such employees exceeds 100, five toilets and one toilet for every 30 such employees or portion of that number in excess of 100.

  • (3) Subject to subsection (4), where the class of employment in a work place is the transaction of business or the rendering of professional or personal services, the number of toilets provided by the employer in accordance with subsection (2) may be reduced

    • (a) where the number of employees of each sex does not exceed 25, to one toilet;

    • (b) where the number of employees of each sex exceeds 25 but does not exceed 50, to two toilets; and

    • (c) where the number of employees of each sex exceeds 50, to three toilets and one toilet for every 50 employees or portion of that number in excess of 50.

  • (4) An employer may substitute urinals for up to two-thirds of the number of toilets required by subsection (2) or (3) to be provided for male employees.

  • (5) For the purposes of subsections (2) and (3), an employee who is normally away from his work place for more than 75 per cent of his working time and does not normally use the toilet room in the work place shall not be counted.

  • (6) If feasible, toilet rooms and wash basins separate from those used by other employees shall be provided for food handlers.

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), an employer may provide only one toilet for both male and female employees if

    • (a) the total number of employees normally employed by him in the work place at any one time does not exceed five; and

    • (b) the door of the toilet room is fitted on the inside with a locking device.

  • (2) Where the class of employment in a work place is the transaction of business or the rendering of professional or personal services, the employer may provide only one toilet for both male and female employees if

    • (a) the total number of employees normally employed by him in the work place at any one time does not exceed 10 or the area of the work place does not exceed 100 m2; and

    • (b) the door of the toilet room is fitted on the inside with a locking device.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 30(F)

 Toilet rooms shall be located not more than 60 m from and not more than one storey above or below each work place.

 Every toilet room shall be so designed that

  • (a) it is completely enclosed with solid material that is non-transparent from the outside;

  • (b) no toilet or urinal is visible when the door of the toilet room is open;

  • (c) it has a ceiling height of not less than 2.2 m;

  • (d) where the toilet room contains more than one toilet, each toilet is enclosed in a separate compartment fitted with a door and an inside locking device; and

  • (e) the walls of each separate toilet compartment are designed and constructed to provide a reasonable amount of privacy for its occupant.

 Toilet paper on a holder or in a dispenser shall be provided

  • (a) where there is only one toilet in a toilet room, in that toilet room; and

  • (b) in each toilet compartment.

 A covered container for the disposal of sanitary napkins shall be provided in each toilet room provided for the use of female employees.

Wash Basins

 Hot water provided for personal washing

  • (a) shall be maintained at a temperature of not less than 35°C and not more than 43°C; and

  • (b) shall not be heated by mixing with steam.

  •  (1) Subject to sections 9.20 and 9.21, every employer shall provide for each toilet room wash basins supplied with cold water and hot water that meets the requirements of section 9.18 as follows:

    • (a) where the room contains one or two toilets or urinals, one wash basin; and

    • (b) where the room contains more than two toilets or urinals, one wash basin for every two toilets or urinals.

  • (2) If an outdoor privy is provided by an employer, the employer shall provide wash basins required by subsection (1) as close as possible to the outdoor privy.

 Subject to section 9.21, where a toilet room is provided and the work environment of employees is such that their health is likely to be endangered by a hazardous substance coming into contact with their skin, the employer shall provide a wash room with individual wash basins supplied with cold water and hot water that meets the requirements of section 9.18 as follows:

  • (a) where the number of those employees does not exceed five, one wash basin;

  • (b) where the number of those employees exceeds five but does not exceed 10, two wash basins;

  • (c) where the number of those employees exceeds 10 but does not exceed 15, three wash basins;

  • (d) where the number of those employees exceeds 15 but does not exceed 20, four wash basins; and

  • (e) where the number of those employees exceeds 20, four wash basins and one additional wash basin for every 15 of those employees or portion of that number in excess of 20.

  •  (1) An industrial wash trough or circular wash basin of a capacity equivalent to the aggregate of the minimum standard capacities of the wash basins referred to in sections 9.19 and 9.20 may be provided in place of the wash basins.

  • (2) An industrial wash trough or circular wash basin referred to in subsection (1) shall be supplied with cold water and hot water that meets the requirements of section 9.18.

  • SOR/94-263, s. 26

 In every personal service room that contains a wash basin, the employer shall provide

  • (a) powdered or liquid soap or other cleaning agent in a dispenser at each wash basin or between adjoining wash basins;

  • (b) sufficient sanitary hand drying facilities to serve the number of employees using the personal service room; and

  • (c) a non-combustible container for the disposal of used towels where towels are provided.

 
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