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Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/86-304)

Regulations are current to 2019-07-01 and last amended on 2019-06-25. Previous Versions

PART XIConfined Spaces (continued)

Provision and Use of Equipment

  •  (1) The employer shall provide

    • (a) each person who is granted access to a confined space with the protection equipment specified pursuant to paragraph 11.3(b); and

    • (b) each person who is to undertake rescue operations with the protection equipment and emergency equipment specified pursuant to paragraph 11.3(d).

  • (2) The employer shall ensure that every person who enters, exits or occupies a confined space follows the procedures established pursuant to paragraph 11.3(a) and uses the protection equipment specified pursuant to paragraphs 11.3(b) and (c).

  • SOR/92-544, s. 1
  • SOR/95-286, s. 8

Precaution

 No person shall close off a confined space until a qualified person has verified that no person is inside it.

  • SOR/92-544, s. 1

Hot Work

  •  (1) Unless a qualified person has determined that the work can be performed safely, hot work shall not be performed in a confined space that contains

    • (a) an explosive or flammable hazardous substance in a concentration in excess of 10 per cent of its lower explosive limit; or

    • (b) oxygen in a concentration in excess of 23 per cent.

  • (2) Where hot work is to be performed in a confined space that contains concentrations of flammable or explosive materials in excess of the concentration set out in paragraph (1)(a) or (b),

    • (a) a qualified person shall patrol the area surrounding the confined space and maintain a fire-protection watch in that area until all fire hazard has passed; and

    • (b) fire extinguishers specified as emergency equipment pursuant to paragraph 11.3(d) shall be provided in the area referred to in paragraph (a).

  • (3) If an airborne hazardous substance may be produced by hot work in a confined space, no person shall enter or occupy the confined space unless

    • (a) section 11.10 is complied with; or

    • (b) the person uses respiratory protection equipment that meets the requirements of sections 12.04, 12.05 and 12.13.

  • SOR/92-544, s. 1
  • SOR/95-286, s. 9
  • SOR/2002-208, s. 43(F)
  • SOR/2019-243, s. 3
  • SOR/2019-246, s. 81

Ventilation Equipment

  •  (1) Where ventilation equipment is used to maintain the concentration of a chemical agent or combination of chemical agents in a confined space at or below the concentration referred to in subparagraph 11.4(1)(a)(i), or to maintain the percentage of oxygen in the air of a confined space within the limits referred to in subparagraph 11.4(1)(a)(iii), the employer shall not grant access to the confined space to any person unless

    • (a) the ventilation equipment is

      • (i) equipped with an alarm that will, if the equipment fails, be activated automatically and be audible or visible to every person in the confined space, or

      • (ii) monitored by an employee who is in constant attendance at the equipment and who is in communication with the person or persons in the confined space; and

    • (b) in the event of failure of the ventilation equipment, sufficient time will be available for the person to escape from the confined space before

      • (i) the concentration of the chemical agent or combination of chemical agents in the confined space exceeds the concentrations referred to in subparagraph 11.4(1)(a)(i), or

      • (ii) the percentage of oxygen in the air ceases to remain within the limits referred to in subparagraph 11.4(1)(a)(iii).

  • (2) If the ventilation equipment fails to operate properly, the employee referred to in subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) shall immediately inform the person or persons in the confined space of the failure of the equipment.

  • SOR/92-544, s. 1

Training

  •  (1) The employer shall provide every employee who is likely to enter a confined space with instruction and training in

    • (a) the procedures established pursuant to paragraphs 11.3(a) and 11.5(1)(a); and

    • (b) the use of the protection equipment referred to in paragraphs 11.3(b), (c) and (d).

  • (2) The employer shall ensure that no person enters a confined space unless the person is instructed in

    • (a) the procedures to be followed in accordance with paragraphs 11.3(a) and 11.5(1)(a); and

    • (b) the use of the protection equipment referred to in paragraphs 11.3(b), (c) and (d).

  • SOR/92-544, s. 1
  • SOR/95-286, s. 10(F)
  • SOR/2019-246, s. 82(F)

Record Keeping

 The employer shall, at the employer’s place of business nearest to the work place in which the confined space is located, keep a written copy or a machine-readable version of

  • (a) any report made pursuant to subsection 11.2(2) and the procedures established pursuant to paragraphs 11.3(a) and 11.5(1)(a) for a period of ten years after the date on which the qualified person signed the report or the procedures were established; and

  • (b) any report made pursuant to subsection 11.4(2)

    • (i) for a period of ten years after the date on which the qualified person signed the report where the verification procedures undertaken pursuant to paragraphs 11.4(1)(a) and (c) indicate that the specifications set out in subparagraphs 11.4(1)(a)(i) to (iii) were not complied with, and

    • (ii) in every other case, for a period of two years after the date on which the qualified person signed the report.

  • SOR/92-544, s. 1

PART XIIProtection Equipment and Other Preventive Measures

Interpretation

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

CBRN agent

CBRN agent means a chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear agent. (agent CBRN)

fall hazard zone

fall hazard zone means a defined area bordering on an edge that is unguarded against a risk of falling. (zone de risque de chute)

fall hazard zone system

fall hazard zone system means a system that consists of a fall hazard zone that is supervised by a fall hazard zone monitor. (système pour zone de risque de chute)

fall-arrest system

fall-arrest system means a collection of protection equipment that attaches a person to an anchorage and is designed and configured to arrest a free fall. (dispositif antichute)

fall-protection system

fall-protection system means a system that is designed and configured to eliminate or reduce the risk of a person falling, restrain a person who is at risk of falling or arrest a person’s fall. The system may be composed of one or more of the following:

  • (a) a passive fall-protection system;

  • (b) a fall-restraint system;

  • (c) a fall-arrest system;

  • (d) a fall hazard zone system. (dispositif de protection contre les chutes)

fall-restraint system

fall-restraint system means a collection of protection equipment that attaches a person to an anchorage and is designed and configured to prevent the person from getting close to an unguarded edge. (dispositif de retenue contre les chutes)

passive fall-protection system

passive fall-protection system means a system of physical barriers that is designed and installed to prevent a person from falling, including guardrails, fences, barricades or covers. (dispositif passif de protection contre les chutes)

personal fall-protection system

personal fall-protection system means a fall-restraint system or fall-arrest system. (dispositif individuel de protection contre les chutes)

  • SOR/2019-243, s. 4
  •  (1) Unless otherwise indicated in this Part, any reference in this Part to a standard is a reference to that standard as amended from time to time.

  • (2) Any amendment to a CSA Group standard or a UL standard that is incorporated by reference in this Part is effective on the 30th day after the day on which the amendment is published by the CSA Group or by UL, as the case may be, in both official languages.

  • SOR/2019-243, s. 4
 
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