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Oil and Gas Occupational Safety and Health Regulations (SOR/87-612)

Regulations are current to 2024-05-28 and last amended on 2023-12-15. Previous Versions

PART XSanitation (continued)

Preparation, Handling, Storage and Serving of Food

  •  (1) Each food handler shall be instructed and trained in food handling practices that prevent the contamination of food.

  • (2) No person who is suffering from a communicable disease shall work as a food handler.

 Where food is served in a work place, the employer shall adopt and implement Section G of the Sanitation Code for Canada’s Foodservice Industry, published by the Canadian Restaurant and Foodservices Association, dated September 1984, other than items 2 and 11 thereof.

  •  (1) Foods that require refrigeration to prevent them from becoming hazardous to health shall be maintained at a temperature of 4°C or lower.

  • (2) Foods that require freezing shall be maintained at a temperature of -11°C or lower.

 All equipment and utensils that come into contact with food shall be

  • (a) designed to be easily cleaned;

  • (b) smooth and free from cracks, crevices, pitting or unnecessary indentations; and

  • (c) cleaned and stored to maintain their surfaces in a sanitary condition.

 No person shall eat, prepare or store food

  • (a) in an area where a hazardous substance may contaminate food, dishes or utensils;

  • (b) in a personal service room that contains a water closet, urinal or shower; or

  • (c) in any other area where food is likely to be contaminated.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F)

Food Waste and Garbage

  •  (1) Food waste and garbage shall be removed daily from personal service rooms and food preparation areas.

  • (2) Food waste and garbage shall be

    • (a) disposed of by a sanitary drainage system;

    • (b) held in a garbage container; or

    • (c) incinerated.

  • (3) Every employer shall adopt and implement a procedure that requires that combustible garbage not be incinerated unless precautions have been taken to ensure that the fire does not endanger employees, the safety of the work place or the integrity of any equipment.

  • SOR/94-165, s. 33(E)

 Garbage containers shall be

  • (a) maintained in a clean and sanitary condition;

  • (b) cleaned and disinfected in an area separate from personal service rooms and food preparation areas;

  • (c) where there may be internal pressure in the container, so designed that the pressure is relieved by controlled ventilation;

  • (d) constructed of a non-absorbent material and provided with a tight-fitting top;

  • (e) located in an area that is inaccessible to animals; and

  • (f) where liquids, wet materials or food waste are disposed of therein, leakproof.

Dining Areas

 Every dining area provided by the employer shall be

  • (a) of sufficient size to allow seating and table space for the employees who normally use the dining area at any one time;

  • (b) provided with non-combustible covered receptacles for the disposal of food waste or garbage; and

  • (c) separated from any place where a hazardous substance may contaminate food, dishes or utensils.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F)

Ventilation

 The intake or exhaust duct for a ventilation system shall be so located that no employee may be exposed to any hazardous substance drawn in or exhausted through the duct.

  • SOR/94-165, s. 34
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F)

Clothing Storage

 Clothing storage facilities shall be provided by the employer for the storage of overcoats and other clothes not worn by employees while they are working.

  •  (1) A change room shall be provided by the employer where

    • (a) the nature of the work engaged in by an employee makes it necessary for the employee to change from street clothes to work clothes for safety or health reasons; or

    • (b) an employee is regularly engaged in work in which his work clothing becomes wet or contaminated by a hazardous substance.

  • (2) Where wet or contaminated work clothing referred to in paragraph (1)(b) is changed, it shall be stored in such a manner that it does not come in contact with clothing that is not wet or contaminated.

  • (3) No employee shall leave the work place wearing clothing contaminated by a hazardous substance.

  • (4) Every employer shall supply facilities for the drying or cleaning of wet or contaminated clothing referred to in paragraph (1)(b).

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F)

PART XIHazardous Substances

[
  • SOR/88-199, s. 19
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F)
]

Interpretation

 In this Part,

airborne asbestos fibres

airborne asbestos fibres means asbestos fibres that are longer than 5 μm (micrometres) with an aspect ratio equal to or greater than 3:1 and that are carried by the air; (fibres d’amiante aéroportées)

asbestos

asbestos means actinolite, amosite, anthophyllite, chrysotile, crocidolite and tremolite in their fibrous form; (amiante)

asbestos-containing material

asbestos-containing material means

  • (a) any article that is manufactured and contains 1% or more asbestos by weight at the time of manufacture or that contains a concentration of 1% or more asbestos as determined in accordance with Method 9002 set out in the document entitled NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, published by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, as amended from time to time, or in accordance with a scientifically proven method used to collect and analyze a representative sample of the material, and

  • (b) any material that contains a concentration of 1% or more asbestos as determined in accordance with Method 9002 set out in the document entitled NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, published by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, as amended from time to time, or in accordance with a scientifically proven method used to collect and analyze a representative sample of the material; (matériau contenant de l’amiante)

clearance air sampling

clearance air sampling means the action of taking samples to determine if the concentration of airborne asbestos fibres inside an enclosure is below the limit referred to in section 11.23 to permit the dismantling of a containment system; (échantillonnage de l’air après décontamination)

containment system

containment system means an isolation system that is designed to effectively contain asbestos fibre within a designated work area where asbestos-containing material is handled, removed, encapsulated or enclosed; (système de confinement)

encapsulation

encapsulation means the treatment of an asbestos-containing material with a sealant that penetrates the material and binds the asbestos fibres together, and the treatment of the surface of the asbestos-containing material with a sealant that creates a membrane on the surface, to prevent the release of asbestos fibres into the air; (encapsulation)

enclosure

enclosure means a physical barrier such as drywall, plywood or metal sheeting that, as part of the containment system, isolates asbestos-containing material from adjacent areas in a building to prevent the release of airborne asbestos fibres into those areas; (encloisonnement)

friable

friable means, in respect of asbestos-containing material, that the material, when dry, can be easily crumbled or powdered by hand pressure; (friable)

glove bag

glove bag means a polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride bag that is affixed around an asbestos-containing source and that permits asbestos-containing material to be removed while minimizing the release of airborne asbestos fibres into the work place; (sac à gants)

hazard information

hazard information means, in respect of a hazardous substance, information on the proper and safe storage, handling, use and disposal of the hazardous substance, including information relating to the health and physical hazards that it presents; (renseignements sur les risques)

HEPA filter

HEPA filter means a high-efficiency particulate air filter that has been tested to ensure efficiency equal to or exceeding 99.97% for removal of airborne particles having a mean aerodynamic diameter of 0.3 µm (micrometres) from the air; (filtre HEPA)

high-risk activity

high-risk activity means an activity that involves the handling or disturbance of friable asbestos-containing material or is carried out in proximity to friable asbestos-containing material, that requires a high level of control to prevent exposure to excessive concentrations of airborne asbestos fibres and that includes

  • (a) the removal or disturbance of more than 1 m2 of friable asbestos-containing material in a work place, even if the activity is divided into smaller jobs,

  • (b) the spray application of a sealant to a friable asbestos-containing material,

  • (c) the cleaning or removal of air-handling equipment, other than filters, in a building that has sprayed-on fireproofing or sprayed-on thermal insulation that is asbestos-containing material,

  • (d) the repair, alteration or demolition of all or part of a kiln, metallurgical furnace or similar structure that contains asbestos-containing material,

  • (e) the breaking, cutting, drilling, abrading, grinding, sanding or vibrating of non-friable asbestos-containing material, if the activity is carried out by means of power tools that are not attached to dust-collecting devices equipped with HEPA filters, and

  • (f) the repair, alteration or demolition of all or part of a building in which asbestos is or was used in the manufacture of products, unless the asbestos was cleaned up and removed; (activité à risque élevé)

lower explosive limit

lower explosive limit means the lower limit of flammability of a chemical agent or a combination of chemical agents at ambient temperature and pressure, expressed

  • (a) for a gas or vapour, as a percentage per volume of air, and

  • (b) for dust, as the weight of dust per volume of air; (limite explosive inférieure)

low-risk activity

low-risk activity means an activity that involves the handling of asbestos-containing material or is carried out in proximity to non-friable asbestos-containing material and that includes

  • (a) the installation or removal of ceiling tiles that are made of non-friable asbestos-containing material and cover an area of less than 7.5 m2,

  • (b) the installation or removal of other non-friable asbestos-containing material, if the material is not being broken, cut, drilled, abraded, ground, sanded or vibrated and dust is not being generated,

  • (c) the breaking, cutting, drilling, abrading, grinding, sanding or vibrating of non-friable asbestos-containing material, if the material is wetted to control the spread of dust or fibres and the activity is carried out only by means of non-powered hand-held tools, and

  • (d) the removal of less than 1 m² of drywall in which joint cement containing asbestos has been used; (activité à faible risque)

moderate-risk activity

moderate-risk activity means an activity that involves the handling of asbestos-containing material or is carried out in proximity to friable asbestos-containing material, that is not otherwise classified as a low-risk activity or high-risk activity and that includes

  • (a) the removal of all or part of a false ceiling to gain access to a work area, if asbestos-containing material is likely to be found on the surface of the false ceiling,

  • (b) the removal or disturbance of 1 m2 or less of friable asbestos-containing material during repair, alteration, maintenance or demolition work in a work place,

  • (c) the enclosure of friable asbestos-containing material,

  • (d) the application of tape, sealant or other covering to pipe or boiler insulation that is asbestos-containing material,

  • (e) the removal of ceiling tiles that are asbestos-containing material, if the tiles cover an area of greater than 2 m2 and are removed without being broken, cut, drilled, abraded, ground, sanded or vibrated,

  • (f) the breaking, cutting, drilling, abrading, grinding, sanding or vibrating of non-friable asbestos-containing material, if the material is not wetted to control the spread of dust or fibres and the activity is carried out only by means of non-powered hand-held tools,

  • (g) the removal of 1 m2 or more of drywall in which joint cement that is asbestos-containing material has been used,

  • (h) the breaking, cutting, drilling, abrading, grinding, sanding or vibrating of non-friable asbestos-containing material, if the activity is carried out by means of power tools that are attached to dust-collecting devices equipped with HEPA filters,

  • (i) the removal of insulation that is asbestos-containing material from a pipe, duct or similar structure using a glove bag, and

  • (j) the cleaning or removal of filters used in air-handling equipment in a building that has sprayed-on fireproofing that is asbestos-containing material; (activité à risque modéré)

product identifier

product identifier has the same meaning as in subsection 1(1) of the Hazardous Products Regulations; (identificateur de produit)

readily available

readily available means, in respect of a document, present and easily accessible at the work place at all times; (facilement accessible)

supplier

supplier has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Hazardous Products Act; (fournisseur)

work activity

work activity means any low-risk activity, moderate-risk activity or high-risk activity or any activity that is ancillary to that activity, and the supervision of that activity and that ancillary activity. (activité de travail)

  • SOR/88-199, s. 4
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F)
  • SOR/2016-141, s. 35
  • SOR/2017-132, s. 9

Application

 This Part does not apply to the transportation or handling of dangerous goods to which the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and regulations made thereunder apply.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 5

DIVISION IGeneral

[
  • SOR/88-199, s. 5
]

Hazard Investigation

  •  (1) If there is a likelihood that the safety or health of an employee in a work place is or may be endangered by exposure to a hazardous substance, by insufficient lighting or excessive sound level, the employer shall, without delay,

    • (a) appoint a qualified person to carry out an investigation; and

    • (b) notify the work place committee or the health and safety representative, if either exists, of the proposed investigation and of the name of the qualified person appointed to carry out that investigation.

  • (2) In the investigation referred to in subsection (1), the following criteria shall be taken into consideration:

    • (a) the chemical, biological and physical properties of the hazardous substance;

    • (b) the routes of exposure to the hazardous substance;

    • (c) the effects to safety and health caused by exposure to the hazardous substance;

    • (d) the state, concentration and quantity of the hazardous substance handled;

    • (e) the manner in which the hazardous substance is handled;

    • (f) the control methods used to eliminate or reduce exposure to the hazardous substance;

    • (g) the possibility that the concentration of the hazardous substance to which an employee is likely to be exposed exceeds the limit referred to in section 11.23;

    • (h) the possibility that the level of lighting in the work place is less than the level prescribed in Part VII; and

    • (i) the possibility that the level of sound in the work place is greater than the level prescribed in Part VIII.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19
  • SOR/94-165, s. 35
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 3
 

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