Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/86-304)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2017-06-20. Previous Versions

PART IIPermanent Structures

Interpretation

 The definitions in this section apply in this Part.

ASHRAE

ASHRAE means the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers. (ASHRAE)

building

building means a structure that is used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy, and includes a grain-handling facility, a tower, an antenna and an antenna-supporting structure. (bâtiment)

floor hole

floor hole means an opening in a floor or platform that measures less than 300 mm but more than 50 mm in its smallest dimension. (trou dans le plancher)

floor opening

floor opening means an opening in a floor, platform, pavement or yard that measures 300 mm or more in its smallest dimension. (ouverture dans le plancher)

grain-handling facility

grain-handling facility means a structure that is constructed, installed or established to handle, store or process grain or grain products, and includes an elevator as defined in section 2 of the Canada Grain Act. (installation de manutention des grains)

HVAC system

HVAC system means a heating, ventilating and air conditioning system that is installed in a building, and includes all of its equipment and components. (système CVCA)

wall opening

wall opening means an opening in a wall or partition that measures at least 750 mm in height and 300 mm in width. (ouverture dans un mur)

  • SOR/94-263, s. 7;
  • SOR/2000-374, s. 2.

DIVISION IBuildings

Standards

  •  (1) The design and construction of every building, the construction of which begins on or after the day of the coming into force of this subsection, shall meet the requirements of the National Building Code.

  • (2) Every building, the construction of which begins before the day of the coming into force of this subsection, shall, to the extent reasonably practicable, meet the requirements of the National Building Code.

  • (3) The renovation of any building or part of a building shall, to the extent reasonably practicable, meet the requirements of the National Building Code.

  • (4) When it is not reasonably practicable for an employer to comply with the requirements of subsection (3), the employer shall, before the proposed renovations start, notify the work place committee or the health and safety representative.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 2(F);
  • SOR/96-525, s. 2;
  • SOR/2000-374, s. 2;
  • SOR/2002-208, s. 4.

Doors

  •  (1) Every double-action swinging door that is located in an exit, entrance or passageway used for two-way pedestrian traffic or traffic involving wheelchairs or other similar devices shall be designed and fitted in a manner that will allow persons who are approaching from one side of the door to be aware of persons who are on the other side of it.

  • (2) The area of every passageway into which a door or gate extends when open, other than the door of a closet or other small unoccupied storage room, shall be marked, in consultation with the work place committee or the health and safety representative in a manner that clearly indicates the area of hazard created by the opening of the door or gate.

  • (3) Where a door or gate that is to remain open extends into a passageway for a distance that will reduce the effective width of the passageway to a width less than that required by the National Building Code,

    • (a) an attendant shall be posted near the open door or gate; or

    • (b) a highly visible barricade shall be placed across the passageway before the door or gate is opened to prevent persons from using the passageway while the door or gate is open.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 3(F);
  • SOR/2000-374, s. 2;
  • SOR/2002-208, s. 5.

Clearances

 A window awning or canopy or any part of a building that projects over an exterior passageway shall be installed or constructed in a manner that allows a clearance of not less than 2.2 m between the passageway surface and the lowest projection of the awning or canopy or projecting part of the building.

  • SOR/96-525, s. 3;
  • SOR/2000-374, s. 2.

Floor and Wall Openings

  •  (1) Where an employee has access to a wall opening from which there is a drop of more than 1.2 m or to a floor opening, highly visible guardrails shall be fitted around the wall opening or floor opening or it shall be covered with material capable of supporting all loads that may be brought to bear on it.

  • (2) The material shall be securely fastened to and supported by structural members.

  • (3) Subsection (1) does not apply to vehicle maintenance pits or to the loading and unloading areas of truck, railroad or marine docks the edges of which are marked in a highly visible manner.

  • (4) Where a pit is used for the maintenance of vehicles, including railway rolling stock, the hazard it represents shall be clearly identified and its perimeter shall be delineated by highly visible markings.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 4(F);
  • SOR/96-525, s. 4;
  • SOR/2000-374, s. 2.

Open-top Bins, Hoppers, Vats and Pits

  •  (1) Where an employee has access to an open-top bin, hopper, vat, pit or other open-top enclosure from a point directly above the enclosure, the enclosure shall be

    • (a) covered with a grating, screen or other covering that will prevent the employee from falling into the enclosure; or

    • (b) provided with a walkway that is not less than 500 mm wide and is fitted with highly visible guardrails.

  • (2) The grating, screen, covering or walkway shall be designed, constructed and maintained so that it will support a load that is not less than the greater of

    • (a) the maximum load that may be brought to bear on it, and

    • (b) a live load of 6 kPa.

  • (3) Where an employee is working above an open-top bin, hopper, vat, pit or other open-top enclosure that is not covered with a grating, screen or other covering, the inside wall of the enclosure shall be fitted with a fixed ladder, except where the operations carried on in the enclosure make such a fitting impracticable.

  • (4) Every enclosure referred to in subsection (1) whose walls extend less than 1.1 m above an adjacent floor or platform used by employees shall be

    • (a) covered with a grating, screen or other covering;

    • (b) fitted with a highly visible guardrail; or

    • (c) guarded by a person in order to prevent employees from falling into the enclosure.

  • SOR/2000-374, s. 2.

Ladders, Stairways and Ramps

 Where an employee is required to move from one level to another that is more than 450 mm higher or lower than the first level, the employer shall install a fixed ladder, stairway or ramp between the levels.

  • SOR/96-525, s. 5;
  • SOR/2000-374, s. 2.

 Where one end of a stairway is so close to a traffic route used by vehicles, to a machine or to any other hazard as to be hazardous to the safety of an employee using the stairway, the employer shall, at that end of the stairway,

  • (a) post a sign to warn employees of the hazard; and

  • (b) where practicable, install a highly visible barricade that will protect employees using the stairway from the hazard.

  • SOR/96-525, s. 6;
  • SOR/2000-374, s. 2.
  •  (1) A fixed ladder installed after the day of the coming into force of this section shall be designed, constructed and installed in accordance with the requirements of ANSI Standard A14.3-1984 entitled American National Standard for Ladders — Fixed — Safety Requirements, as amended from time to time, other than section 7 of that Standard.

  • (2) A fixed ladder that is installed before the day of the coming into force of this section shall, where reasonably practicable, meet the requirements referred to in subsection (1).

  • (3) While ascending or descending a fixed ladder, an employee shall

    • (a) maintain a three-point contact with the ladder; and

    • (b) carry any tools, equipment or materials in a pouch or holster or in any other secure manner.

  • (4) A fixed ladder shall be highly visible or its presence otherwise brought to the attention of any employee in the area.

  • SOR/2000-374, s. 2;
  • SOR/2011-206, s. 1.
  •  (1) Every grain-handling facility that has a manlift or ladder that provides access to a floor or roof over a grain bin or silo shall, in addition to its primary exit, have a secondary exit from the floor or roof that consists of an exterior fixed ladder constructed in accordance with the requirements referred to in subsection 2.9(1).

  • (2) A fixed ladder that is installed in a grain-handling facility before the day of the coming into force of this section shall, where reasonably practicable, meet the requirements referred to in subsection 2.9(1).

  • (3) A fixed ladder that is installed adjacent to a manlift and that is intended for emergency exit from the manlift shall meet the requirements of section 5.1.9 of CSA Standard B 311-M1979, entitled Safety Code for Manlifts, the English version of which is dated October 1979 and the French version of which is dated July 1984.

  • SOR/96-525, s. 7;
  • SOR/2000-374, s. 2.
 
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