Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/86-304)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2017-06-20. Previous Versions

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), an employer may provide only one toilet for both male and female employees if

    • (a) the total number of employees normally employed by him in the work place at any one time does not exceed five; and

    • (b) the door of the toilet room is fitted on the inside with a locking device.

  • (2) Where the class of employment in a work place is the transaction of business or the rendering of professional or personal services, the employer may provide only one toilet for both male and female employees if

    • (a) the total number of employees normally employed by him in the work place at any one time does not exceed 10 or the area of the work place does not exceed 100 m2; and

    • (b) the door of the toilet room is fitted on the inside with a locking device.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 30(F).

 Toilet rooms shall be located not more than 60 m from and not more than one storey above or below each work place.

 Every toilet room shall be so designed that

  • (a) it is completely enclosed with solid material that is non-transparent from the outside;

  • (b) no toilet or urinal is visible when the door of the toilet room is open;

  • (c) it has a ceiling height of not less than 2.2 m;

  • (d) where the toilet room contains more than one toilet, each toilet is enclosed in a separate compartment fitted with a door and an inside locking device; and

  • (e) the walls of each separate toilet compartment are designed and constructed to provide a reasonable amount of privacy for its occupant.

 Toilet paper on a holder or in a dispenser shall be provided

  • (a) where there is only one toilet in a toilet room, in that toilet room; and

  • (b) in each toilet compartment.

 A covered container for the disposal of sanitary napkins shall be provided in each toilet room provided for the use of female employees.

Wash Basins

 Hot water provided for personal washing

  • (a) shall be maintained at a temperature of not less than 35°C and not more than 43°C; and

  • (b) shall not be heated by mixing with steam.

  •  (1) Subject to sections 9.20 and 9.21, every employer shall provide for each toilet room wash basins supplied with cold water and hot water that meets the requirements of section 9.18 as follows:

    • (a) where the room contains one or two toilets or urinals, one wash basin; and

    • (b) where the room contains more than two toilets or urinals, one wash basin for every two toilets or urinals.

  • (2) Where an outdoor privy is provided by an employer, the employer shall provide wash basins required by subsection (1) as close to the outdoor privy as is reasonably practicable.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 31;
  • SOR/94-263, s. 25(F).

 Subject to section 9.21, where a toilet room is provided and the work environment of employees is such that their health is likely to be endangered by a hazardous substance coming into contact with their skin, the employer shall provide a wash room with individual wash basins supplied with cold water and hot water that meets the requirements of section 9.18 as follows:

  • (a) where the number of those employees does not exceed five, one wash basin;

  • (b) where the number of those employees exceeds five but does not exceed 10, two wash basins;

  • (c) where the number of those employees exceeds 10 but does not exceed 15, three wash basins;

  • (d) where the number of those employees exceeds 15 but does not exceed 20, four wash basins; and

  • (e) where the number of those employees exceeds 20, four wash basins and one additional wash basin for every 15 of those employees or portion of that number in excess of 20.

  • SOR/88-68, s. 14;
  • SOR/88-632, s. 32(F);
  • SOR/94-263, s. 65(F);
  • SOR/2002-208, s. 43(F).
  •  (1) An industrial wash trough or circular wash basin of a capacity equivalent to the aggregate of the minimum standard capacities of the wash basins referred to in sections 9.19 and 9.20 may be provided in place of the wash basins.

  • (2) An industrial wash trough or circular wash basin referred to in subsection (1) shall be supplied with cold water and hot water that meets the requirements of section 9.18.

  • SOR/94-263, s. 26.

 In every personal service room that contains a wash basin, the employer shall provide

  • (a) powdered or liquid soap or other cleaning agent in a dispenser at each wash basin or between adjoining wash basins;

  • (b) sufficient sanitary hand drying facilities to serve the number of employees using the personal service room; and

  • (c) a non-combustible container for the disposal of used towels where towels are provided.

Showers and Shower Rooms

  •  (1) A shower room with a door fitted on the inside with a locking device and at least one shower head for every 10 employees or portion of that number shall be provided for employees who regularly perform strenuous physical work in a high temperature or high humidity or whose bodies may be contaminated by a hazardous substance.

  • (2) Every shower receptor shall be constructed and arranged in such a way that water cannot leak through the walls or floors.

  • (3) No more than six shower heads shall be served by a single shower drain.

  • (4) Where two or more shower heads are served by a shower drain, the floor shall be sloped and the drain so located that water from one head cannot flow over the area that serves another head.

  • (5) Except for column showers, where a battery of shower heads is installed, the horizontal distance between two adjacent shower heads shall be at least 750 mm.

  • (6) Waterproof finish shall be provided to a height of not less than 1.8 m above the floor in shower rooms and shall consist of ceramic, plastic or metal tile, sheet vinyl, tempered hardboard, laminated thermosetting decorative sheets or linoleum.

  • (7) Finished flooring in shower rooms shall consist of resilient flooring, felted-synthetic fibre floor coverings, concrete terrazzo, ceramic tile, mastic or other types of flooring providing similar degrees of water resistance.

  • (8) Where duck boards are used in showers, they shall not be made of wood.

  • (9) Every shower shall be provided with cold water and hot water that meets the requirements of section 9.18.

  • (10) Where an employee referred to in subsection (1) takes a shower as a result of his work, a clean towel and soap or other cleaning agent shall be provided to him.

  • SOR/88-68, s. 14;
  • SOR/88-632, s. 33(F);
  • SOR/94-263, s. 65(F);
  • SOR/2002-208, s. 43(F).

Potable Water

 Every employer shall provide potable water for drinking, personal washing and food preparation that meets the standards set out in the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality 1978, published by authority of the Minister of National Health and Welfare.

 Where it is necessary to transport water for drinking, personal washing or food preparation, only sanitary portable water containers shall be used.

 Where a portable storage container for drinking water is used,

  • (a) the container shall be securely covered and closed;

  • (b) the container shall be used only for the purpose of storing potable water;

  • (c) the container shall not be stored in a toilet room; and

  • (d) the water shall be drawn from the container by

    • (i) a tap,

    • (ii) a ladle used only for the purpose of drawing water from the container, or

    • (iii) any other means that precludes the contamination of the water.

 Except where drinking water is supplied by a drinking fountain, sanitary single-use drinking cups shall be provided.

 
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