Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act (S.C. 2009, c. 23)

Act current to 2017-11-06 and last amended on 2015-02-26. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Access to corporate records
  •  (1) A member, a member’s personal representative and a creditor of a corporation may examine and, on payment of any reasonable fee, take extracts from the records referred to in paragraphs 21(1)(a) to (f) during the corporation’s usual business hours.

  • Marginal note:Requirement for statutory declaration — debt obligations register

    (2) Any person described in subsection (1) who wishes to examine the debt obligations register of a corporation shall first make a request to the corporation or its agent or mandatary accompanied by a statutory declaration referred to in subsection (5). Within the prescribed period, the corporation or its agent or mandatary shall allow the applicant access to the register during the corporation’s usual business hours and, on payment of any reasonable fee, provide the applicant with an extract from the register.

  • Marginal note:Copies of corporate records

    (3) A member of a corporation is entitled on request and free of charge to one copy of the articles and by-laws, any amendments to them, and any unanimous member agreement.

  • Marginal note:Debt obligation holders lists

    (4) Any person described in subsection (1), on payment of any reasonable fee and on sending to a corporation or its agent or mandatary the statutory declaration referred to in subsection (5), may on application require the corporation or its agent or mandatary to furnish within the prescribed period a list of debt obligation holders setting out the prescribed information and updated in accordance with the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Contents of statutory declaration

    (5) The statutory declaration required under subsection (2) or (4) shall

    • (a) state the name and address of the applicant and, if the applicant is a body corporate, its address for service; and

    • (b) state that the list of debt obligation holders or the information contained in the debt obligations register obtained under subsection (2) will not be used except as permitted under subsection (7).

  • Marginal note:Person making statutory declaration

    (6) If the applicant is a body corporate, the statutory declaration shall be made by a director or officer of the body corporate.

  • Marginal note:Use of information or list of debt obligation holders

    (7) A list of debt obligation holders or information from a debt obligations register obtained under this section shall not be used by any person except in connection with

    • (a) an effort to influence the voting of debt obligation holders of the corporation;

    • (b) an offer to acquire debt obligations of the corporation; or

    • (c) any other matter relating to the debt obligations or affairs of the corporation.

Marginal note:Requirement for statutory declaration — register of members
  •  (1) A member or a member’s personal representative who wishes to examine the register of members of a corporation shall first make a request to the corporation or its agent or mandatary accompanied by a statutory declaration referred to in subsection (5). Within the prescribed period, the corporation or its agent or mandatary shall allow the applicant access to the register during the corporation’s usual business hours and, on payment of any reasonable fee, provide the applicant with an extract from the register.

  • Marginal note:List of members

    (2) Any person described in subsection (1) and debt obligation holders, on payment of any reasonable fee and on sending to a corporation or its agent or mandatary the statutory declaration referred to in subsection (5), may on application require the corporation or its agent or mandatary to furnish within the prescribed period a list of members setting out the prescribed information and updated in accordance with the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3) A person described in subsection (1) may only make an application under subsection (2) once in each calendar year. In addition, an application may be made before each special meeting of members of which the person receives notice.

  • Marginal note:Application of debt obligation holder

    (4) A debt obligation holder may make an application to obtain a list of members only after receiving notice of a meeting of members at which the holder has the right to vote.

  • Marginal note:Contents of statutory declaration

    (5) The statutory declaration required under subsection (1) or (2) shall

    • (a) state the name and address of the applicant and, if the applicant is a body corporate, its address for service; and

    • (b) state that the list of members or the information contained in the register of members obtained under subsection (1) will not be used except as permitted under subsection (7) or (8).

  • Marginal note:Person making statutory declaration

    (6) If the applicant is a body corporate, the statutory declaration shall be made by a director or officer of the body corporate.

  • Marginal note:Use of information or list by members

    (7) A member or a member’s personal representative who obtains a list of members or information from a register of members under this section shall not use the list or information except in connection with

    • (a) an effort to influence the voting of members;

    • (b) requisitioning a meeting of members; or

    • (c) any other matter relating to the affairs of the corporation.

  • Marginal note:Use of information or list by debt obligation holders

    (8) A debt obligation holder who obtains a list of members under this section shall not use the list except in connection with an effort to influence the voting of members on any issue that the holder has a right to vote on.

Marginal note:Examination by Director
  •  (1) The Director may examine the records described in subsection 21(1) during the corporation’s usual business hours and may take extracts from the records free of charge.

  • Marginal note:Requirement to provide list

    (2) The Director may require the corporation or its agent or mandatary to furnish to the Director within the prescribed period a list of members or debt obligation holders setting out the prescribed information and updated in accordance with the regulations.

Marginal note:Application for authorization — corporation
  •  (1) On the application of a corporation, the Director may authorize the corporation, on any terms that the Director thinks fit, to refuse, in whole or in part, to allow access to corporate records or to furnish information that the corporation is otherwise under this Part obligated to allow or furnish, if the Director reasonably believes that allowing the access or furnishing the information would be detrimental to any member or the corporation.

  • Marginal note:Application for direction — member

    (2) On the application of any member, the Director may direct the corporation, on any terms that the Director thinks fit, not to allow, in whole or in part, access to corporate records or not to furnish, in whole or in part, information that the corporation is otherwise under this Part obligated to allow or furnish, if the Director reasonably believes that allowing the access or furnishing the information would be detrimental to any member or the corporation.

Marginal note:Form of records
  •  (1) All registers and other records required by this Act to be prepared and maintained may be in any form, provided that the records are capable of being reproduced in intelligible written form within a reasonable time.

  • Marginal note:Precautions

    (2) A corporation and its agents and mandataries shall take reasonable precautions to prevent the loss or destruction of the registers and other records required under this Act, to prevent the falsification of entries in those registers and records and to facilitate the detection and correction of inaccuracies in them.

Marginal note:Validity of unsealed documents

 A document executed or, in Quebec, signed on behalf of a corporation is not invalid merely because a corporate seal is not affixed to it.

PART 5Corporate Finance

Marginal note:Borrowing powers
  •  (1) Unless the articles, the by-laws or a unanimous member agreement otherwise provides, the directors of a corporation may, without authorization of the members,

    • (a) borrow money on the credit of the corporation;

    • (b) issue, reissue, sell, pledge or hypothecate debt obligations of the corporation;

    • (c) give a guarantee on behalf of the corporation to secure performance of an obligation of any person; and

    • (d) mortgage, hypothecate, pledge or otherwise create a security interest in all or any property of the corporation, owned or subsequently acquired, to secure any obligation of the corporation.

  • Marginal note:Delegation of borrowing powers

    (2) Despite subsection 138(2) and paragraph 142(a), unless the articles, the by-laws or a unanimous member agreement otherwise provides, the directors may, by resolution, delegate the powers referred to in subsection (1) to a director, a committee of directors or an officer.

 
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