Federal Courts Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. F-7)

Act current to 2016-05-12 and last amended on 2015-06-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Appointment of judges

 The judges of the Federal Court of Appeal and the Federal Court are to be appointed by the Governor in Council by letters patent under the Great Seal.

  • 2002, c. 8, s. 16.
Marginal note:Who may be appointed judge

 A person may be appointed a judge of the Federal Court of Appeal or the Federal Court if the person

  • (a) is or has been a judge of a superior, county or district court in Canada;

  • (b) is or has been a barrister or advocate of at least 10 years standing at the bar of any province; or

  • (c) has, for at least 10 years,

    • (i) been a barrister or advocate at the bar of any province, and

    • (ii) after becoming a barrister or advocate at the bar of any province, exercised powers and performed duties and functions of a judicial nature on a full-time basis in respect of a position held under a law of Canada or a province.

  • 2002, c. 8, s. 16.
Marginal note:Judges from Quebec

 At least five of the judges of the Federal Court of Appeal and at least 10 of the judges of the Federal Court must be persons who have been judges of the Court of Appeal or of the Superior Court of the Province of Quebec, or have been members of the bar of that Province.

  • 2002, c. 8, s. 16;
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 20.
Marginal note:Rank and precedence
  •  (1) The Chief Justices of the Federal Court of Appeal and the Federal Court and the other judges of those courts have rank and precedence among themselves in the following order:

    • (a) the Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Appeal;

    • (b) the Chief Justice of the Federal Court;

    • (c) the other judges of the Federal Court of Appeal, according to seniority determined by reference to the respective times when they became judges of the Federal Court of Canada or the Federal Court of Appeal; and

    • (d) the other judges of the Federal Court, according to seniority determined by reference to the respective times when they became judges of the Federal Court of Canada or the Federal Court.

  • Marginal note:Absence or incapacity of a Chief Justice

    (2) If the office of Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Appeal or the office of the Chief Justice of the Federal Court is vacant, or the Chief Justice of either court is absent from Canada or is for any reason unable or unwilling to act, the powers and duties of the Chief Justice shall be exercised and performed by

    • (a) the judge of the Federal Court of Appeal or of the Federal Court, as the case may be, who has been designated for that purpose by the Chief Justice of that Court; or

    • (b) if no judge has been so designated, or if the judge so designated is absent from Canada or is unable or unwilling to act, the senior judge of the same court who is in Canada and is able and willing to act and who has not elected to hold office as a supernumerary judge under section 28 of the Judges Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 6;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 16;
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 21.
Marginal note:Residence of judges
  •  (1) The judges of the Federal Court of Appeal and the Federal Court shall reside in the National Capital Region described in the schedule to the National Capital Act or within 40 kilometres of that Region.

  • Marginal note:Rota of judges

    (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Rules may provide for a rota of judges in order to ensure continuity of judicial availability in any centre where the volume of work or other circumstances make such an arrangement expedient.

  • Marginal note:No judge to be away for more than one month

    (3) No judge shall be required under rules made under subsection (2) to remain in any centre other than the National Capital Region for a period longer than one month, unless it becomes necessary to do so to complete the hearing of a cause or matter.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 7;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 17;
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 22(E).
Marginal note:Tenure of office
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the judges of the Federal Court of Appeal and the Federal Court hold office during good behaviour, but are removable by the Governor General on address of the Senate and House of Commons.

  • Marginal note:Cessation of office

    (2) A judge of the Federal Court of Appeal or the Federal Court ceases to hold office on becoming 75 years old.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (3) A judge who holds office on March 1, 1987 may retire at the age of seventy years.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 8;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 16 (3rd Supp.), s. 7;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 18.
Marginal note:Oath of office for judges
  •  (1) Before judges of the Federal Court of Appeal or the Federal Court begin to perform their duties as judges, they shall take an oath that they will duly and faithfully execute their powers and trusts as judges to the best of their skill and knowledge.

  • Marginal note:How administered — Federal Court of Appeal

    (2) The oath shall be administered to the Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Appeal before the Governor General, and to the other judges of that court by the Chief Justice of that court or, in the absence or incapacity of the Chief Justice, by any other judge of that court.

  • Marginal note:How administered — Federal Court

    (3) The oath shall be administered to the Chief Justice of the Federal Court before the Governor General, and to the other judges of that court by the Chief Justice of that court or, in the absence or incapacity of the Chief Justice, by any other judge of that court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 9;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 19.
Marginal note:Deputy judges of the Federal Court of Appeal
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), any judge of a superior, county or district court in Canada, and any person who has held office as a judge of a superior, county or district court in Canada, may, at the request of the Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Appeal made with the approval of the Governor in Council, act as a judge of the Federal Court of Appeal, and while so acting has all the powers of a judge of that court and shall be referred to as a deputy judge of that court.

  • Marginal note:Deputy judges of the Federal Court

    (1.1) Subject to subsection (3), any judge of a superior, county or district court in Canada, and any person who has held office as a judge of a superior, county or district court in Canada, may, at the request of the Chief Justice of the Federal Court made with the approval of the Governor in Council, act as a judge of the Federal Court, and while so acting has all the powers of a judge of that court and shall be referred to as a deputy judge of that court.

  • Marginal note:Consent required

    (2) No request may be made under subsection (1) or (1.1) to a judge of a superior, county or district court in a province without the consent of the chief justice or chief judge of the court of which he or she is a member, or of the attorney general of the province.

  • Marginal note:Approval of Governor in Council

    (3) The Governor in Council may approve the making of requests under subsection (1) or (1.1) in general terms or for particular periods or purposes, and may limit the number of persons who may act under this section.

  • Marginal note:Salary of deputy judge

    (4) A person who acts as a judge of a court under subsection (1) or (1.1) shall be paid a salary for the period that the judge acts, at the rate fixed by the Judges Act for a judge of the court other than the Chief Justice of the court, less any amount otherwise payable to him or her under that Act in respect of that period, and shall also be paid the travel allowances that a judge is entitled to be paid under the Judges Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 10;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 19.
Marginal note:Meetings

 The judges of the Federal Court of Appeal shall meet at least once in each year, on a day fixed by the Chief Justice of the court, in order to consider this Act, the Rules and the administration of justice, as shall the judges of the Federal Court on a day fixed by the Chief Justice of that court.

  • 2002, c. 8, s. 19.

Barristers, Advocates, Attorneys and Solicitors

Marginal note:Barrister or advocate
  •  (1) Every person who is a barrister or an advocate in a province may practise as a barrister or an advocate in the Federal Court of Appeal or the Federal Court.

  • Marginal note:Attorney or solicitor

    (2) Every person who is an attorney or a solicitor in a superior court of a province may practise as an attorney or a solicitor in the Federal Court of Appeal or the Federal Court.

  • Marginal note:Officers of court

    (3) Every person who may practise as a barrister, an advocate, an attorney or a solicitor in the Federal Court of Appeal or the Federal Court is an officer of that Court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 11;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 19.
 
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