Federal Courts Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. F-7)

Act current to 2017-12-11 and last amended on 2017-09-21. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Extraordinary remedies, federal tribunals
  •  (1) Subject to section 28, the Federal Court has exclusive original jurisdiction

    • (a) to issue an injunction, writ of certiorari, writ of prohibition, writ of mandamus or writ of quo warranto, or grant declaratory relief, against any federal board, commission or other tribunal; and

    • (b) to hear and determine any application or other proceeding for relief in the nature of relief contemplated by paragraph (a), including any proceeding brought against the Attorney General of Canada, to obtain relief against a federal board, commission or other tribunal.

  • Marginal note:Extraordinary remedies, members of Canadian Forces

    (2) The Federal Court has exclusive original jurisdiction to hear and determine every application for a writ of habeas corpus ad subjiciendum, writ of certiorari, writ of prohibition or writ of mandamus in relation to any member of the Canadian Forces serving outside Canada.

  • Marginal note:Remedies to be obtained on application

    (3) The remedies provided for in subsections (1) and (2) may be obtained only on an application for judicial review made under section 18.1.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 18;
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 4;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 26.
Marginal note:Application for judicial review
  •  (1) An application for judicial review may be made by the Attorney General of Canada or by anyone directly affected by the matter in respect of which relief is sought.

  • Marginal note:Time limitation

    (2) An application for judicial review in respect of a decision or an order of a federal board, commission or other tribunal shall be made within 30 days after the time the decision or order was first communicated by the federal board, commission or other tribunal to the office of the Deputy Attorney General of Canada or to the party directly affected by it, or within any further time that a judge of the Federal Court may fix or allow before or after the end of those 30 days.

  • Marginal note:Powers of Federal Court

    (3) On an application for judicial review, the Federal Court may

    • (a) order a federal board, commission or other tribunal to do any act or thing it has unlawfully failed or refused to do or has unreasonably delayed in doing; or

    • (b) declare invalid or unlawful, or quash, set aside or set aside and refer back for determination in accordance with such directions as it considers to be appropriate, prohibit or restrain, a decision, order, act or proceeding of a federal board, commission or other tribunal.

  • Marginal note:Grounds of review

    (4) The Federal Court may grant relief under subsection (3) if it is satisfied that the federal board, commission or other tribunal

    • (a) acted without jurisdiction, acted beyond its jurisdiction or refused to exercise its jurisdiction;

    • (b) failed to observe a principle of natural justice, procedural fairness or other procedure that it was required by law to observe;

    • (c) erred in law in making a decision or an order, whether or not the error appears on the face of the record;

    • (d) based its decision or order on an erroneous finding of fact that it made in a perverse or capricious manner or without regard for the material before it;

    • (e) acted, or failed to act, by reason of fraud or perjured evidence; or

    • (f) acted in any other way that was contrary to law.

  • Marginal note:Defect in form or technical irregularity

    (5) If the sole ground for relief established on an application for judicial review is a defect in form or a technical irregularity, the Federal Court may

    • (a) refuse the relief if it finds that no substantial wrong or miscarriage of justice has occurred; and

    • (b) in the case of a defect in form or a technical irregularity in a decision or an order, make an order validating the decision or order, to have effect from any time and on any terms that it considers appropriate.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 5;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 27.
Marginal note:Interim orders

 On an application for judicial review, the Federal Court may make any interim orders that it considers appropriate pending the final disposition of the application.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 5;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 28.
Marginal note:Reference by federal tribunal
  •  (1) A federal board, commission or other tribunal may at any stage of its proceedings refer any question or issue of law, of jurisdiction or of practice and procedure to the Federal Court for hearing and determination.

  • Marginal note:Reference by Attorney General of Canada

    (2) The Attorney General of Canada may, at any stage of the proceedings of a federal board, commission or other tribunal, other than a service tribunal within the meaning of the National Defence Act, refer any question or issue of the constitutional validity, applicability or operability of an Act of Parliament or of regulations made under an Act of Parliament to the Federal Court for hearing and determination.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 5;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 28.
Marginal note:Hearings in summary way
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), an application or reference to the Federal Court under any of sections 18.1 to 18.3 shall be heard and determined without delay and in a summary way.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The Federal Court may, if it considers it appropriate, direct that an application for judicial review be treated and proceeded with as an action.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 5;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 28.
Marginal note:Exception to sections 18 and 18.1

 Despite sections 18 and 18.1, if an Act of Parliament expressly provides for an appeal to the Federal Court, the Federal Court of Appeal, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Court Martial Appeal Court, the Tax Court of Canada, the Governor in Council or the Treasury Board from a decision or an order of a federal board, commission or other tribunal made by or in the course of proceedings before that board, commission or tribunal, that decision or order is not, to the extent that it may be so appealed, subject to review or to be restrained, prohibited, removed, set aside or otherwise dealt with, except in accordance with that Act.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 5;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 28.
Marginal note:Intergovernmental disputes

 If the legislature of a province has passed an Act agreeing that the Federal Court, the Federal Court of Canada or the Exchequer Court of Canada has jurisdiction in cases of controversies between Canada and that province, or between that province and any other province or provinces that have passed a like Act, the Federal Court has jurisdiction to determine the controversies.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 19;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 28.
Marginal note:Industrial property, exclusive jurisdiction
  •  (1) The Federal Court has exclusive original jurisdiction, between subject and subject as well as otherwise,

    • (a) in all cases of conflicting applications for any patent of invention or for any certificate of supplementary protection under the Patent Act, or for the registration of any copyright, trade-mark, industrial design or topography within the meaning of the Integrated Circuit Topography Act; and

    • (b) in all cases in which it is sought to impeach or annul any patent of invention or any certificate of supplementary protection issued under the Patent Act, or to have any entry in any register of copyrights, trade-marks, industrial designs or topographies referred to in paragraph (a) made, expunged, varied or rectified.

  • Marginal note:Industrial property, concurrent jurisdiction

    (2) The Federal Court has concurrent jurisdiction in all cases, other than those mentioned in subsection (1), in which a remedy is sought under the authority of an Act of Parliament or at law or in equity respecting any patent of invention, certificate of supplementary protection issued under the Patent Act, copyright, trade-mark, industrial design or topography referred to in paragraph (1)(a).

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 20;
  • 1990, c. 37, s. 34;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 29;
  • 2017, c. 6, s. 128.
 
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