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Health of Animals Regulations (C.R.C., c. 296)

Regulations are current to 2021-11-17 and last amended on 2021-06-01. Previous Versions

PART IVImportation of Animal By-products, Animal Pathogens and other Things (continued)

Animal Pathogens, Animals or Other Organisms, Animal Blood and Animal Serum (continued)

 Where any animal pathogen, animal or other organism, animal blood or animal serum referred to in section 51 is imported into Canada under a permit, no person shall

  • (a) move the imported pathogen, animal or other organism, blood or serum from the place or places specified in the permit to any other place, except under and in accordance with that permit or another permit issued for that purpose by the Minister under section 160; or

  • (b) introduce into an animal the imported pathogen, animal or other organism, blood or serum, except under and in accordance with that permit or another permit issued for that purpose by the Minister under section 160.

  • SOR/95-54, s. 2
  •  (1) A person may import into Canada animal blood or animal serum, other than a veterinary biologic, if it does not contain an animal pathogen or part of one and

    • (a) the country of origin is the United States and the blood or serum is not derived from an animal of the subfamily Bovinae or Caprinae;

    • (b) the country of origin, or the part of that country, is designated under section 7 as being free of, or as posing a negligible risk for, any reportable disease, any disease referred to in Schedule VII and any serious epizootic disease to which the species from which the blood or serum was derived is susceptible and that can be transmitted by the blood or serum, and the person produces a certificate of origin signed by an official of the government of that country attesting to that origin; or

    • (c) the blood or serum has been collected, treated, prepared, processed, stored and handled in a manner that would prevent the introduction into Canada of any reportable disease, any disease referred to in Schedule VII and any serious epizootic disease to which the species from which the blood or serum was derived is susceptible and that can be transmitted by the blood or serum, and the person produces a certificate signed by an official of the government of the country of origin that

      • (i) attests that the blood or serum has been collected, treated, prepared, processed, stored and handled in that manner, and

      • (ii) shows the details of how the blood or serum was collected, treated, prepared, processed, stored and handled.

  • (2) No person shall in any manner expose to or use in a live animal, animal blood or animal serum imported in accordance with subsection (1).

Importation Permitted

  •  (1) Despite anything in this Part, a person may import into Canada an animal by-product if the person produces a document that shows the details of the treatment of the by-product and an inspector has reasonable grounds to believe — based on the source of the document, the information contained in the document and any other relevant information available to the inspector and, if necessary, on an inspection of the by-product — that the importation of the by-product would not, or would not be likely to, result in the introduction into Canada, or the spread within Canada, of a vector, disease or toxic substance.

  • (2) Notwithstanding anything in this Part, a person may import an animal by-product under and in accordance with a permit issued by the Minister under section 160.

  • (3) [Repealed, SOR/2000-184, s. 67]

  • SOR/92-650, s. 3
  • SOR/95-475, s. 4(F)
  • SOR/97-85, s. 42
  • SOR/2000-184, s. 67
  • SOR/2009-18, s. 16

Animal Food

  •  (1) No person shall import into Canada any animal food that contains an animal product or animal by-product unless

    • (a) the country of origin

      • (i) of the animal food is the United States and the animal food is not derived from an animal of the subfamily Bovinae or Caprinae; or

      • (ii) or the part of that country of the animal food — and each animal product and animal by-product contained in that food — is designated under section 7 as being free of, or as posing a negligible risk for, any reportable disease, any disease referred to in Schedule VII and any serious epizootic disease to which the species from which the food, product or by-product was derived is susceptible and that can be transmitted by the food, product or by-product, and the person produces a certificate of origin signed by an official of the government of that country attesting to that origin; and

    • (b) in the case of animal food that is carried on board a vessel, the master of the vessel certifies that no ruminants or swine, other than those imported in accordance with a permit issued under section 160, were taken on board the vessel.

  • (2) No person shall import into Canada any animal product or animal by-product that is to be used as animal food or as an ingredient in animal food unless the country of origin, or the part of that country, is designated under section 7 as being free of, or as posing a negligible risk for, any reportable disease, any disease referred to in Schedule VII and any serious epizootic disease to which the species from which the product or by-product was derived is susceptible and that can be transmitted by the product or by-product, and the person produces a certificate of origin signed by an official of the government of that country attesting to that origin.

  • SOR/78-69, s. 29
  • SOR/97-85, s. 43
  • SOR/97-362, s. 3
  • SOR/97-478, s. 13
  • SOR/2002-438, s. 7(F)
  • SOR/2009-18, s. 17

PART VImportation of Fodder

 No person shall import into Canada from any country other than the United States any fodder to be used to feed ruminants, swine or horses except grains, cereals and seeds.

  • SOR/97-85, s. 43

PART VIImportation of Packing Material, Beehives and Beeswax

Packing Material

  •  (1) No person shall import into Canada hay, straw or grasses in which merchandise, goods or articles are packed unless

    • (a) the shipment is accompanied by a certificate of an official veterinarian of the exporting country showing that the hay, straw or grasses were disinfected in a manner approved by the Minister; or

    • (b) where no such certificate accompanies the shipment, the hay, straw or grasses are without delay

      • (i) disinfected under the supervision of an inspector at a fumigation station approved by the Minister, or

      • (ii) incinerated.

  • (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), hay, straw or grasses in which merchandise, goods or articles are packed may be imported into Canada from a country of origin or part of such a country designated by the Minister as free of foot-and-mouth disease pursuant to section 7.

  • SOR/97-85, s. 44
  • SOR/2012-286, s. 54(E)

 [Repealed, SOR/97-85, s. 45]

Beehives and Beeswax

 No person shall import into Canada

  • (a) used beehives or used beehive equipment; or

  • (b) bee products for bee feeding unless

    • (i) they are accompanied by a certificate stating that they have been treated in a manner approved by the Minister to prevent the introduction or spread of any disease, or

    • (ii) they are transported under seal of an inspector direct from the point of importation to an establishment approved by the Minister for treatment.

  • SOR/97-85, s. 46

PART VIIQuarantine of Imported Animals

Quarantine Ports and Inspection Ports

  •  (1) Except as otherwise provided in these Regulations, every animal imported into Canada may be admitted only at a quarantine port, an inspection port or other place approved by the Minister.

  • (2) Every animal imported into Canada by air from any country other than the United States may be admitted only at Gander, Halifax, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver or other place approved by the Minister.

  • (3) Except as otherwise provided in these Regulations, every animal imported into Canada is subject to inspection, testing and treatment at a quarantine port, an inspection port or other place approved by the Minister for inspection purposes.

 The Minister may, for the purpose of preventing the introduction of communicable disease into Canada or into any other country from Canada, require any animal imported into Canada to be quarantined, and the provisions of section 91.4 apply.

  • SOR/97-85, s. 47

 An animal required to be quarantined pursuant to these Regulations shall be quarantined at a quarantine port or other place approved by the Minister for quarantine purposes.

 No person shall remove from a quarantine port, inspection port or other place approved by the Minister pursuant to section 60 an animal subject to quarantine pursuant to section 59 until the animal has been quarantined by an inspector.

  • SOR/97-85, s. 48

 The Minister may order the owner or the person having the possession, care or control of an animal imported by or under these Regulations to remove the animal from Canada or to destroy the animal if the animal fails to prove negative to any test for a disease required by or under these Regulations.

  • SOR/97-85, s. 48

 [Repealed, SOR/97-85, s. 48]

 [Repealed, SOR/98-584, s. 3]

 [Repealed, SOR/97-85, s. 49]

PART VIIIExportation of Animals, Animal Products and Products of Rendering Plants

[
  • SOR/2006-147, s. 16
]

General

  •  (1) Subject to this Part, no person shall export out of Canada livestock, poultry, animal embryos or animal semen unless

    • (a) the person has obtained, before shipment, a certificate issued by a veterinary inspector or a certificate issued by an accredited veterinarian that is approved in writing by a veterinary inspector, that clearly identifies the livestock, poultry, animal embryos or animal semen and shows

      • (i) that a veterinary inspector or an accredited veterinarian has inspected the livestock, poultry, animal embryos or animal semen and found it to be free from any communicable diseases,

      • (ii) the date and place of inspection, and

      • (iii) where tests have been performed, the nature of each test and that the livestock, poultry, animal embryos or animal semen proved negative to such tests; and

    • (b) the importation requirements of the country to which the livestock, poultry, animal embryos or animal semen are exported have been complied with.

  • (1.1) Paragraph (1)(a) does not apply in respect of swine or ruminants exported to the United States for immediate slaughter.

  • (2) No person shall export animal semen out of Canada unless the semen, from the time it was collected, was stored in an animal semen production centre or other place approved by the Minister.

  • (3) No person shall export livestock, poultry, animal embryos or animal semen unless the certificate referred to in subsection (1) bears the mark of the official export stamp referred to in subsection (4).

  • (4) The official export stamp required by this section shall contain the words “Government of Canada — CANADIAN FOOD INSPECTION AGENCY — Gouvernement du Canada — AGENCE CANADIENNE D’INSPECTION DES ALIMENTS” and it shall be applied on a certificate only by a veterinary inspector or a person authorized by one.

  • (5) No person except a veterinary inspector or a person authorized by him shall have in his possession an official export stamp or any facsimile thereof.

  • (6) For the purpose of this section, animal embryo means a fertilized ovum of a mammal before it is implanted into a mammal.

  • (7) Paragraph (1)(a) and subsection (3) do not apply to a regulated animal, other than a porcine, if it is transported directly between Rainy River, Ontario and Sprague, Manitoba via the state of Minnesota by means of a conveyance that has had all exits by which the animal could leave the conveyance sealed by an official of the government of Canada or of the United States.

  • SOR/79-839, s. 16
  • SOR/83-899, s. 3
  • SOR/85-689, s. 5
  • SOR/94-491, s. 2
  • SOR/97-85, s. 50
  • SOR/97-292, s. 28
  • SOR/97-478, s. 14(F)
  • SOR/2000-184, s. 68
  • SOR/2001-210, s. 5
  • SOR/2019-99, s. 4
  • SOR/2019-99, s. 18(F)
  •  (1) Despite paragraph 69(1)(a) and subsection 69(3) and subject to subsection (2), a person may export a regulated animal, as defined in section 10, to the United States for the purpose of re-entering Canada without meeting the requirements of Part XV if the President of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency determines that

    • (a) a transportation route within Canada usually used to transport the animal cannot be used because the route is obstructed;

    • (b) no reasonable alternative transportation route in Canada exists; and

    • (c) as a result of the obstruction, the welfare of the animal is at risk.

  • (2) No person shall export a regulated animal, as defined in section 10, under subsection (1) unless it is accompanied by a certificate issued by a veterinary inspector, or a certificate issued by an accredited veterinarian that is approved in writing by a veterinary inspector, that specifies

    • (a) the species of the animal and the number of animals of each species being transported; and

    • (b) the number of the seal affixed to the conveyance used for the transport of the animal, unless, in the opinion of the veterinary inspector or the accredited veterinarian, the conveyance cannot be sealed.

  •  (1) Subject to this Part, no person shall export out of Canada a product of a rendering plant, or a fertilizer, fertilizer supplement or animal food that contains a product of a rendering plant, unless

    • (a) the person has obtained a certificate of an inspector, of a veterinary inspector or of a person authorized by an inspector or a veterinary inspector, issued before shipment, that clearly identifies the product of a rendering plant, fertilizer, fertilizer supplement or animal food and shows

      • (i) that an inspector, a veterinary inspector or a person authorized by an inspector or a veterinary inspector has inspected the product of a rendering plant, fertilizer, fertilizer supplement or animal food, as well as the rendering plant or the plant or mill where the product, fertilizer, fertilizer supplement or animal food was prepared,

      • (ii) the date and place of the inspection, and

      • (iii) if tests have been performed, the nature of each test and that the product of a rendering plant, fertilizer, fertilizer supplement or animal food proved negative to the tests or otherwise met the requirements of the importing country; and

    • (b) the importation requirements of the country to which the product of a rendering plant, fertilizer, fertilizer supplement or animal food is exported have been complied with.

  • (2) No person shall export a product of a rendering plant, or a fertilizer, fertilizer supplement or animal food that contains a product of a rendering plant, unless the certificate referred to in subsection (1) bears the mark of the official export stamp referred to in subsection (3).

  • (3) The official export stamp required by this section shall contain the words “Government of Canada — CANADIAN FOOD INSPECTION AGENCY — Gouvernement du Canada — AGENCE CANADIENNE D’INSPECTION DES ALIMENTS” and it shall be applied on a certificate only by an inspector, a veterinary inspector or a person authorized by an inspector or a veterinary inspector.

  • (4) No person except an inspector, a veterinary inspector or a person authorized by an inspector or a veterinary inspector shall have in his or her possession an official export stamp or any facsimile of one.

 
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