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Health of Animals Regulations (C.R.C., c. 296)

Regulations are current to 2021-06-03 and last amended on 2021-06-01. Previous Versions

PART XIITransport of Animals (continued)

Animal Handling (continued)

  •  (1) A person who is loading or unloading an animal in or from a conveyance or container shall use a fixed or movable ramp, gangway, chute, step or apparatus unless the animal is not likely to suffer, sustain an injury or die by stepping directly from or onto the ground or other surface.

  • (2) No person shall load or unload an animal in or from a conveyance or container, or cause one to be so loaded or unloaded, using a fixed or movable ramp, gangway, chute, step or apparatus unless it is used in a manner that is not likely to cause the animal’s suffering, injury or death and the following conditions with respect to the ramps, gangways, chutes, steps or apparatuses are met:

    • (a) they can bear the weight to which they are subjected without collapsing, twisting, breaking or bending;

    • (b) there are side rails of sufficient strength and height to prevent the animal from falling off;

    • (c) they have a surface that is designed, constructed and maintained to prevent the animal from tripping, slipping and falling; and

    • (d) they are placed so that there is no unprotected gap through which the animal could trip, slip, fall or escape.

  • (3) Side rails are not required if the animal is loaded and unloaded individually in a manner that is not likely to cause the animal’s suffering, injury or death.

  • (4) No person shall load or unload livestock or cervids — or cause them to be loaded or unloaded — into or from a conveyance or container using ramps, gangways, chutes or apparatuses that have a slope from the horizontal that exceeds

    • (a) 20° in the case of a porcine;

    • (b) 25° in the case of a bovine;

    • (c) 30° in the case of an equine; and

    • (d) 35° in the case of a cervid, caprine or ovine.

Protection from Inadequate Ventilation and Weather Conditions

 No person shall load, confine or transport an animal in or unload an animal from a conveyance or container, or cause one to be so loaded, confined, transported or unloaded, if the animal is likely to suffer, sustain an injury or die due to inadequate ventilation or by being exposed to meteorological or environmental conditions.

Exposure to Toxic or Noxious Things

 No person shall load, confine or transport an animal in or unload an animal from a conveyance or container, or cause one to be so loaded, confined, transported or unloaded, if the animal is likely to suffer, sustain an injury or die by being exposed to anything that is toxic or noxious, including exhaust from the conveyance.

Space Requirements

  •  (1) No person shall load, confine or transport an animal, or cause one to be loaded, confined or transported, in a conveyance or container unless

    • (a) in the case of livestock, cervids, camelids and ratites, the animal is able to stand at all times within the conveyance or container with all feet on the floor, with head elevated, with sufficient space to permit a full range of head movement and without any part of its body coming into contact with a deck, roof or top of the conveyance or cover of the container;

    • (b) in the case of poultry, other than ratites, confined in a container, the animal is able to maintain a squatting or sitting position with sufficient space to permit a full range of head movement without coming into contact with the cover of the container; and

    • (c) in the case of all other animals, and poultry that is not confined in a container, the animal is able to maintain its preferred position with sufficient space to permit a full range of head movement.

  • (2) No person shall load, confine or transport an equine, or cause an equine to be loaded, confined or transported by land, in a conveyance that has more than one deck.

Overcrowding

  •  (1) No person shall load an animal, or cause one to be loaded, in a conveyance or container, other than a container that is used to transport an animal in an aircraft, in a manner that would result in the conveyance or container becoming overcrowded, or transport or confine an animal in a conveyance or container, or cause one to be transported or confined, in a conveyance or container that is overcrowded.

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), overcrowding occurs when, due to the number of animals in the container or conveyance,

    • (a) the animal cannot maintain its preferred position or adjust its body position in order to protect itself from injuries or avoid being crushed or trampled;

    • (b) the animal is likely to develop a pathological condition such as hyperthermia, hypothermia or frostbite; or

    • (c) the animal is likely to suffer, sustain an injury or die.

 No person shall transport an animal by air, or cause one to be transported by air, unless it is transported in a container that meets the stocking density guidelines that are set out in the Live Animals Regulations, 44th edition, published by the International Air Transport Association, as amended from time to time.

Isolation

  •  (1) No person shall load, confine, transport or unload incompatible animals, or cause incompatible animals to be loaded, confined, transported or unloaded, in the same conveyance or container unless they are isolated from one another.

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), animals are incompatible if any of the animals are likely to suffer, sustain an injury or die if they are loaded, confined, transported or unloaded together.

Conveyances and Containers

  •  (1) No person shall load, confine or transport an animal, or cause one to be loaded, confined or transported, in a conveyance or container unless the conveyance and the container, if the animal is in a container, are designed, constructed, equipped, maintained and used to prevent the animal’s suffering, injury or death and the conveyance and the container, if the animal is in a container, meet the following conditions:

    • (a) they are suitable for the species of animal;

    • (b) they prevent the animal’s escape;

    • (c) they provide adequate ventilation for each animal;

    • (d) they provide a floor that prevents the animal from tripping, slipping and falling;

    • (e) they are not likely to collapse or topple over;

    • (f) they do not have exposed bolt heads, angles or other projections;

    • (g) they do not contain objects that are unsecured;

    • (h) they have no insecure fittings;

    • (i) they can be cleaned except in the case of a container that is used for one-time animal transport; and

    • (j) in the case of a container, the animal is visible from outside the container or at least two of the container’s outer sides have a readily visible sign or symbol indicating the presence within of a live animal and a readily visible sign or symbol indicating the upright position of the container.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a container that is used to confine or transport an animal in an aircraft.

  • (3) No person shall load, confine or transport, or cause to be loaded, confined or transported, livestock, cervids, camelids or ratites in a conveyance or container unless the conveyance or, if the animal is in a container, the container has a floor that is strewn with sufficient sand, straw, wood shavings or other bedding material to absorb and prevent the pooling or escape of water, urine and liquid manure.

  • (4) No person shall confine or transport an animal in a container unless the container is secured to the conveyance in a manner that prevents it from moving during transport.

  • (5) No person shall transport an animal by air, or cause an animal to be transported by air, unless it is transported in a container that meets the design and construction requirements that are set out in the Live Animals Regulations, 44th edition, published by the International Air Transport Association, as amended from time to time.

 
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