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Insurance Companies Act (S.C. 1991, c. 47)

Act current to 2024-02-06 and last amended on 2024-01-01. Previous Versions

PART XVIIInsurance Holding Companies (continued)

DIVISION 7Ownership (continued)

Marginal note:Prohibition against control

 Despite section 932, no person shall control, within the meaning of paragraph 3(1)(d), an insurance holding company in respect of which subsection 927(4) or (6) applies.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465

Marginal note:Constraining registration

 No insurance holding company shall, unless the acquisition of the share has been approved by the Minister, record in its securities register a transfer or issue of any share of the insurance holding company to any person or to any entity controlled by a person if

  • (a) the transfer or issue of the share would cause the person to have a significant interest in any class of shares of the insurance holding company; or

  • (b) where the person has a significant interest in a class of shares of the insurance holding company, the transfer or issue of the share would increase the significant interest of the person in that class of shares of the insurance holding company.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465

Marginal note:Exception — small holdings

 Despite section 934, if, as a result of a transfer or issue of shares of a class of shares of an insurance holding company to a person, other than an eligible agent, the total number of shares of that class registered in the securities register of the insurance holding company in the name of that person would not exceed 5,000 and would not exceed 0.1% of the outstanding shares of that class, the insurance holding company is entitled to assume that no person is acquiring or increasing a significant interest in that class of shares of the insurance holding company as a result of that issue or transfer of shares.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 143

Marginal note:Where approval not required

  •  (1) Despite subsections 927(1) and (2) and section 934, the approval of the Minister is not required in respect of an insurance holding company, other than an insurance holding company in respect of which subsection 927(4) applies, if a person with a significant interest in a class of shares of the insurance holding company or an entity controlled by a person with a significant interest in a class of shares of the insurance holding company purchases or otherwise acquires shares of that class, or acquires control of any entity that holds any share of that class, and the number of shares of that class purchased or otherwise acquired, or the acquisition of control of the entity, as the case may be, would not increase the significant interest of the person in that class of shares of the insurance holding company to a percentage that is greater than the percentage referred to in subsection (2) or (3), whichever is applicable.

  • Marginal note:Percentage

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), for the purposes of subsection (1), the percentage is 5 percentage points in excess of the significant interest of the person in that class of shares of the insurance holding company on the day of the most recent purchase or acquisition by the person or any entity controlled by the person, other than the entity referred to in subsection (1), of shares of that class of shares of the insurance holding company, or of control of an entity that held shares of that class of shares of the insurance holding company, for which approval was given by the Minister.

  • Marginal note:When approval not required

    (3) If a person has a significant interest in a class of shares of an insurance holding company and the person’s percentage of that class has decreased after the date of the most recent purchase or other acquisition by the person or any entity controlled by the person, other than the entity referred to in subsection (1), of shares of that class of shares of the insurance holding company, or of control of an entity that held shares of that class of shares of the insurance holding company, for which approval was given by the Minister, the percentage for the purposes of subsection (1) is the percentage that is the lesser of

    • (a) 5 percentage points in excess of the significant interest of the person in that class of shares of the insurance holding company on the day of the most recent purchase or other acquisition by the person or any entity controlled by the person, other than the entity referred to in subsection (1), of shares of that class of shares of the insurance holding company, or of control of an entity that held shares of that class of shares of the insurance holding company, for which approval was given by the Minister, and

    • (b) 10 percentage points in excess of the lowest significant interest of the person in that class of shares of the insurance holding company at any time after the day of the most recent purchase or other acquisition by the person or any entity controlled by the person, other than the entity referred to in subsection (1), of shares of that class of shares of the insurance holding company, or of control of an entity that held shares of that class of shares of the insurance holding company, for which approval was given by the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Exception — eligible agent

    (3.1) If the person referred to in subsection (1) is an eligible agent or an entity controlled by an eligible agent, then the Minister may reduce the percentage referred to in subsection (2) or (3).

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) Subsection (1) does not apply if the purchase or other acquisition of shares or the acquisition of control referred to in that subsection would

    • (a) result in the acquisition of control of the insurance holding company by the person referred to in that subsection;

    • (b) where the person controls the insurance holding company but the voting rights attached to the aggregate of any voting shares of the insurance holding company beneficially owned by the person and by entities controlled by the person do not exceed 50 per cent of the voting rights attached to all of the outstanding voting shares of the insurance holding company, cause the voting rights attached to that aggregate to exceed 50 per cent of the voting rights attached to all of the outstanding voting shares of the insurance holding company;

    • (c) result in the acquisition of a significant interest in a class of shares of the insurance holding company by an entity controlled by the person and the acquisition of that investment is not exempted by the regulations; or

    • (d) result in an increase in a significant interest in a class of shares of the insurance holding company by an entity controlled by the person by a percentage that is greater than the percentage referred to in subsection (2) or (3), whichever is applicable, and the increase is not exempted by the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (5) The Governor in Council may make regulations

    • (a) exempting from the application of paragraph (4)(c) the acquisition of a significant interest in a class of shares of the insurance holding company by an entity controlled by the person; and

    • (b) exempting from the application of paragraph (4)(d) an increase in a significant interest in a class of shares of the insurance holding company by an entity controlled by the person by a percentage that is greater than the percentage referred to in subsection (2) or (3), whichever applies.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 144

Marginal note:When approval not required

  •  (1) Despite subsections 927(1) and (2) and section 934, the approval of the Minister is not required if

    • (a) the Superintendent has, by order, directed the insurance holding company to increase its capital and shares of the insurance holding company are issued and acquired in accordance with the terms and conditions, if any, that may be specified in the order; or

    • (b) a person, other than an eligible agent, who controls, within the meaning of paragraph 3(1)(a), the insurance holding company acquires additional shares of the insurance holding company.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Paragraph (1)(a) does not apply in respect of an insurance holding company in respect of which subsection 927(4) or (6) applies.

  • Marginal note:Pre-approval

    (3) For the purposes of subsections 927(1) and (2) and section 934, the Minister may approve

    • (a) the purchase or other acquisition of such number or percentage of shares of an insurance holding company as may be required in a particular transaction or series of transactions; or

    • (b) the purchase or other acquisition of up to a specified number or percentage of shares of an insurance holding company within a specified period.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 145

Marginal note:Public holding requirement

  •  (1) Every insurance holding company shall, from and after the day determined under this section in respect of that insurance holding company, have, and continue to have, voting shares that carry at least 35 per cent of the voting rights attached to all of the outstanding voting shares of the insurance holding company and that are

    • (a) shares of one or more classes of shares that are listed and posted for trading on a recognized stock exchange in Canada; and

    • (b) shares none of which is beneficially owned by a person who is a major shareholder of the insurance holding company in respect of the voting shares of the insurance holding company or by any entity that is controlled by a person who is a major shareholder of the insurance holding company in respect of such shares.

  • Marginal note:Determination of day

    (2) If the insurance holding company has equity of two billion dollars or more on the day it comes into existence, the day referred to in subsection (1) is the day that is three years after that day and, in the case of any other insurance holding company, the day referred to in subsection (1) is the day that is three years after the day of the first annual meeting of the shareholders of the insurance holding company held after the equity of the insurance holding company first reaches two billion dollars.

  • Marginal note:Extension

    (3) If general market conditions so warrant and the Minister is satisfied that an insurance holding company has used its best efforts to be in compliance with this section on the day determined under subsection (2), the Minister may specify a later day as the day from and after which the insurance holding company must comply with subsection (1).

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 335

Marginal note:Limit on assets

  •  (1) Unless an exemption order with respect to the insurance holding company is granted under section 941, if an insurance holding company fails to comply with section 938 in any month, the Minister may, by order, require the insurance holding company not to have, until it complies with that section, average total assets in any three month period ending on the last day of a subsequent month exceeding the insurance holding company’s average total assets in the three month period ending on the last day of the month immediately preceding the month specified in the order.

  • Marginal note:Average total assets

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the average total assets of an insurance holding company in a three month period shall be computed by adding the total assets of the insurance holding company as calculated for the month end of each of the three months in the period and by dividing the sum by three.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465

Marginal note:Increase of capital

 Where the Superintendent has, by order, directed an insurance holding company to increase its capital and shares of the insurance holding company are issued and acquired in accordance with such terms and conditions as may be specified in the order, section 938 shall not apply in respect of the insurance holding company until such time as the Superintendent may, by order, specify.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465

Marginal note:Exemption by Minister

  •  (1) On application by an insurance holding company and subject to any terms and conditions that the Minister considers appropriate, the Minister may by order exempt the insurance holding company from the requirements of section 938 if the Minister considers it appropriate to do so.

  • Marginal note:Compliance with s. 938

    (2) The insurance holding company shall comply with section 938 as of the day on which the exemption order expires.

  • Marginal note:Limit on assets

    (3) If an insurance holding company fails to comply with section 938 on the day referred to in subsection (2), it shall not, until it complies with that section, have average total assets in any three month period ending on the last day of a subsequent month exceeding its average total assets in the three month period ending on the last day of the month immediately preceding the day referred to in subsection (2) or on any later day that the Minister may specify by order.

  • Marginal note:Application of s. 939(2)

    (4) Subsection 939(2) applies for the purposes of subsection (3).

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 359

Marginal note:Exception

  •  (1) If an insurance holding company fails to comply with section 938 as the result of any of the following, section 939 does not apply in respect of that insurance holding company until the expiration of six months after the day the insurance holding company failed to comply with section 938:

    • (a) a distribution to the public of voting shares of the insurance holding company;

    • (b) a redemption or purchase of voting shares of the insurance holding company;

    • (c) the exercise of any option to acquire voting shares of the insurance holding company; or

    • (d) the conversion of any convertible securities into voting shares of the insurance holding company.

  • Marginal note:Shares acquiring voting rights

    (2) If as the result of an event that has occurred and is continuing, shares of an insurance holding company acquire voting rights in such number as to cause the insurance holding company to no longer be in compliance with section 938, section 939 does not apply in respect of that insurance holding company until the expiration of six months after the day the insurance holding company ceased to be in compliance with section 938 or such later day as the Minister may, by order, specify.

  • (3) and (4) [Repealed, 2005, c. 54, s. 360]

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 360

Marginal note:Acquisition of control permitted

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2) and sections 934 and 944, section 938 does not apply in respect of an insurance holding company if a person acquires control of an insurance holding company with equity of two billion dollars or more through the purchase or other acquisition of all or any number of the shares of the insurance holding company by the person or by any entity controlled by the person.

  • Marginal note:Undertaking required

    (2) Subsection (1) applies only if the person provides the Minister with an undertaking satisfactory to the Minister to do all things necessary so that, within three years after the acquisition, or any other period that the Minister may specify, the insurance holding company has voting shares that carry at least 35 per cent of the voting rights attached to all of the outstanding voting shares of the insurance holding company and that are

    • (a) shares of one or more classes of shares that are listed and posted for trading on a recognized stock exchange in Canada; and

    • (b) shares none of which is beneficially owned by a person who is a major shareholder of the insurance holding company in respect of the voting shares of the insurance holding company or by any entity that is controlled by a person who is a major shareholder of the insurance holding company in respect of such shares.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 335

Marginal note:Application of section 938

 At the expiration of the period for compliance with an undertaking referred to in subsection 943(2), section 938 applies in respect of the insurance holding company.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465

Marginal note:Restriction on voting rights

  •  (1) If, with respect to any insurance holding company, a particular person contravenes subsection 927(1), (4) or (6) or section 930, 931, 932 or 933 or fails to comply with an undertaking referred to in subsection 943(2) or with any term or condition imposed under section 948, no person, and no entity controlled by the particular person, shall, in person or by proxy, exercise any voting rights

    • (a) that are attached to shares of the insurance holding company beneficially owned by the particular person or any entity controlled by the particular person; or

    • (b) that are subject to an agreement entered into by the particular person, or any entity controlled by the particular person, pertaining to the exercise of the voting rights.

  • Marginal note:Subsection (1) ceases to apply

    (2) Subsection (1) ceases to apply in respect of a person when, as the case may be,

    • (a) the shares to which the contravention relates have been disposed of;

    • (b) the person ceases to control the insurance holding company within the meaning of paragraph 3(1)(d);

    • (c) if the person failed to comply with an undertaking referred to in subsection 943(2), the insurance holding company complies with section 938; or

    • (d) if the person failed to comply with a term or condition imposed under section 948, the person complies with the term or condition.

  • Marginal note:Saving

    (3) Despite subsection (1), if a person contravenes subsection 927(4) by reason only that, as a result of an event that has occurred and is continuing and is not within the control of the person, shares of the insurance holding company beneficially owned by the person or by any entity controlled by the person acquire voting rights in such number so as to cause the person to be a major shareholder of the insurance holding company, the Minister may, after a consideration of the circumstances, permit the person and any entity controlled by the person to exercise voting rights, in person or by proxy, in respect of any class of voting shares of the insurance holding company beneficially owned by them that do not in aggregate exceed 20 per cent of the voting rights attached to that class of voting shares.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 465
 

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