PART IIIPetroleum Operations (continued)
DIVISION IRegulation of Operations (continued)
152 [Repealed, 2014, c. 13, s. 28]
Marginal note:Production orders
153 (1) Where the Chief Conservation Officer, on reasonable grounds, is of the opinion that, with respect to an interest in any portion of the offshore area, the capability exists to commence, continue or increase production of petroleum and that a production order would stop waste, the Chief Conservation Officer may order the commencement, continuation or increase of production of petroleum at such rates and in such quantities as are specified in the order.
Marginal note:Ceasing production
(2) Where the Chief Conservation Officer, on reasonable grounds, is of the opinion that an order under this section would stop waste, the Chief Conservation Officer may order a decrease or the cessation or suspension of production of petroleum for any period specified in the order.
Marginal note:Investigation and appeal
(3) Subsections 155(2) to (4) and section 157 apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, to an order under subsection (1) or (2) as if it were an order under subsection 155(1).
Marginal note:Access to files and records
(4) A person subject to an order under subsection (1) or (2) shall, on request, afford the Chief Conservation Officer or a person designated by the Chief Conservation Officer access to premises, files and records for all reasonable purposes related to the order.
- 1987, c. 3, s. 153
- 1992, c. 35, s. 67
Marginal note:Waste prohibited
154 (1) Subject to subsection 194(5), any person who commits waste is guilty of an offence under this Division, but a prosecution may be instituted for such an offence only with the consent of the Board.
Definition of waste
(2) In this Part, waste, in addition to its ordinary meaning, means waste as understood in the petroleum industry and in particular, but without limiting the generality of the foregoing, includes
(a) the inefficient or excessive use or dissipation of reservoir energy;
(b) the locating, spacing or drilling of a well within a field or pool or within part of a field or pool or the operating of any well that, having regard to sound engineering and economic principles, results or tends to result in a reduction in the quantity of petroleum ultimately recoverable from a pool;
(c) the drilling, equipping, completing, operating or producing of any well in a manner that causes or is likely to cause the unnecessary or excessive loss or destruction of petroleum after removal from the reservoir;
(d) the inefficient storage of petroleum above ground or underground;
(e) the production of petroleum in excess of available storage, transportation or marketing facilities;
(f) the escape or flaring of gas that could be economically recovered and processed or economically injected into an underground reservoir; or
(g) the failure to use suitable artificial, secondary or supplementary recovery methods in a pool when it appears that such methods would result in increasing the quantity of petroleum ultimately recoverable under sound engineering and economic principles.
Marginal note:Prevention of waste
155 (1) Where the Chief Conservation Officer on reasonable grounds is of the opinion that waste, other than waste as defined in paragraph 154(2)(f) or (g), is being committed, the Chief Conservation Officer may, subject to subsection (2), order that all operations giving rise to such waste cease until the Chief Conservation Officer is satisfied that the waste has stopped.
(2) Before making any order under subsection (1), the Chief Conservation Officer shall hold an investigation at which interested persons shall be given an opportunity to be heard.
(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), the Chief Conservation Officer may, without an investigation, make an order under this section requiring all operations to be shut down if in the opinion of the Chief Conservation Officer it is necessary to do so to prevent damage to persons or property or to protect the environment, but as soon as possible after making any such order and in any event within fifteen days thereafter, the Chief Conservation Officer shall hold an investigation at which interested persons shall be given an opportunity to be heard.
Marginal note:Order after inquiry
(4) At the conclusion of an investigation under subsection (3), the Chief Conservation Officer may set aside, vary or confirm the order made or make a new order.
- 1987, c. 3, s. 155
- 1992, c. 35, s. 68
Marginal note:Taking over management
156 (1) For the purpose of giving effect to an order made under section 155, the Chief Conservation Officer may authorize such persons as may be necessary to enter the place where the operations giving rise to the waste are being carried out and take over the management and control of those operations and any works connected therewith.
Marginal note:Controlling operations and costs thereof
(2) A person authorized under subsection (1) to take over the management and control of operations shall manage and control those operations and do all things necessary to stop the waste, and the cost thereof shall be borne by the person who holds the permit or the lease and, until paid, constitutes a debt recoverable by action in any court of competent jurisdiction as a debt due to the Board.
- 1987, c. 3, s. 156
- 1992, c. 35, s. 69(F)
Marginal note:Appeal to Committee
Marginal note:Powers on appeal
(2) After hearing the appeal, the Committee may
(a) set aside, confirm or vary the order made by the Chief Conservation Officer;
(b) order such works to be undertaken as may be considered necessary to prevent waste, the escape of petroleum or any other contravention of this Division or the regulations; or
(c) make such other or further order as the Committee considers appropriate.
- 1987, c. 3, s. 157
- 1992, c. 35, s. 70(F)
Marginal note:Waste by failure to utilize gas or to use appropriate recovery methods
158 (1) When the Chief Conservation Officer on reasonable grounds is of the opinion that waste as defined in paragraph 154(2)(f) or (g) is occurring in the recovery of petroleum from a pool, the Chief Conservation Officer may apply to the Committee for an order requiring the operators within the pool to show cause at a hearing to be held on a day specified in the order why the Committee should not make a direction in respect thereof.
(2) On the day specified in the order under subsection (1), the Committee shall hold a hearing at which the Chief Conservation Officer, the operators and other interested persons shall be given an opportunity to be heard.
- 1987, c. 3, s. 158
- 1992, c. 35, s. 71(F)
159 (1) If, after the hearing mentioned in section 158, the Committee is of the opinion that waste as defined in paragraph 154(2)(f) or (g) is occurring in the recovery of petroleum from a pool, the Committee may, by order,
(a) direct the introduction of a scheme for the collection, processing, disposition or reinjection of any gas produced from such pool, or
(b) direct repressurizing, recycling or pressure maintenance for the pool or any part of the pool and for, or incidental to such purpose, direct the introduction or injection into that pool, or part thereof, of gas, water or other substance,
and the order may further direct that the pool or part thereof specified in the order be shut in if the requirements of the order are not met or unless a scheme is approved by the Committee and in operation by a date fixed by the order.
Marginal note:Continuation pending approval of scheme
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Committee may permit the continued operation of a pool or any part of a pool after the date fixed by an order under subsection (1) if in the opinion of the Committee a scheme for the repressurizing, recycling or pressure maintenance or the processing, storage or disposal of gas is in course of preparation, but any such continuation of operations is subject to any conditions imposed by the Committee.
Spills and Debris
Definition of spill
160 (1) In sections 161 to 165, spill means a discharge, emission or escape of petroleum, other than one that is authorized under subsection 161.5(1), the regulations or any other federal law. It does not include a discharge from a vessel to which Part 8 or 9 of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 applies or from a ship to which Part 6 of the Marine Liability Act applies.
Definition of actual loss or damage
(2) In section 162, actual loss or damage includes loss of income, including future income, and, with respect to any Aboriginal peoples of Canada, loss of hunting, fishing and gathering opportunities. It does not include loss of income recoverable under subsection 42(3) of the Fisheries Act.
Definition of debris
(3) In sections 162 to 163 and 165, debris means any installation or structure that was put in place in the course of any work or activity required to be authorized under paragraph 138(1)(b) and that has been abandoned without an authorization that may be required by or under this Part, or any material that has broken away or been jettisoned or displaced in the course of any of that work or activity.
(4) Her Majesty in right of Canada incurs no liability whatever to any person arising out of the authorization by regulations made by the Governor in Council of any discharge, emission or escape of petroleum.
- 1987, c. 3, s. 160
- 1992, c. 35, s. 73
- 2001, c. 6, s. 110, c. 26, ss. 280, 324
- 2015, c. 4, s. 57
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