Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Canada Transportation Act (S.C. 1996, c. 10)

Act current to 2022-11-16 and last amended on 2020-06-10. Previous Versions

PART IIAir Transportation (continued)

Interpretation and Application (continued)

Marginal note:Non-application of Part

  •  (1) This Part does not apply to a person that uses an aircraft on behalf of the Canadian Armed Forces or any other armed forces cooperating with the Canadian Armed Forces.

  • Marginal note:Specialty service exclusion

    (2) This Part does not apply to the operation of specialty services provided by aircraft, including firefighting, flight training, sightseeing, spraying, surveying, mapping, photography, parachute jumping, glider towing, helicopter-lift for logging and construction, airborne agricultural, industrial and inspection services or any other prescribed service provided by aircraft.

  • Marginal note:Emergency service exclusion

    (3) This Part does not apply to the provision of an air service if the federal government or a provincial or a municipal government declares an emergency under federal or provincial law, and that government directly or indirectly requests that the air service be provided to respond to the emergency.

  • Marginal note:Public interest

    (4) The Minister may, by order, prohibit the provision of an air service under subsection (3) or require the discontinuance of that air service if, in the opinion of the Minister, it is in the public interest to do so.

  • Marginal note:Not a statutory instrument

    (5) The order is not a statutory instrument within the meaning of the Statutory Instruments Act.

  • 1996, c. 10, s. 56
  • 2007, c. 19, s. 14
  • 2018, c. 10, s. 16

 [Repealed, 2007, c. 19, s. 15]

 [Repealed, 2007, c. 19, s. 15]

 [Repealed, 2007, c. 19, s. 15]

 [Repealed, 2007, c. 19, s. 15]

 [Repealed, 2007, c. 19, s. 15]

 [Repealed, 2007, c. 19, s. 15]

 [Repealed, 2007, c. 19, s. 15]

Prohibitions

Marginal note:Prohibition re operation

 No person shall operate an air service unless, in respect of that service, the person

  • (a) holds a licence issued under this Part;

  • (b) holds a Canadian aviation document; and

  • (c) has the prescribed liability insurance coverage.

Marginal note:Licence not transferable

 A licence issued under this Part for the operation of an air service is not transferable.

Marginal note:Prohibition re sale

 No person shall sell, cause to be sold or publicly offer for sale in Canada an air service unless, if required under this Part, a person holds a licence issued under this Part in respect of that service and that licence is not suspended.

  • 1996, c. 10, s. 59
  • 2007, c. 19, s. 16

Marginal note:Provision of aircraft with flight crew

  •  (1) No person shall provide all or part of an aircraft, with a flight crew, to a licensee for the purpose of providing an air service pursuant to the licensee’s licence and no licensee shall provide an air service using all or part of an aircraft, with a flight crew, provided by another person except

    • (a) in accordance with regulations made by the Agency respecting disclosure of the identity of the operator of the aircraft and other related matters; and

    • (b) where prescribed, with the approval of the Agency.

  • Marginal note:Conditions and Ministerial directions

    (2) Approval by the Agency under subsection (1) is subject to any directions to the Agency issued by the Minister and to any terms and conditions that the Agency may specify in the approval, including terms and conditions respecting routes to be followed, points or areas to be served, size and type of aircraft to be operated, schedules, places of call, tariffs, fares, rates and charges, insurance, carriage of passengers and, subject to the Canada Post Corporation Act, carriage of goods.

Licence for Domestic Service

Marginal note:Issue of licence

 On application to the Agency and on payment of the specified fee, the Agency shall issue a licence to operate a domestic service to the applicant if

  • (a) the applicant establishes in the application to the satisfaction of the Agency that the applicant

    • (i) is a Canadian,

    • (ii) holds a Canadian aviation document in respect of the service to be provided under the licence,

    • (iii) has the prescribed liability insurance coverage in respect of the service to be provided under the licence, and

    • (iv) meets prescribed financial requirements; and

  • (b) the Agency is satisfied that the applicant has not contravened section 59 in respect of a domestic service within the preceding twelve months.

Marginal note:Qualification exemption

  •  (1) Where the Minister considers it necessary or advisable in the public interest that a domestic licence be issued to a person who is not a Canadian, the Minister may, by order, on such terms and conditions as may be specified in the order, exempt the person from the application of subparagraph 61(a)(i) for the duration of the order.

  • Marginal note:Statutory Instruments Act

    (2) The order is not a regulation for the purposes of the Statutory Instruments Act.

  • Marginal note:Publication

    (3) The Minister must, as soon as feasible, make the name of the person who is exempted and the exemption’s duration accessible to the public through the Internet or by any other means that the Minister considers appropriate.

  • 1996, c. 10, s. 62
  • 2013, c. 31, s. 5

Marginal note:Mandatory suspension or cancellation

  •  (1) The Agency shall suspend or cancel the domestic licence of a person where the Agency determines that, in respect of the service for which the licence was issued, the person ceases to meet any of the requirements of subparagraphs 61(a)(i) to (iii).

  • Marginal note:Discretionary suspension or cancellation

    (2) The Agency may suspend or cancel a domestic licence

    • (a) where the Agency determines that, in respect of the service for which the domestic licence was issued, the licensee has contravened, or does not meet the requirements of, any regulation or order made under this Part or any provision of this Part other than subparagraphs 61(a)(i) to (iii); or

    • (b) subject to section 64, in accordance with a request from the licensee for the suspension or cancellation.

  • Marginal note:Reinstatement condition

    (3) The Agency shall not reinstate a domestic licence that has been suspended for sixty days or longer unless the licensee establishes to the satisfaction of the Agency that the person meets the prescribed financial requirements.

Marginal note:Notice of discontinuance or reduction of certain services

  •  (1) Where a licensee proposes to discontinue a domestic service or to reduce the frequency of such a service to a point to less than one flight per week and, as a result of the proposed discontinuance or reduction, there will be only one licensee or no licensee offering at least one flight per week to that point, the licensee shall give notice of the proposal in prescribed form and manner to such persons as are prescribed.

  • Marginal note:Notice of discontinuance of certain services

    (1.1) If a licensee proposes to discontinue its year-round non-stop scheduled air service between two points in Canada and that discontinuance would result in a reduction, as compared to the week before the proposal is to take effect, of at least 50% of the weekly passenger-carrying capacity of all licensees operating year-round non-stop scheduled air services between those two points, the licensee shall give notice of the proposal in the prescribed form and manner to the prescribed persons.

  • Marginal note:Discussion with elected officials

    (1.2) A licensee shall, as soon as practicable, provide an opportunity for elected officials of the municipal or local government of the community of the point or points, as the case may be, to meet and discuss with the licensee the impact of the proposed discontinuance or reduction.

  • Marginal note:Notice period

    (2) A licensee shall not implement a proposal referred to in subsection (1) or (1.1) until the expiry of 120 days, or 30 days if the service referred to in that subsection has been in operation for less than one year, after the notice is given or until the expiry of any shorter period that the Agency may, on application by the licensee, specify by order.

  • Marginal note:Considerations re whether exemption to be granted

    (3) In considering whether to specify a shorter period under subsection (2), the Agency shall have regard to

    • (a) the adequacy of alternative modes of public transportation available at or in the vicinity of the point referred to in subsection (1) or between the points referred to in subsection (1.1);

    • (b) other means by which air service to the point or between the points is or is likely to be provided;

    • (c) whether the licensee has complied with subsection (1.2); and

    • (d) the particular circumstances of the licensee.

  • Definition of non-stop scheduled air service

    (4) In this section, non-stop scheduled air service means an air service operated between two points without any stops in accordance with a published timetable or on a regular basis.

  • 1996, c. 10, s. 64
  • 2000, c. 15, s. 3
  • 2007, c. 19, s. 17

Marginal note:Complaints re non-compliance

 Where, on complaint in writing to the Agency by any person, the Agency finds that a licensee has failed to comply with section 64 and that it is practicable in the circumstances for the licensee to comply with an order under this section, the Agency may, by order, direct the licensee to reinstate the service referred to in that section

  • (a) for such a period, not exceeding 120 days after the date of the finding by the Agency, as the Agency deems appropriate; and

  • (b) at such a frequency as the Agency may specify.

  • 1996, c. 10, s. 65
  • 2007, c. 19, s. 18

Marginal note:Unreasonable fares or rates

  •  (1) If, on complaint in writing to the Agency by any person, the Agency finds that a licensee, including affiliated licensees, is the only person providing a domestic service between two points and that a fare, cargo rate or increase in a fare or cargo rate published or offered in respect of the service is unreasonable, the Agency may, by order,

    • (a) disallow the fare, rate or increase;

    • (b) direct the licensee to amend its tariff by reducing the fare, rate or increase by the amounts and for the periods that the Agency considers reasonable in the circumstances; or

    • (c) direct the licensee, if practicable, to refund amounts specified by the Agency, with interest calculated in the prescribed manner, to persons determined by the Agency to have been overcharged by the licensee.

  • Marginal note:Complaint of inadequate range of fares or rates

    (2) If, on complaint in writing to the Agency by any person, the Agency finds that a licensee, including affiliated licensees, is the only person providing a domestic service between two points and that it is offering an inadequate range of fares or cargo rates in respect of that service, the Agency may, by order, direct the licensee, for a period that the Agency considers reasonable in the circumstances, to publish and apply in respect of that service one or more additional fares or cargo rates that the Agency considers reasonable in the circumstances.

  • Marginal note:Relevant information

    (3) When making a finding under subsection (1) or (2) that a fare, cargo rate or increase in a fare or cargo rate published or offered in respect of a domestic service between two points is unreasonable or that a licensee is offering an inadequate range of fares or cargo rates in respect of a domestic service between two points, the Agency may take into consideration any information or factor that it considers relevant, including

    • (a) historical data respecting fares or cargo rates applicable to domestic services between those two points;

    • (b) fares or cargo rates applicable to similar domestic services offered by the licensee and one or more other licensees, including terms and conditions related to the fares or cargo rates, the number of seats available at those fares and the cargo capacity and cargo container types available at those rates;

    • (b.1) the competition from other modes of transportation, if the finding is in respect of a cargo rate, an increase in a cargo rate or a range of cargo rates; and

    • (c) any other information provided by the licensee, including information that the licensee is required to provide under section 83.

  • Marginal note:Alternative domestic services

    (4) The Agency may find that a licensee is the only person providing a domestic service between two points if every alternative domestic service between those points is, in the Agency’s opinion, unreasonable, taking into consideration the number of stops, the number of seats offered, the frequency of service, the flight connections and the total travel time and, more specifically, in the case of cargo, the cargo capacity and cargo container types available.

  • Marginal note:Alternative service

    (4.1) The Agency shall not make an order under subsection (1) or (2) in respect of a licensee found by the Agency to be the only person providing a domestic service between two points if, in the Agency’s opinion, there exists another domestic service that is not between the two points but is a reasonable alternative taking into consideration the convenience of access to the service, the number of stops, the number of seats offered, the frequency of service, the flight connections and the total travel time and, more specifically, in the case of cargo, the cargo capacity and cargo container types available.

  • Marginal note:Consideration of representations

    (5) Before making a direction under paragraph (1)(b) or subsection (2), the Agency shall consider any representations that the licensee has made with respect to what is reasonable in the circumstances.

  • (6) and (7) [Repealed, 2007, c. 19, s. 19]

  • Marginal note:Confidentiality of information

    (8) The Agency may take any measures or make any order that it considers necessary to protect the confidentiality of any of the following information that it is considering in the course of any proceedings under this section:

    • (a) information that constitutes a trade secret;

    • (b) information the disclosure of which would likely cause material financial loss to, or prejudice to the competitive position of, the person providing the information or on whose behalf it is provided; and

    • (c) information the disclosure of which would likely interfere with contractual or other negotiations being conducted by the person providing the information or on whose behalf it is provided.

  • 1996, c. 10, s. 66
  • 2000, c. 15, s. 4
  • 2007, c. 19, s. 19

Marginal note:Tariffs to be made public

  •  (1) The holder of a domestic licence shall

    • (a) display in a prominent place at the business offices of the licensee a sign indicating that the tariffs for the domestic service offered by the licensee, including the terms and conditions of carriage, are available for public inspection at the business offices of the licensee, and allow the public to make such inspections;

    • (a.1) publish the terms and conditions of carriage on any Internet site used by the licensee for selling the domestic service offered by the licensee;

    • (b) in its tariffs, specifically identify the basic fare between all points for which a domestic service is offered by the licensee; and

    • (c) retain a record of its tariffs for a period of not less than three years after the tariffs have ceased to have effect.

  • Marginal note:Prescribed tariff information to be included

    (2) A tariff referred to in subsection (1) shall include such information as may be prescribed.

  • Marginal note:No fares, etc., unless set out in tariff

    (3) The holder of a domestic licence shall not apply any fare, rate, charge or term or condition of carriage applicable to the domestic service it offers unless the fare, rate, charge, term or condition is set out in a tariff that has been published or displayed under subsection (1) and is in effect.

  • Marginal note:Copy of tariff on payment of fee

    (4) The holder of a domestic licence shall provide a copy or excerpt of its tariffs to any person on request and on payment of a fee not exceeding the cost of making the copy or excerpt.

  • 1996, c. 10, s. 67
  • 2000, c. 15, s. 5
  • 2007, c. 19, s. 20
 
Date modified: