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Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/86-304)

Regulations are current to 2021-06-28 and last amended on 2021-06-17. Previous Versions

PART XIConfined Spaces (continued)

Record Keeping

 The employer shall, at the employer’s place of business nearest to the work place in which the confined space is located, keep a written copy or a machine-readable version of

  • (a) any report made pursuant to subsection 11.2(2) and the procedures established pursuant to paragraphs 11.3(a) and 11.5(1)(a) for a period of ten years after the date on which the qualified person signed the report or the procedures were established; and

  • (b) any report made pursuant to subsection 11.4(2)

    • (i) for a period of ten years after the date on which the qualified person signed the report where the verification procedures undertaken pursuant to paragraphs 11.4(1)(a) and (c) indicate that the specifications set out in subparagraphs 11.4(1)(a)(i) to (iii) were not complied with, and

    • (ii) in every other case, for a period of two years after the date on which the qualified person signed the report.

  • SOR/92-544, s. 1

PART XIIProtection Equipment and Other Preventive Measures

Interpretation

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

CBRN agent

CBRN agent means a chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear agent. (agent CBRN)

fall hazard zone

fall hazard zone means a defined area bordering on an edge that is unguarded against a risk of falling. (zone de risque de chute)

fall hazard zone system

fall hazard zone system means a system that consists of a fall hazard zone that is supervised by a fall hazard zone monitor. (système pour zone de risque de chute)

fall-arrest system

fall-arrest system means a collection of protection equipment that attaches a person to an anchorage and is designed and configured to arrest a free fall. (dispositif antichute)

fall-protection system

fall-protection system means a system that is designed and configured to eliminate or reduce the risk of a person falling, restrain a person who is at risk of falling or arrest a person’s fall. The system may be composed of one or more of the following:

  • (a) a passive fall-protection system;

  • (b) a fall-restraint system;

  • (c) a fall-arrest system;

  • (d) a fall hazard zone system. (dispositif de protection contre les chutes)

fall-restraint system

fall-restraint system means a collection of protection equipment that attaches a person to an anchorage and is designed and configured to prevent the person from getting close to an unguarded edge. (dispositif de retenue contre les chutes)

passive fall-protection system

passive fall-protection system means a system of physical barriers that is designed and installed to prevent a person from falling, including guardrails, fences, barricades or covers. (dispositif passif de protection contre les chutes)

personal fall-protection system

personal fall-protection system means a fall-restraint system or fall-arrest system. (dispositif individuel de protection contre les chutes)

  •  (1) Unless otherwise indicated in this Part, any reference in this Part to a standard is a reference to that standard as amended from time to time.

  • (2) Any amendment to a CSA Group standard or a UL standard that is incorporated by reference in this Part is effective on the 30th day after the day on which the amendment is published by the CSA Group or by UL, as the case may be, in both official languages.

General

  •  (1) If it is not feasible to eliminate a health or safety hazard in a work place or to reduce it to within safe limits and the use of protection equipment may eliminate or reduce the risk of injury from that hazard, every person who is granted access to the work place and who is exposed to that hazard must use the protection equipment prescribed by this Part.

  • (2) Despite subsection (1), a person who provides instruction and training in the provision of emergency rescue services or who is instructed and trained in the provision of those services and provides them in an emergency situation may use protection equipment other than the equipment that is prescribed by this Part.

 Any protection equipment that is provided or used in a work place must be designed to protect the person from the hazard in question and must not in itself create a hazard.

  •  (1) All protection equipment that is provided by an employer must

    • (a) be properly stored and be maintained, inspected and, if applicable, tested by a qualified person in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure that it is in good operating condition;

    • (b) in the case of equipment that is worn by a person,

      • (i) be safely and properly fitted to each user by a qualified person in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, and

      • (ii) if necessary to prevent a health hazard, be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition by a qualified person in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions;

    • (c) in the case of any component of the equipment that requires installation and dismantling, be installed and dismantled by a qualified person in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions; and

    • (d) in the case of equipment that is used in a fall-protection system, be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • (2) In the case of equipment that is used in a fall-protection system, if there are no instructions from the manufacturer with respect to the storage, maintenance, inspection, testing, fitting, installation, use or dismantling referred to in paragraphs (1)(a) to (d), the equipment must be stored, maintained, inspected, tested, fitted, installed, used or dismantled in accordance with the fall-protection plan.

Fall Protection

Fall-protection Plan

  •  (1) If there is a risk of injury due to falling in any of the circumstances described in paragraphs 12.07(1)(a), (b) or (c) in a work place, the employer must, before any work activities begin,

    • (a) develop a fall-protection plan in consultation with the work place committee or the health and safety representative; and

    • (b) ensure that a copy of the fall-protection plan is readily available at the work place for consultation.

  • (2) The fall-protection plan must specify

    • (a) the hazards that have been identified for each work area and each activity to be carried out at the work place;

    • (b) the fall-protection systems that have been chosen to protect against the identified hazards;

    • (c) if a personal fall-protection system is used, the anchorage to be used during the work;

    • (d) if a fall-arrest system is used, the clearance distance below each work area;

    • (e) if there are no manufacturer’s instructions with respect to the storage, maintenance, inspection, testing, fitting, installation, use or dismantling of equipment that is used in a fall-protection system and that is provided by an employer, the procedures to be followed for the purposes of paragraphs 12.05(1)(a) to (d); and

    • (f) the rescue procedures to be followed if a person falls.

  • (3) The fall-protection plan must include, in annex, a copy of any manufacturer’s instructions with respect to the storage, maintenance, inspection, testing, fitting, installation, use or dismantling of equipment that is used in a fall-protection system and that is provided by an employer.

  • (4) The fall-protection systems referred to in paragraph (2)(b) are to be chosen in consultation with the work place committee or the health and safety representative, as appropriate for the work area and activity in question, taking into account the following order of priority:

    • (a) passive fall-protection system;

    • (b) fall-restraint system;

    • (c) fall-arrest system; and

    • (d) fall hazard zone system.

  • (5) The clearance distance referred to in paragraph (2)(d) must be sufficient to prevent a person from hitting the ground or an object or surface below the work area during a fall.

 
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