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PART 1Onshore Upstream Oil and Gas Facilities (continued)

Conditional Requirements (continued)

Pneumatic Controllers and Pneumatic Pumps

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Pneumatic controllers — bleed rate

  •  (1) A pneumatic controller at an upstream oil and gas facility must not operate using hydrocarbon gas, other than propane, unless

    • (a) it is operated at an operational setting such that its bleed rate for that operational setting is less than or equal to 0.17 standard m3/h according to the manufacturer’s operating manual or according to a written demonstration, with supporting documents, made by the operator for the facility; or

    • (b) the hydrocarbon emissions from it are captured and routed to hydrocarbon gas conservation equipment or hydrocarbon gas destruction equipment.

  • Marginal note:Exception — control of production processes

    (2) Despite paragraph (1)(a), a pneumatic controller at an upstream oil and gas facility may operate using hydrocarbon gas, other than propane, at an operational setting such that its bleed rate for that operational setting is more than 0.17 standard m3/h if the operator for the facility has a written record, with supporting documents, that demonstrates that the pneumatic controller must operate at that operational setting because of the need for the pneumatic controller to have a sufficient response time to control a process in the facility’s production activities.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Records — pneumatic controllers

 A record in respect of each pneumatic controller used at an upstream oil and gas facility that operates using hydrocarbon gas must be made that indicates

  • (a) the identifier for the pneumatic controller;

  • (b) whether the pneumatic controller is used

    • (i) for controlling pressure or flow rate,

    • (ii) for controlling liquid levels,

    • (iii) for controlling temperature,

    • (iv) as a transducer,

    • (v) as a positioner, or

    • (vi) as an emergency response device, or

    • (vii) for another purpose or as another device and, if so, the purpose or type of device; and

  • (c) the design bleed rate for the pneumatic controller’s operational setting, including its supply pressure and, if any, its band setting, or its bleed rate according to a written demonstration, with supporting documents, made by the operator for the facility at which the controller is used.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Pneumatic pumps

  •  (1) Unless an operator for an upstream oil and gas facility has a permit issued in accordance with subsection 40(2), a pneumatic pump or a group of pneumatic pumps, used at the facility that pumps methanol into a common stream or an equipment component — must not operate using hydrocarbon gas if the pump or the group of pumps has, in a month, pumped more than 20 L of methanol per day on average over the month.

  • Marginal note:Demonstration of quantity of liquid pumped

    (2) An operator for the facility must, for each pump or group of pumps referred to in subsection (1) that operates during a month at the facility, demonstrate the quantity of liquids that it pumped, on average, per day over the month by means of

    • (a) a record that indicates the quantity of liquid pumped during that month; or

    • (b) documents that establish that the pump or the group of pumps could not have pumped more than 20 L of liquid per day on average over the month.

  • Marginal note:When subsection (2) no longer applies

    (3) Subsection (2) no longer applies in respect of a pump or group of pumps as of the end of a month during which it operated at the facility and records establish that it pumped, or could have pumped, more than 20 L of liquid per day on average over the month.

  • Marginal note:Non-application of subsections (1) and (2)

    (4) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply in respect of any pneumatic pump if hydrocarbon emissions from it are captured and routed to hydrocarbon gas conservation equipment or hydrocarbon gas destruction equipment.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Permit — pneumatic pumps

  •  (1) An operator for an upstream oil and gas facility may, on or before June 30, 2022, apply to the Minister for a permit to have a pneumatic pump at the facility operate using hydrocarbon gas while its hydrocarbon emissions are not captured and routed to hydrocarbon gas conservation equipment or hydrocarbon gas destruction equipment.

  • Marginal note:Issuance of permit

    (2) The Minister must issue the permit if the application contains the information set out in Schedule 2 and documents that establish that

    • (a) there are reasonable grounds to conclude that it is not feasible, technically or economically, for the applicant to have the pneumatic pump operate at the facility without using hydrocarbon gas or to have the pneumatic pump function using hydrocarbon gas while its hydrocarbon emissions are captured and routed to hydrocarbon gas conservation equipment or hydrocarbon gas destruction equipment, including grounds based on

      • (i) the capital, operating and maintenance costs of any modifications at the facility to achieve that objective, and

      • (ii) the avoided costs and any economic benefits arising from the incurring of those capital, operating and maintenance costs; and

    • (b) the applicant has a plan that

      • (i) involves taking steps to minimize the emission of hydrocarbon gas from the pneumatic pump, including steps such as adjusting the capacity of the pump or its operational settings so as to achieve the desired rate of injection of chemicals from the pump with the least possible emissions, along with a schedule to implement the plan, and

      • (ii) can reasonably be regarded as feasible for the purpose of permitting the facility to comply with subsection 39(1) on or before January 1, 2026.

  • Marginal note:Duration

    (3) A permit takes effect on January 1, 2023 and expires on the earliest of

    • (a) the day on which the pneumatic pump ceases to function using hydrocarbon gas,

    • (b) the day on which the hydrocarbon emissions from the pneumatic pump begin to be captured and routed to hydrocarbon gas conservation equipment or hydrocarbon gas destruction equipment, and

    • (c) December 31, 2025.

  • Marginal note:Refusal of application

    (4) The Minister must refuse the application if the Minister has reasonable grounds to believe that the applicant has provided false or misleading information in the application.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Tagging

  •  (1) A pneumatic controller that is referred to in subsection 37(2) or a pneumatic pump referred to in a permit issued under subsection 40(2) must be tagged to indicate that it is not subject to subsection 37(1) or 39(1) or an entry to that effect must be made in an electronic tracking system.

  • Marginal note:Identifier

    (2) The tag or the entry must also include an identifier for the pneumatic controller or the pneumatic pump.

Other Equipment

Marginal note:Pipes and hatches

 A hatch and the open end of a pipe at an upstream oil and gas facility must be closed — other than during an operation at the facility that requires the hatch or pipe to be open — in such a way as to minimize the emission of hydrocarbon gas.

Marginal note:Sampling systems and pressure relief devices

 A sampling system or a pressure relief device used at an upstream oil and gas facility must be installed and operated in such a way as to minimize the emission of hydrocarbon gas from the system or the pressure relief device.

Marginal note:Records — hatches, pipes, systems and devices

 A record must be made that indicates whether an upstream oil and gas facility has a hatch, a pipe with an open end or uses a sampling system or pressure relief device.

Revocation of Permit

Marginal note:Subsection 40(2)

  •  (1) The Minister must revoke a permit issued under subsection 40(2) if the Minister has reasonable grounds to believe that the applicant has provided false or misleading information in their application for the permit.

  • Marginal note:Conditions for revocation

    (2) The Minister must not revoke a permit unless the Minister has provided the applicant with

    • (a) written reasons for the proposed revocation; and

    • (b) an opportunity to be heard, by written representation, in respect of the proposed revocation.

 
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