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Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (SOR/2002-227)

Regulations are current to 2022-09-11 and last amended on 2022-06-21. Previous Versions

PART 6Economic Classes (continued)

DIVISION 1Skilled Workers (continued)

General

Marginal note:Criteria

  •  (1) For the purposes of paragraphs 75(2)(d), 79(3)(a), 87.1(2)(d) and (e), 87.2(3)(a) and 87.3(2)(f), the Minister shall fix, by class prescribed by these Regulations or by occupation, and make available to the public, minimum language proficiency thresholds on the basis of

    • (a) the number of applications in all classes under this Part that are being processed;

    • (b) the number of immigrants who are projected to become permanent residents according to the report to Parliament referred to in section 94 of the Act; and

    • (c) the potential, taking into account the applicants’ linguistic profiles and economic and other relevant factors, for the establishment in Canada of applicants under the federal skilled worker class, the Canadian experience class, the federal skilled trades class and the Atlantic immigration class.

  • Marginal note:Minimum language proficiency thresholds

    (2) The minimum language proficiency thresholds fixed by the Minister shall be established in reference to the benchmarks described in the Canadian Language Benchmarks and the Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens.

  • Marginal note:Evaluation of language proficiency

    (3) The Minister may designate, for any period he or she specifies, any organization or institution to be responsible for evaluating language proficiency and approve the language test to be used to evaluate that proficiency if the organization or institution

    • (a) has expertise in evaluating language proficiency; and

    • (b) has provided the Minister with an equivalency between its language test results and the benchmarks set out in the Canadian Language Benchmarks or the Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Public notice

    (4) The Minister shall make available to the public the names of the designated organizations or institutions and the approved language tests.

  • Definition service agreement

    (5) For the purpose of subsection (6), service agreement means an agreement concluded between the Government of Canada and an organization or institution for the purpose of having the organization or institution supply the service of evaluating the language proficiency of foreign nationals.

  • Marginal note:Revocation

    (6) The Minister may revoke a designation of an organization or institution or the approval of a language test if

    • (a) the organization or institution no longer meets the criteria set out in subsection (3);

    • (b) the organization or institution submitted false, misleading or inaccurate information or has contravened any provision of a federal or provincial law or regulation that is relevant to the service provided by the organization or institution; or

    • (c) either the Government of Canada or the organization or institution has terminated the service agreement.

  • Marginal note:Conclusive evidence

    (7) The results of an evaluation of language proficiency by a designated organization or institution using an approved language test are conclusive evidence of an applicant’s language proficiency in respect of the federal skilled worker class, the Canadian experience class, the federal skilled trades class or the Atlantic immigration class, as the case may be.

Federal Skilled Workers

Federal Skilled Worker Class

Marginal note:Class

  •  (1) For the purposes of subsection 12(2) of the Act, the federal skilled worker class is hereby prescribed as a class of persons who are skilled workers and who may become permanent residents on the basis of their ability to become economically established in Canada and who intend to reside in a province other than the Province of Quebec.

  • Marginal note:Skilled workers

    (2) A foreign national is a skilled worker if

    • (a) within the 10 years before the date on which their application for a permanent resident visa is made, they have accumulated, over a continuous period, at least one year of full-time work experience, or the equivalent in part-time work, in the occupation identified by the foreign national in their application as their primary occupation, other than a restricted occupation, that is listed in Skill Type 0 Management Occupations or Skill Level A or B of the National Occupational Classification matrix;

    • (b) during that period of employment they performed the actions described in the lead statement for the occupation as set out in the occupational descriptions of the National Occupational Classification;

    • (c) during that period of employment they performed a substantial number of the main duties of the occupation as set out in the occupational descriptions of the National Occupational Classification, including all of the essential duties;

    • (d) they have submitted the results of a language test that is approved under subsection 74(3), which results must be provided by an organization or institution that is designated under that subsection, must be less than two years old on the date on which their application for a permanent resident visa is made and must indicate that they have met or exceeded the applicable language proficiency threshold in either English or French that is fixed by the Minister under subsection 74(1) for each of the four language skill areas; and

    • (e) they have submitted one of the following:

      • (i) their Canadian educational credential, or

      • (ii) their foreign diploma, certificate or credential and the equivalency assessment, which assessment must be less than five years old on the date on which their application is made.

  • Marginal note:If professional body designated

    (2.1) If a professional body has been designated under subsection (4) in respect of the occupation identified by the foreign national in their application as their primary occupation, the foreign diploma, certificate or credential submitted by the foreign national must be relevant to that occupation and the equivalency assessment — which must be less than five years old on the date on which their application is made and must be issued by the designated professional body — must establish that the foreign diploma, certificate or credential is equivalent to the Canadian educational credential required to practise that occupation in at least one of the provinces in which the equivalency assessments issued by this professional body are recognized.

  • Marginal note:Minimal requirements

    (3) If the foreign national fails to meet the requirements of subsection (2), the application for a permanent resident visa shall be refused and no further assessment is required.

  • Marginal note:Designation for equivalency assessment

    (4) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(e) and subsection (2.1), the Minister may designate, for a period specified by the Minister, any organization or institution to be responsible for issuing equivalency assessments

    • (a) if the organization or institution has the recognized expertise to assess the authenticity of foreign diplomas, certificates and credentials and their equivalency to Canadian educational credentials; and

    • (b) if, in the case of a professional body, their equivalency assessments are recognized by at least two provincial professional bodies that regulate an occupation listed in the National Occupational Classification matrix at Skill Level A or B for which licensing by a provincial regulatory body is required.

  • Marginal note:Public notice

    (5) The Minister shall make available to the public a list of the designated organizations or institutions.

  • Definition service agreement

    (6) For the purpose of subsection (7), service agreement means an agreement concluded between the Government of Canada and an organization or institution for the purpose of having the organization or institution supply the service of assessing the authenticity of foreign diplomas, certificates and credentials and their equivalency to Canadian educational credentials.

  • Marginal note:Revocation of designation

    (7) The Minister may revoke a designation if

    • (a) the organization or institution no longer meets the criteria set out in subsection (4);

    • (b) the organization or institution submitted false, misleading or inaccurate information or has contravened any provision of federal or provincial legislation relevant to the service provided by the organization or institution; or

    • (c) either the Government of Canada or the organization or institution has terminated the service agreement.

  • Marginal note:Conclusive evidence

    (8) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(e), subsection (2.1) and section 78, an equivalency assessment is conclusive evidence that the foreign diplomas, certificates or credentials are equivalent to Canadian educational credentials.

  • SOR/2004-167, ss. 27, 80(F)
  • SOR/2012-274, s. 5
  • SOR/2016-298, s. 4

Marginal note:Selection criteria

  •  (1) For the purpose of determining whether a skilled worker, as a member of the federal skilled worker class, will be able to become economically established in Canada, they must be assessed on the basis of the following criteria:

    • (a) the skilled worker must be awarded not less than the minimum number of required points referred to in subsection (2) on the basis of the following factors, namely,

      • (i) education, in accordance with section 78,

      • (ii) proficiency in the official languages of Canada, in accordance with section 79,

      • (iii) experience, in accordance with section 80,

      • (iv) age, in accordance with section 81,

      • (v) arranged employment, in accordance with section 82, and

      • (vi) adaptability, in accordance with section 83; and

    • (b) the skilled worker must

      • (i) have in the form of transferable and available funds, unencumbered by debts or other obligations, an amount equal to one half of the minimum necessary income applicable in respect of the group of persons consisting of the skilled worker and their family members, or

      • (ii) be awarded points under paragraph 82(2)(a), (b) or (d) for arranged employment, as defined in subsection 82(1), in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Number of points

    (2) The Minister shall fix and make available to the public the minimum number of points required of a skilled worker, on the basis of

    • (a) the number of applications by skilled workers as members of the federal skilled worker class currently being processed;

    • (b) the number of skilled workers projected to become permanent residents according to the report to Parliament referred to in section 94 of the Act; and

    • (c) the potential, taking into account economic and other relevant factors, for the establishment of skilled workers in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Circumstances for officer’s substituted evaluation

    (3) Whether or not the skilled worker has been awarded the minimum number of required points referred to in subsection (2), an officer may substitute for the criteria set out in paragraph (1)(a) their evaluation of the likelihood of the ability of the skilled worker to become economically established in Canada if the number of points awarded is not a sufficient indicator of whether the skilled worker may become economically established in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Concurrence

    (4) An evaluation made under subsection (3) requires the concurrence of a second officer.

  • SOR/2004-167, s. 28
  • SOR/2010-195, s. 4(F)
  • SOR/2012-274, s. 6

Marginal note:Conformity — applicable times

 For the purposes of Part 5, the requirements and criteria set out in sections 75 and 76 must be met on the date on which an application for a permanent resident visa is made and on the date on which it is issued.

  • SOR/2012-274, s. 7
Selection Grid

Marginal note:Education (25 points)

  •  (1) Points shall be awarded, to a maximum of 25, for a skilled worker’s Canadian educational credential or equivalency assessment submitted in support of an application, as follows:

    • (a) 5 points for a secondary school credential;

    • (b) 15 points for a one-year post-secondary program credential;

    • (c) 19 points for a two-year post-secondary program credential;

    • (d) 21 points for a post-secondary program credential of three years or longer;

    • (e) 22 points for two or more post-secondary program credentials, one of which must be a credential issued on completion of a post-secondary program of three years or longer;

    • (f) 23 points for a university-level credential at the master’s level or at the level of an entry-to-practice professional degree for an occupation listed in the National Occupational Classification matrix at Skill Level A for which licensing by a provincial regulatory body is required; and

    • (g) 25 points for a university-level credential at the doctoral level.

  • Marginal note:More than one educational credential

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), points

    • (a) except as set out in paragraph (1)(e), shall not be awarded cumulatively on the basis of more than one educational credential; and

    • (b) shall be awarded on the basis of the Canadian educational credentials or equivalency assessments submitted in support of an application for a permanent resident visa that result in the highest number of points.

  • SOR/2010-195, s. 5(F)
  • SOR/2012-274, s. 7

Marginal note:Official languages

  •  (1) A skilled worker must identify in their application for a permanent resident visa which language — English or French — is to be considered their first official language in Canada. They must have their proficiency in that language evaluated by an organization or institution that is designated under subsection 74(3) using a language test that is approved under that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Proficiency in second language

    (2) If the skilled worker wishes to claim points for proficiency in their second official language, they must submit, in support of the application for a permanent resident visa, the results of a language test that is approved under subsection 74(3) , which results must be provided by an organization or institution that is designated under that subsection and must be less than two years old on the date on which their application is made.

  • Marginal note:Proficiency in English and French (28 points)

    (3) Points for proficiency in the official languages of Canada shall be awarded up to a maximum of 24 points for the skilled worker’s first official language and a maximum of 4 points for the applicant’s second official language based on benchmarks set out in Canadian Language Benchmarks and the Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens, as follows:

    • (a) for the four language skill areas in the skilled worker’s first official language,

      • (i) 4 points per language skill area if the skilled worker’s proficiency meets the threshold fixed by the Minister under subsection 74(1) for that language skill area,

      • (ii) 5 points per language skill area if the skilled worker’s proficiency exceeds the threshold fixed by the Minister under subsection 74(1) for that language skill area by one benchmark level, and

      • (iii) 6 points per language skill area if the skilled worker’s proficiency exceeds the threshold fixed by the Minister under subsection 74(1) for that language skill area by at least two benchmark levels; and

    • (b) for the four language skill areas in the skilled worker’s second official language, 4 points if the skilled worker’s proficiency in that language meets or exceeds benchmark level 5 in each of the four language skill areas.

  • SOR/2004-167, s. 29
  • SOR/2008-253, s. 7
  • SOR/2010-195, s. 6(F)
  • SOR/2011-54, s. 1
  • SOR/2012-274, ss. 7, 8
  • SOR/2016-298, s. 5
 
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