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Pest Control Products Act (S.C. 2002, c. 28)

Act current to 2022-08-08 and last amended on 2020-07-01. Previous Versions

Access to Information (continued)

Marginal note:Consultation with public

 The public shall be consulted as to policies, guidelines and codes of practice relating to the regulation of pest control products.

Marginal note:Confidential test data

  •  (1) A person who wishes to inspect confidential test data in the Register must submit to the Minister

    • (a) an application in the form and manner directed by the Minister; and

    • (b) an affidavit made under oath or a statutory declaration under the Canada Evidence Act made before a commissioner for oaths or for taking affidavits, stating

      • (i) the purpose of the inspection, and

      • (ii) that the person does not intend to use the test data, or make the test data available to others, in order to register a pest control product in Canada or elsewhere or to amend a registration.

  • Marginal note:Right to inspection

    (2) The Minister shall permit the person to inspect confidential test data in the Register if the Minister is satisfied that the person does not intend to

    • (a) use the test data in order to register a pest control product in Canada or elsewhere, or to amend a registration; or

    • (b) make the test data available to others for the purpose of registering a pest control product in Canada or elsewhere, or of amending a registration.

  • Marginal note:Notice to registrant

    (2.1) If the Minister permits a person to inspect confidential test data in the Register, the Minister shall make a reasonable effort to immediately notify any registrant who provided the data that the Minister has permitted a person to inspect the data.

  • Marginal note:Denial of application

    (3) The Minister shall deny an application if the Minister is satisfied that

    • (a) the applicant intends to use the test data for a purpose referred to in subsection (2); or

    • (b) the applicant has used test data obtained from a prior inspection for a purpose referred to in subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Confidential business information

    (4) Subject to subsections (5) and (6), confidential business information is information provided under this Act that is designated as confidential business information by the person who provided it, or information provided under the Pest Control Products Act, chapter P-9 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, and that concerns

    • (a) manufacturing or quality control processes relating to a pest control product;

    • (b) methods for determining the composition of a pest control product; or

    • (c) the monetary value of sales of pest control products provided to the Minister pursuant to subsection 8(5) and other financial or commercial information provided to the Minister pursuant to this Act or the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Formulants and contaminants

    (5) Unless otherwise excluded by the regulations, if any, made under paragraph 67(1)(n), confidential business information also includes information that

    • (a) is provided under this Act and is designated as confidential business information by the person who provided it or was provided under the Pest Control Products Act, chapter P-9 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985; and

    • (b) contains the identity and concentration of the formulants and contaminants in a pest control product, other than those that the Minister considers to be of health or environmental concern and are identified on a list to be established and maintained by the Minister and made available to the public.

  • Marginal note:Designation not satisfactory

    (6) If the Minister decides that information designated under subsection (4) or (5) does not meet the requirements of that subsection, the information is not confidential business information for the purposes of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (7) If the Minister decides that designated information is not confidential business information, the Minister shall give written notice to the person who provided the information of the decision and the reasons for it.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (8) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as

    • (a) preventing the Minister from refusing to disclose confidential test data or confidential business information under the Access to Information Act; or

    • (b) entitling a person to make or obtain a copy of confidential test data, other than confidential test data to which the public has access

      • (i) in documents referred to in subsections 28(6), 39(2) and 42(3), or

      • (ii) under the authority of the regulations made under paragraph 67(1)(m).

  • Marginal note:Offence and punishment

    (9) Every person who makes a false statement in an affidavit or a statutory declaration referred to in subsection (1) is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $200,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three years, or to both.

Marginal note:Permitted disclosure

  •  (1) The Minister may, in accordance with the regulations, if any, disclose confidential test data or confidential business information that has been provided under this Act or is in the Register to

    • (a) any person who provides services to Her Majesty in right of Canada for the purpose of protecting human health or safety or the environment;

    • (b) an international organization or the government of a province or a country that is a party to an agreement with Her Majesty in right of Canada or an agent of Her Majesty, relating to the exchange of information about pest control products;

    • (c) a medical professional who requests the information for the purpose of making a medical diagnosis or giving medical treatment to an individual;

    • (d) a department or an agency of the federal or a provincial government that requests the information in order to respond to a situation that endangers human health or safety or the environment;

    • (e) a review panel established by the Minister under subsection 35(3); or

    • (f) any other person or body, including an advisory council established under subsection 5(1), from whom the Minister requests advice for the purposes of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Protection of disclosed information

    (2) Before disclosing information under paragraph (1)(b), the Minister must be satisfied that the party to the agreement, other than Her Majesty in right of Canada or an agent of Her Majesty, can provide protection from unfair commercial use or disclosure of the information that is consistent with the protection provided under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition against disclosure

    (3) No person shall disclose information obtained under subsection (1) unless authorized by the person who provided the information to the Minister or unless authorized under the Access to Information Act, this Act or the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition against use

    (4) No person shall use information obtained under subsection (1) for any purpose other than the purpose for which it was obtained, unless authorized by the person who provided the information to the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Offence and punishment

    (5) Every person who contravenes subsection (3) or (4) is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $200,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three years, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Security measures

    (6) Every person who obtains information under subsection (1) shall comply with any prescribed security measures and take all reasonable precautions to avoid any prohibited disclosure of the information.

  • Marginal note:Offence and punishment

    (7) Every person who contravenes subsection (6) is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $200,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three years, or to both.

  • 2002, c. 28, s. 44
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 40

Administration and Enforcement

Inspectors and Analysts

Marginal note:Appointment

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), inspectors and analysts shall be appointed for the purposes of this Act and the regulations in accordance with the Public Service Employment Act.

  • Marginal note:Designation of inspectors and analysts

    (2) For the purposes of the administration and enforcement of this Act, the Minister may designate individuals or classes of individuals as inspectors or analysts to exercise powers or perform duties or functions in relation to any matter referred to in the designation, but

    • (a) no individual who is employed in a department other than the Department of Health may be designated without the approval of the minister responsible for the department in which the individual is employed; and

    • (b) no individual who is employed by the government of a province may be designated without the approval of that government.

  • Marginal note:Inspector’s certificate of designation

    (3) An inspector shall be provided with a certificate in a form established by the Minister certifying the inspector’s designation and, on entering any place under the authority of this Act, the inspector shall show the certificate to the person in charge of the place if the person requests proof of the designation.

  • 2002, c. 28, s. 45
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 42

Marginal note:Obstruction of inspectors

  •  (1) No person shall resist or obstruct an inspector or make a false or misleading statement either orally or in writing to an inspector who is exercising powers or performing duties or functions under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Inspection of records

    (2) A person who is required by this Act or the regulations to keep records shall make them available to an inspector on request.

  • Marginal note:Offence and punishment

    (3) Every person who contravenes this section is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $200,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three years, or to both.

  • 2002, c. 28, s. 46
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 43

Voluntary Reports

Marginal note:Report of contravention

  •  (1) A person who knows about a contravention of this Act or the regulations, or the reasonable likelihood of such a contravention, may report any information relating to the contravention to an inspector.

  • Marginal note:Confidentiality

    (2) When making a report, the person may request that their identity and any information that could reasonably reveal their identity not be disclosed, and no person shall disclose or permit the disclosure of that identity or information unless the person who made the request authorizes the disclosure in writing.

  • Marginal note:Protection of individual

    (3) Despite any other Act of Parliament, no person shall dismiss, suspend, demote, discipline, deny a benefit of employment to, harass or otherwise disadvantage an individual for having

    • (a) made a report under subsection (1);

    • (b) refused or stated an intention of refusing to do anything that the individual reasonably believed was or would be a contravention under this Act; or

    • (c) done or stated an intention of doing anything that the individual reasonably believed was required by or under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Offence and punishment

    (4) Every person who contravenes subsection (2) or (3) is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $200,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three years, or to both.

  • 2002, c. 28, s. 47
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 44

Inspections

Marginal note:Powers of inspectors

  •  (1) For a purpose related to verifying compliance or preventing non-compliance with the provisions of this Act and the regulations, an inspector may

    • (a) subject to section 49, at any reasonable time, enter and inspect any place, or stop any means of transport, in which the inspector believes on reasonable grounds there is a pest control product or other thing to which this Act or the regulations apply;

    • (b) open and examine any receptacle, package or other thing that the inspector believes on reasonable grounds contains a pest control product or other thing to which this Act or the regulations apply and take samples from it;

    • (c) order any person to present any pest control product or other thing for inspection in any manner and under any conditions that the inspector considers necessary to conduct an inspection;

    • (d) order the owner or person having possession, care or control of a means of transport that the inspector intends to enter, to move it to a place where the inspector can enter it;

    • (d.1) examine or test, or take samples of, anything that is in the place being inspected;

    • (d.2) examine a document that is in the place being inspected, make copies of it or take extracts from it;

    • (d.3) order the owner or person having possession, care or control of a pest control product or other thing to which this Act or the regulations apply that is in the place being inspected to move it or, for any time that may be necessary, not to move it or to restrict its movement;

    • (d.4) use or cause to be used a computer or other device that is in the place being inspected to examine data that is contained in or available to a computer system or reproduce it or cause it to be reproduced in the form of a printout or other intelligible output and remove the output for examination or copying;

    • (d.5) use or cause to be used copying equipment that is in the place being inspected and remove the copies for examination;

    • (d.6) take photographs or make recordings or sketches;

    • (d.7) order any person in the place being inspected to establish their identity to the inspector’s satisfaction;

    • (d.8) prohibit or limit access to all or part of the place being inspected or to anything that is in the place;

    • (d.9) remove anything from the place being inspected for the purpose of examination, conducting tests or taking samples; and

    • (e) conduct any tests or analyses or take any measurements.

  • Marginal note:Persons accompanying inspector

    (2) An inspector may be accompanied by any person that they believe is necessary to help them exercise their powers or perform their duties or functions under this section.

  • Marginal note:Entering private property

    (3) An inspector and any person accompanying them may enter and pass through private property, other than a dwelling house on that property, in order to gain entry to a place referred to in paragraph (1)(a).

  • Marginal note:Offence and punishment

    (4) Every person who fails to do anything the person was ordered to do by an inspector under paragraphs (1)(c), (d), (d.3) or (d.7) is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $200,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three years, or to both.

  • 2002, c. 28, s. 48
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 45
 
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