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Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Sergei Magnitsky Law) (S.C. 2017, c. 21)

Act current to 2024-05-14 and last amended on 2023-06-22. Previous Versions

Disclosure

Marginal note:Duty to disclose — supervising and regulating agencies

  •  (1) If it determines that it is in possession or control of any property referred to in section 6, an entity referred to in that section must disclose without delay, and once every three months after that, to the principal agency or body that supervises or regulates it under federal or provincial law the fact that it is in possession or control of the property, the number of persons or dealings involved and the total value of the property.

  • Marginal note:Duty to disclose — RCMP or CSIS

    (2) Every person in Canada and every Canadian outside Canada must disclose without delay to the Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or the Director of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service

    • (a) that they have reason to believe that property in their possession or control is owned, held or controlled by or on behalf of a foreign national who is the subject of an order or regulation made under section 4; and

    • (b) any information about a transaction or proposed transaction in respect of property referred to in paragraph (a).

  • Marginal note:Immunity

    (3) No proceedings under this Act and no civil proceedings lie against a person for a disclosure made in good faith under subsection (1) or (2).

Marginal note:Sharing of information

 The following persons may assist the Minister in matters relating to the making, administration or enforcement of an order or regulation referred to in subsection 4(1) and, for that purpose, may collect information from and disclose information to each other:

  • (a) the Minister of Foreign Affairs;

  • (b) the Minister of Finance;

  • (c) the Minister of Public Works and Government Services;

  • (d) the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness;

  • (d.1) the Minister of Transport;

  • (d.2) the Minister of National Revenue;

  • (d.3) the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada;

  • (d.4) the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration;

  • (e) the Director of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service;

  • (f) the Chief of the Communications Security Establishment;

  • (g) the President of the Canada Border Services Agency; and

  • (h) the Superintendent of Financial Institutions.

Marginal note:RCMP

  •  (1) The Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police may assist the Minister in matters related to the making of an order under paragraph 4(1)(b), the seizure or restraint of any property that is the subject of such an order or the making of an application for forfeiture of the property under section 4.2 and, for that purpose, may collect information from and disclose information to the persons referred to in section 7.1.

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (2) For greater certainty, nothing in subsection (1) is to be construed as affecting the powers of a peace officer that are conferred under legislation or the common law.

Marginal note:FINTRAC

 The Minister may disclose to the Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada any information that is relevant to the making, administration or enforcement of an order or regulation referred to in subsection 4(1).

Marginal note:Provision of information

  •  (1) The Minister of Foreign Affairs may require any person to provide to that Minister any information that that Minister believes on reasonable grounds is relevant for the purposes of the making, administration or enforcement of an order or regulation referred to in subsection 4(1).

  • Marginal note:Duty to comply

    (2) Every person who is required to provide information under subsection (1) must comply with the requirement within the time and in the form and manner specified by that Minister.

Rights of Foreign Nationals Who are the Subject of an Order or Regulation

Marginal note:Application

  •  (1) A foreign national who is the subject of an order or regulation made under paragraph 4(1)(a) may apply in writing to the Minister to cease being the subject of the order or regulation.

  • Marginal note:Property

    (1.1) A foreign national whose property is the subject of an order made under paragraph 4(1)(b) may, unless the property is the subject of a forfeiture order, apply at any time in writing to the Minister to request that the property cease being the subject of the order made under that paragraph.

  • Marginal note:Reasonable grounds

    (2) On receipt of the application, the Minister must decide whether there are reasonable grounds to recommend to the Governor in Council that the order or regulation be amended or repealed, as the case may be, so that the applicant or their property ceases to be the subject of it.

  • Marginal note:Time limit

    (3) The Minister must make a decision on the application within 90 days after the day on which the application is received.

  • Marginal note:Notice if application rejected

    (4) The Minister must give notice without delay to the applicant of any decision to reject the application.

  • Marginal note:New application

    (5) If there has been a material change in the applicant’s circumstances since their last application under subsection (1) was submitted, he or she may submit another application.

Application for a Certificate

Marginal note:Mistaken identity

  •  (1) Any person in Canada or any Canadian outside Canada whose name is the same as or similar to the name of a foreign national who is the subject of an order or regulation made under section 4 may, if they claim not to be that foreign national, apply to the Minister in writing for a certificate stating that they are not that foreign national.

  • Marginal note:Determination by Minister

    (2) Within 45 days after the day on which the application was received, the Minister must,

    • (a) if he or she is satisfied that the applicant is not the foreign national, issue the certificate to the applicant; or

    • (b) if he or she is not so satisfied, provide a notice to the applicant of his or her determination.

Marginal note:Reasonable expenses

  •  (1) A foreign national who is the subject of an order or regulation made under section 4 may apply to the Minister in writing for a certificate to exempt property from the application of the order or regulation if the property is necessary to meet the reasonable expenses of the person and their dependents.

  • Marginal note:Certificate

    (2) If the Minister determines that the property is necessary to meet the reasonable expenses of the applicant and their dependents, the Minister must issue a certificate to the applicant.

  • Marginal note:Time limit

    (3) The Minister must make a decision on the application and, if applicable, issue a certificate within 90 days after the day on which the application is received.

Offences

Marginal note:Offence and punishment

 Every person who knowingly contravenes or fails to comply with an order or regulation made under section 4

  • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

  • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable to a fine of not more than $25,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or to both.

General

Marginal note:No civil liability

 A person who, in relation to any property that is the subject of an order or regulation made under section 4, acts reasonably in taking, or omitting to take, measures to comply with the order or regulation is not liable in any civil action arising from having taken or omitted to take the measures if they took all reasonable steps to satisfy themselves that the property was property that is the subject of the order or regulation.

Marginal note:Ranking

 All secured and unsecured rights and interests in any property that is the subject of an order made under paragraph 4(1)(b) that are held by a person are entitled to the same ranking that they would have been entitled to had the order not been made, unless

  • (a) the person is a foreign national described in any of paragraphs 4(2)(a) to (d); or

  • (b) the property is forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada under section 4.2.

Marginal note:Costs

 Any costs incurred by or on behalf of Her Majesty in right of Canada in relation to the seizure or restraint of property under an order made under paragraph 4(1)(b) or the disposal of property forfeited under section 4.2 are the liability of the owner of the property and constitute a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada that may be recovered in any court of competent jurisdiction.

Marginal note:Agreements

 The Minister of Foreign Affairs may, with the approval of the Governor in Council, enter into an agreement with a person respecting the use by the person, for the compensation of victims of the circumstances described in subsection 4(2), of amounts that may be paid out under section 4.4.

Marginal note:Proceedings not precluded

 The making of an order or regulation under section 4 does not preclude the commencement of proceedings under any Act of Parliament other than this Act, or any civil proceedings, in respect of any property that is the subject of the order or regulation.

Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may make regulations for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Act.

Review and Report

Marginal note:Review

  •  (1) Within five years after the day on which this section comes into force, a comprehensive review of the provisions and operation of this Act and of the Special Economic Measures Act must be undertaken by the committees of the Senate and of the House of Commons that are designated or established by each House for that purpose.

  • Marginal note:Report

    (2) The committees referred to in subsection (1) must, within a year after a review is undertaken under that subsection or within any further time that may be authorized by the Senate or the House of Commons, as the case may be, submit a report on the review to Parliament, including a statement of any changes that the committees recommend.

  • Marginal note:Review

    (3) Committees of the Senate and the House of Commons that are designated or established by each House for that purpose may conduct a review concerning the foreign nationals who are the subject of an order or regulation made under this Act and submit a report to the appropriate House together with their recommendations as to whether those foreign nationals should remain, or no longer be, the subject of that order or regulation.

Related Amendments

Special Economic Measures Act

 [Amendments]

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act

 [Amendments]

 

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