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Hazardous Products Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-3)

Act current to 2022-09-22 and last amended on 2018-05-23. Previous Versions

PART IIHazardous Products (continued)

Regulations

Marginal note:Regulations

  •  (1) Subject to section 19, the Governor in Council may make regulations

    • (a) defining, for the purposes of Schedule 2, any word or expression used in Schedule 2 but not defined in this Act;

    • (a.1) establishing, for any hazard class listed in Schedule 2, categories and subcategories of that hazard class;

    • (b) respecting the classification of products, mixtures, materials and substances in a category or subcategory of a hazard class listed in Schedule 2;

    • (c) respecting safety data sheets;

    • (c.1) respecting labels;

    • (d) respecting the preparation and maintenance of documents, including by specifying the documents to be prepared and maintained, where they are to be kept and for how long;

    • (e) [Repealed, 2014, c. 20, s. 115]

    • (f) exempting from the application of this Part and the regulations made under this subsection or any provision of this Part or those regulations, on any terms and conditions that may be specified in those regulations,

      • (i) the sale or importation of any hazardous product or class of hazardous products either generally or in the quantities or concentrations, in the circumstances, at the places, premises or facilities, for the purposes or in the containers that are specified in those regulations, and

      • (ii) any class of suppliers;

    • (g) and (h) [Repealed, 2014, c. 20, s. 115]

    • (i) defining the expression work place for the purposes of this Part;

    • (j) requiring any supplier who sells or imports a hazardous product that is intended for use, handling or storage in a work place in Canada to provide, as soon as feasible, any information that is included in the safety data sheet that is in the supplier’s possession for the hazardous product to any prescribed safety professional or health professional who requests that information for a prescribed purpose;

    • (k) requiring a prescribed safety professional or health professional  —  to whom a supplier who sells or imports a hazardous product that is intended for use, handling or storage in a work place in Canada has provided information about the hazardous product that the supplier is exempt from disclosing under any Act of Parliament  —  to keep confidential, except for the purpose for which it is provided, any of that information that the supplier specifies as being confidential, if that information was provided at the request of the safety professional or health professional for a prescribed purpose;

    • (l) subject to the Hazardous Materials Information Review Act, requiring any supplier who sells or imports a hazardous product that is intended for use, handling or storage in a work place in Canada to identify, as soon as feasible, on request of any person within a class of persons specified in the regulations made under this subsection, the source for any toxicological data used in the preparation of any safety data sheet that the supplier has provided or caused to be provided in order to meet the requirement set out in paragraph 13(1)(a.1) or has obtained or prepared in order to meet the requirement set out in paragraph 14(a), as the case may be;

    • (l.1) respecting the implementation, in relation to hazardous products, of international agreements that affect those products;

    • (m) prescribing any other matter or thing that by this Part is to be or may be prescribed; and

    • (n) generally for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Part.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (2) The Governor in Council may make regulations respecting the sale or importation of any hazardous product referred to in subsection 14.1(1) or (2).

  • Marginal note:Externally produced material

    (3) A regulation made under subsection (1) or (2) may incorporate by reference documents produced by a person or body other than the Minister, including by

    • (a) an organization established for the purpose of writing standards, such as an organization accredited by the Standards Council of Canada;

    • (b) an industrial or trade organization; or

    • (c) a government.

  • Marginal note:Reproduced or translated material

    (4) A regulation made under subsection (1) or (2) may incorporate by reference documents that the Minister reproduces or translates from documents produced by a person or body other than the Minister

    • (a) with any adaptations of form and reference that will facilitate their incorporation into the regulation; or

    • (b) in a form that sets out only the parts of them that apply for the purposes of the regulation.

  • Marginal note:Jointly produced documents

    (5) A regulation made under subsection (1) or (2) may incorporate by reference documents that the Minister produces jointly with another government for the purpose of harmonizing the regulation with other laws.

  • Marginal note:Internally produced standards

    (6) A regulation made under subsection (1) or (2) may incorporate by reference technical or explanatory documents that the Minister produces, including

    • (a) specifications, classifications, illustrations, graphs or other information of a technical nature; and

    • (b) test methods, procedures, operational standards, safety standards or performance standards of a technical nature.

  • Marginal note:Incorporation as amended from time to time

    (7) Documents may be incorporated by reference as amended from time to time.

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (8) Subsections (3) to (7) are for greater certainty and do not limit any authority to make regulations incorporating material by reference that exists apart from those subsections.

  • Definition of government

    (9) In this section, government means any of the following or their institutions:

    • (a) the federal government;

    • (b) a corporation named in Schedule III to the Financial Administration Act;

    • (c) a provincial government or a public body established under an Act of the legislature of a province;

    • (d) an aboriginal government as defined in subsection 13(3) of the Access to Information Act;

    • (e) a government of a foreign state or of a subdivision of a foreign state; and

    • (f) an international organization of states.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-3, s. 15
  • R.S., 1985, c. 24 (3rd Supp.), s. 1
  • 1999, c. 31, s. 129
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 115
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 13

 [Repealed, 2014, c. 20, s. 116]

Interim Orders

Marginal note:Interim orders — regulations

  •  (1) The Minister may make an interim order that contains any provision that may be contained in a regulation made under this Part if the Minister believes that immediate action is required to deal with a significant risk, direct or indirect, to health or safety.

  • Marginal note:Interim orders  — section 18

    (2) The Minister may make an interim order in which any power referred to in section 18 is deemed to be exercised, if the Minister believes that immediate action is required to deal with a significant risk, direct or indirect, to health or safety.

  • Marginal note:Cessation of effect

    (3) An interim order has effect from the time that it is made but ceases to have effect on the earliest of

    • (a) 14 days after it is made, unless it is approved by the Governor in Council,

    • (b) the day on which it is repealed,

    • (c) in the case of an interim order made under subsection (1), the day on which a regulation made under this Part that has the same effect as the interim order comes into force and, in the case of an interim order made under subsection (2), the day on which an order made by the Governor in Council under this Part that has the same effect as the interim order comes into force, and

    • (d) one year after the interim order is made or any shorter period that may be specified in the interim order.

  • Marginal note:Contravention of unpublished order

    (4) No person shall be convicted of an offence consisting of a contravention of an interim order that, at the time of the alleged contravention, had not been published in the Canada Gazette unless it is proved that, at the time of the alleged contravention, the person had been notified of the interim order or reasonable steps had been taken to bring the purport of the interim order to the notice of those persons likely to be affected by it.

  • Marginal note:Exemption from Statutory Instruments Act

    (5) An interim order

  • Marginal note:Deeming

    (6) For the purpose of any provision of this Part other than this section and section 19, any reference to regulations made under this Act is deemed to include interim orders, and any reference to a regulation made under a specified provision of this Act is deemed to include a reference to the portion of an interim order containing any provision that may be contained in a regulation made under the specified provision.

  • Marginal note:Tabling of order

    (7) A copy of each interim order must be tabled in each House of Parliament within 15 days after it is made.

  • Marginal note:House not sitting

    (8) In order to comply with subsection (7), the interim order may be sent to the Clerk of the House if the House is not sitting.

  • 2004, c. 15, s. 68
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 117

 [Repealed, 2014, c. 20, s. 118]

Amendments to Schedules 1 and 2

Marginal note:Amendments to Schedules 1 and 2

 Subject to section 19, the Governor in Council may, by order,

  • (a) amend Schedule 1 to add, delete or amend a reference to anything; and

  • (b) amend Schedule 2 to add, delete or amend a reference to a hazard class.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-3, s. 18
  • R.S., 1985, c. 24 (3rd Supp.), s. 1
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 119

Consultation

Marginal note:Consultation

 A regulation under subsection 15(1) or an order under section 18 may be made by the Governor in Council only on the recommendation of the Minister made after consultation by the Minister with the government of each province and with any organizations representative of workers, organizations representative of employers and organizations representative of suppliers that the Minister considers appropriate.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-3, s. 19
  • R.S., 1985, c. 24 (3rd Supp.), s. 1
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 120

Tests, Studies and Compilation of Information

Marginal note:Minister’s order

  •  (1) If the Minister has reasonable grounds to believe that a product, mixture, material or substance may be a hazardous product, the Minister may, in writing, order a person who is engaged in the business of selling or importing the product, mixture, material or substance to compile information relating to the formula, composition, chemical ingredients or hazardous properties of the product, mixture, material or substance, and any other information that the Minister considers necessary, for the purpose of determining whether the product, mixture, material or substance is or may be a danger to the health or safety of any individual who may handle it in a work place or be exposed to it in a work place.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s order

    (1.1) If the Minister has reasonable grounds to believe that a person is engaged in the business of selling or importing a product, mixture, material or substance that is a hazardous product, the Minister may, in writing, order the person to

    • (a) conduct tests or studies on the product, mixture, material or substance to obtain the information that the Minister considers necessary to verify compliance or prevent non-compliance with the provisions of this Act or of the regulations made under subsection 15(1) or (2); and

    • (b) compile any information related to the formula, composition, chemical ingredients or hazardous properties of the product, mixture, material or substance that the Minister considers necessary to verify compliance or prevent non-compliance with the provisions of this Act or of the regulations made under subsection 15(1) or (2).

  • Marginal note:Providing information to Minister

    (2) Every person to whom an order under subsection (1) or (1.1) is directed shall provide to the Minister, in the time, form and manner specified in the order, the information or the results of the tests or studies that are required by the order.

  • Marginal note:Information privileged

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), information received by the Minister from a person under subsection (1) or (1.1) is privileged and, notwithstanding the Access to Information Act or any other Act or law, shall not be disclosed to any other person except as may be necessary for the administration and enforcement of this Act or for the purposes of section 15.

  • Marginal note:Information privileged

    (4) The Minister shall not, when carrying out the consultations referred to in section 19, for the purposes of subsection 15(1), disclose the name of any person from whom the Minister has received information under subsection (1) or (1.1) or any of that information that is specified, in writing, by the person as being confidential.

  • Marginal note:Statutory Instruments Act

    (5) For greater certainty, orders made under subsection (1) or (1.1) are not statutory instruments within the meaning of the Statutory Instruments Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-3, s. 20
  • R.S., 1985, c. 24 (3rd Supp.), s. 1
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 121

PART IIIAdministration and Enforcement

Inspectors and Analysts

Marginal note:Inspectors and analysts

  •  (1) The Minister may designate as an inspector or analyst for the purposes of the administration and enforcement of any provision of this Act and of the regulations any individual or class of individuals to exercise powers or perform duties or functions in relation to any matter referred to in the designation. However, if the individual is employed by a provincial government, or a public body established under an Act of the legislature of a province, the Minister may make the designation only after obtaining the approval of that government or public body.

  • Marginal note:Certificate to be produced

    (2) The Minister shall furnish every inspector with a certificate of designation and, on entering any place in accordance with subsection 22(1), an inspector shall, on request, produce the certificate to the person in charge of that place.

  • Marginal note:Objectives, guidelines and codes of practice

    (3) The Minister may establish objectives, guidelines and codes of practice respecting the exercise of an inspector’s or analyst’s powers, and the performance of an inspector’s or analyst’s duties or functions, under this Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-3, s. 21
  • R.S., 1985, c. 24 (3rd Supp.), s. 1
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 122
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 14

Inspection and Analysis

Marginal note:Powers of inspectors

  •  (1) Subject to subsection 22.1(1), an inspector may, for a purpose related to verifying compliance or preventing non-compliance with the provisions of this Act or of the regulations, at any reasonable time enter any place, including a conveyance, in which the inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that an activity regulated under this Act is conducted or a thing to which this Act applies is located, and may, for that purpose,

    • (a) examine or test any product, mixture, material or substance found in the place that the inspector has reasonable grounds to believe is a hazardous product and take samples of it, and examine any other thing that the inspector believes on reasonable grounds is used or is capable of being used for the manufacture, preparation, preservation, packaging, sale, importation or storage of a hazardous product;

    • (b) open and examine any receptacle or package that is found in the place;

    • (c) examine a document that is found in the place, make a copy of it or take an extract from it;

    • (d) use or cause to be used a computer or other device that is at the place to examine a document that is contained in or available to a computer system or reproduce it or cause it to be reproduced in the form of a printout or other intelligible output and remove the output for examination or copying;

    • (e) use or cause to be used any copying equipment that is at the place and remove the copies for examination;

    • (f) take photographs and make recordings and sketches;

    • (g) order the owner or person having possession, care or control of any product, mixture, material or substance found in the place that the inspector has reasonable grounds to believe is a hazardous product to move it or, for any time that may be necessary, not to move it or to restrict its movement;

    • (h) order the owner or person having possession, care or control of the conveyance to move it or, for any time that may be necessary, not to move it or to restrict its movement;

    • (i) order the owner or person in charge of the place to establish their identity to the inspector’s satisfaction; and

    • (j) remove anything from the place for the purpose of examination, conducting tests or taking samples.

  • Marginal note:Conveyance

    (1.1) For the purpose of entering a conveyance, an inspector may order the owner or person having possession, care or control of the conveyance to stop it or move it to a place where the inspector can enter it.

  • Marginal note:Disposition of samples

    (1.2) A sample taken under this section may be disposed of in any manner that an inspector considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Individual accompanying inspector

    (1.3) An inspector may be accompanied by any individual that they believe is necessary to help them exercise their powers or perform their duties or functions under this section.

  • Marginal note:Entering private property

    (1.4) An inspector who is exercising powers or performing duties or functions under this section and any individual accompanying them may enter private property  —  other than a dwelling-house  —  and pass through it in order to gain entry to a place referred to in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Assistance to inspectors

    (2) The owner or person in charge of the place and every person found in it shall give the inspector all reasonable assistance and provide the inspector with any information that the inspector may require for the purpose of exercising the inspector’s powers or performing the inspector’s duties or functions under this section.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-3, s. 22
  • R.S., 1985, c. 24 (3rd Supp.), s. 1
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 123
 
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