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First Nations Fiscal Management Act (S.C. 2005, c. 9)

Act current to 2023-05-17 and last amended on 2023-03-29. Previous Versions

PART 3First Nations Financial Management Board (continued)


Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister made having regard to any representations by the Board, make regulations

  • (a) respecting the implementation of a co-management arrangement or third-party management of a First Nation’s local revenues, including the obligations of affected First Nations to provide access to financial records; and

  • (b) fixing fees that the Board may charge for services, including fees to First Nations for co-management and third-party management services, and the manner in which the fees may be recovered.

  • 2005, c. 9, s. 56
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 414(E)

Marginal note:Regulations

 For the purpose of enabling an entity referred to in any of paragraphs 50.1(1)(a) to (e) to obtain the services of the Board, other than co-management and third-party management services, the Governor in Council may make any regulations that the Governor in Council considers necessary, including regulations

  • (a) adapting any provision of this Act or of any regulation made under this Act; and

  • (b) restricting the application of any provision of this Act or of any regulation made under this Act.

  • 2018, c. 27, s. 400

PART 4First Nations Finance Authority


Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in this Part.


Authority means the First Nations Finance Authority. (Administration)

investing member

investing member means a First Nation that has invested in a short-term investment pool managed by the Authority. (membre investisseur)

long-term loan

long-term loan means a loan the term of which is one year or longer. (prêt à long terme)


member means a borrowing member or investing member. (membre)

property tax revenues

property tax revenues means moneys raised under laws made under paragraphs 5(1)(a) and (a.1) and payments made to a First Nation in lieu of a tax imposed by a law made under paragraph 5(1)(a). (recettes fiscales foncières)


representative, in respect of a First Nation that is a member, means the chief or a councillor of the First Nation who is designated as a representative by a resolution of its council. (représentant)


security means a security of the Authority issued under paragraph 75(1)(b). (titre)

short-term loan

short-term loan means a loan the term of which is less than one year. (prêt à court terme)

  • 2005, c. 9, s. 57
  • 2015, c. 36, s. 193
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 414(E)

Establishment and Organization of Authority

Marginal note:Establishment

 There is hereby established a non-profit corporation without share capital, to be known as the First Nations Finance Authority.

Marginal note:Membership

 The members of the Authority shall be its borrowing members and investing members.

Marginal note:Not agent of Her Majesty

  •  (1) The Authority is not an agent of Her Majesty or a Crown corporation within the meaning of the Financial Administration Act, and its officers and employees are not part of the federal public administration.

  • Marginal note:No guarantees

    (2) No person shall give a guarantee on behalf of Her Majesty for the discharge of an obligation or liability of the Authority.

  • 2005, c. 9, ss. 60, 154(E)

Marginal note:Board of Directors

  •  (1) The Authority shall be managed by a board of directors, consisting of from 5 to 11 directors, including a Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson, elected from among the representatives of borrowing members.

  • Marginal note:Nomination of directors

    (2) A representative of a borrowing member may nominate a representative of a borrowing member for election as Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson or as a director other than the Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson.

  • Marginal note:Election of directors

    (3) Directors shall be elected by representatives of borrowing members.

  • 2005, c. 9, s. 61
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 401

Marginal note:Function of Deputy Chairperson

 In the event of the absence or incapacity of the Chairperson, or if the office of Chairperson is vacant, the Deputy Chairperson shall assume the duties and functions of the Chairperson.

Marginal note:Term of office

  •  (1) Directors shall hold office on a part-time basis for a term of one year.

  • Marginal note:Additional terms

    (2) A director is eligible to be re-elected for a second or subsequent term of office.

  • Marginal note:Ceasing to be director

    (3) A person ceases to be a director when

    • (a) the person ceases to hold office as a chief or councillor of a First Nation that is a borrowing member;

    • (b) the person’s designation as a representative of a borrowing member is revoked by a resolution of the council of that First Nation; or

    • (c) the person is removed from office before the expiry of the term of the appointment by a special resolution of the board of directors.

  • 2005, c. 9, s. 63
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 402

Marginal note:Quorum

 Two thirds of the directors constitute a quorum at any meeting of the board of directors.

Marginal note:Majority vote

 Decisions by the board of directors shall be made by a majority vote of the directors present.

Marginal note:Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act

  •  (1) The Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act does not apply to the Authority.

  • Marginal note:Canada Business Corporations Act

    (2) The following provisions of the Canada Business Corporations Act apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to the Authority and its directors, members, officers and employees as if the Authority were a corporation incorporated under that Act, this Part were its articles of incorporation and its members were its shareholders:

    • (a) subsection 15(1) (capacity of a natural person);

    • (b) section 16 (by-law not required to confer powers on Authority, restriction on powers of Authority, and validity of acts of Authority);

    • (c) subsection 21(1) (access to Authority’s records by members and creditors);

    • (d) section 23 (corporate seal not needed to validate instrument);

    • (e) subsections 103(1) to (4) (powers of directors to make and amend by-laws, member approval of by-laws and effective date of by-laws);

    • (f) subsection 105(1) (qualifications of directors);

    • (g) subsection 108(2) (resignation of director);

    • (h) section 110 (right of director to attend members’ meetings and statements by retiring directors);

    • (i) subsection 114(1) (place of directors’ meetings);

    • (j) section 116 (validity of acts of directors and officers);

    • (k) section 117 (validity of directors’ resolutions not passed at meeting);

    • (l) subsections 119(1) and (4) (liability of directors);

    • (m) section 120 (conflict of interests of directors);

    • (n) section 123 (directors’ dissents);

    • (o) section 124 (directors’ indemnity);

    • (p) section 155 (financial statements);

    • (q) section 158 (approval of financial statements by directors);

    • (r) section 159 (sending financial statements to members before annual meeting);

    • (s) sections 161 and 162 (qualifications and appointment of auditor);

    • (t) section 168 (rights and duties of auditor);

    • (u) section 169 (examination by auditor);

    • (v) section 170 (auditor’s right to information);

    • (w) subsections 171(3) to (9) (duty and administration of audit committee and penalty for failure to comply);

    • (x) section 172 (qualified privilege in defamation for auditor’s statements); and

    • (y) subsections 257(1) and (2) (certificates of Authority as evidence).

  • 2005, c. 9, s. 66
  • 2009, c. 23, ss. 328, 354

Marginal note:Remuneration of directors

 Directors shall be paid a fee for attend­ance at meetings of the board of directors, as fixed by the by-laws of the Authority.

Marginal note:Duty of care

  •  (1) The directors and officers of the Authority in exercising their powers and performing their duties shall

    • (a) act honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Authority; and

    • (b) exercise the care, diligence and skill that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in comparable circumstances.

  • Marginal note:Limit of liability

    (2) Directors and officers are not liable for a failure to comply with subsection (1) if they rely in good faith on

    • (a) a written report of the auditor of the Authority or financial statements represented by an officer of the Authority as fairly reflecting the financial condition of the Authority; or

    • (b) a report of a lawyer, notary, accountant, engineer, appraiser or other person whose position or profession lends credibility to a statement made by that person.

Marginal note:President

  •  (1) The board of directors shall appoint a President to act as the chief executive officer of the Authority.

  • Marginal note:Other staff

    (2) The President may employ any other officers and employees that are necessary to conduct the work of the Authority.

Marginal note:Annual general meeting

 The Authority shall hold an annual general meeting of representatives for the purpose of

  • (a) presenting the annual report and audited financial statements of the Authority;

  • (b) electing the board of directors; and

  • (c) dealing with any other business of the Authority that may be presented by the board of directors.

Marginal note:By-laws

 The board of directors may make by-laws

  • (a) respecting the calling and conduct of meetings of the board, including the holding of meetings by teleconference;

  • (b) fixing the fees to be paid to directors for attendance at meetings of the board and the reimbursement of reasonable travel and living expenses to directors;

  • (c) respecting the duties and conduct of the directors, officers and employees of the Authority and the terms and conditions of employment and of the termination of employment of officers and employees of the Authority;

  • (d) respecting the signing and sealing of securities and interest coupons issued by the Authority; and

  • (e) generally for the conduct and management of the affairs of the Authority.

Marginal note:Head office

 The head office of the Authority shall be on reserve lands at a location determined by the board of directors.

Marginal note:Annual budget

 At the beginning of every year, the President shall prepare an annual budget of the Authority and present it to the board of directors for approval.


Marginal note:Mandate

 The purposes of the Authority are to

  • (a) secure for its borrowing members, through the use of property tax revenues,

    • (i) long-term financing or lease financing of capital assets for the provision of local services on reserve lands, or

    • (ii) [Repealed, 2018, c. 27, s. 403]

    • (iii) short-term financing to meet cash-flow requirements for operating or capital purposes under a law made under paragraph 5(1)(b), or to refinance a short-term debt incurred for capital purposes;

  • (b) secure for its borrowing members, through the use of other revenues prescribed by regulation, financing for any purpose prescribed by regulation;

  • (c) secure the best possible credit terms for its borrowing members;

  • (d) provide investment services to First Nations and entities referred to in any of paragraphs 50.1(1)(a) to (e); and

  • (e) provide advice regarding the development of long-term financing mechanisms for First Nations.

  • 2005, c. 9, s. 74
  • 2018, c. 27, ss. 403, 414(E)

Functions and Powers

Marginal note:Powers of board of directors

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Part, the board of directors may by resolution

    • (a) borrow money in an amount authorized by the resolution;

    • (b) issue securities of the Authority;

    • (c) lend securities to generate income, if the loan is fully secured;

    • (d) enter into agreements for risk management purposes, including swaps; and

    • (e) provide for

      • (i) payments related to the issuance of securities,

      • (ii) the registration, transfer, management and redemption of securities,

      • (iii) the re-issuance, reinstatement or other disposition of lost, stolen, destroyed or damaged securities or interest coupons,

      • (iv) the examination, cancellation or destruction of securities and of materials used in their production, or

      • (v) the timing of the issuance of securities.

  • Marginal note:Security issuance requirements

    (2) A resolution respecting the issuance of securities shall set out

    • (a) the rate of interest;

    • (b) the time and place of repayment of principal and interest; and

    • (c) the currency in which repayment of principal and interest will be made.

  • Marginal note:Security issuance resolutions

    (3) A resolution respecting the issuance of securities may provide that

    • (a) the securities are to be redeemable in advance of maturity at a time and price set out in the resolution;

    • (b) all or any part of the securities may be paid, refunded or renewed;

    • (c) the securities are to be issued in an amount sufficient to realize the amount of any securities called in and paid before maturity, for a term not longer than the remainder of the term of the securities called in and paid; or

    • (d) the securities and any interest coupons attached to them are to be in the form set out in the resolution, and are to be exchangeable for other securities of the same issue on any terms and conditions set out in the resolution.

  • Marginal note:Amount of issue

    (4) The Authority may issue securities the principal amounts of which, after payment of any discount and the costs of issue and sale, will realize the net amount authorized by the board of directors in a resolution made under paragraph (1)(a).

  • Marginal note:Declaration conclusive

    (5) A declaration in a resolution authorizing the issuance of securities that it is necessary to issue securities in the principal amount authorized in order to realize the net amount authorized is conclusive evidence of that fact.

  • Marginal note:Sale price

    (6) The board of directors may sell securities at their par value or at other than par value.

  • Marginal note:Delegation

    (7) The board of directors may delegate its powers under this section to a committee of directors and officers of the Authority, subject to any limitations that the board of directors may impose.

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