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Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2021-06-29. Previous Versions

PART 18Financial Administration (continued)

DIVISION 5Candidates (continued)

SUBDIVISION BFinancial Administration of Candidates (continued)

Marginal note:When contributions forwarded to Receiver General

 If the name of the contributor of a contribution of more than $20 to a candidate, or the name or the address of a contributor who has made contributions of a total amount of more than $200 to a candidate, is not known, the candidate’s official agent shall, without delay, pay an amount of money equal to the value of the contribution to the Chief Electoral Officer, who shall forward it to the Receiver General.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 86

Marginal note:Auditor’s report

  •  (1) As soon as feasible after polling day, a candidate’s auditor shall report to the candidate’s official agent on the electoral campaign return and shall, in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards, make any examination that will enable the auditor to give an opinion in the report as to whether the return presents fairly the information contained in the financial records on which it is based.

  • Marginal note:Checklist

    (2) The auditor’s report shall include a completed checklist for audits in the prescribed form.

  • Marginal note:Statement

    (3) The auditor shall include in the report any statement that the auditor considers necessary if

    • (a) the return does not present fairly the information contained in the financial records on which it is based;

    • (b) the auditor has not received all the information and explanations that the auditor required; or

    • (c) based on the examination, it appears that the official agent has not kept proper financial records.

  • Marginal note:Right of access

    (4) The auditor shall have access at any reasonable time to all of the candidate’s documents, and may require the candidate and their official agent to provide any information or explanation that, in the auditor’s opinion, may be necessary to enable the auditor to prepare the report.

  • Marginal note:Ineligible to prepare report

    (5) No person referred to in subsection 477.3(2) who is a partner or an associate of a candidate’s auditor or who is an employee of that auditor, or of the firm in which that auditor is a partner or associate, shall participate, other than in the manner referred to in subsection (4), in the preparation of the auditor’s report.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 86

Marginal note:Candidates outside Canada

  •  (1) Despite subsection 477.59(7), a candidate who is outside Canada when the documents referred to in paragraphs 477.59(1)(a) to (c) are provided to the Chief Electoral Officer need not send their official agent the declaration referred to in paragraph 477.59(1)(d) within the period referred to in subsection 477.59(7), but if the candidate does not send it to their official agent within that period then the candidate shall provide the Chief Electoral Officer with the declaration no later than 14 days after the day on which they return to Canada.

  • Marginal note:Official agent relieved of obligation

    (2) Despite subsection 477.59(1), the official agent need not provide the Chief Electoral Officer with the candidate’s declaration referred to in paragraph 477.59(1)(d) if, in the circumstances set out in subsection (1), the candidate has not sent it to the official agent.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 86

Marginal note:Statement of personal expenses

  •  (1) A candidate shall, within three months after polling day, send their official agent a written statement in the prescribed form that

    • (a) sets out the following:

      • (i) the amount of any travel and living expenses paid by the candidate and details of those expenses, and

      • (ii) the amount of any litigation expenses and personal expenses paid by the candidate, details of those expenses and an indication of which of them were paid other than from the bank account referred to in subsection 477.46(1) and the source of the funds used to pay them; or

    • (b) declares that the candidate did not pay for any travel and living expenses, litigation expenses or personal expenses.

  • Marginal note:Supporting documents

    (1.1) Together with the statement referred to in paragraph (1)(a), the candidate shall send their official agent documents evidencing the payment of the expenses referred to in the statement.

  • Marginal note:Death of candidate

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a candidate who dies before the end of the three-month period referred to in that subsection without having sent the written statement.

  • Marginal note:Subsequent payments — litigation expenses

    (3) If, after having sent their official agent the statement referred to in subsection (1), a candidate pays a litigation expense other than from the bank account referred to in subsection 477.46(1), the candidate shall, as soon as feasible after paying it,

    • (a) notify their official agent of the payment;

    • (b) inform their official agent of the amount of the expense, the details of the expense and the source of the funds used to pay it; and

    • (c) send their official agent documents evidencing payment of the expense.

Corrections, Revisions and Extended Reporting Periods

Marginal note:Minor corrections — Chief Electoral Officer

  •  (1) The Chief Electoral Officer may correct a document referred to in subsection 477.59(1), (10), (11), (12) or (15) if the correction does not materially affect its substance.

  • Marginal note:Corrections or revisions at request of Chief Electoral Officer

    (2) The Chief Electoral Officer may in writing request a candidate’s official agent to correct or revise, within a specified period, a document referred to in subsection 477.59(1), (10), (11), (12) or (15).

  • Marginal note:Deadline for correction or revision

    (3) If the Chief Electoral Officer requests a correction or revision, the candidate’s official agent shall provide him or her with the corrected or revised version of the document within the specified period.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 86

Marginal note:Extensions — Chief Electoral Officer

  •  (1) The Chief Electoral Officer, on the written application of a candidate or their official agent, shall authorize the extension of a period referred to in subsection 477.59(7), (10), (11), (12) or (15), unless he or she is satisfied that the official agent’s failure to provide the required documents was deliberate or was the result of their failure to exercise due diligence.

  • Marginal note:Deadline

    (2) The application may be made within the period referred to in subsection 477.59(7), (10), (11), (12) or (15) or within two weeks after the end of that period.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 86

Marginal note:Corrections or revisions — Chief Electoral Officer

  •  (1) The Chief Electoral Officer, on the written application of a candidate or their official agent, shall authorize the correction or revision of a document referred to in subsection 477.59(1), (10), (11), (12) or (15) if he or she is satisfied by the evidence submitted by the applicant that the correction or revision is necessary in order for the requirements of this Act to be complied with.

  • Marginal note:Application made without delay

    (2) The application shall be made immediately after the applicant becomes aware of the need for correction or revision.

  • Marginal note:Deadline for correction or revision

    (3) The applicant shall provide the Chief Electoral Officer with the corrected or revised version of the document within 30 days after the day on which the correction or revision is authorized or within any extension of that period authorized under subsection (4) or (5).

  • Marginal note:New deadline

    (4) The Chief Electoral Officer, on the written application of the applicant made within two weeks after the end of the 30-day period referred to in subsection (3), shall authorize the extension of that period, unless he or she is satisfied that the applicant’s failure to provide the corrected or revised version of the document was deliberate or was the result of the applicant’s failure to exercise due diligence.

  • Marginal note:Extension of new deadline

    (5) The Chief Electoral Officer, on the written application of the applicant made within two weeks after the end of an extension authorized under subsection (4) or this subsection, shall authorize the further extension of that period, unless he or she is satisfied that the applicant’s failure to provide the corrected or revised version of the document was deliberate or was the result of the applicant’s failure to exercise due diligence.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 86

Marginal note:Extensions, corrections or revisions — judge

  •  (1) A candidate or their official agent may apply to a judge for an order

    • (a) relieving the official agent from the obligation to comply with a request referred to in subsection 477.65(2);

    • (b) authorizing an extension referred to in subsection 477.66(1); or

    • (c) authorizing a correction or revision referred to in subsection 477.67(1).

    The applicant shall notify the Chief Electoral Officer that the application has been made.

  • Marginal note:Deadline

    (2) The application may be made

    • (a) under paragraph (1)(a), within the specified period referred to in subsection 477.65(2) or within the two weeks after the end of that period;

    • (b) under paragraph (1)(b), within two weeks after, as the case may be,

      • (i) if an application for an extension is not made to the Chief Electoral Officer within the period referred to in subsection 477.66(2), the end of the two-week period referred to in that subsection,

      • (ii) the rejection of an application for an extension made in accordance with section 477.66, or

      • (iii) the end of the extended period referred to in subsection 477.66(1); or

    • (c) under paragraph (1)(c), within two weeks after the rejection of an application for a correction or revision made in accordance with section 477.67.

  • Marginal note:Grounds — relief from compliance

    (3) The judge shall grant an order relieving the official agent from the obligation to comply with a request referred to in subsection 477.65(2) if the judge is satisfied by the evidence submitted by the applicant that the correction or revision is not necessary in order for the requirements of this Act to be complied with.

  • Marginal note:Grounds — extension

    (4) The judge shall grant an order authorizing an extension unless the judge is satisfied that the official agent’s failure to provide the required documents was deliberate or was the result of their failure to exercise due diligence.

  • Marginal note:Grounds — corrections or revisions

    (5) The judge shall grant an order authorizing a correction or revision if the judge is satisfied by the evidence submitted by the applicant that the correction or revision is necessary in order for the requirements of this Act to be complied with.

  • Marginal note:Contents of order

    (6) The order may require that the applicant satisfy any condition that the judge considers necessary for carrying out the purposes of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Procedure

    (7) If an application is made under paragraph (1)(a) in respect of a candidate who is a Member of the House of Commons at the time the application is made, the judge shall hear the application without delay and in a summary manner, and a court of appeal shall hear any appeal arising from the application without delay and in a summary manner.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 86

Marginal note:Appearance of official agent before judge

  •  (1) A judge dealing with an application under section 477.68 or 477.7 who is satisfied that a candidate or an official agent has not provided the documents referred to in subsection 477.59(1), (10), (11), (12) or (15) in accordance with this Act because of a failure of the official agent or a predecessor of the official agent shall, by order served personally, require the official agent or that predecessor to appear before the judge.

  • Marginal note:Show cause orders

    (2) The judge shall, unless the official agent or predecessor on his or her appearance shows cause why an order should not be issued, order that the agent or predecessor

    • (a) do anything that the judge considers appropriate in order to remedy the failure; or

    • (b) be examined concerning any information that pertains to the failure.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 86

Marginal note:Recourse of candidate for fault of official agent

 A candidate may apply to a judge for an order that relieves the candidate from any liability or consequence under this or any other Act of Parliament in relation to an act or omission of the candidate’s official agent, if the candidate establishes that

  • (a) it occurred without the candidate’s knowledge or acquiescence; or

  • (b) the candidate exercised all due diligence to avoid its occurrence.

The candidate shall notify the Chief Electoral Officer that the application has been made.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 86

Marginal note:Destruction of documents — judge

  •  (1) A candidate or their official agent may apply to a judge for an order relieving the official agent from the obligation to provide a document referred to in subsection 477.59(1), (10), (11), (12) or (15). The applicant shall notify the Chief Electoral Officer that the application has been made.

  • Marginal note:Grounds

    (2) The judge may grant the order only if the judge is satisfied that the applicant cannot provide the documents because of their destruction by a superior force, including a flood, fire or other disaster.

  • Marginal note:Date of relief

    (3) For the purposes of this Act, the applicant is relieved from the obligation referred to in subsection (1) on the date of the order.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 86

Marginal note:Prohibition — false or misleading declaration

 No candidate shall send to their official agent a declaration referred to in paragraph 477.59(1)(d) that they know or ought reasonably to know is false or misleading.

Marginal note:Prohibition — false, misleading or incomplete document

  •  (1) No official agent of a candidate shall provide the Chief Electoral Officer with a document referred to in subsection 477.59(1), (10), (11), (12) or (15) that

    • (a) the official agent knows or ought reasonably to know contains a material statement that is false or misleading; or

    • (b) in the case of a document referred to in paragraph 477.59(1)(a), does not substantially set out the information required under subsection 477.59(2) and, in the case of a document referred to in subsection 477.59(10), (11), (12) or (15), does not substantially set out the information required under that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Membership in House of Commons suspended — document not provided

    (2) If the Chief Electoral Officer determines, with respect to an elected candidate, that a document that was required to be provided under subsection 477.59(1), (10), (11), (12) or (15) was not provided within the period for providing it or within any extension to that period authorized under subsection 477.66(1), then, until the document is provided, the candidate is not entitled to continue to sit or vote as a member of the House of Commons as of

    • (a) the expiry of the two-week period referred to in paragraph 477.68(2)(b), determined on the basis of whichever of its subparagraphs applies, if the candidate or their official agent does not apply to a judge for an order under paragraph 477.68(1)(b);

    • (b) if the candidate or their official agent applies to a judge for an order under paragraph 477.68(1)(b), and the application is rejected, the expiry of the day on which the application is finally disposed of so as to deny it; and

    • (c) if the candidate or their official agent applies to a judge for an order under paragraph 477.68(1)(b) and the order is granted, the expiry of the period extended by the order.

  • Marginal note:Membership in House of Commons suspended — unmade correction or revision

    (2.1) If the Chief Electoral Officer determines, with respect to an elected candidate, that a correction or revision authorized to be made under subsection 477.67(1) was not made within 30 days after the day on which it was authorized, then, until the correction or revision is made, the candidate is not entitled to continue to sit or vote as a member of the House of Commons as of

    • (a) the expiry of the two-week period referred to in subsection 477.67(4), if the candidate or their official agent does not apply to the Chief Electoral Officer for an extension under that subsection;

    • (b) if the candidate or their official agent applies to the Chief Electoral Officer for an extension under subsection 477.67(4) and it is authorized, the expiry of two weeks after the expiry of the authorized extension, unless the candidate or their official agent applies to the Chief Electoral Officer for a further extension under subsection 477.67(5);

    • (c) if the candidate or their official agent applies to the Chief Electoral Officer for an extension under subsection 477.67(5) and it is authorized, the expiry of two weeks after the expiry of the authorized extension, unless the candidate or their official agent makes a further application to the Chief Electoral Officer for a extension under that subsection; and

    • (d) if the candidate or their official agent applies to the Chief Electoral Officer for an extension under subsection 477.67(4) or (5), and the application is rejected, the expiry of the day on which the application is rejected.

  • Marginal note:Membership in House of Commons suspended

    (3) If the Chief Electoral Officer determines, with respect to an elected candidate, that a correction or revision that was requested to be made under subsection 477.65(2) was not made within the period specified, then, until the correction or revision is made, the candidate is not entitled to continue to sit or vote as a member of the House of Commons as of

    • (a) the expiry of the two weeks referred to in paragraph 477.68(2)(a), if the candidate or their official agent does not apply to a judge for an order under paragraph 477.68(1)(a); or

    • (b) if the candidate or their official agent applies to a judge for an order under paragraph 477.68(1)(a), the expiry of the day on which the application is finally disposed of so as to deny it.

  • Marginal note:Speaker informed

    (4) As soon as an elected candidate is not entitled to continue to sit or vote as a member of the House of Commons under any of subsections (2), (2.1) and (3), the Chief Electoral Officer shall so inform the Speaker of the House of Commons.

 
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