Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Resources Accord Implementation Act (S.C. 1988, c. 28)
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Act current to 2023-03-20 and last amended on 2022-07-30. Previous Versions
PART IIPetroleum Resources (continued)
DIVISION XTransitional (continued)
Marginal note:Former permits, former special renewal permits and former exploration agreements
133 (1) Subject to sections 135 and 136, the interest owner of a former permit, former special renewal permit or former exploration agreement shall, on or before the first anniversary date of any such interest following March 5, 1982 or on or before six months following such date, whichever is the later, negotiate an exploration licence with the Board, subject to sections 32 to 37.
(2) Where an interest owner referred to in subsection (1) does not comply with that subsection, the portion of the offshore area under the relevant interest is deemed to be surrendered and becomes a Crown reserve area.
(3) Notwithstanding anything in this Part, an exploration licence under subsection (1) may be extended to include all or any portion of the offshore area under the preceding interest and any related portions of the offshore area that, immediately prior to such extension, were Crown reserve areas.
Marginal note:Where drilling commitment exits
(4) Where a former special renewal permit or former exploration agreement contains provisions for the drilling of one or more wells, the Board shall offer to issue an exploration licence to the interest owner for a term equal to the balance of the term of the former special renewal permit or former exploration agreement remaining on March 5, 1982 and having the same drilling provisions.
Marginal note:Former leases
134 (1) Subject to sections 135 and 136, the interest owner of a former lease shall, on or before the first anniversary date of the former lease following March 5, 1982 or on or before six months following such date, whichever is the later, negotiate an exploration licence with the Board, subject to sections 32 to 37.
(2) Where an interest owner referred to in subsection (1) does not comply with that subsection, the portion of the offshore area under the former lease is deemed to be surrendered and becomes a Crown reserve area.
(3) Subsection 133(3) applies, with such modifications as the circumstances require, to lands that may be included in an exploration licence under subsection (1).
Marginal note:Extension of time
135 Where an exploration licence required to be negotiated under section 133 or 134 cannot be negotiated within the period provided in those sections for any reason not attributable to the interest owner, the Board shall extend that period to allow for such negotiation within a reasonable time.
Marginal note:Consolidated exploration licence
136 (1) One or more interest owners of former permits, former special renewal permits, former exploration agreements or former leases may, for the purposes of complying with subsection 133(1) or 134(1), negotiate together a single exploration licence that would consolidate any number or combination of such interests held by those interest owners.
Marginal note:Terms and conditions of exploration licence
(2) Subject to sections 32 to 37, an exploration licence negotiated pursuant to subsection (1) shall contain any terms and conditions that may be agreed on by the Board and the interest owners thereof.
Marginal note:Crown share abrogated
137 For greater certainty, the reservation to Her Majesty in right of Canada of a Crown share in any interest granted or entered into under the Canada Oil and Gas Act prior to the coming into force of this section is abrogated as of the day this section comes into force.
PART IIIPetroleum Operations
138 In this Part,
- Chief Conservation Officer
Chief Conservation Officer means the person designated as the Chief Conservation Officer pursuant to section 144; (délégué à l’exploitation)
- Chief Safety Officer
Chief Safety Officer means the person designated as the Chief Safety Officer pursuant to section 144; (délégué à la sécurité)
Committee means the Oil and Gas Committee established pursuant to section 145; (Comité)
lease means an oil and gas lease issued pursuant to regulations made in accordance with the Territorial Lands Act and the Public Lands Grants Act and includes a production licence issued under Part II; (concession)
permit means an exploratory oil and gas permit issued pursuant to regulations made in accordance with the Territorial Lands Act and the Public Lands Grants Act and includes an exploration agreement entered into under the Canada Oil and Gas Land Regulations and any exploration agreement or licence that is subject to Part II; (permis)
pipeline means any pipe or any system or arrangement of pipes by which petroleum or water incidental to the drilling for or production of petroleum is conveyed from any wellhead or other place at which it is produced to any other place, or from any place where it is stored, processed or treated to any other place, and includes all property of any kind used for the purpose of, or in connection with or incidental to, the operation of a pipeline in the gathering, transporting, handling and delivery of petroleum and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, includes offshore installations or vessels, tanks, surface reservoirs, pumps, racks, storage and loading facilities, compressors, compressor stations, pressure measuring and controlling equipment and fixtures, flow controlling and measuring equipment and fixtures, metering equipment and fixtures, and heating, cooling and dehydrating equipment and fixtures, but does not include any pipe or any system or arrangement of pipes that constitutes a distribution system for the distribution of gas to ultimate consumers; (pipe-line)
well means any opening in the ground (not being a seismic shot hole) that is made, is to be made or is in the process of being made, by drilling, boring or other method,
(a) for the production of petroleum,
(b) for the purpose of searching for or obtaining petroleum,
(c) for the purpose of obtaining water to inject into an underground formation,
(d) for the purpose of injecting gas, air, water or other substance into an underground formation, or
(e) for any purpose, if made through sedimentary rocks to a depth of at least one hundred and fifty metres. (puits)
- 1988, c. 28, s. 138
- 1992, c. 35, s. 91
138.1 The purpose of this Part is to promote, in respect of the exploration for and exploitation of petroleum,
(a) safety, particularly by encouraging persons exploring for and exploiting petroleum to maintain a prudent regime for achieving safety;
(b) the protection of the environment;
(b.1) accountability in accordance with the “polluter pays” principle;
(c) the conservation of petroleum resources; and
(d) joint production arrangements.
- 1992, c. 35, s. 92
- 2015, c. 4, s. 84
139 This Part applies in respect of the exploration and drilling for and the production, conservation, processing and transportation of petroleum in those portions of the offshore area not within the Province.
Oil and Gas Administration Advisory Council
139.1 The Provincial Minister may designate one of the members of the Oil and Gas Administration Advisory Council established by the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act.
- 1992, c. 35, s. 93
Offshore Oil and Gas Training Standards Advisory Board
139.2 The Provincial Minister may approve the establishment of the Offshore Oil and Gas Training Standards Advisory Board by the federal Ministers pursuant to subsection 5.5(1) of the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act.
- 1992, c. 35, s. 93
140 No person shall carry on any work or activity related to the exploration or drilling for or the production, conservation, processing or transportation of petroleum in the offshore area unless
(a) that person is the holder of an operating licence issued under paragraph 142(1)(a);
(b) that person is the holder of an authorization issued, before the commencement of operations, under paragraph 142(1)(b) for each such work or activity; and
(c) where it is required, that person is authorized or entitled to carry on business in the place where that person proposes to carry on the work or activity.
- 1988, c. 28, s. 140
- 1992, c. 35, s. 94
Marginal note:Prohibition — Sable Island National Park Reserve of Canada
140.1 No person shall carry on any work or activity related to the drilling for petroleum, including exploratory drilling for petroleum, in Sable Island National Park Reserve of Canada or within one nautical mile seaward of its low-water mark.
- 2013, c. 28, s. 6
Marginal note:Jointly issued notice — prohibition
141 (1) The Federal Minister and the Provincial Minister may jointly issue a written notice prohibiting, for a period beginning on the day specified in the notice and ending on December 31, 2022, the exploration and drilling for and the production, conservation and processing of petroleum in that portion of the offshore area described in Schedule IV, and the transportation of petroleum produced in that portion of the offshore area.
Marginal note:Further period
(2) The Federal Minister and the Provincial Minister may jointly issue one or successive written notices, after a review of the environmental and socio-economic impact of exploration and drilling activities in that portion of the offshore area described in Schedule IV and any other relevant factor, each extending the prohibition established in subsection (1) in all or any part of that portion of the offshore area for a specified period of no more than 10 years.
(3) No person shall, for the duration of the period specified in a written notice issued under subsection (1) or (2), engage in the activities listed in subsection (1) in that portion of the offshore area described in Schedule IV or in any part of it that is specified in the notice.
- 1988, c. 28, s. 141
- 2014, c. 13, s. 91(E)
- 2015, c. 39, s. 3
141.1 The Board may delegate any of the Board’s powers under section 142, 142.2, 142.3, 143.1, 143.2, 167.1 or 168 to any person, and the person shall exercise those powers in accordance with the terms of the delegation.
- 1992, c. 35, s. 95
- 2015, c. 4, s. 85
Licences and Authorizations
Operating Licences and Authorization for Work
Marginal note:Licences and authorizations
142 (1) The Board may, on application made in the form and containing the information fixed by it and in the prescribed manner, issue
(a) an operating licence; and
(b) subject to section 45, an authorization with respect to each work or activity proposed to be carried on.
Marginal note:Term and renewals
(2) An operating licence expires on the thirty-first day of March immediately after the day on which it is issued and may be renewed for successive periods not exceeding one year each.
Marginal note:Requirements for operating licence
(3) An operating licence is subject to any requirements that are determined by the Board or that are prescribed and to any deposits that are prescribed.
Marginal note:Copy to Chief Safety Officer
(3.1) On receipt by the Board of an application for an authorization for a work or activity referred to in paragraph (1)(b) or of an application to amend such an authorization, the Board shall provide a copy of the application to the Chief Safety Officer.
Marginal note:Requirements for authorization
(4) An authorization is subject to such approvals as the Board determines or as may be granted in accordance with the regulations and such requirements and deposits as the Board determines or as may be prescribed, including
(a) requirements relating to liability for loss, damage, costs or expenses;
(b) requirements for the carrying out of environmental programs or studies; and
(c) requirements for the payment of expenses incurred by the Board in approving the design, construction and operation of production facilities and production platforms, as those terms are defined in the regulations.
(4.1) The approvals, requirements and deposits that are determined, granted or prescribed shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of this Act or the regulations.
Marginal note:Suspension or revocation
(5) The Board may suspend or revoke an operating licence or an authorization for failure to comply with, contravention of or default in respect of
(a) a requirement, approval or deposit, determined by the Board in accordance with the provisions of this Part or Part III.1 or granted or prescribed by regulations made under either of those Parts, subject to which the licence or authorization was issued;
(a.1) a fee or charge payable in accordance with regulations made under section 30.1;
(b) a requirement undertaken in a declaration referred to in subsection 143.1(1);
(c) subsection 143.1(3), 143.2(2), 167.1(4) or (5) or 168(1.1), (1.2) or (5);
(c.1) any provision of Part III.1; or
(d) any applicable regulation.
- 1988, c. 28, s. 142
- 1992, c. 35, s. 96
- 2014, c. 13, s. 64
- 2015, c. 4, ss. 86, 117
Marginal note:Authorizations — Sable Island National Park Reserve of Canada
142.01 (1) If the Board receives an application for an authorization with respect to a work or activity proposed to be carried on in Sable Island National Park Reserve of Canada, it shall, within 60 days after the day on which it received the application, provide a copy of the application to the Parks Canada Agency.
Marginal note:Parks Canada Agency
(2) The Parks Canada Agency shall, within 60 days after the day on which it received the copy of the application, advise the Board in writing about any potential impact of the proposed work or activity on the management of the surface of Sable Island National Park Reserve of Canada.
Marginal note:Board to consider advice
(3) Before deciding whether to issue the authorization, the Board shall consider any advice that it receives under subsection (2). If it issues the authorization, it may include in it terms and conditions, including mitigation or remedial measures, to address the potential impact of the proposed work or activity on the management of the surface of Sable Island National Park Reserve of Canada.
- 2013, c. 28, s. 7
Marginal note:Environmental assessment
142.02 (1) If an application for an authorization under paragraph 142(1)(b) or an application made under subsection 143(2) is in respect of a physical activity described in subsection (2), the Board shall issue the decision statement referred to in section 54 of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012 in respect of the physical activity within 12 months after the day on which the applicant has, in the Board’s opinion, provided a complete application.
Marginal note:Physical activity
(2) The physical activity in question is a physical activity that:
(a) is carried out in the offshore area;
(b) is designated by regulations made under paragraph 84(a) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012 or in an order made under subsection 14(2) of that Act;
(c) is one for which the Board is the responsible authority as defined in subsection 2(1) of that Act; and
(d) is one in relation to which an environmental assessment was not referred to a review panel under section 38 of that Act.
It includes any physical activity that is incidental to the physical activity described in paragraphs (a) to (d).
Marginal note:Excluded period
(3) If the Board requires the applicant to provide information or undertake a study with respect to the physical activity, the period that is taken by the applicant, in the Board’s opinion, to comply with the requirement is not included in the calculation of the period referred to in subsection (1).
Marginal note:Public notice
(4) The Board shall, without delay, make public
(a) the date on which the 12-month period referred to in subsection (1) begins; and
(b) the dates on which the period referred to in subsection (3) begins and ends.
- 2015, c. 4, s. 87
- Date modified: