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Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

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Act current to 2019-07-01 and last amended on 2019-06-21. Previous Versions

PART XXII.1Remediation Agreements (continued)

Marginal note:Mandatory contents of agreement

  •  (1) A remediation agreement must include

    • (a) a statement of facts related to the offence that the organization is alleged to have committed and an undertaking by the organization not to make or condone any public statement that contradicts those facts;

    • (b) the organization’s admission of responsibility for the act or omission that forms the basis of the offence;

    • (c) an indication of the obligation for the organization to provide any other information that will assist in identifying any person involved in the act or omission, or any wrongdoing related to that act or omission, that the organization becomes aware of, or can obtain through reasonable efforts, after the agreement has been entered into;

    • (d) an indication of the obligation for the organization to cooperate in any investigation, prosecution or other proceeding in Canada — or elsewhere if the prosecutor considers it appropriate — resulting from the act or omission, including by providing information or testimony;

    • (e) with respect to any property, benefit or advantage identified in the agreement that was obtained or derived directly or indirectly from the act or omission, an obligation for the organization to

      • (i) forfeit it to Her Majesty in right of Canada, to be disposed of in accordance with paragraph 4(1)(b.2) of the Seized Property Management Act,

      • (ii) forfeit it to Her Majesty in right of a province, to be disposed of as the Attorney General directs, or

      • (iii) otherwise deal with it, as the prosecutor directs;

    • (f) an indication of the obligation for the organization to pay a penalty to the Receiver General or to the treasurer of a province, as the case may be, for each offence to which the agreement applies, the amount to be paid and any other terms respecting payment;

    • (g) an indication of any reparations, including restitution consistent with paragraph 738(1)(a) or (b), that the organization is required to make to a victim or a statement by the prosecutor of the reasons why reparations to a victim are not appropriate in the circumstances and an indication of any measure required in lieu of reparations to a victim;

    • (h) an indication of the obligation for the organization to pay a victim surcharge for each offence to which the agreement applies, other than an offence under section 3 or 4 of the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act, the amount to be paid and any other terms respecting payment;

    • (i) an indication of the obligation for the organization to report to the prosecutor on the implementation of the agreement and an indication of the manner in which the report is to be made and any other terms respecting reporting;

    • (j) an indication of the legal effects of the agreement;

    • (k) an acknowledgement by the organization that the agreement has been made in good faith and that the information it has provided during the negotiation is accurate and complete and a commitment that it will continue to provide accurate and complete information while the agreement is in force;

    • (l) an indication of the use that can be made of information obtained as a result of the agreement, subject to subsection (2);

    • (m) a warning that the breach of any term of the agreement may lead to an application by the prosecutor for termination of the agreement and a recommencement of proceedings;

    • (n) an indication of the obligation for the organization not to deduct, for income tax purposes, the costs of any reparations or other measures referred to in paragraph (g) or any other costs incurred to fulfil the terms of the agreement;

    • (o) a notice of the prosecutor’s right to vary or terminate the agreement with the approval of the court; and

    • (p) an indication of the deadline by which the organization must meet the terms of the agreement.

  • Marginal note:Admissions not admissible in evidence

    (2) No admission, confession or statement accepting responsibility for a given act or omission made by the organization as a result of the agreement is admissible in evidence against that organization in any civil or criminal proceedings related to that act or omission, except those contained in the statement of facts and admission of responsibility referred to in paragraphs (1)(a) and (b), if the agreement is approved by the court.

  • Marginal note:Optional content of agreement

    (3) A remediation agreement may include, among other things,

    • (a) an indication of the obligation for the organization to establish, implement or enhance compliance measures to address any deficiencies in the organization’s policies, standards or procedures — including those related to internal control procedures and employee training — that may have allowed the act or omission;

    • (b) an indication of the obligation for the organization to reimburse the prosecutor for any costs identified in the agreement that are related to its administration and that have or will be incurred by the prosecutor; and

    • (c) an indication of the fact that an independent monitor has been appointed, as selected with the prosecutor’s approval, to verify and report to the prosecutor on the organization’s compliance with the obligation referred to in paragraph (a), or any other obligation in the agreement identified by the prosecutor, as well as an indication of the organization’s obligations with respect to that monitor, including the obligations to cooperate with the monitor and pay the monitor’s costs.

  • 2018, c. 12, s. 404
  • 2019, c. 29, s. 121(F)

Marginal note:Independent monitor — conflict of interest

 A candidate for appointment as an independent monitor must notify the prosecutor in writing of any previous or ongoing relationship, in particular with the organization or any of its representatives, that may have a real or perceived impact on the candidate’s ability to provide an independent verification.

  • 2018, c. 12, s. 404

Marginal note:Duty to inform victims

  •  (1) After an organization has accepted the offer to negotiate according to the terms of the notice referred to in section 715.33, the prosecutor must take reasonable steps to inform any victim, or any third party that is acting on the victim’s behalf, that a remediation agreement may be entered into.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (2) The duty to inform any victim is to be construed and applied in a manner that is reasonable in the circumstances and not likely to interfere with the proper administration of justice, including by causing interference with prosecutorial discretion or compromising, hindering or causing excessive delay to the negotiation of an agreement or its conclusion.

  • Marginal note:Reasons

    (3) If the prosecutor elects not to inform a victim or third party under subsection (1), they must provide the court, when applying for approval of the agreement, with a statement of the reasons why it was not appropriate to do so in the circumstances.

  • 2018, c. 12, s. 404

Marginal note:Application for court approval

  •  (1) When the prosecutor and the organization have agreed to the terms of a remediation agreement, the prosecutor must apply to the court in writing for an order approving the agreement.

  • Marginal note:Coming into force

    (2) The coming into force of the agreement is subject to the approval of the court.

  • Marginal note:Consideration of victims

    (3) To determine whether to approve the agreement, the court hearing an application must consider

    • (a) any reparations, statement and other measure referred to in paragraph 715.34(1)(g);

    • (b) any statement made by the prosecutor under subsection 715.36(3);

    • (c) any victim or community impact statement presented to the court; and

    • (d) any victim surcharge referred to in paragraph 715.34(1)(h).

  • Marginal note:Victim or community impact statement

    (4) For the purpose of paragraph (3)(c), the rules provided for in sections 722 to 722.2 apply, other than subsection 722(6), with any necessary modifications and, in particular,

    • (a) a victim or community impact statement, or any other evidence concerning any victim, must be considered when determining whether to approve the agreement under subsection (6);

    • (b) the inquiry referred to in subsection 722(2) must be made at the hearing of the application; and

    • (c) the duty of the clerk under section 722.1 or subsection 722.2(5) is deemed to be the duty of the prosecutor to make reasonable efforts to provide a copy of the statement to the organization or counsel for the organization as soon as feasible after the prosecutor obtains it.

  • Marginal note:Victim surcharge

    (5) For the purpose of paragraph 715.34(1)(h), the amount of the victim surcharge is 30% of any penalty referred to in paragraph 715.34(1)(f), or any other percentage that the prosecutor deems appropriate in the circumstances, and is payable to the treasurer of the province in which the application for approval referred to in section 715.37 is made.

  • Marginal note:Approval order

    (6) The court must, by order, approve the agreement if it is satisfied that

    • (a) the organization is charged with an offence to which the agreement applies;

    • (b) the agreement is in the public interest; and

    • (c) the terms of the agreement are fair, reasonable and proportionate to the gravity of the offence.

  • Marginal note:Stay of proceedings

    (7) As soon as practicable after the court approves the agreement, the prosecutor must direct the clerk or other proper officer of the court to make an entry on the record that the proceedings against the organization in respect of any offence to which the agreement applies are stayed by that direction and that entry must be made immediately, after which time the proceedings shall be stayed accordingly.

  • Marginal note:Other proceedings

    (8) No other proceedings may be initiated against the organization for the same offence while the agreement is in force.

  • Marginal note:Limitation period

    (9) The running of a limitation period in respect of any offence to which the agreement applies is suspended while the agreement is in force.

  • 2018, c. 12, s. 404
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