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Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2019-07-01 and last amended on 2019-06-21. Previous Versions

AMENDMENTS NOT IN FORCE

  • — 2001, c. 32, ss. 82(1), (3)

    • Bill C-15
      • 82 (1) If Bill C-15 [C-10A]Footnote *, introduced in the 1st session of the 37th Parliament and entitled the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 2001 (the “other Act” [2003, c. 8]Footnote *), receives royal assent, then the provisions mentioned in subsections (2) to (4) are amended as provided in those subsections.

      • Criminal Code — subsection 515(4.1) (French version) replaced

        (3) On the later of the coming into force of subsection 37(1) of this Act and section 32 [8]Footnote * of the other Act [2003, c. 8]Footnote *, subsection 515(4.1) of the French version of the Criminal Code is replaced by the following :

        • Condition additionnelle

          (4.1) Lorsqu’il rend une ordonnance en vertu du paragraphe (2) dans le cas d’une infraction perpétrée avec usage, tentative ou menace de violence contre autrui, de l’infraction visée aux articles 264 (harcèlement criminel) ou 423.1 (intimidation d’une personne associée au système judiciaire), d’une infraction aux paragraphes 5(1) ou (2), 6(1) ou (2) ou 7(1) de la Loi réglementant certaines drogues et autres substances ou d’une infraction relative à une arme à feu, une arbalète, une arme prohibée, une arme à autorisation restreinte, un dispositif prohibé, des munitions, des munitions prohibées ou des substances explosives, le juge de paix doit, s’il en arrive à la conclusion qu’il est souhaitable de le faire pour la sécurité du prévenu, de la victime ou de toute autre personne, assortir l’ordonnance d’une condition lui interdisant, jusqu’à ce qu’il soit jugé conformément à la loi, d’avoir en sa possession de tels objets ou l’un ou plusieurs de ceux ci.

  • — 2015, c. 16, s. 3

    • 3 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 279.04:

      • Sentences to be served consecutively

        279.05 A sentence imposed on a person for an offence under sections 279.01 to 279.03 shall be served consecutively to any other punishment imposed on the person for an offence arising out of the same event or series of events and to any other sentence to which the person is subject at the time the sentence is imposed on the person for an offence under any of those sections.

  • — 2015, c. 23, s. 30

    • 2010, c. 17, s. 21(2)

      30 Subsection 490.031(3) of the Criminal Code is replaced by the following:

      • Proof of certain facts by certificate

        (3) In proceedings under subsection (1), a certificate of a person referred to in paragraph 16(2)(b) of the Sex Offender Information Registration Act stating that the sex offender failed to report under section 4, 4.1, 4.2 or 4.3 — or provide information under section 5 or notify a person under subsection 6(1) or (1.01) — of that Act is evidence of the statements contained in it without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it.

  • — 2015, c. 23, s. 31

    • 2007, c. 5, s. 29

      31 The portion of section 490.0311 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

  • — 2017, c. 27, s. 61

    • 61 The Criminal Code is amended by adding the following after section 117.07:

      • Preclearance officers

        117.071 Despite any other provision of this Act, but subject to section 117.1, no preclearance officer, as defined in section 5 of the Preclearance Act, 2016, is guilty of an offence under this Act or the Firearms Act by reason only that the preclearance officer

        • (a) possesses a firearm, a prohibited weapon, a restricted weapon, a prohibited device or any prohibited ammunition in the course of or for the purpose of their duties or employment;

        • (b) transfers or offers to transfer a firearm, a prohibited weapon, a restricted weapon, a prohibited device, any ammunition or any prohibited ammunition in the course of their duties or employment;

        • (c) exports or imports a firearm, a prohibited weapon, a restricted weapon, a prohibited device or any prohibited ammunition in the course of their duties or employment; or

        • (d) fails to report the loss, theft or finding of any firearm, prohibited weapon, restricted weapon, prohibited device, ammunition, prohibited ammunition or explosive substance that occurs in the course of their duties or employment or the destruction of any such thing in the course of their duties or employment.

  • — 2017, c. 27, s. 62

    • 62 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 579:

      • Instruction to stay
        • 579.001 (1) The Attorney General or counsel instructed by him or her for that purpose shall, at any time after proceedings in relation to an act or omission of a preclearance officer, as defined in section 5 of the Preclearance Act, 2016, are commenced and before judgment, direct the clerk or other proper officer of the court to make an entry on the record that the proceedings are stayed by direction of the Attorney General if the Government of the United States has provided notice of the exercise of primary criminal jurisdiction under paragraph 14 of Article X of the Agreement.

        • Stay

          (2) The clerk or other officer of the court shall make the entry immediately after being so directed, and on the entry being made the proceedings are stayed and any recognizance relating to the proceedings is vacated.

        • Recommencement

          (3) The proceedings may be recommenced without laying a new information or preferring a new indictment, if the Attorney General or counsel instructed by him or her gives notice to the clerk or other officer of the court that

          • (a) the Government of the United States has provided notice of waiver under paragraph 15 of Article X of the Agreement; or

          • (b) the Government of the United States has declined, or is unable, to prosecute the accused and the accused has returned to Canada.

        • Proceedings deemed never commenced

          (4) However, if the Attorney General or counsel does not give notice under subsection (3) on or before the first anniversary of the day on which the stay of proceedings was entered, the proceedings are deemed never to have been commenced.

        • Definition of Agreement

          (5) In this section, Agreement means the Agreement on Land, Rail, Marine, and Air Transport Preclearance between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States of America, done at Washington on March 16, 2015.

  • — 2018, c. 16, s. 190

    • Bill C-28

      190 If Bill C-28, introduced in the 1st session of the 42nd Parliament and entitled An Act to amend the Criminal Code (victim surcharge), receives royal assent, then, on the first day on which both subsection 2(1) of that Act and section 222 of this Act are in force, subsection 737(1) of the Criminal Code is replaced by the following:

      • Victim surcharge
        • 737 (1) Subject to subsection (1.1), an offender who is convicted, or discharged under section 730, of an offence under this Act, the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act or the Cannabis Act shall pay a victim surcharge for each offence, in addition to any other punishment imposed on the offender.

  • — 2018, c. 21, ss. 51(1), (2)

    • Bill C-39
      • 51 (1) Subsections (2) and (3) apply if Bill C-39, introduced in the 1st session of the 42nd Parliament and entitled An Act to amend the Criminal Code (unconstitutional provisions) and to make consequential amendments to other Acts (in this section referred to as the other Act), receives royal assent.

      • (2) If subsections 7(1) and (3) of this Act come into force before subsections 10(3) and (4) of the other Act, then those subsections 10(3) and (4) are deemed never to have come into force and are repealed.

  • — 2018, c. 26, s. 23

    • 23 Paragraph (h) of the definition offence in section 183 of the Criminal Code is amended by adding the following after subparagaph (ii):

      • (ii.1) section 14.2 (broker or attempt to broker),

  • — 2018, c. 29, s. 79

    • Bill C-39
      • 79 (1) Subsections (2) and (3) apply if Bill C-39, introduced in the 1st session of the 42nd Parliament and entitled An Act to amend the Criminal Code (unconstitutional provisions) and to make consequential amendments to other Acts (in this section referred to as the other Act), receives royal assent.

      • (2) If section 66 of this Act comes into force before section 20 of the other Act, then that section 20 is repealed.

  • — 2018, c. 29, s. 80

    • Bill C-337
      • 80 (1) Subsection (2) applies if Bill C-337, introduced in the 1st session of the 42nd Parliament and entitled the Judicial Accountability through Sexual Assault Law Training Act (in this section referred to as the other Act), receives royal assent.

      • (2) On the first day on which both section 25 of this Act and section 5 of the other Act are in force, section 278.92 of the Criminal Code, as enacted by section 5 of the other Act, is renumbered as section 278.98 and is repositioned accordingly.

  • — 2019, c. 9, s. 16

    • 2015, c. 27, s. 18

      16 The definition non-restricted firearm in subsection 84(1) of the Criminal Code is replaced by the following:

      non-restricted firearm

      non-restricted firearm means a firearm that is neither a prohibited firearm nor a restricted firearm; (arme à feu sans restriction)

  • — 2019, c. 9, s. 18

    • 2015, c. 27, s. 34

      18 Subsections 117.15(3) and (4) of the Act are repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 15, s. 47

    • 2001, c. 32, s. 11
      • 47 (1) Paragraph 423.1(1)(b) of the Criminal Code is replaced by the following:

        • (b) a justice system participant or military justice system participant in order to impede him or her in the performance of his or her duties; or

      • (2) Section 423.1 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (3):

        • Definition of military justice system participant

          (4) In this section, military justice system participant has the same meaning as in subsection 2(1) of the National Defence Act.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 1

    • 2001, c. 41, s. 2(1); 2002, c. 7, s. 137(1); 2005, c. 40, s. 1(2) and s. 7; 2013, c. 13, s. 2(1); 2014, c. 23, s. 2; 2015, c. 3, s. 44(4)(E) and c. 20, s. 15(1)
      • 1 (1) The definition Attorney General in section 2 of the Criminal Code is replaced by the following:

        Attorney General

        Attorney General

        • (a) with respect to proceedings to which this Act applies, means the Attorney General or Solicitor General of the province in which those proceedings are taken and includes his or her lawful deputy or, if those proceedings are referred to in subsection 2.3(1), the Attorney General of Canada or the Attorney General or Solicitor General of the province in which those proceedings are taken and includes the lawful deputy of any of them,

        • (b) means the Attorney General of Canada and includes his or her lawful deputy with respect to

          • (i) Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, or

          • (ii) proceedings commenced at the instance of the Government of Canada and conducted by or on behalf of that Government in respect of an offence under any Act of Parliament — other than this Act or the Canada Elections Act — or any regulation made under such an Act, and

        • (c) means the Director of Public Prosecutions appointed under subsection 3(1) of the Director of Public Prosecutions Act with respect to proceedings in relation to an offence under the Canada Elections Act; (procureur général)

      • (2) Section 2 of the Act is amended by adding the following in alphabetical order:

        audioconference

        audioconference means any means of telecommunication that allows the judge or justice and any individual to communicate orally in a proceeding; (audioconférence)

        videoconference

        videoconference means any means of telecommunication that allows the judge, justice or chairperson of a Review Board, as defined in subsection 672.1(1), and any individual to engage in simultaneous visual and oral communication in a proceeding; (vidéoconférence)

      • (3) Section 2 of the Act is amended by adding the following in alphabetical order:

        appearance notice

        appearance notice means a notice in Form 9 issued by a peace officer; (citation à comparaître)

        intimate partner

        intimate partner with respect to a person, includes their current or former spouse, common-law partner and dating partner; (partenaire intime)

        recognizance

        recognizance means a recognizance in Form 32 entered into before a judge or justice; (engagement)

        release order

        release order means an order in Form 11 made by a judge as defined in section 493 or a justice; (ordonnance de mise en liberté)

        summons

        summons means a summons in Form 6 issued by a judge or justice or by the chairperson of a Review Board as defined in subsection 672.1(1); (sommation)

        undertaking

        undertaking means, unless a contrary intention appears, an undertaking in Form 10 given to a peace officer; (promesse)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 2, as amended by 2019, c. 25, s. 404(2)

    • 2 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 2.2:

      • Concurrent jurisdiction
        • 2.3 (1) The proceedings for the purposes of paragraph (a) of the definition Attorney General in section 2 are

          • (a) proceedings in relation to an offence under subsection 7(2.01), (2.3) or (2.31) or section 57, 58, 83.12, 103, 104, 121.1, 380, 382, 382.1, 400, 424.1, 431.1, 467.11 or 467.111 or in relation to any terrorism offence;

          • (b) proceedings in relation to an offence against a member of United Nations personnel or associated personnel under section 235, 236, 266 to 269, 269.1, 271 to 273, 279 or 279.1;

          • (c) proceedings in relation to an offence referred to in subsection 7(3.71) or in relation to an offence referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition terrorist activity in subsection 83.01(1) if the act or omission constituting the offence was committed outside Canada and is deemed under any of subsections 7(2), (2.1) to (2.21), (3), (3.1), (3.72) and (3.73) to have been committed in Canada;

          • (d) proceedings in relation to an offence if the act or omission constituting the offence is a terrorist activity referred to in paragraph (b) of the definition terrorist activity in subsection 83.01(1) and was committed outside Canada and is deemed by virtue of subsection 7(3.74) or (3.75) to have been committed in Canada;

          • (e) a proceeding in relation to an offence under section 811 that arises out of a breach of a recognizance made under section 810.01 or 810.011, if he or she has given consent to the information referred to in those sections; and

          • (f) proceedings under section 83.13, 83.14, 83.222, 83.223 or 83.3.

        • For greater certainty — Attorney General of Canada

          (2) For greater certainty, the Attorney General of Canada or his or her lawful deputy may, in respect of an offence referred to in subsection (1) or an offence under any Act of Parliament — other than this Act or the Canada Elections Act — or any regulation made under such an Act, exercise all the powers and perform all the duties and functions assigned to the Attorney General by or under this Act, and those powers include the power to commence and to conduct

          • (a) a proceeding for conspiring or attempting to commit such an offence or for being an accessory after the fact or counselling a person to be a party to such an offence;

          • (b) a proceeding in relation to a criminal organization offence that arises out of conduct that relates, in whole or in part, to any offence for which he or she has the power to commence and to conduct a proceeding;

          • (c) a proceeding in relation to an offence referred to in section 354, 355.2, 355.4 or 462.31 that arises out of conduct that relates, in whole or in part, to any offence for which he or she has the power to commence and to conduct a proceeding or out of any act or omission that, if it had occurred in Canada, would have constituted such an offence;

          • (d) a proceeding for the breach of any court order made in the course of a proceeding commenced or conducted by him or her;

          • (e) a proceeding for the failure to comply with any condition associated with the release of a person by a peace officer or other competent authority — including a condition to appear at a specified time and place — in relation to any offence for which he or she has the power to commence and to conduct a proceeding; and

          • (f) any ancillary proceedings in relation to any offence for which he or she has the power to commence and to conduct a proceeding.

        • For greater certainty — Director of Public Prosecutions

          (3) For greater certainty, in respect of an offence under the Canada Elections Act, the Director of Public Prosecutions, subject to the Director of Public Prosecutions Act, exercises the powers and performs the duties and functions of the Attorney General of Canada referred to in subsection (2).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 3

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 2

      3 Section 3.1 of the Act is renumbered as subsection 3.1(1) and is amended by adding the following:

      • Clerk of the court

        (2) Unless otherwise provided or ordered, if anything is done from the bench by a court, justice or judge and it is reduced to writing, the clerk of the court may sign the writing.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 4(1)

    • 1999, c. 35, s. 11
      • 4 (1) Subsection 7(2.32) of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 5

    • 5 Section 20 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Certain acts on holidays valid

        20 A warrant, summons, appearance notice, undertaking, release order or recognizance that is authorized by this Act may be executed, issued, given or entered into, as the case may be, on a holiday.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 6

      • 6 (1) The portion of subsection 52(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Sabotage
          • 52 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who does a prohibited act for a purpose prejudicial to

      • (2) The portion of subsection 52(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 7

    • 7 Subsection 57(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Possession of forged, etc., passport

        (3) Every person who, without lawful excuse, has in their possession a forged passport or a passport in respect of which an offence under subsection (2) has been committed is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 8

      • 8 (1) The portion of subsection 58(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Fraudulent use of certificate of citizenship
          • 58 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, while in or outside Canada,

      • (2) The portion of subsection 58(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 9

      • 9 (1) The portion of subsection 62(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Offences in relation to military forces
          • 62 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who intentionally

      • (2) The portion of subsection 62(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (c) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 10

    • 2013, c. 15, s. 2

      10 Section 65 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Punishment of rioter
        • 65 (1) Every person who takes part in a riot is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

        • Concealment of identity

          (2) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1) while wearing a mask or other disguise to conceal their identity without lawful excuse is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 11

    • 11 Section 69 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Neglect by peace officer

        69 A peace officer who receives notice that there is a riot within their jurisdiction and, without reasonable excuse, fails to take all reasonable steps to suppress the riot is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 12

    • 12 Subsection 70(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Punishment

        (3) Every person who contravenes an order made under this section is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 13

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 11; 1992, c. 1, s. 58(1) (Sch. I, s. 2)

      13 Paragraphs 73(a) and (b) of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 14

    • 1997, c. 23, s. 2

      14 Subsection 82(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Possession of explosive
        • 82 (1) Every person who, without lawful excuse, makes or has in their possession or under their care or control any explosive substance is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 15

    • 2001, c. 41, s. 4
      • 15 (1) The portion of section 83.02 of the English version of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Providing or collecting property for certain activities

          83.02 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years who, directly or indirectly, wilfully and without lawful justification or excuse, provides or collects property intending that it be used or knowing that it will be used, in whole or in part, in order to carry out

      • 2001, c. 41, s. 4

        (2) The portion of section 83.02 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 16

    • 2001, c. 41, s. 4
      • 16 (1) The portion of section 83.03 of the English version of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Providing, making available, etc., property or services for terrorist purposes

          83.03 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years who, directly or indirectly, collects property, provides or invites a person to provide, or makes available property or financial or other related services

      • 2001, c. 41, s. 4

        (2) The portion of section 83.03 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 17

    • 2001, c. 41, s. 4
      • 17 (1) The portion of section 83.04 of the English version of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Using or possessing property for terrorist purposes

          83.04 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years who

      • 2001, c. 41, s. 4

        (2) The portion of section 83.04 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 18

    • 2001, c. 41, s. 4
      • 18 (1) The portion of subsection 83.12(1) of the English version of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Offences — freezing of property, disclosure or audit
          • 83.12 (1) Every person who contravenes any of sections 83.08, 83.1 and 83.11 is guilty of an offence and liable

      • 2001, c. 41, s. 4

        (2) Paragraphs 83.12(1)(a) and (b) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • (a) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

        • (b) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $100,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 19

    • 2001, c. 41, s. 4

      19 Subsection 83.13(11) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Procedure

        (11) Subsections 462.32(4) and (6), sections 462.34 to 462.35 and 462.4, subsection 487(3) and section 488 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to a warrant issued under paragraph (1)(a). Any peace officer who executes the warrant must have authority to act as a peace officer in the place where it is executed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 20

    • 2001, c. 41, s. 4

      20 Subsection 83.18(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Participation in activity of terrorist group
        • 83.18 (1) Every person who knowingly participates in or contributes to, directly or indirectly, any activity of a terrorist group for the purpose of enhancing the ability of any terrorist group to facilitate or carry out a terrorist activity is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 21

    • 2013, c. 9, s. 6

      21 Section 83.181 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Leaving Canada to participate in activity of terrorist group

        83.181 Every person who leaves or attempts to leave Canada, or goes or attempts to go on board a conveyance with the intent to leave Canada, for the purpose of committing an act or omission outside Canada that, if committed in Canada, would be an offence under subsection 83.18(1) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 22

    • 2013, c. 9, s. 9
      • 22 (1) Subsection 83.23(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Concealing person who carried out terrorist activity
          • 83.23 (1) Every person who knowingly harbours or conceals another person whom they know to be a person who has carried out a terrorist activity, for the purpose of enabling that other person to facilitate or carry out any terrorist activity, is guilty of

            • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 14 years, if the person who is harboured or concealed carried out a terrorist activity that is a terrorism offence for which that person is liable to imprisonment for life; and

            • (b) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years, if the person who is harboured or concealed carried out a terrorist activity that is a terrorism offence for which that person is liable to any other punishment.

      • (2) Subsection 83.23(2) of the English version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Concealing person who is likely to carry out terrorist activity

          (2) Every person who knowingly harbours or conceals another person whom they know to be a person who is likely to carry out a terrorist activity, for the purpose of enabling that other person to facilitate or carry out any terrorist activity, is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 23

    • 2004, c. 15, s. 32

      23 Paragraph 83.231(3)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 24

    • 2013, c. 9, s. 10

      24 The portion of subsection 83.3(6) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

      • When person to be taken before judge

        (6) Unless a peace officer is satisfied that a person should be released from custody without conditions before their appearance before a provincial court judge in accordance with the rules in paragraph (a) or (b), and so releases the person, the person detained in custody shall be taken before a provincial court judge in accordance with the following rules:

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 25

    • 1995, c. 39, s. 139

      25 Paragraph 95(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 26

    • 1995, c. 39, s. 139

      26 Paragraph 96(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 27

    • 1995, c. 39, s. 139

      27 Paragraph 102(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 28

    • 1995, c. 39, s. 139

      28 Subsection 103(3) of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 29

    • 1995, c. 39, s. 139

      29 Subsection 104(3) of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 30

    • 2015, c. 27, s. 30

      30 Subparagraph 109(1)(a.1)(i) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (i) the person’s intimate partner,

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 31

    • 2015, c. 27, s. 31(2)

      31 Paragraph 110(2.1)(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (a) the person’s intimate partner;

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 32

    • 2015, c. 27, s. 32

      32 Section 110.1 of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 33

    • 33 Subsection 121(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Punishment

        (3) Every person who commits an offence under this section is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 34

    • 2014, c. 23, s. 3
      • 34 (1) The portion of subsection 121.1(4) of the French version of the Act before subparagraph (a)(i) is replaced by the following:

        • Peine

          (4) Quiconque contrevient au paragraphe (1) est coupable :

          • a) soit d’un acte criminel passible d’un emprisonnement maximal de cinq ans et, si la quantité de produits du tabac est égale ou supérieure à 10 000 cigarettes ou à 10 kg de tout autre produit du tabac, ou si celle de tabac en feuilles est égale ou supérieure à 10 kg :

      • 2014, c. 23, s. 3

        (2) Paragraph 121.1(4)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 35

    • 35 Section 122 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Breach of trust by public officer

        122 Every official who, in connection with the duties of their office, commits fraud or a breach of trust, whether or not the fraud or breach of trust would be an offence if it were committed in relation to a private person, is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 36

    • 2007, c. 13, s. 6
      • 36 (1) The portion of subsection 123(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Municipal corruption
          • 123 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who directly or indirectly gives, offers or agrees to give or offer to a municipal official or to anyone for the benefit of a municipal official — or, being a municipal official, directly or indirectly demands, accepts or offers or agrees to accept from any person for themselves or another person — a loan, reward, advantage or benefit of any kind as consideration for the official

      • 2007, c. 13, s. 6

        (2) The portion of subsection 123(2) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Influencing municipal official

          (2) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who influences or attempts to influence a municipal official to do anything mentioned in paragraphs (1)(a) to (d) by

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 37

      • 37 (1) The portion of section 124 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Selling or purchasing office

          124 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of section 124 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 38(1)

      • 38 (1) The portion of section 125 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Influencing or negotiating appointments or dealing in offices

          125 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 39

    • 39 Subsection 126(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Disobeying a statute
        • 126 (1) Every person who, without lawful excuse, contravenes an Act of Parliament by intentionally doing anything that it forbids or by intentionally omitting to do anything that it requires to be done is, unless a punishment is expressly provided by law, guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 40

      • 40 (1) The portion of section 128 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Misconduct of officers executing process

          128 Every peace officer or coroner is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, being entrusted with the execution of a process, intentionally

      • (2) The portion of section 128 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 41

    • 1999, c. 18, s. 93

      41 Subsection 136(1.1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Evidence in specific cases

        (1.1) Evidence given under section 714.1, 714.2 or 714.3 or under subsection 46(2) of the Canada Evidence Act or evidence or a statement given under an order made under section 22.2 of the Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act is deemed to be evidence given by a witness in a judicial proceeding for the purposes of subsection (1).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 42

      • 42 (1) The portion of section 138 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Offences relating to affidavits

          138 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of section 138 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (c) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 43

    • 43 Subsection 139(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Idem

        (2) Every person who intentionally attempts in any manner other than a manner described in subsection (1) to obstruct, pervert or defeat the course of justice is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 44

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 19

      44 Subsection 141(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Compounding indictable offence
        • 141 (1) Every person who asks for or obtains or agrees to receive or obtain any valuable consideration for themselves or any other person by agreeing to compound or conceal an indictable offence is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 45

    • 45 Section 142 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Corruptly taking reward for recovery of goods

        142 Every person who corruptly accepts any valuable consideration, directly or indirectly, under pretence or on account of helping any person to recover anything obtained by the commission of an indictable offence is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 46

      • 46 (1) The portion of section 144 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Prison breach

          144 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of section 144 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 47

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 20(1); 1997, c. 18, ss. 3(1) and (2); 2008, c. 18, s. 3
      • 47 (1) Subsections 145(1) to (6) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Escape and being at large without excuse
          • 145 (1) Every person who escapes from lawful custody or who is, before the expiration of a term of imprisonment to which they were sentenced, at large in or outside Canada without lawful excuse, is guilty of

            • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

            • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

          • Failure to attend court or surrender

            (2) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who,

            • (a) is at large on a release order and who fails, without lawful excuse, to attend court in accordance with the release order;

            • (b) having appeared before a court, justice or judge, fails, without lawful excuse, to subsequently attend court as required by the court, justice or judge; or

            • (c) fails to surrender themselves in accordance with an order of the court, justice or judge, as the case may be.

          • Failure to comply with appearance notice or summons

            (3) Every person who is named in an appearance notice that has been confirmed by a justice under section 508 or who is served with a summons and who fails, without lawful excuse, to appear at the time and place stated in the notice or the summons, as the case may be, for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act, or to attend court in accordance with the notice or the summons, as the case may be, is guilty of

            • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

            • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

          • Failure to comply with undertaking

            (4) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or an offence punishable on summary conviction who,

            • (a) is at large on an undertaking and who fails, without lawful excuse, to comply with a condition of that undertaking; or

            • (b) is at large on an undertaking that has been confirmed by a justice under section 508 and who fails, without lawful excuse, to appear at the time and place stated in the undertaking for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act or to attend court in accordance with the undertaking.

          • Failure to comply with order

            (5) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years, or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction, who

            • (a) is at large on a release order and who fails, without lawful excuse, to comply with a condition of that release order other than the condition to attend court; or

            • (b) is bound to comply with an order under subsection 515(12), 516(2) or 522(2.1) and who fails, without lawful excuse, to comply with that order.

          • Not an excuse

            (6) For the purposes of subsections (3) and (4), it is not a lawful excuse that an appearance notice or undertaking states defectively the substance of the alleged offence.

      • 1992, c. 47, s. 68; 1994, c. 44, s. 8(3); 1996, c. 7, s. 38; 1997, c. 18, s. 3(3)

        (2) Subsections 145(8) and (9) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Election of Crown under Contraventions Act

          (8) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(a) and subsections (3) to (5), it is a lawful excuse to fail to attend court in accordance with a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order, to comply with a condition of an undertaking or release order or to fail to appear at the time and place stated in a summons, an appearance notice or an undertaking for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act if — before the failure — the Attorney General, within the meaning of the Contraventions Act, makes an election under section 50 of that Act.

        • Proof of certain facts by certificate

          (9) In any proceedings under subsections (2) to (4), a certificate of the clerk of the court or a judge of the court before which the accused is alleged to have failed to attend or of the person in charge of the place at which it is alleged the accused failed to attend for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act is evidence of the statements contained in the certificate without proof of the signature or the official character of the person appearing to have signed the certificate if the certificate states that,

          • (a) in the case of proceedings under subsection (2), the accused failed to attend court as required by the release order or, having attended court, failed to subsequently attend court as required by the court, judge or justice or failed to surrender in accordance with an order of the court, judge or justice, as the case may be;

          • (b) in the case of proceedings under subsection (3), the accused was named in an appearance notice that was confirmed by a justice under section 508 and the accused failed to attend court in accordance with the notice or failed to appear at the time and place stated in the notice for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act, as the case may be;

          • (c) in the case of proceedings under subsection (3), a summons was issued to and served on the accused and the accused failed to attend court in accordance with the summons or failed to appear at the time and place stated in the summons for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act, as the case may be; and

          • (d) in the case of proceedings under subsection (4), the accused was at large on an undertaking that was confirmed by a justice under section 508, and the accused failed to attend court in accordance with the undertaking or failed to appear at the time and place stated in the undertaking for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act, as the case may be.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 48

      • 48 (1) The portion of section 146 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Permitting or assisting escape

          146 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of section 146 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (c) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 49

      • 49 (1) The portion of section 147 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Rescue or permitting escape

          147 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of section 147 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (c) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 50

      • 50 (1) The portion of section 148 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Assisting prisoner of war to escape

          148 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who knowingly

      • (2) The portion of section 148 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 52

    • 1998, c. 9, s. 2
      • 52 (1) Subsection 153.1(1) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Personnes en situation d’autorité
          • 153.1 (1) Toute personne qui est en situation d’autorité ou de confiance vis-à-vis d’une personne ayant une déficience mentale ou physique ou à l’égard de laquelle celle-ci est en situation de dépendance et qui, à des fins d’ordre sexuel, engage ou incite la personne handicapée à la toucher, à se toucher ou à toucher un tiers, sans son consentement, directement ou indirectement, avec une partie du corps ou avec un objet est coupable :

            • a) soit d’un acte criminel passible d’un emprisonnement maximal de cinq ans;

            • b) soit d’une infraction punissable sur déclaration de culpabilité par procédure sommaire.

      • 1998, c. 9, s. 2

        (2) Paragraph 153.1(1)(b) of the English version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 55(2)

      • 2015, c. 23, s. 6

        55 (2) Paragraph 161(4)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 56

    • 2015, c. 23, s. 33

      56 Paragraph 162.2(4)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 57

    • 57 Subsection 172(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Corrupting children
        • 172 (1) Every person who, in the home of a child, participates in adultery or sexual immorality or indulges in habitual drunkenness or any other form of vice, and by doing so endangers the morals of the child or renders the home an unfit place for the child to be in, is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 58

    • 2012, c. 1, s. 23

      58 Paragraph 173(1)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 59

      • 59 (1) The portion of subsection 176(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Obstructing or violence to or arrest of officiating clergyman
          • 176 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of subsection 176(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 61

      • 61 (1) The portion of subsection 180(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Common nuisance
          • 180 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who commits a common nuisance and by doing so

      • (2) The portion of subsection 180(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 63

      • 63 (1) The portion of section 182 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Dead body

          182 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of section 182 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 64

    • 64 Subsection 184(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Interception
        • 184 (1) Every person who, by means of any electro-magnetic, acoustic, mechanical or other device, knowingly intercepts a private communication is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 65

    • 1993, c. 40, s. 4

      65 Subsection 184.5(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Interception of radio-based telephone communications
        • 184.5 (1) Every person who intercepts, by means of any electro-magnetic, acoustic, mechanical or other device, maliciously or for gain, a radio-based telephone communication, if the originator of the communication or the person intended by the originator of the communication to receive it is in Canada, is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 66

    • 1993, c. 40, s. 9

      66 Section 188.1 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Execution in Canada

        188.1 An authorization given under section 184.2, 184.3, 186 or 188 may be executed at any place in Canada. Any peace officer who executes the authorization must have authority to act as a peace officer in the place where it is executed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 67

    • 67 Subsection 191(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Possession, etc.
        • 191 (1) Every person who possesses, sells or purchases any electro-magnetic, acoustic, mechanical or other device or any component of it knowing that its design renders it primarily useful for surreptitious interception of private communications is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 68

    • 68 Subsection 193(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Disclosure of information
        • 193 (1) If a private communication has been intercepted by means of an electro-magnetic, acoustic, mechanical or other device without the consent, express or implied, of the originator of that communication or of the person intended by the originator to receive it, every person commits an offence who, without the express consent of the originator of that communication or of the person intended to receive it, knowingly

          • (a) uses or discloses the private communication or any part of it or the substance, meaning or purpose of it or of any part of it, or

          • (b) discloses the existence of the private communication.

        • Punishment

          (1.1) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 69

    • 1993, c. 40, s. 12

      69 The portion of subsection 193.1(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

      • Disclosure of information received from interception of radio-based telephone communications
        • 193.1 (1) Every person who knowingly uses or discloses a radio-based telephone communication or who knowingly discloses the existence of such a communication is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction, if

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 70

    • 70 Subsection 201(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Keeping gaming or betting house
        • 201 (1) Every person who keeps a common gaming house or common betting house is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 71

    • 71 The portion of subsection 206(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

      • Offence in relation to lotteries and games of chance
        • 206 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 72

    • 72 Section 209 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Cheating at play

        209 Every person who, with intent to defraud any person, cheats while playing a game or in holding the stakes for a game or in betting is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 74

    • 2005, c. 32, s. 11

      74 Paragraph 215(3)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 75

    • 2005, c. 32, s. 12

      75 Paragraph 218(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 76

    • 76 Section 221 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Causing bodily harm by criminal negligence

        221 Every person who by criminal negligence causes bodily harm to another person is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 79

    • 79 Section 237 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Punishment for infanticide

        237 Every female person who commits infanticide is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 80

    • 2016, c. 3, s. 3

      80 Section 241.3 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Failure to comply with safeguards

        241.3 A medical practitioner or nurse practitioner who, in providing medical assistance in dying, knowingly fails to comply with all of the requirements set out in paragraphs 241.2(3)(b) to (i) and subsection 241.2(8) is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 81

    • 2016, c. 3, s. 3

      81 Subsection 241.4(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Punishment

        (3) Everyone who commits an offence under subsection (1) or (2) is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 82

    • 82 Sections 242 and 243 of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Neglect to obtain assistance in childbirth

        242 A female person who, being pregnant and about to be delivered, with intent that the child shall not live or with intent to conceal the birth of the child, fails to make provision for reasonable assistance in respect of her delivery is, if the child is permanently injured as a result of the failure or dies immediately before, during or in a short time after birth, as a result of the failure, guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

      • Concealing body of child

        243 Every person who in any manner disposes of the dead body of a child, with intent to conceal the fact that its mother has been delivered of it, whether the child died before, during or after birth, is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 83

    • 2016, c. 3, s. 6

      83 Subsection 245(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Administering noxious thing
        • 245 (1) Every person who administers or causes to be administered to any other person or causes any other person to take poison or any other destructive or noxious thing is guilty

          • (a) of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 14 years, if they did so with intent to endanger the life of or to cause bodily harm to that person; or

          • (b) of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or of an offence punishable on summary conviction, if they did so with intent to aggrieve or annoy that person.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 84

    • 2004, c. 12, s. 6
      • 84 (1) The portion of subsection 247(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Traps likely to cause bodily harm
          • 247 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who with intent to cause death or bodily harm to a person, whether ascertained or not,

      • 2004, c. 12, s. 6

        (2) Subsections 247(2) and (3) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Bodily harm

          (2) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1), and by doing so causes bodily harm to any other person, is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

        • Offence-related place

          (3) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1), in a place kept or used for the purpose of committing another indictable offence, is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 85

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 36

      85 Subsection 249(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Dangerous operation causing bodily harm

        (3) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1) and by doing so causes bodily harm to any other person is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 86

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 36
      • 86 (1) The portion of subsection 251(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Unseaworthy vessel and unsafe aircraft
          • 251 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who endangers the life of any person by knowingly committing one of the following acts:

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 36

        (2) The portion of subsection 251(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (c) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 87

    • 1999, c. 32, s. 1

      87 Subsection 252(1.2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Offence involving bodily harm

        (1.2) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1) knowing that bodily harm has been caused to another person involved in the accident is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 88

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 36; 2008, c. 6, ss. 21(1) to (3)

      88 Subsections 255(1) to (2.2) of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Punishment
        • 255 (1) Every person who commits an offence under section 253 or 254 is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years and to a minimum punishment of,

            • (i) for a first offence, a fine of $1,000,

            • (ii) for a second offence, imprisonment for a term of 30 days, and

            • (iii) for each subsequent offence, imprisonment for a term of 120 days; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both, and to a minimum punishment of,

            • (i) for a first offence, a fine of $1,000,

            • (ii) for a second offence, imprisonment for a term of 30 days, and

            • (iii) for each subsequent offence, imprisonment for a term of 120 days.

        • Impaired driving causing bodily harm

          (2) Every person who, while committing an offence under paragraph 253(1)(a), causes bodily harm to another person is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years and to the minimum punishments set out in subparagraphs (1)(a)(i) to (iii); or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to the maximum and minimum punishments set out in paragraph (1)(b).

        • Blood alcohol level over legal limit — bodily harm

          (2.1) Every person who, while committing an offence under paragraph 253(1)(b), causes an accident resulting in bodily harm to another person is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years and to the minimum punishments set out in subparagraphs (1)(a)(i) to (iii); or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to the maximum and minimum punishments set out in paragraph (1)(b).

        • Failure or refusal to provide sample — bodily harm

          (2.2) Every person who commits an offence under subsection 254(5) and, at the time of committing the offence, knows or ought to know that their operation of the motor vehicle, vessel, aircraft or railway equipment, their assistance in the operation of the aircraft or railway equipment or their care or control of the motor vehicle, vessel, aircraft or railway equipment caused an accident resulting in bodily harm to another person is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years and to the minimum punishments set out in subparagraphs (1)(a)(i) to (iii); or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to the same maximum and minimum punishments set out in paragraph (1)(b).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 90

      • 90 (1) The portion of section 262 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Impeding attempt to save life

          262 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of section 262 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 91

    • 1997, c. 16, s. 4

      91 Paragraph 264(4)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) the terms or conditions of any other order or recognizance, or of an undertaking, made or entered into under the common law, this Act or any other Act of Parliament or of a provincial legislature that is similar in effect to an order or recognizance referred to in paragraph (a).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 92

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 16(2)

      92 Paragraph 264.1(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 93

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 17
      • 93 (1) The portion of section 267 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Assault with a weapon or causing bodily harm

          267 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, in committing an assault,

      • (2) Section 267 of the Act is amended by striking out “or” at the end of paragraph (a), by adding “or” at the end of paragraph (b) and by replacing the portion after paragraph (b) with the following:

        • (c) chokes, suffocates or strangles the complainant.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 94

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 18

      94 Paragraph 269(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 95

    • 2009, c. 22, s. 9

      95 Paragraph 270.01(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 96

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 11

      96 Paragraph 270.1(3)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 97

    • 97 Subsection 272(1) of the Act is amended by striking out “or” at the end of paragraph (c) and by adding the following after paragraph (c):

      • (c.1) chokes, suffocates or strangles the complainant; or

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 103

    • 1997, c. 18, s. 14

      103 Paragraph 279(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 104

    • 2014, c. 25, s. 19

      104 Subsection 279.02(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Material benefit — trafficking
        • 279.02 (1) Every person who receives a financial or other material benefit, knowing that it is obtained by or derived directly or indirectly from the commission of an offence under subsection 279.01(1), is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 105

    • 2014, c. 25, s. 19

      105 Subsection 279.03(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Withholding or destroying documents — trafficking
        • 279.03 (1) Every person who, for the purpose of committing or facilitating an offence under subsection 279.01(1), conceals, removes, withholds or destroys any travel document that belongs to another person or any document that establishes or purports to establish another person’s identity or immigration status  — whether or not the document is of Canadian origin or is authentic  —  is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 106

    • 106 Subsection 280(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Abduction of person under age of 16
        • 280 (1) Every person who, without lawful authority, takes or causes to be taken a person under the age of 16 years out of the possession of and against the will of the parent or guardian of that person or of any other person who has the lawful care or charge of that person is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 107

    • 107 Section 281 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Abduction of person under age of 14

        281 Every person who, not being the parent, guardian or person having the lawful care or charge of a person under the age of 14 years, unlawfully takes, entices away, conceals, detains, receives or harbours that person with intent to deprive a parent or guardian, or any other person who has the lawful care or charge of that person, of the possession of that person is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 108

    • 2014, c. 25, s. 20

      108 The portion of paragraph 286.1(1)(b) of the Act before subparagraph (i) is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both, and to a minimum punishment of,

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 109

    • 2014, c. 25, s. 20

      109 Subsection 286.2(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Material benefit from sexual services
        • 286.2 (1) Every person who receives a financial or other material benefit, knowing that it is obtained by or derived directly or indirectly from the commission of an offence under subsection 286.1(1), is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 110

    • 2014, c. 25, s. 20

      110 Paragraph 286.4(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 112

    • 112 Subsection 291(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Punishment
        • 291 (1) Every person who commits bigamy is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 113

    • 113 Subsection 292(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Procuring feigned marriage
        • 292 (1) Every person who procures or knowingly aids in procuring a feigned marriage between themselves and another person is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 114

    • 114 Subsection 293(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Polygamy
        • 293 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

          • (a) practises or enters into or in any manner agrees or consents to practise or enter into any form of polygamy or any kind of conjugal union with more than one person at the same time, whether or not it is by law recognized as a binding form of marriage; or

          • (b) celebrates, assists or is a party to a rite, ceremony, contract or consent that purports to sanction a relationship mentioned in paragraph (a).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 115

    • 2015, c. 29, s. 9

      115 Sections 293.1 and 293.2 of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Forced marriage

        293.1 Every person who celebrates, aids or participates in a marriage rite or ceremony knowing that one of the persons being married is marrying against their will is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

      • Marriage under age of 16 years

        293.2 Every person who celebrates, aids or participates in a marriage rite or ceremony knowing that one of the persons being married is under the age of 16 years is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 116(1)

      • 116 (1) The portion of section 294 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Pretending to solemnize marriage

          294 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 117

    • 2015, c. 29, s. 10

      117 Section 295 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Marriage contrary to law

        295 Every person who, being lawfully authorized to solemnize marriage, knowingly solemnizes a marriage in contravention of federal law or the laws of the province in which the marriage is solemnized is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 118

    • 118 Sections 300 and 301 of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Punishment of libel known to be false

        300 Every person who publishes a defamatory libel that they know is false is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

      • Punishment for defamatory libel

        301 Every person who publishes a defamatory libel is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 119

    • 119 Subsection 302(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Punishment

        (3) Every person who commits an offence under this section is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 120

    • 120 Subsection 318(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Advocating genocide
        • 318 (1) Every person who advocates or promotes genocide is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 121

    • 2010, c. 14, s. 3

      121 Paragraph 333.1(1)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 122

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 20(1)
      • 122 (1) Paragraph 334(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (a) if the property stolen is a testamentary instrument or the value of what is stolen is more than $5,000, is guilty of

          • (i) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years, or

          • (ii) an offence punishable on summary conviction; or

      • (2) The portion of paragraph 334(b) of the Act before subparagraph (i) is replaced by the following:

        • (b) if the value of what is stolen is not more than $5,000, is guilty

      • 1994, c. 44, s. 20(2)

        (3) The portion of paragraph 334(b) of the Act after subparagraph (ii) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 123

      • 123 (1) The portion of subsection 338(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Fraudulently taking cattle or defacing brand
          • 338 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, without the consent of the owner,

      • (2) The portion of subsection 338(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

      • (3) Subsection 338(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Punishment for theft of cattle

          (2) Every person who commits theft of cattle is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 124

    • 124 Subsection 339(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Taking possession, etc., of drift timber
        • 339 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, without the consent of the owner,

          • (a) fraudulently takes, holds, keeps in their possession, conceals, receives, appropriates, purchases or sells any lumber or lumbering equipment that is found adrift, cast ashore or lying on or embedded in the bed or bottom, or on the bank or beach, of a river, stream or lake in Canada, or in the harbours or any of the coastal waters of Canada;

          • (b) removes, alters, obliterates or defaces a mark or number on such lumber or lumbering equipment; or

          • (c) refuses to deliver such lumber or lumbering equipment up to the owner or to the person in charge of it on behalf of the owner or to a person authorized by the owner to receive it.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 125

      • 125 (1) The portion of section 340 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Destroying documents of title

          340 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, for a fraudulent purpose, destroys, cancels, conceals or obliterates

      • (2) The portion of section 340 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (c) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 126

    • 126 Section 341 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Fraudulent concealment

        341 Every person who, for a fraudulent purpose, takes, obtains, removes or conceals anything is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 127

    • 2007, c. 9, s. 1

      127 Paragraph 347(1)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $25,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 128

    • 128 Subsection 351(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Disguise with intent

        (2) Every person who, with intent to commit an indictable offence, has their face masked or coloured or is otherwise disguised is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 129

    • 129 Section 352 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Possession of instruments for breaking into coin-operated or currency exchange devices

        352 Every person who, without lawful excuse, has in their possession any instrument suitable for the purpose of breaking into a coin-operated device or a currency exchange device, knowing that the instrument has been used or is or was intended to be used for that purpose, is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 130

      • 130 (1) The portion of subsection 353(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Selling, etc., automobile master key
          • 353 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of subsection 353(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 131

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 21(1)
      • 131 (1) Paragraph 355(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (a) if the subject matter of the offence is a testamentary instrument or the value of the subject matter of the offence is more than $5,000, is guilty of

          • (i) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years, or

          • (ii) an offence punishable on summary conviction; or

      • (2) The portion of paragraph 355(b) of the Act before subparagraph (i) is replaced by the following:

        • (b) if the value of the subject matter of the offence is not more than $5,000, is guilty

      • 1994, c. 44, s. 21(2)

        (3) The portion of paragraph 355(b) of the Act after subparagraph (ii) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 132

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 50

      132 Section 357 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Bringing into Canada property obtained by crime

        357 Every person who brings into or has in Canada anything that they have obtained outside Canada by an act that, if it had been committed in Canada, would have been the offence of theft or an offence under section 342 or 354 is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 133

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 22(1)
      • 133 (1) Paragraph 362(2)(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (a) if the property obtained is a testamentary instrument or the value of what is obtained is more than $5,000, is guilty of

          • (i) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years, or

          • (ii) an offence punishable on summary conviction; or

      • (2) The portion of paragraph 362(2)(b) of the Act before subparagraph (i) is replaced by the following:

        • (b) if the value of what is obtained is not more than $5,000, is guilty

      • 1994, c. 44, s. 22(2)

        (3) The portion of paragraph 362(2)(b) of the Act after subparagraph (ii) is repealed.

      • (4) Subsection 362(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Idem

          (3) Every person who commits an offence under paragraph (1)(b), (c) or (d) is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 134

      • 134 (1) The portion of section 363 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Obtaining execution of valuable security by fraud

          363 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, with intent to defraud or injure another person, by a false pretence causes or induces any person

      • (2) The portion of section 363 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 135

      • 135 (1) The portion of subsection 377(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Damaging documents
          • 377 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who unlawfully

      • (2) The portion of subsection 377(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (d) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 136

      • 136 (1) The portion of section 378 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Offences in relation to registers

          378 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of section 378 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (c) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 137

    • 137 Section 381 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Using mails to defraud

        381 Every person who makes use of the mails for the purpose of transmitting or delivering letters or circulars concerning schemes devised or intended to deceive or defraud the public, or for the purpose of obtaining money under false pretences, is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 138

    • 2004, c. 3, s. 4(F)
      • 138 (1) The portion of section 382 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Fraudulent manipulation of stock exchange transactions

          382 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, through the facility of a stock exchange, curb market or other market, with intent to create a false or misleading appearance of active public trading in a security or with intent to create a false or misleading appearance with respect to the market price of a security,

      • 2004, c. 3, s. 4(E)

        (2) The portion of section 382 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (c) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 139

    • 2004, c. 3, s. 5

      139 The portion of subsection 382.1(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

      • Prohibited insider trading
        • 382.1 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, directly or indirectly, buys or sells a security, knowingly using inside information that they

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 140

      • 140 (1) The portion of subsection 383(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Gaming in stocks or merchandise
          • 383 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, with intent to make gain or profit by the rise or fall in price of the stock of an incorporated or unincorporated company or undertaking, whether in or outside Canada, or of any goods, wares or merchandise,

      • (2) The portion of subsection 383(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is replaced by the following:

        This section does not apply if a broker, on behalf of a purchaser, receives delivery, even if the broker retains or pledges what is delivered as security for the advance of the purchase money or any part of it.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 141

    • 141 Section 384 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Broker reducing stock by selling for their own account
        • 384 (1) Every person commits an offence who, being an individual, or a member or employee of a partnership, or a director, officer or employee of a corporation, if they or the partnership or corporation is employed as a broker by any customer to buy and carry on margin any shares of an incorporated or unincorporated company or undertaking, whether in or outside Canada, later sells or causes to be sold shares of the company or undertaking for any account in which they or their firm or a partner of the firm or the corporation or a director of the corporation has a direct or indirect interest, if the effect of the sale is, otherwise than unintentionally, to reduce the amount of those shares in the hands of the broker or under their control in the ordinary course of business below the amount of those shares that the broker should be carrying for all customers.

        • Punishment

          (2) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 142

      • 142 (1) The portion of subsection 385(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Fraudulent concealment of title documents
          • 385 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, being a vendor, mortgagor or hypothecary debtor of property or a chose in action or an incorporeal right or being a lawyer or notary for or agent or mandatary of a vendor, mortgagor or hypothecary debtor of property, a chose in action or incorporeal right, is served with a written demand for an abstract of title by or on behalf of the purchaser, mortgagee or hypothecary creditor before the completion of the purchase, mortgage or hypothec, and who

      • (2) Paragraph 385(1)(a) of the English version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (a) with intent to defraud and for the purpose of inducing the purchaser, mortgagee or hypothecary creditor to accept the title offered or produced to them, conceals from them any settlement, deed, will or other instrument or act material to the title, or any encumbrance on the title, or

      • (3) The portion of subsection 385(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 143

      • 143 (1) The portion of section 386 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Fraudulent registration of title

          386 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, as principal, agent or mandatary in a proceeding to register title to real property or immovable property, or in a transaction relating to real property or immovable property that is or is proposed to be registered, knowingly and with intent to deceive,

      • (2) The portion of section 386 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (c) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 144

    • 144 Section 387 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Fraudulent sale of real property

        387 Every person who, knowing of an unregistered prior sale or of an existing unregistered grant, mortgage, hypothec, lien or encumbrance of or on real property, fraudulently sells the property or any part of it is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 145

      • 145 (1) The portion of section 388 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Misleading receipt

          388 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who knowingly,

      • (2) The portion of section 388 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 146

      • 146 (1) The portion of subsection 389(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Fraudulent disposal of goods on which money advanced
          • 389 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of subsection 389(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 147

    • 147 Section 390 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Fraudulent receipts under Bank Act

        390 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

        • (a) knowingly makes a false statement in any receipt, certificate or acknowledgment for anything that may be used for a purpose mentioned in the Bank Act; or

        • (b) knowingly, after either giving to another person or after a person employed by them has, to their knowledge, given to another person, or after obtaining and endorsing or assigning to another person, any receipt, certificate or acknowledgment for anything that may be used for a purpose mentioned in the Bank Act, without the consent in writing of the holder or endorsee or the production and delivery of the receipt, certificate or acknowledgment, alienates or parts with, or does not deliver to the holder or owner the property mentioned in the receipt, certificate or acknowledgment.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 148

      • 148 (1) The portion of section 392 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Disposal of property to defraud creditors

          392 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who,

      • (2) The portion of section 392 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 149

      • 149 (1) The portion of subsection 393(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Fraud in relation to fares, etc.
          • 393 (1) Every person whose duty it is to collect a fare, toll, ticket or admission and who intentionally does any of the following is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction:

      • (2) The portion of subsection 393(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (c) is repealed.

      • (3) The portion of subsection 393(2) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Idem

          (2) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who gives or offers to a person whose duty it is to collect a fare, toll, ticket or admission fee any valuable consideration

      • (4) The portion of subsection 393(2) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 150

    • 1999, c. 5, s. 10

      150 Subsection 394(5) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Offence

        (5) A person who contravenes subsection (1), (2) or (3) is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 151

    • 1999, c. 5, s. 10

      151 Subsection 394.1(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Offence

        (3) A person who contravenes subsection (1) is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 152

    • 152 Section 395 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (1):

      • Execution in Canada

        (1.1) A warrant issued under subsection (1) may be executed at any place in Canada. A public officer named in the warrant, or any peace officer, who executes the warrant must have authority to act in that capacity in the place where the warrant is executed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 153

      • 153 (1) The portion of subsection 396(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Offences in relation to mines
          • 396 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of subsection 396(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 154

      • 154 (1) The portion of subsection 397(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Books and documents
          • 397 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, with intent to defraud,

      • (2) The portion of subsection 397(1) of the English version of the Act after the portion before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • (a) destroys, mutilates, alters, falsifies or makes a false entry in a book, paper, writing, valuable security or document, or

        • (b) omits a material particular from, or alters a material particular in, a book, paper, writing, valuable security or document.

      • (3) Subsection 397(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Privy

          (2) Every person who, with intent to defraud their creditors, is privy to the commission of an offence under subsection (1) is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 155

      • 155 (1) The portion of section 399 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • False return by public officer

          399 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, being entrusted with the receipt, custody or management of any part of the public revenues, knowingly furnishes a false statement or return of

      • (2) The portion of section 399 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 156

      • 156 (1) The portion of subsection 400(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • False prospectus, etc.
          • 400 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who makes, circulates or publishes a prospectus, a statement or an account, whether written or oral, that they know is false in a material particular, with intent

      • (2) The portion of subsection 400(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (c) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 157

      • 157 (1) Section 405 of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Acknowledging instrument in false name

          405 Every person who, without lawful authority or excuse, acknowledges, in the name of another person before a court or a judge or other person authorized to receive the acknowledgment, a recognizance of bail, confession of judgment, consent to judgment or judgment, deed or other instrument or act is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

      • (2) The portion of section 405 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Acknowledging instrument in false name

          405 Every person who, without lawful authority or excuse, acknowledges, in the name of another person before a court or a judge or other person authorized to receive the acknowledgment, a recognizance, undertaking, release order, confession of judgment, consent to judgment or judgment, deed or other instrument or act is guilty of

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 158(1)

      • 158 (1) The portion of subsection 417(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Applying or removing marks without authority
          • 417 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who,

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 159

    • 2001, c. 32, s. 10

      159 Paragraph 423(1)(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (a) uses violence or threats of violence to that person or their intimate partner or children, or injures the person’s property;

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 160

    • 2001, c. 41, s. 11

      160 Sections 424 and 424.1 of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Threat against internationally protected person

        424 Every person who threatens to commit an offence under section 235, 236, 266, 267, 268, 269, 269.1, 271, 272, 273, 279 or 279.1 against an internationally protected person or who threatens to commit an offence under section 431 is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

      • Threat against United Nations or associated personnel

        424.1 Every person who, with intent to compel any person, group of persons, state or any international or intergovernmental organization to do or refrain from doing any act, threatens to commit an offence under section 235, 236, 266, 267, 268, 269, 269.1, 271, 272, 273, 279 or 279.1 against a member of United Nations personnel or associated personnel or threatens to commit an offence under section 431.1 is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 161

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 56

      161 Subsection 426(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Punishment

        (3) A person who commits an offence under this section is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 162

    • 2001, c. 41, s. 12
      • 162 (1) Paragraph 430(4.1)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

      • 2014, c. 9, s. 1

        (2) Paragraph 430(4.11)(c) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (c) if the offence is punishable on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 163

    • 1990, c. 15, s. 1

      163 Subsection 435(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Arson for fraudulent purpose
        • 435 (1) Every person who, with intent to defraud any other person, causes damage by fire or explosion to property, whether or not that person owns, in whole or in part, the property, is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 164

    • 1990, c. 15, s. 1

      164 Subsection 436(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Arson by negligence
        • 436 (1) Every person who owns, in whole or in part, or controls property and who, as a result of a marked departure from the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would use to prevent or control the spread of fires or to prevent explosions, is a cause of a fire or explosion in that property that causes bodily harm to another person or damage to property is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 165

    • 1990, c. 15, s. 1

      165 Section 436.1 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Possession of incendiary material

        436.1 Every person who possesses any incendiary material, incendiary device or explosive substance for the purpose of committing an offence under any of sections 433 to 436 is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 166

      • 166 (1) The portion of subsection 438(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Interfering with saving of wrecked vessel
          • 438 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who intentionally prevents or impedes, or who intentionally endeavours to prevent or impede,

      • (2) The portion of subsection 438(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 167

    • 167 Subsection 439(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Idem

        (2) Every person who intentionally alters, removes or conceals a signal, buoy or other sea-mark that is used for purposes of navigation is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 168

    • 168 Sections 440 and 441 of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Removing natural bar without permission

        440 Every person who knowingly and without the written permission of the Minister of Transport removes any stone, wood, earth or other material that forms a natural bar necessary to the existence of a public harbour, or that forms a natural protection to such a bar, is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

      • Occupant injuring building

        441 Every person who, intentionally and to the prejudice of a mortgagee, a hypothecary creditor or an owner, pulls down, demolishes or removes all or any part of a dwelling-house or other building of which they are in possession or occupation, or severs from the freehold any fixture fixed to it or from the immovable property any movable property permanently attached or joined to the immovable property, is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 169

      • 169 (1) The portion of subsection 443(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Interfering with international boundary marks, etc.
          • 443 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who intentionally pulls down, defaces, alters or removes

      • (2) The portion of subsection 443(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 170

    • 2008, c. 12, s. 1

      170 Paragraph 445(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 171

    • 2015, c. 34, s. 3

      171 Paragraph 445.01(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 172

    • 2008, c. 12, s. 1

      172 Paragraph 445.1(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 173

    • 2008, c. 12, s. 1

      173 Paragraph 446(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 174

    • 2008, c. 12, s. 1

      174 Paragraph 447(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 175

    • 175 Section 451 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Having clippings, etc.

        451 Every person who, without lawful justification or excuse, has in their custody or possession gold or silver filings, clippings or bullion or gold or silver in dust, solution or otherwise, produced or obtained by impairing, diminishing or lightening a current gold or silver coin, knowing that it has been so produced or obtained, is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 176

      • 176 (1) The portion of section 453 of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Uttering coin

          453 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who, with intent to defraud, knowingly utters

      • (2) The portion of section 453 of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 177

      • 177 (1) The portion of subsection 460(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Advertising and dealing in counterfeit money, etc.
          • 460 (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction who

      • (2) The portion of subsection 460(1) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 179

    • 2001, c. 32, s. 12(7); 2005, c. 44, s. 1(2); 2010, c. 14, s. 7

      179 Subsections 462.3(3) and (4) of the Act are repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 180

    • R.S., c. 42 (4th Supp.), s. 2; 1997, c. 18, s. 29

      180 Subsections 462.32(2.1) to (3) of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Execution in Canada

        (2.1) A warrant issued under subsection (1) may be executed at any place in Canada. Any peace officer who executes the warrant must have authority to act as a peace officer in the place where it is executed.

      • Other provisions to apply

        (3) Subsections 487(2.1) to (3) and section 488 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to a warrant issued under this section.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 181

    • 1997, c. 18, s. 30(3)

      181 Subsection 462.33(3.01) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Effect of order

        (3.01) A restraint order issued under subsection (1) has effect throughout Canada.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 182

    • 1997, c. 18, s. 31(1)
      • 182 (1) Subparagraph 462.34(4)(c)(iii) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (iii) permitting the use of the property in relation to an undertaking or release order,

      • R.S., c. 42 (4th Supp.), s. 2

        (2) Subsection 462.34(8) of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 183

    • 1998, c. 35, s. 121

      183 Paragraph 465(1)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) every one who conspires with any one to prosecute a person for an alleged offence, knowing that they did not commit that offence, is guilty of

        • (i) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years or an offence punishable on summary conviction, if the alleged offence is one for which, on conviction, that person would be liable to be sentenced to imprisonment for life or for a term of not more than 14 years, or

        • (ii) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or an offence punishable on summary conviction, if the alleged offence is one for which, on conviction, that person would be liable to imprisonment for less than 14 years;

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 184

    • 2001, c. 32, s. 27

      184 Subsection 467.11(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Participation in activities of criminal organization
        • 467.11 (1) Every person who, for the purpose of enhancing the ability of a criminal organization to facilitate or commit an indictable offence under this or any other Act of Parliament, knowingly, by act or omission, participates in or contributes to any activity of the criminal organization is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 185

    • 2001, c. 32, s. 28; 2014, c. 17, s. 11

      185 Section 467.2 of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 186

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 17(1)
      • 186 (1) The portion of subsection 482(2) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Power to make rules

          (2) The following courts may make rules of court not inconsistent with this Act or any other Act of Parliament that are applicable to any prosecution, proceeding, including a preliminary inquiry or proceedings within the meaning of Part XXVII, action or appeal, as the case may be, within the jurisdiction of that court, instituted in relation to any matter of a criminal nature or arising from or incidental to the prosecution, proceeding, action or appeal:

      • (2) Subsection 482(4) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Publication

          (4) Rules of court that are made under this section must be published or otherwise made available to the public.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 187

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 18
      • 187 (1) Subsection 482.1(4) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Provisions to apply

          (4) Sections 512 and 512.3 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to the issuance of a summons or a warrant under subsection (3).

      • 2002, c. 13, s. 18

        (2) Subsections 482.1(5) and (6) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Subsections 482(4) and (5) to apply

          (5) Subsections 482(4) and (5) apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to rules made under subsection (1).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 188

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 19

      188 Subsection 485(1.1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • When accused not appearing personally

        (1.1) Jurisdiction over an accused is not lost by reason of the failure of the accused to appear personally, so long as the provisions of this Act or a rule made under section 482 or 482.1 permitting the accused not to appear personally apply.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 191

    • 2008, c. 18, s. 11(1)
      • 191 (1) Subsection 487(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Execution in Canada

          (2) A warrant issued under subsection (1) may be executed at any place in Canada. A public officer named in the warrant, or any peace officer, who executes the warrant must have authority to act in that capacity in the place where the warrant is executed.

      • 2008, c. 18, s. 11(2)

        (2) Subsection 487(4) of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 192

    • 1993, c. 40, s. 15

      192 Subsection 487.01(6) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Execution in Canada

        (6) A warrant issued under subsection (1) may be executed at any place in Canada. Any peace officer who executes the warrant must have authority to act as a peace officer in the place where it is executed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 193

    • 2014, c. 31, s. 20

      193 Subsection 487.019(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Effect of order

        (2) The order has effect throughout Canada.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 194

    • 2014, c. 31, s. 20

      194 Section 487.0198 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Offence — preservation or production order

        487.0198 A person, financial institution or entity that contravenes an order made under any of sections 487.013 to 487.018 without lawful excuse is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $250,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 195

    • 2014, c. 31, s. 20

      195 Section 487.02 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Assistance order

        487.02 If an authorization is given under section 184.2, 184.3, 186 or 188 or a warrant is issued under this Act, the judge or justice who gives the authorization or issues the warrant may order a person to provide assistance, if the person’s assistance may reasonably be considered to be required to give effect to the authorization or warrant. The order has effect throughout Canada.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 196

    • 2007, c. 22, s. 7; 2008, c. 18, s. 12

      196 Section 487.03 of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 196.1

      • 196.1 (1) Subparagraph (c)(i) of the definition secondary designated offence in section 487.04 of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (i) subsection 52(1) (sabotage),

        • (i.001) subsection 57(3) (possession of a forged passport),

        • (i.002) section 62 (offences in relation to military forces),

        • (i.003) subsection 65(2) (riot — concealing identity),

        • (i.004) subsection 70(3) (contravening order made by governor in council),

        • (i.005) subsection 82(1) (explosives, possession without lawful excuse),

        • (i.006) subsection 121(1) (frauds on the government),

        • (i.007) subsection 121(2) (contractor subscribing to election fund),

        • (i.008) section 122 (breach of trust by public officer),

        • (i.009) subsection 123(1) (municipal corruption),

        • (i.01) subsection 123(2) (influencing municipal official),

        • (i.011) section 124 (selling or purchasing office),

        • (i.012) section 125 (influencing or negotiating appointments or dealings in offices),

        • (i.013) subsection 139(2) (obstructing justice),

        • (i.014) section 142 (corruptly taking reward for recovery of goods),

        • (i.015) section 144 (prison breach),

        • (i.016) section 145 (escape and being at large without excuse),

      • (2) Subparagraph (c)(iv) of the definition secondary designated offence in section 487.04 of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (iv) section 182 (dead body — neglect to perform duty, improper or indecent interference with),

        • (iv.1) section 184 (interception of private communication),

        • (iv.2) section 184.5 (interception of radio-based telephone communications),

        • (iv.3) section 221 (cause bodily harm by criminal negligence),

        • (iv.4) section 237 (infanticide),

        • (iv.5) section 242 (neglect to obtain assistance in child-birth),

        • (iv.6) subsection 247(1) (traps likely to cause bodily harm),

        • (iv.7) subsection 247(2) (traps — causing bodily harm),

        • (iv.8) subsection 247(3) (traps — in a place kept or used for committing other indictable offence),

        • (iv.9) section 262 (impeding attempt to save life),

      • (3) Paragraph (c) of the definition secondary designated offence in section 487.04 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subparagraph (viii):

        • (viii.01) section 280 (abduction of person under 16),

        • (viii.02) section 281 (abduction of person under 14),

      • (4) Paragraph (c) of the definition secondary designated offence in section 487.04 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subparagraph (viii.1):

        • (viii.11) section 291 (bigamy),

        • (viii.12) section 292 (procuring feigned marriage),

        • (viii.13) section 293 (polygamy),

        • (viii.14) section 293.1 (forced marriage),

        • (viii.15) section 293.2 (marriage under age of 16 years),

        • (viii.16) section 300 (publishing defamatory libel known to be false),

        • (viii.17) section 302 (extortion by libel),

      • (5) Paragraph (c) of the definition secondary designated offence in section 487.04 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subparagraph (viii.2):

        • (viii.21) paragraph 334(a) (theft over $5,000 or testamentary instrument),

        • (viii.22) section 338 (fraudulently taking cattle or defacing brand),

        • (viii.23) subsection 339(1) (take possession of drift timber, etc.),

        • (viii.24) section 340 (destroying documents of title),

      • (6) Paragraph (c) of the definition secondary designated offence in section 487.04 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subparagraph (x):

        • (x.1) subsection 351(2) (disguise with intent),

        • (x.11) paragraph 355(a) (possession of property over $5,000 or testamentary instrument),

        • (x.12) section 357 (bring into Canada property obtained by crime),

        • (x.13) paragraph 362(2)(a) (false pretence, property over $5,000 or testamentary instrument),

        • (x.14) subsection 362(3) (obtain credit, etc. by false pretence),

        • (x.15) section 363 (obtain execution of valuable security by fraud),

        • (x.16) subsection 377(1) (damaging documents),

        • (x.17) section 378 (offences in relation to registers),

        • (x.18) section 382 (manipulation of stock exchange),

        • (x.19) subsection 382.1(1) (prohibited insider trading),

        • (x.2) section 383 (gaming in stocks or merchandise),

        • (x.21) section 384 (broker reducing stock by selling his own account),

        • (x.22) section 386 (fraudulent registration of title),

        • (x.23) section 394 (fraud in relation to minerals),

        • (x.24) section 394.1 (possession of stolen minerals),

        • (x.25) section 396 (offences in relation to mines),

        • (x.26) section 397 (falsification of books and documents),

        • (x.27) section 399 (false return by public officer),

        • (x.28) section 400 (false prospectus),

        • (x.29) section 405 (acknowledging instrument in false name),

      • (7) Paragraph (c) of the definition secondary designated offence in section 487.04 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subparagraph (xi):

        • (xi.1) section 424 (threat against an internationally protected person),

        • (xi.11) section 424.1 (threat against United Nations or associated personnel),

        • (xi.12) section 426 (secret commissions),

        • (xi.13) section 435 (arson for fraudulent purpose),

        • (xi.14) section 436 (arson by negligence),

        • (xi.15) section 436.1 (possession incendiary material),

        • (xi.16) subsection 438(1) (interfering with saving of a wrecked vessel),

        • (xi.17) subsection 439(2) (interfering with a marine signal),

        • (xi.18) section 441 (occupant injuring building),

        • (xi.19) section 443 (interfering with international boundary marks, etc.),

        • (xi.2) section 451 (having clippings, etc.),

        • (xi.21) section 460 (advertising and dealing in counterfeit money),

        • (xi.22) subparagraphs 465(1)(b)(i) and (ii) (conspiracy to prosecute),

        • (xi.23) section 753.3 (breach of long-term supervision).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 197

    • 197 Section 487.05 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (3):

      • Execution in Canada

        (4) A warrant issued under subsection (1) may be executed at any place in Canada. Any peace officer who executes the warrant must have authority to act as a peace officer in the place where it is executed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 198

    • 2005, c. 25, s. 4; 2007, c. 22, s. 3

      198 Paragraph 487.053(2)(c) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (c) may require the person to appear by closed-circuit television or videoconference, as long as the person is given the opportunity to communicate privately with counsel if they are represented by counsel.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 199

    • 2007, c. 22, s. 11(2)

      199 Subsection 487.055(3.01) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Manner of appearance

        (3.01) The court may require a person who is given notice of an application under subsection (1) and who wishes to appear at the hearing to appear by closed-circuit television or videoconference, as long as the person is given the opportunity to communicate privately with counsel if they are represented by counsel.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 200

    • 1998, c. 37, s. 21(2)

      200 Paragraph 487.08(4)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 201

    • 1997, c. 18, s. 45

      201 Subsection 487.092(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Execution in Canada

        (3) A warrant issued under subsection (1) may be executed at any place in Canada. Any peace officer who executes the warrant must have authority to act as a peace officer in the place where it is executed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 203

    • 2010, c. 17, s. 5

      203 Paragraph 490.012(4)(c) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (c) may require the person to appear at the hearing by closed-circuit television or videoconference, as long as the person is given the opportunity to communicate privately with counsel if they are represented by counsel.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 204

    • 2010, c. 17, s. 21(1)

      204 Paragraph 490.031(1)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 205

    • 2010, c. 17, s. 22

      205 Paragraph 490.0311(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 206

    • 1997, c. 23, s. 15

      206 Subsection 490.8(9) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Offence

        (9) Any person on whom a restraint order made under this section is served in accordance with this section and who, while the order is in force, acts in contravention of or fails to comply with the order is guilty of

        • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

        • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 207

    • 207 Section 492.1 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (6):

      • Execution in Canada

        (6.1) A warrant issued under this section may be executed at any place in Canada. Any public officer or peace officer who executes the warrant must have authority to act in that capacity in the place where the warrant is executed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 208

    • 208 Section 492.2 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (5):

      • Execution in Canada

        (5.1) A warrant issued under subsection (1) may be executed at any place in Canada. Any public officer or peace officer who executes the warrant must have authority to act in that capacity in the place where the warrant is executed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 209

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 39
      • 209 (1) The definitions appearance notice, officer in charge, promise to appear, recognizance, summons and undertaking in section 493 of the Act are repealed.

      • (2) Paragraph (a) of the definition accused in section 493 of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (a) a person to whom a peace officer has issued an appearance notice under section 497, and

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 210

    • 210 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 493:

      Principle and Considerations

      • Principle of restraint

        493.1 In making a decision under this Part, a peace officer, justice or judge shall give primary consideration to the release of the accused at the earliest reasonable opportunity and on the least onerous conditions that are appropriate in the circumstances, including conditions that are reasonably practicable for the accused to comply with, while taking into account the grounds referred to in subsection 498(1.1) or 515(10), as the case may be.

      • Aboriginal accused or vulnerable populations

        493.2 In making a decision under this Part, a peace officer, justice or judge shall give particular attention to the circumstances of

        • (a) Aboriginal accused; and

        • (b) accused who belong to a vulnerable population that is overrepresented in the criminal justice system and that is disadvantaged in obtaining release under this Part.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 211

    • 211 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 495:

      • Arrest without warrant – application of section 524

        495.1 Despite any other provision in this Act, if a peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that an accused has contravened or is about to contravene a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order that was issued or given to the accused or entered into by the accused, or has committed an indictable offence while being subject to a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order, the peace officer may arrest the accused without a warrant for the purpose of taking them before a judge or justice to be dealt with under section 524.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 212

    • 1999, c. 25, s. 3

      212 Sections 496 and 497 of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Appearance notice for judicial referral hearing

        496 If a peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that a person has failed to comply with a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order or to attend court as required and that the failure did not cause a victim physical or emotional harm, property damage or economic loss, the peace officer may, without laying a charge, issue an appearance notice to the person to appear at a judicial referral hearing under section 523.1.

      • Issue of appearance notice by peace officer

        497 If, by virtue of subsection 495(2), a peace officer does not arrest a person, they may issue an appearance notice to the person if the offence is

        • (a) an indictable offence mentioned in section 553;

        • (b) an offence for which the person may be prosecuted by indictment or for which they are punishable on summary conviction; or

        • (c) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 213

    • 1999, c. 25, s. 4(1) and 30
      • 213 (1) Subsection 498(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Release from custody — arrest without warrant
          • 498 (1) Subject to subsection (1.1), if a person has been arrested without warrant for an offence, other than one listed in section 469, and has not been taken before a justice or released from custody under any other provision of this Part, a peace officer shall, as soon as practicable, release the person, if

            • (a) the peace officer intends to compel the person’s appearance by way of summons;

            • (b) the peace officer issues an appearance notice to the person; or

            • (c) the person gives an undertaking to the peace officer.

          • Person delivered or detained

            (1.01) Subsection (1) also applies in respect of a person who has been arrested without warrant and delivered to a peace officer under subsection 494(3) or placed in the custody of a peace officer under subsection 163.5(3) of the Customs Act and who is detained in custody for an offence other than one listed in section 469 and who has not been taken before a justice or released from custody under any other provision of this Part.

      • 1999, c. 25, s. 4(1)

        (2) The portion of subsection 498(1.1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Exception

          (1.1) The peace officer shall not release the person if the peace officer believes, on reasonable grounds,

      • (3) Subsection 498(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • When subsections (1) and (1.01) do not apply

          (2) Subsections (1) and (1.01) do not apply in respect of a person who has been arrested without warrant by a peace officer for an offence described in subsection 503(3).

      • 1999, c. 25, s. 4(2)

        (4) The portion of subsection 498(3) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Consequences of non-release

          (3) A peace officer who has arrested a person without a warrant, or who has been given the custody of a person arrested without a warrant, for an offence described in subsection (1), and who does not release the person from custody as soon as practicable in the manner described in that subsection shall be deemed to be acting lawfully and in the execution of the officer’s duty for the purposes of

      • 1997, c. 18, s. 52(3)

        (5) Paragraph 498(3)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (b) any other proceedings, unless in any such proceedings it is alleged and established by the person making the allegation that the peace officer did not comply with the requirements of subsection (1).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 214

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 40; 1997, c. 18, s. 53; 1999, c. 25, s. 5

      214 Section 499 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Release from custody — arrest with warrant

        499 If a person who has been arrested with a warrant by a peace officer is taken into custody for an offence other than one listed in section 469 and the warrant has been endorsed by a justice under subsection 507(6), a peace officer may release the person, if

        • (a) the peace officer issues an appearance notice to the person; or

        • (b) the person gives an undertaking to the peace officer.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 215

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 76(2); 1992, c. 47, s. 69; 1994, c. 44, s. 41; 1996, c. 7, s. 38; 1997, c. 18, s. 54; 1999, c. 25, s. 6; 2008, c. 18, s. 15

      215 Sections 500 to 502 of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Contents of appearance notice
        • 500 (1) An appearance notice shall

          • (a) set out the name, date of birth and contact information of the accused;

          • (b) set out the substance of the offence that the accused is alleged to have committed;

          • (c) require the accused to attend court at a time and place to be stated in the notice and to attend afterwards as required by the court; and

          • (d) indicate if the accused is required to appear at a judicial referral hearing under section 523.1 for a failure under section 496.

        • Summary of consequences — failure to appear

          (2) An appearance notice shall set out a summary of subsections 145(3) and (6), section 512.2 and subsection 524(4) and the possible consequences of a failure to appear at a judicial referral hearing under section 523.1.

        • Attendance for purposes of Identification of Criminals Act

          (3) An appearance notice may require the accused to appear at the time and place stated in it for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act, if the accused is alleged to have committed an indictable offence and, in the case of an offence designated as a contravention under the Contraventions Act, the Attorney General, within the meaning of that Act, has not made an election under section 50 of that Act.

        • Signature of accused

          (4) An accused shall be requested to sign in duplicate their appearance notice and, whether or not they comply with that request, one of the duplicates shall be given to the accused. If the accused fails or refuses to sign, the lack of their signature does not invalidate the appearance notice.

      • Contents of undertaking
        • 501 (1) An undertaking under paragraph 498(1)(c), 499(b) or 503(1.1)(b) must set out

          • (a) the name, date of birth and contact information of the accused;

          • (b) the substance of the offence that the accused is alleged to have committed; and

          • (c) a summary of subsections 145(4) and (6), sections 512 and 512.2 and subsection 524(4).

        • Mandatory conditions

          (2) The undertaking must contain a condition that the accused attend court at the time and place stated in the undertaking and to attend afterwards as required by the court.

        • Additional conditions

          (3) The undertaking may contain one or more of the following conditions, if the condition is reasonable in the circumstances of the offence and necessary, to ensure the accused’s attendance in court or the safety and security of any victim of or witness to the offence, or to prevent the continuation or repetition of the offence or the commission of another offence:

          • (a) report at specified times to the peace officer or other specified person;

          • (b) remain within a specified territorial jurisdiction;

          • (c) notify the peace officer or other specified person of any change in their address, employment or occupation;

          • (d) abstain from communicating, directly or indirectly, with any victim, witness or other person identified in the undertaking, except in accordance with any specified conditions;

          • (e) abstain from going to any specified place or entering any geographic area related to any person referred to in paragraph (d), except in accordance with any specified conditions;

          • (f) deposit all their passports with the peace officer or other specified person;

          • (g) reside at a specified address, be at that address at specified hours and present themselves at the entrance of that residence to a peace officer or other specified person, at the officer’s or specified person’s request during those hours;

          • (h) abstain from possessing a firearm, cross-bow, prohibited weapon, restricted weapon, prohibited device, ammunition, prohibited ammunition or explosive substance, and surrender those that are in their possession to the peace officer or other specified person and also any authorization, licence or registration certificate or other document enabling them to acquire or possess them;

          • (i) promise to pay an amount specified in the undertaking, which shall not be more than $500, if they fail to comply with any condition of the undertaking;

          • (j) deposit, with the peace officer specified in the undertaking, money or other valuable security whose value does not exceed $500 if, at the time of giving the undertaking, the accused is not ordinarily resident in the province or does not ordinarily reside within 200 kilometres of the place in which they are in custody; and

          • (k) comply with any other specified condition for ensuring the safety and security of any victim of or witness to the offence.

        • Attendance for purposes of Identification of Criminals Act

          (4) The undertaking may require the accused to appear at the time and place stated in it for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act if the accused is alleged to have committed an indictable offence and, in the case of an offence designated as a contravention under the Contraventions Act, the Attorney General, within the meaning of that Act, has not made an election under section 50 of that Act.

        • Money or other valuable security to be deposited with justice

          (5) If the accused has deposited an amount of money or other valuable security with a peace officer, the officer shall, without delay after the deposit, cause the money or valuable security to be delivered to a justice for deposit with the justice.

        • Signature of accused

          (6) The accused shall be requested to sign in duplicate their undertaking and, whether or not they comply with that request, one of the duplicates shall be given to them. If they fail or refuse to sign, the lack of their signature does not invalidate the undertaking.

      • Variation of undertaking on consent
        • 502 (1) The undertaking in respect of which an accused has been released under section 498, 499 or 503 may, with the written consent of the accused and the prosecutor, be varied and the undertaking so varied is deemed to be an undertaking given under section 498, 499 or 503, as the case may be.

        • Replacement by justice of undertaking with order

          (2) The accused or the prosecutor may, in the absence of consent between them, apply to a justice for a release order under subsection 515(1) or (2) to replace an undertaking given by the accused under paragraph 498(1)(c), 499(b) or 503(1.1)(b) with the order. If the prosecutor applies for the order, the prosecutor must provide three days notice to the accused.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 216

    • 216 The Act is amended by adding the following before section 503:

      • Appearance of the accused
        • 502.1 (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Part, an accused who is required to appear in a proceeding under this Part shall appear personally but may appear by audioconference or videoconference, if arrangements are made with the court in advance and those arrangements are satisfactory to the justice.

        • Witness in Canada

          (2) Despite section 714.1, a witness in Canada who is required to give evidence in a proceeding under this Part may do so by audioconference or videoconference, if it is satisfactory to the justice.

        • Witness outside Canada

          (3) For greater certainty, sections 714.2 to 714.8 apply when a witness outside Canada gives evidence in a proceeding under this Part.

        • Participants

          (4) A participant, as defined in subsection 715.25(1), who is to participate in a proceeding under this Part shall participate personally but may participate by audioconference or videoconference, if it is satisfactory to the justice.

        • Justice

          (5) The justice who is to preside at a proceeding under this Part shall preside personally but may preside by audioconference or videoconference, if the justice considers it necessary in the circumstances.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 217

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 42; 1997, c. 18, s. 55(1) and (2); 1998, c. 7, s. 3; 1999, c. 25, s. 7
      • 217 (1) Subsections 503(1) to (2.3) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Taking before justice
          • 503 (1) Subject to the other provisions of this section, a peace officer who arrests a person with or without warrant and who has not released the person under any other provision under this Part shall, in accordance with the following paragraphs, cause the person to be taken before a justice to be dealt with according to law:

            • (a) if a justice is available within a period of 24 hours after the person has been arrested by the peace officer, the person shall be taken before a justice without unreasonable delay and in any event within that period; and

            • (b) if a justice is not available within a period of 24 hours after the person has been arrested by the peace officer, the person shall be taken before a justice as soon as possible.

          • Re-evaluation of detention

            (1.1) At any time before the expiry of the time referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (b), a peace officer who is satisfied that the continued detention of the person in custody for an offence that is not listed in section 469 is no longer necessary shall release the person, if

            • (a) the peace officer issues an appearance notice to the person; or

            • (b) the person gives an undertaking to the peace officer.

          • Person delivered or in custody

            (2) Subsections (1) and (1.1) also apply to a peace officer to whom a person is delivered under subsection 494(3) or into whose custody a person is placed under subsection 163.5(3) of the Customs Act, except that the 24-hour period referred to in paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) begins after the person is delivered to the officer.

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 77

        (2) Paragraph 503(3.1)(a) of the English version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (a) without conditions; or

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 77; 1997, c. 18, s. 55(4)

        (3) Paragraph 503(3.1)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (b) on the terms of a release order containing any conditions referred to in paragraphs 515(2)(a) to (e) that the justice considers desirable and to which the prosecutor consents.

      • (4) Subsection 503(4) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Release of person about to commit indictable offence

          (4) A peace officer having the custody of a person who has been arrested without warrant as a person about to commit an indictable offence shall release that person as soon as practicable after the officer is satisfied that the continued detention of that person is no longer necessary in order to prevent that person from committing an indictable offence.

      • (5) The portion of subsection 503(5) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Consequences of non-release

          (5) Despite subsection (4), a peace officer having the custody of a person referred to in that subsection who does not release the person before the expiry of the time prescribed in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) for taking the person before the justice shall be deemed to be acting lawfully and in the execution of the peace officer’s duty for the purposes of

      • (6) Paragraph 503(5)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (b) any other proceedings, unless in those proceedings it is alleged and established by the person making the allegation that the peace officer did not comply with the requirements of subsection (4).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 218

    • 218 Section 505 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Time within which information to be laid in certain cases

        505 If an appearance notice has been issued to an accused under section 497, or if an accused has been released from custody under section 498 or 503, an information relating to the offence alleged to have been committed by the accused or relating to an included or other offence alleged to have been committed by them shall be laid before a justice as soon as practicable after the issuance or release, and in any event before the time stated in the appearance notice or undertaking for their attendance in court.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 219

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 43

      219 Subsections 507(6) and (7) of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Endorsement of warrant by justice

        (6) A justice who issues a warrant under this section or section 508, 512, 512.1 or 512.2 may, unless the offence is one listed in section 469, authorize the release of the accused under section 499 by making an endorsement on the warrant in Form 29.

      • Undertaking or appearance notice deemed confirmed

        (7) If, under subsection (6), a justice authorizes the release of an accused under section 499, an appearance notice or undertaking referred to in that section shall be deemed, for the purposes of subsection 145(3) or (4), as the case may be, to have been confirmed by a justice under section 508.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 220

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 79

      220 Paragraphs 508(1)(b) and (c) of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • (b) if the justice considers that a case for so doing is made out, whether the information relates to the offence alleged in the appearance notice or undertaking or to an included or other offence,

        • (i) confirm the appearance notice or undertaking and endorse the information accordingly, or

        • (ii) cancel the appearance notice or undertaking and issue, in accordance with section 507, either a summons or a warrant for the arrest of the accused to compel the accused to attend before the justice or some other justice for the same territorial division to answer to a charge of an offence and endorse on the summons or warrant that the appearance notice or undertaking has been cancelled; and

      • (c) if the justice considers that a case is not made out for the purposes of paragraph (b), cancel the appearance notice or undertaking and cause the accused to be immediately notified of the cancellation.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 221

    • 221 Subsection 509(4) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Summary of certain provisions

        (4) The summons must set out a summary of subsection 145(3), section 512.1 and subsection 524(4).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 222

    • 1992, c. 47, s. 72; 1996, c. 7, s. 38

      222 Section 510 of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 223

    • 1997, c. 18, s. 58(1)
      • 223 (1) Paragraph 512(1)(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (a) an appearance notice or undertaking has been confirmed or cancelled under subsection 508(1);

      • (2) Paragraph 512(1)(c) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (c) the accused has been released without conditions or with the intention of compelling their appearance by way of summons.

      • 1997, c. 18, s. 58(2)

        (3) Paragraph 512(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (b) an appearance notice or undertaking has been confirmed under subsection 508(1) and the accused fails to attend court in accordance with it in order to be dealt with according to law, or

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 224

    • 224 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 512:

      • Arrest warrant — failure to appear under summons

        512.1 If an accused who is required by a summons to appear at the time and place stated in it for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act does not appear at that time and place and, in the case of an offence designated as a contravention under the Contraventions Act, the Attorney General, within the meaning of that Act, has not made an election under section 50 of that Act, a justice may issue a warrant for the arrest of the accused for the offence with which the accused is charged.

      • Arrest warrant — failure to appear under appearance notice or undertaking

        512.2 If an accused who is required by an appearance notice or undertaking to appear at the time and place stated in it for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act does not appear at that time and place, a justice may, if the appearance notice or undertaking has been confirmed by a justice under section 508, issue a warrant for the arrest of the accused for the offence with which the accused is charged.

      • Warrant to appear under section 524

        512.3 If a justice is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to believe that an accused has contravened or is about to contravene any summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order that was issued or given to the accused or entered into by the accused or has committed an indictable offence while being subject to any summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order, the justice may issue a warrant for the purpose of taking them before a justice under section 524.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 225

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), ss. 83(1) and (2), s. 186 (Sch. IV, item 7)
      • 225 (1) Subsections 515(1) to (2.1) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Release order without conditions
          • 515 (1) Subject to this section, when an accused who is charged with an offence other than an offence listed in section 469 is taken before a justice, the justice shall, unless a plea of guilty by the accused is accepted, make a release order in respect of that offence, without conditions, unless the prosecutor, having been given a reasonable opportunity to do so, shows cause, in respect of that offence, why the detention of the accused in custody is justified or why an order under any other provision of this section should be made.

          • Release order with conditions

            (2) If the justice does not make an order under subsection (1), the justice shall, unless the prosecutor shows cause why the detention of the accused is justified, make a release order that sets out the conditions directed by the justice under subsection (4) and, as the case may be,

            • (a) an indication that the release order does not include any financial obligations;

            • (b) the accused’s promise to pay a specified amount if they fail to comply with a condition of the order;

            • (c) the obligation to have one or more sureties, with or without the accused’s promise to pay a specified amount if they fail to comply with a condition of the order;

            • (d) the obligation to deposit money or other valuable security in a specified amount or value, with or without the accused’s promise to pay a specified amount if they fail to comply with a condition of the order; or

            • (e) if the accused is not ordinarily resident in the province in which they are in custody or does not ordinarily reside within 200 kilometres of the place in which they are in custody, the obligation to deposit money or other valuable security in a specified amount or value, with or without the accused’s promise to pay a specified amount by the justice if they fail to comply with a condition of the order and with or without sureties.

          • Imposition of least onerous form of release

            (2.01) The justice shall not make an order containing the conditions referred to in one of the paragraphs (2)(b) to (e) unless the prosecution shows cause why an order containing the conditions referred to in the preceding paragraphs for any less onerous form of release would be inadequate.

          • Promise to pay favoured over deposit

            (2.02) The justice shall favour a promise to pay an amount over the deposit of an amount of money if the accused or the surety, if applicable, has reasonably recoverable assets.

          • Restraint in use of surety

            (2.03) For greater certainty, before making an order requiring that the accused have a surety, the justice shall be satisfied that this requirement is the least onerous form of release possible for the accused in the circumstances.

          • Power of justice — sureties

            (2.1) If, under subsection (2) or any other provision of this Act, a judge, justice or court makes a release order with a requirement for sureties, the judge, justice or court may name particular persons as sureties.

      • 1997, c. 18, s. 59(1)

        (2) Subsections 515(2.2) and (2.3) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Appearance of the accused

          (2.2) If, by this Act, the appearance of an accused is required for the purposes of judicial interim release, the accused shall appear personally but the justice may allow the accused to appear by videoconference or, subject to subsection (2.3), by audioconference, if the technological means is satisfactory to the justice.

        • When consent required for audioconference

          (2.3) If the accused cannot appear by closed-circuit television or videoconference and the evidence of a witness is to be taken at the appearance, the consent of the prosecutor and the accused is required for the appearance of the accused by audioconference.

      • 1999, c. 25, s. 8(1) and (2)

        (3) Subsections 515(3) and (4) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Factors to consider

          (3) In making an order under this section, the justice shall consider any relevant factors, including,

          • (a) whether the accused is charged with an offence in the commission of which violence was used, threatened or attempted against their intimate partner; or

          • (b) whether the accused has been previously convicted of a criminal offence.

        • Conditions authorized

          (4) When making an order under subsection (2), the justice may direct the accused to comply with one or more of the following conditions specified in the order:

          • (a) report at specified times to a peace officer, or other person, designated in the order;

          • (b) remain within a specified territorial jurisdiction;

          • (c) notify a peace officer or other person designated in the order of any change in their address, employment or occupation;

          • (d) abstain from communicating, directly or indirectly, with any victim, witness or other person identified in the order, except in accordance with any specified conditions that the justice considers necessary;

          • (e) abstain from going to any place or entering any geographic area specified in the order, except in accordance with any specified conditions that the justice considers necessary;

          • (f) deposit all their passports as specified in the order;

          • (g) comply with any other specified condition that the justice considers necessary to ensure the safety and security of any victim of or witness to the offence; and

          • (h) comply with any other reasonable conditions specified in the order that the justice considers desirable.

      • 1999, c. 25, s. 8(4)

        (4) Paragraph 515(4.2)(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (a) that the accused abstain from communicating, directly or indirectly, with any victim, witness or other person identified in the order, except in accordance with any specified conditions that the justice considers necessary;

        • (a.1) that the accused abstain from going to any place or entering any geographic area specified in the order, except in accordance with any specified conditions that the justice considers necessary; or

      • 2001, c. 41, s. 19(4)

        (5) Subparagraphs 515(6)(a)(iv) and (v) of the English version of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 83(3)

        (6) Paragraph 515(6)(c) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (b.1) with an offence in the commission of which violence was allegedly used, threatened or attempted against their intimate partner, and the accused has been previously convicted of an offence in the commission of which violence was used, threatened or attempted against any intimate partner of theirs;

        • (c) with an offence under any of subsections 145(2) to (5) that is alleged to have been committed while they were at large after being released in respect of another offence under the provisions of this Part or section 679, 680 or 816; or

      • 1993, c. 45, s. 8(3)

        (7) Subsections 515(7) and (8) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Release order

          (7) If an accused to whom subsection (6) applies shows cause why their detention in custody is not justified, the justice shall make a release order under this section. If the accused was already at large on a release order, the new release order may include any additional conditions described in subsections (4) to (4.2) that the justice considers desirable.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 226

    • 1997, c. 18, s. 60

      226 Section 515.1 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Declaration of surety
        • 515.1 (1) Before a judge, justice or court names a particular person as a surety, the person shall provide the judge, justice or court with a signed declaration under oath, solemn declaration or solemn affirmation in Form 12 that sets out

          • (a) their name, date of birth and contact information;

          • (b) information demonstrating that they are suitable to act as a surety for the accused, including financial information;

          • (c) their relationship to the accused;

          • (d) the name and date of birth of any other accused for whom they act as a surety;

          • (e) their acknowledgment of the charge, and of any other outstanding charges against the accused and the contents of the accused’s criminal record, if any;

          • (f) their acknowledgment of the amount that they are willing to promise to pay or deposit to the court and that may be forfeited if the accused fails to comply with any condition of the release order;

          • (g) their acknowledgment that they understand the role and responsibilities of a surety and that they assume these voluntarily; and

          • (h) a description of the contents of their criminal record and any outstanding charges against them, if any.

        • Exception

          (2) Despite subsection (1), a judge, justice or court may name a person as a surety without a declaration if

          • (a) the prosecutor consents to it; or

          • (b) the judge, justice or court is satisfied that

            • (i) the person cannot reasonably provide a declaration in the circumstances,

            • (ii) the judge, justice or court has received sufficient information of the kind that would be set out in a declaration to evaluate whether the person is suitable to act as a surety for the accused, and

            • (iii) the person has acknowleged that they have received sufficient information with respect to the matters referred to in paragraphs (1)(e) to (g) to accept the role and responsibilities of a surety.

        • Means of telecommunication

          (3) A person may provide the judge, justice or court with the declaration referred to in subsection (1) by a means of telecommunication that produces a writing.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 227

    • 227 Section 516 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (2):

      • Duration of order

        (3) An order made under subsection (2) remains in force,

        • (a) until it is varied or revoked;

        • (b) until an order in respect of the accused is made under section 515;

        • (c) until the accused is acquitted of the offence, if applicable; or

        • (d) until the time the accused is sentenced, if applicable.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 228

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 85
      • 228 (1) The portion of subsection 519(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Release of accused
          • 519 (1) If a justice makes a release order under section 515,

      • (2) Subsection 519(1) of the Act is amended by striking out “and” at the end of paragraph (a), by adding “and” at the end of paragraph (b) and by adding the following after paragraph (b):

        • (c) any condition in the order that an accused abstain from communicating, directly or indirectly, with any victim, witness or other person identified in the order, except in accordance with any specified conditions, is effective from the moment it is made, whether or not the accused has been released from custody.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 229

    • 229 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 519:

      • Variation of release order with consent

        519.1 A release order under which an accused has been released under section 515 may be varied with the written consent of the accused, prosecutor and any sureties. The order so varied is considered to be a release order under section 515.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 230

    • 1999, c. 3, s. 31

      230 Subsection 520(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Review of order
        • 520 (1) If a justice, or a judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice, makes an order under subsection 515(2), (5), (6), (7), or (12) or makes or vacates any order under paragraph 523(2)(b), the accused may, at any time before the trial of the charge, apply to a judge for a review of the order.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 231

    • 1999, c. 3, s. 32

      231 Subsection 521(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Review of order
        • 521 (1) If a justice, or a judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice, makes an order under subsection 515(1), (2), (7) or (12) or makes or vacates any order under paragraph 523(2)(b), the prosecutor may, at any time before the trial of the charge, apply to a judge for a review of the order.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 232

    • 1999, c. 25, s. 10

      232 Subsection 522(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Release of accused

        (3) If the judge does not order that the accused be detained in custody under subsection (2), the judge may make a release order referred to in section 515.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 233

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 89(1)
      • 233 (1) The portion of subsection 523(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Period for which appearance notice, etc., continues in force
          • 523 (1) If an accused, in respect of an offence with which they are charged, has not been taken into custody or has been released from custody under any provision of this Part, the appearance notice, summons, undertaking or release order issued to, given or entered into by the accused continues in force, subject to its terms, and applies in respect of any new information charging the same offence or an included offence that was received after the appearance notice, summons, undertaking or release order was issued, given or entered into,

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 89(3); 2011, c. 16, s. 2(1)

        (2) Subsections 523(1.1) and (1.2) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • When new information is received

          (1.1) If an accused is charged with an offence and a new information, charging the same offence or an included offence, is received while the accused is subject to an order for detention, release order, appearance notice, summons or undertaking, section 507 or 508, as the case may be, does not apply in respect of the new information and the order for detention, release order, appearance notice, summons or undertaking applies in respect of the new information.

        • When direct indictment preferred

          (1.2) If an accused is charged with an offence, and an indictment is preferred under section 577 charging the same offence or an included offence while the accused is subject to an order for detention, release order, appearance notice, summons or undertaking, the order for detention, release order, appearance notice, summons or undertaking applies in respect of the indictment.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 234

    • 1999, c. 3, s. 33

      234 Section 524 of the Act and the heading before it are replaced by the following:

      Proceedings Respecting Failure to Comply with Release Conditions

      • Judicial referral hearing
        • 523.1 (1) When an accused appears before a justice in any of the circumstances described in subsection (2), the justice shall

          • (a) if the accused was released from custody under an order made under subsection 522(3) by a judge of the superior court of criminal jurisdiction of any province, order that the accused appear before a judge of that court so that the judge may hear the matter; or

          • (b) in any other case, hear the matter.

        • Circumstances

          (2) The circumstances referred to in subsection (1) are the following:

          • (a) an appearance notice has been issued to the accused for failing to comply with a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order or to attend court as required and the prosecutor seeks a decision under this section; or

          • (b) a charge has been laid against the accused for the contravention referred to in paragraph (a) and the prosecutor seeks a decision under this section.

        • Powers — Judge or Justice

          (3) If the judge or justice who hears the matter is satisfied that the accused failed to comply with a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order or to attend court as required and that the failure did not cause a victim physical or emotional harm, property damage or economic loss, the judge or justice shall review any conditions of release that have been imposed on the accused and may, as the case may be,

          • (a) take no action;

          • (b) cancel any other summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order in respect of the accused and, as the case may be,

            • (i) make a release order under section 515, or

            • (ii) if the prosecutor shows cause why the detention of the accused in custody is justified under subsection 515(10), make an order that the accused be detained in custody until the accused is dealt with according to law and if so detained, the judge or justice shall include in the record a statement of the judge’s or justice’s reasons for making the order; or

          • (c) remand the accused to custody for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act.

        • Dismissal of charge

          (4) If a charge has been laid against the accused for the failure referred to in paragraph (2)(a) and the judge or justice, as the case may be, makes a decision under subsection (3), the judge or justice shall also dismiss that charge.

        • No information or indictment

          (5) If the judge or justice makes a decision under subsection (3), no information may be laid nor indictment be preferred against the accused for the failure referred to in paragraph (2)(a).

      • Hearing
        • 524 (1) When an accused is taken before a justice in any of the circumstances described in subsection (2), the justice shall

          • (a) if the accused was released from custody under an order made under subsection 522(3) by a judge of the superior court of criminal jurisdiction of any province, order that the accused be taken before a judge of that court so that the judge may hear the matter; or

          • (b) in any other case, hear the matter.

        • Circumstances

          (2) The circumstances referred to in subsection (1) are the following:

          • (a) the accused has been arrested for the contravention of or having been about to contravene, a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order and the prosecutor seeks to have it cancelled under this section; or

          • (b) the accused has been arrested for having committed an indictable offence while being subject to a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order and the prosecutor seeks to have it cancelled under this section.

        • Cancellation

          (3) The judge or justice who hears the matter shall cancel a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order in respect of the accused if the judge or justice finds that

          • (a) the accused has contravened or had been about to contravene the summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order; or

          • (b) there are reasonable grounds to believe that the accused has committed an indictable offence while being subject to the summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order.

        • Detention

          (4) If the judge or justice cancels the summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order, the judge or justice shall order that the accused be detained in custody unless the accused, having been given a reasonable opportunity to do so, shows cause why their detention in custody is not justified under subsection 515(10).

        • Release order

          (5) If the judge or justice does not order that the accused be detained in custody under subsection (4), the judge or justice shall make a release order referred to in section 515.

        • Reasons

          (6) If the judge or justice makes a release order under subsection (5), the judge or justice shall include in the record a statement of the reasons for making the order, and subsection 515(9) applies with any modifications that the circumstances require.

        • Release

          (7) If the judge or justice does not cancel the summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order under subsection (3), the judge or justice shall order that the accused be released from custody.

        • Provisions applicable to proceedings under this section

          (8) The provisions of sections 516 to 519 apply with any modifications that the circumstances require in respect of any proceedings under this section, except that subsection 518(2) does not apply in respect of an accused who is charged with an offence mentioned in section 469.

        • Review — order by judge

          (9) An order made under subsection (4) or (5) respecting an accused referred to in paragraph (1)(a) is not subject to review except as provided in section 680.

        • Review — order of justice

          (10) An order made under subsection (4) or (5) respecting an accused other than the accused referred to in paragraph (1)(a), is subject to review under sections 520 and 521 as if the order were made under section 515.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 235

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 90(1); 1997, c. 18, s. 61
      • 235 (1) Subsection 525(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Time for application to judge
          • 525 (1) The person having the custody of an accused — who has been charged with an offence other than an offence listed in section 469, who is being detained in custody pending their trial for that offence and who is not required to be detained in custody in respect of any other matter — shall apply to a judge having jurisdiction in the place in which the accused is in custody to fix a date for a hearing to determine whether or not the accused should be released from custody, if the trial has not commenced within 90 days from

            • (a) the day on which the accused was taken before a justice under section 503; or

            • (b) in the case where an order that the accused be detained in custody has been made under section 521, paragraph 523.1(3)(b)(ii) or section 524, or a decision has been made with respect to a review under section 520, the later of the day on which the accused was taken into custody under that order and the day of the decision.

            The person shall make the application immediately after the expiry of those 90 days.

          • Waiver of right to hearing

            (1.1) However, the person having the custody of the accused is not required to make the application if the accused has waived in writing their right to a hearing and the judge has received the waiver before the expiry of the 90-day period referred to in subsection (1).

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 90(3); 1994, c. 44, s. 49

        (2) Subsections 525(3) to (9) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Cancellation of hearing

          (3) The judge may cancel the hearing if the judge receives the accused’s waiver before the hearing.

        • Consideration of proceeding’s progression

          (4) On the hearing described in subsection (1), the judge shall consider whether the prosecutor or the accused has been responsible for any delay and, if the judge is concerned that the proceedings are progressing slowly and that an unreasonable delay may result, the judge may

          • (a) give directions for expediting the proceedings; or

          • (b) require a further hearing under this section within 90 days or any other period that the judge considers appropriate in the circumstances.

        • Release order

          (5) If, following the hearing, the judge is not satisfied that the continued detention of the accused in custody is justified within the meaning of subsection 515(10), the judge shall make a release order referred to in section 515.

        • Provisions applicable to proceedings

          (6) Sections 495.1, 512.3, 517 to 519 and 524 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, in respect of any proceedings under this section.

        • Definition of judge in the Province of Quebec

          (7) In this section, judge, in the Province of Quebec,

          • (a) in the case where the order that the accused be detained in custody has been made by a judge of the superior court of criminal jurisdiction of the Province of Quebec, has the same meaning as in paragraph (b) of the definition judge in section 493; and

          • (b) in any other case, means a judge of the superior court of criminal jurisdiction of the province, a judge of the Court of Quebec or three judges of the Court of Quebec.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 236

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 91

      236 Section 526 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Directions for expediting proceedings

        526 Subject to subsection 525(4), a court, judge or justice before which or whom an accused appears under this Part may give directions for expediting any proceedings in respect of the accused.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 237

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), ss. 94 and 203; 1999, c. 3, s. 34; 2008, c. 18, s. 18(1)

      237 Subsections 530(1) to (4) of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Language of accused
        • 530 (1) On application by an accused whose language is one of the official languages of Canada, made not later than the time of the appearance of the accused at which their trial date is set, a judge, provincial court judge, judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice or justice of the peace shall grant an order directing that the accused be tried before a justice of the peace, provincial court judge, judge or judge and jury, as the case may be, who speak the official language of Canada that is the language of the accused or, if the circumstances warrant, who speak both official languages of Canada.

        • Idem

          (2) On application by an accused whose language is not one of the official languages of Canada, made not later than the time of the appearance of the accused at which their trial date is set, a judge, provincial court judge, judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice or justice of the peace may grant an order directing that the accused be tried before a justice of the peace, provincial court judge, judge or judge and jury, as the case may be, who speak the official language of Canada in which the accused, in the opinion of the judge, provincial court judge, judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice or justice of the peace, can best give testimony or, if the circumstances warrant, who speak both official languages of Canada.

        • Accused to be advised of right

          (3) The judge, provincial court judge, judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice or justice of the peace before whom an accused first appears shall ensure that they are advised of their right to apply for an order under subsection (1) or (2) and of the time before which such an application must be made.

        • Remand

          (4) If an accused fails to apply for an order under subsection (1) or (2) and the judge, provincial court judge, judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice or justice of the peace before whom the accused is to be tried, in this Part referred to as “the court”, is satisfied that it is in the best interests of justice that the accused be tried before a justice of the peace, provincial court judge, judge or judge and jury who speak the official language of Canada that is the language of the accused or, if the language of the accused is not one of the official languages of Canada, the official language of Canada in which the accused, in the opinion of the court, can best give testimony, the court may, if it does not speak that language, by order remand the accused to be tried by a justice of the peace, provincial court judge, judge or judge and jury, as the case may be, who speak that language or, if the circumstances warrant, who speak both official languages of Canada.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 238

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 24

      238 Section 535 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Inquiry by justice

        535 If an accused who is charged with an indictable offence that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment is before a justice and a request has been made for a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536(4) or 536.1(3), the justice shall, in accordance with this Part, inquire into the charge and any other indictable offence, in respect of the same transaction, founded on the facts that are disclosed by the evidence taken in accordance with this Part.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 239

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 25(1)
      • 239 (1) Subsection 536(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Election before justice — 14 years or more of imprisonment

          (2) If an accused is before a justice, charged with an indictable offence that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment, other than an offence listed in section 469, the justice shall, after the information has been read to the accused, put the accused to an election in the following words:

          You have the option to elect to be tried by a provincial court judge without a jury and without having had a preliminary inquiry; or you may elect to be tried by a judge without a jury; or you may elect to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you do not elect now, you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you elect to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or if you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, you will have a preliminary inquiry only if you or the prosecutor requests one. How do you elect to be tried?

        • Election before justice — other indictable offences

          (2.1) If an accused is before a justice, charged with an indictable offence — other than an offence that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment, an offence listed in section 469 that is not punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment or an offence over which a provincial court judge has absolute jurisdiction under section 553 —, the justice shall, after the information has been read to the accused, put the accused to an election in the following words:

          You have the option to elect to be tried by a provincial court judge without a jury; or you may elect to be tried by a judge without a jury; or you may elect to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you do not elect now, you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. How do you elect to be tried?

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 96

        (2) Paragraph 536(3)(a) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • a) si le juge de paix n’est pas un juge de la cour provinciale, renvoie le prévenu, pour comparution et plaidoyer relativement à l’inculpation, devant un juge de la cour provinciale ayant juridiction dans la circonscription territoriale où l’infraction aurait été commise;

      • 2004, c. 12, s. 9(1)

        (3) Subsection 536(4) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Request for preliminary inquiry

          (4) If an accused referred to in subsection (2) elects to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or does not elect when put to the election or is deemed under paragraph 565(1)(a) to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, or if an accused is charged with an offence listed in section 469 that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment, the justice shall, subject to section 577, on the request of the accused or the prosecutor made at that time or within the period fixed by rules of court made under section 482 or 482.1 or, if there are no such rules, by the justice, hold a preliminary inquiry into the charge.

      • 2004, c. 12, s. 9(2)

        (4) The portion of subsection 536(4.1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Endorsement on the information — accused referred to in subsection (2)

          (4.1) If an accused referred to in subsection (2) elects to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or does not elect when put to the election or is deemed under paragraph 565(1)(a) to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, the justice shall endorse on the information and, if the accused is in custody, on the warrant of remand, a statement showing

      • (5) Section 536 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (4.1):

        • Endorsement on the information — other accused charged with an offence punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment

          (4.11) If an accused is before a justice, charged with an offence listed in section 469 that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment, the justice shall endorse on the information and, if the accused is in custody, on the warrant of remand, a statement showing whether the accused or the prosecutor has requested that a preliminary inquiry be held.

        • Endorsement on the information — accused referred to in subsection (2.1)

          (4.12) If an accused referred to in subsection (2.1) elects to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or does not elect when put to the election or is deemed under paragraph 565(1)(a) to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, the justice shall endorse on the information and, if the accused is in custody, on the warrant of remand, a statement showing the nature of the election or deemed election of the accused or that the accused did not elect, as the case may be.

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 96

        (6) Subsection 536(5) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Compétence

          (5) Lorsqu’un juge de paix devant qui se tient ou doit se tenir une enquête préliminaire n’a pas commencé à recueillir la preuve, tout juge de paix ayant juridiction dans la province où l’infraction dont le prévenu est inculpé aurait été commise est compétent pour l’application du paragraphe (4).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 240

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 26; 2004, c. 12, s. 10(1)
      • 240 (1) Subsections 536.1(2) and (3) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Election before judge or justice of the peace in Nunavut — 14 years or more of imprisonment

          (2) If an accused is before a judge or justice of the peace, charged with an indictable offence that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment, other than an offence mentioned in section 469, the judge or justice of the peace shall, after the information has been read to the accused, put the accused to an election in the following words:

          You have the option to elect to be tried by a judge without a jury or to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you do not elect now, you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you elect to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or if you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, you will have a preliminary inquiry only if you or the prosecutor requests one. How do you elect to be tried?

        • Election before judge or justice of the peace in Nunavut — other indictable offences

          (2.1) If an accused is before a judge or justice of the peace, charged with an indictable offence — other than an offence that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment, an offence listed in section 469 that is not punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment or an offence mentioned in section 553 —, the judge or justice of the peace shall, after the information has been read to the accused, put the accused to an election in the following words:

          You have the option to elect to be tried by a judge without a jury or to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you do not elect now, you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. How do you elect to be tried?

        • Request for preliminary inquiry — Nunavut

          (3) If an accused referred to in subsection (2) elects to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or does not elect when put to the election or is deemed under paragraph 565(1)(a) to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury or if an accused is charged with an offence listed in section 469 that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment, the justice or judge shall, subject to section 577, on the request of the accused or the prosecutor made at that time or within the period fixed by rules of court made under section 482 or 482.1 or, if there are no such rules, by the judge or justice, hold a preliminary inquiry into the charge.

      • 2004, c. 12, s. 10(2)

        (2) The portion of subsection 536.1(4) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Endorsement on the information — accused referred to in subsection (2)

          (4) If an accused referred to in subsection (2) elects to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or does not elect when put to the election or is deemed under paragraph 565(1)(a) to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, the justice or judge shall endorse on the information and, if the accused is in custody, on the warrant of remand, a statement showing

      • (3) Section 536.1 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (4):

        • Endorsement on the information — other accused charged with an offence punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment

          (4.01) If an accused is before a judge or justice of the peace, charged with an offence listed in section 469 that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment, the justice or judge shall endorse on the information and, if the accused is in custody, on the warrant of remand, a statement showing whether the accused or the prosecutor has requested that a preliminary inquiry be held.

        • Endorsement on the information — accused referred to in subsection (2.1)

          (4.02) If an accused referred to in subsection (2.1) elects to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or does not elect when put to the election or is deemed under paragraph 565(1)(a) to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, the justice shall endorse on the information and, if the accused is in custody, on the warrant of remand, a statement showing the nature of the election or deemed election of the accused or that the accused did not elect, as the case may be.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 241

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 27

      241 Section 536.5 of the English version of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Agreement to limit scope of preliminary inquiry

        536.5 Whether or not a hearing is held under section 536.4, the prosecutor and the accused may agree to limit the scope of the preliminary inquiry to specific issues. An agreement shall be filed with the court or recorded under subsection 536.4(2), as the case may be.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 242

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 53(2); 2002, c. 13, s. 28(1)
      • 242 (1) Paragraphs 537(1)(i) and (j) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • (i) regulate the course of the inquiry in any way that appears to the justice to be desirable, including to promote a fair and expeditious inquiry, that is consistent with this Act and that, unless the justice is satisfied that to do so would be contrary to the best interests of the administration of justice, is in accordance with any admission of fact or agreement recorded under subsection 536.4(2) or agreement made under section 536.5;

        • (j) if the prosecutor and the accused so agree, permit the accused to appear by counsel or by closed-circuit television or videoconference, for any part of the inquiry other than a part in which the evidence of a witness is taken;

      • 1997, c. 18, s. 64(1)

        (2) Paragraph 537(1)(k) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (k) require an accused who is confined in prison to appear by closed-circuit television or videoconference, for any part of the inquiry other than a part in which the evidence of a witness is taken, as long as the accused is given the opportunity to communicate privately with counsel if they are represented by counsel.

      • 2008, c. 18, s. 22

        (3) Subsection 537(1.01) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Power provided under paragraph (1)(i)

          (1.01) For the purpose of paragraph (1)(i), the justice may, among other things, limit the scope of the preliminary inquiry to specific issues and limit the witnesses to be heard on these issues.

        • Section 715 or 715.01

          (1.02) If a justice grants a request under paragraph (1)(j.1), the Court must inform the accused that the evidence taken during their absence could still be admissible under section 715 or 715.01.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 243

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 29(1)

      243 Paragraph 540(1)(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (a) take the evidence under oath of the witnesses called on the part of the prosecution, subject to subsection 537(1.01), and allow the accused or counsel for the accused to cross-examine them; and

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 244

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 54
      • 244 (1) Subsection 541(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Hearing of witnesses
          • 541 (1) When the evidence of the witnesses called on the part of the prosecution has been taken down and, if required by this Part, has been read, the justice shall, subject to this section and subsection 537(1.01), hear the witnesses called by the accused.

      • 1994, c. 44, s. 54

        (2) Subsection 541(5) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Depositions of witnesses

          (5) Subject to subsection 537(1.01), the justice shall hear each witness called by the accused who testifies to any matter relevant to the inquiry, and for the purposes of this subsection, section 540 applies with any modifications that the circumstances require.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 245

      • 245 (1) Subsection 543(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Order that accused appear or be taken before justice where offence alleged to have been committed
          • 543 (1) If an accused is charged with an offence alleged to have been committed out of the limits of the jurisdiction in which they have been charged, the justice before whom they appear or are brought may, at any stage of the inquiry after hearing both parties, order the accused to appear or, if the accused is in custody, issue a warrant in Form 15 to convey the accused before a justice who, having jurisdiction in the place where the offence is alleged to have been committed, shall continue and complete the inquiry.

      • (2) The portion of subsection 543(2) of the French version of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Transmission de la transcription et des documents et effet de l’ordonnance ou du mandat

          (2) Lorsqu’un juge de paix rend une ordonnance ou décerne un mandat en application du paragraphe (1), il fait transmettre à un juge de paix ayant juridiction à l’endroit où l’infraction aurait été commise la transcription de tous témoignages rendus devant lui lors de l’enquête et tous les documents qu’il avait alors devant lui et qui se rapportent à l’enquête, et :

      • (3) Paragraph 543(2)(b) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • b) toute citation à comparaître délivrée au prévenu, toute promesse de comparaître ou promesse remise par lui, ou tout engagement contracté par lui aux termes de la partie XVI, sont censés l’avoir été dans le ressort où l’infraction aurait été commise et enjoindre au prévenu de comparaître devant le juge de paix auquel la transcription et les documents sont transmis au moment prévu dans l’ordonnance rendue au sujet du prévenu en vertu de l’alinéa (1)a).

      • (4) Paragraph 543(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (b) any appearance notice, undertaking or release order issued to or given or entered into by the accused shall be deemed to have been issued, given or entered into in the jurisdiction where the offence is alleged to have been committed and to require the accused to appear before the justice to whom the transcript and documents are transmitted at the time provided in the order made in respect of the accused under paragraph (1)(a).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 246

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 55

      246 Subsection 544(5) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Accused calling witnesses

        (5) If, at the conclusion of the evidence on the part of the prosecution at a preliminary inquiry that has been continued under subsection (1), the accused is absent but their counsel is present, the counsel shall be given an opportunity to call witnesses on behalf of the accused, subject to subsection 537(1.01), and subsection 541(5) applies with any modifications that the circumstances require.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 247

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 30

      247 Subsection 549(1.1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Limited preliminary inquiry

        (1.1) If the prosecutor and the accused agree under section 536.5 to limit the scope of a preliminary inquiry to specific issues, the justice, without taking or recording evidence on any other issues, may order the accused to stand trial in the court having criminal jurisdiction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 248

    • 248 Subsection 550(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Clarification

        (2) A recognizance entered into under this section may be set out at the end of a deposition or be separate from it.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 249

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 102

      249 Section 551 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Transmission of record by justice

        551 If a justice orders an accused to stand trial, the justice shall immediately send to the clerk or other proper officer of the court by which the accused is to be tried, any information, evidence, exhibits, or statement of the accused taken down in writing in accordance with section 541, any appearance notice, undertaking or release order given by or issued to the accused and any evidence taken before a coroner that is in the possession of the justice.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 250

    • 2011, c. 16, s. 4

      250 Subsection 551.1(3) of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 251

    • 2011, c. 16, s. 4
      • 251 (1) The portion of subsection 551.3(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Powers before evidence on merits presented
          • 551.3 (1) In performing their duties before the stage of the presentation of the evidence on the merits, the case management judge, as a trial judge, exercises the powers that a trial judge has before that stage in order to assist in promoting a fair and efficient trial, including by

      • (2) Subsection 551.3(1) of the Act is amended by striking out “and” at the end of paragraph (f), by adding “and” at the end of paragraph (g) and by adding the following after paragraph (g):

        • (h) ordering, in each case set out in subsection 599(1), that the trial be held in a territorial division in the same province other than that in which the offence would otherwise be tried.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 252

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203; 1994, c. 44, s. 58
      • 252 (1) Subsections 555(1) and (2) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • If charge should be prosecuted by indictment
          • 555 (1) If in any proceedings under this Part an accused is before a provincial court judge and it appears to the provincial court judge that for any reason the charge should be prosecuted in superior court, the provincial court judge may, at any time before the accused has entered a defence, decide not to adjudicate and shall then inform the accused of the decision.

          • Election before justice

            (1.1) If the provincial court judge has decided not to adjudicate, the judge shall put the accused to an election in the following words:

            You have the option to elect to be tried by a superior court judge without a jury or you may elect to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you do not elect now, you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you elect to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or if you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, you will have a preliminary inquiry only if you are entitled to one and you or the prosecutor requests one. How do you elect to be tried?

          • Continuing proceedings

            (1.2) If the accused is entitled to a preliminary inquiry and they or the prosecutor requests one, the provincial court judge shall continue the proceedings as a preliminary inquiry.

          • If subject matter is testamentary instrument or exceeds $5,000 in value

            (2) If an accused is before a provincial court judge, charged with an offence prosecuted by indictment mentioned in paragraph 553(a) or subparagraph 553(b)(i), and, at any time before the provincial court judge makes an adjudication, the evidence establishes that the subject matter of the offence is a testamentary instrument or that its value exceeds $5,000, the provincial court judge shall put the accused to their election in accordance with subsection 536(2.1).

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 106; 2002, c. 13, s. 32

        (2) The portion of subsection 555(3) of the Act before paragraph (b) is replaced by the following:

        • Continuing proceedings

          (3) If an accused is put to their election under subsection (1.1) or (2), the following provisions apply:

          • (a) if the accused elects to be tried by a superior court judge without a jury or a court composed of a judge and jury or does not elect when put to their election, the provincial court judge shall endorse on the information a record of the nature of the election or deemed election; and

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 253

    • 1999, c. 3, s. 39; 2002, c. 13, s. 33

      253 Section 555.1 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • If charge should be prosecuted by indictment — Nunavut
        • 555.1 (1) If in any criminal proceedings under this Part an accused is before a judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice and it appears to the judge that for any reason the charge should be prosecuted by indictment, the judge may, at any time before the accused has entered a defence, decide not to adjudicate and shall then inform the accused of the decision.

        • Election before justice

          (1.1) If the judge has decided not to adjudicate, the judge shall put the accused to an election in the following words:

          You have the option to elect to be tried by a judge without a jury or to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you do not elect now, you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you elect to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or if you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, you will have a preliminary inquiry only if you are entitled to one and you or the prosecutor requests one. How do you elect to be tried?

        • Continuing proceedings

          (1.2) If the accused is entitled to a preliminary inquiry and they or the prosecutor requests one, the judge shall endorse on the information a record of the nature of the election or deemed election and continue the proceedings as a preliminary inquiry.

        • If subject-matter is testamentary instrument or exceeds $5,000 in value — Nunavut

          (2) If an accused is before a judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice, charged with an offence prosecuted by indictment mentioned in paragraph 553(a) or subparagraph 553(b)(i), and, at any time before the judge makes an adjudication, the evidence establishes that the subject matter of the offence is a testamentary instrument or that its value exceeds $5,000, the judge shall put the accused to their election in accordance with subsection 536.1(2.1).

        • Continuing proceedings — Nunavut

          (3) If an accused is put to their election under subsection (1.1) and no preliminary inquiry is requested, or is put to an election under subsection (2), and elects to be tried by a judge without a jury or a court composed of a judge and jury or does not elect when put to the election, the judge shall endorse on the information a record of the nature of the election or deemed election and continue with the trial.

        • Application to Nunavut

          (4) This section, and not section 555, applies in respect of criminal proceedings in Nunavut.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 254

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 110; 2002, c. 13, s. 37
      • 254 (1) Subsections 561(1) to (5) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Right to re-elect
          • 561 (1) An accused who elects or is deemed to have elected a mode of trial other than trial by a provincial court judge may re-elect,

            • (a) if the accused is charged with an offence for which a preliminary inquiry has been requested under subsection 536(4),

              • (i) at any time before or after the completion of the preliminary inquiry, with the written consent of the prosecutor, to be tried by a provincial court judge,

              • (ii) at any time before the completion of the preliminary inquiry or before the 60th day following the completion of the preliminary inquiry, as of right, another mode of trial other than trial by a provincial court judge, and

              • (iii) on or after the 60th day following the completion of the preliminary inquiry, any mode of trial with the written consent of the prosecutor; or

            • (b) if the accused is charged with an offence for which they are not entitled to request a preliminary inquiry or if they did not request a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536(4),

              • (i) as of right, not later than 60 days before the day first appointed for the trial, another mode of trial other than trial by a provincial court judge, or

              • (ii) any mode of trial with the written consent of the prosecutor.

          • Right to re-elect

            (2) An accused who elects to be tried by a provincial court judge may, not later than 60 days before the day first appointed for the trial, re-elect as of right another mode of trial, and may do so after that time with the written consent of the prosecutor.

          • Notice of re-election under paragraph (1)(a)

            (3) If an accused intends to re-elect under paragraph (1)(a) before the completion of the preliminary inquiry, they shall give notice in writing of their intention to re-elect, together with the written consent of the prosecutor, if that consent is required, to the justice presiding at the preliminary inquiry who shall on receipt of the notice,

            • (a) in the case of a re-election under subparagraph (1)(a)(ii), put the accused to their re-election in the manner set out in subsection (7); or

            • (b) if the accused intends to re-elect under subparagraph (1)(a)(i) and the justice is not a provincial court judge, notify a provincial court judge or clerk of the court of the accused’s intention to re-elect and send to the provincial court judge or clerk the information and any promise to appear, undertaking or recognizance given or entered into in accordance with Part XVI, or any evidence taken before a coroner, that is in the possession of the justice.

          • Notice of re-election under paragraph (1)(b) or subsection (2)

            (4) If an accused intends to re-elect under paragraph (1)(b) or subsection (2), they shall give notice in writing that they intend to re-elect together with the written consent of the prosecutor, if that consent is required, to the provincial court judge before whom the accused appeared and pleaded or to a clerk of the court.

          • Notice and transmitting record

            (5) If an accused intends to re-elect under paragraph (1)(a) after the completion of the preliminary inquiry, they shall give notice in writing that they intend to re-elect, together with the written consent of the prosecutor, if that consent is required, to a judge or clerk of the court of the accused’s original election who shall, on receipt of the notice,

            • (a) notify the judge or provincial court judge or clerk of the court by which the accused wishes to be tried of the accused’s intention to re-elect; and

            • (b) send to that judge or provincial court judge or clerk the information, the evidence, the exhibits and the statement, if any, of the accused taken down in writing under section 541 and any promise to appear, undertaking or recognizance given or entered into in accordance with Part XVI, or any evidence taken before a coroner, that is in the possession of the first-mentioned judge or clerk.

      • (2) Paragraph 561(3)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (b) if the accused intends to re-elect under subparagraph (1)(a)(i) and the justice is not a provincial court judge, notify a provincial court judge or clerk of the court of the accused’s intention to re-elect and send to the provincial court judge or clerk any information, appearance notice, undertaking or release order given by or issued to the accused and any evidence taken before a coroner that is in the possession of the justice.

      • (3) Subsection 561(5) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Notice and transmitting record

          (5) If an accused intends to re-elect under paragraph (1)(a) after the completion of the preliminary inquiry, they shall give notice in writing, together with the written consent of the prosecutor, if that consent is required, to a judge or clerk of the court of the accused’s original election. The judge or clerk shall, on receipt of the notice,

          • (a) notify the judge or provincial court judge or clerk of the court by which the accused wishes to be tried of the accused’s intention to re-elect; and

          • (b) send to that judge or provincial court judge or clerk any information, evidence, exhibits and statement of the accused taken down in writing in accordance with section 541, any appearance notice, undertaking or release order given by or issued to the accused and any evidence taken before a coroner that is in the possession of the first-mentioned judge or clerk.

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 110

        (4) Subsection 561(6) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Date, heure et lieu du nouveau choix

          (6) Lorsqu’un juge de la cour provinciale ou un juge ou un greffier du tribunal est avisé en vertu de l’alinéa (3)b) ou des paragraphes (4) ou (5) que le prévenu désire faire un nouveau choix, le juge de la cour provinciale ou le juge doit immédiatement fixer les date, heure et lieu où le prévenu pourra faire son nouveau choix et doit faire en sorte qu’un avis soit donné au prévenu et au poursuivant.

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 110

        (5) Subsection 561(7) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Proceedings on re-election

          (7) The accused shall attend or, if in custody, shall be produced at the time and place appointed under subsection (6) and shall be put to a re-election after

          • (a) the charge on which the accused has been ordered to stand trial or the indictment, if an indictment has been preferred under section 566, 574 or 577 or is filed with the court before which the indictment is to be preferred under section 577, has been read to the accused; or

          • (b) the information, in the case of a re-election under paragraph (1)(a), before the completion of the preliminary inquiry, or under paragraph (1)(b) or subsection (2), has been read to the accused.

          The accused shall be put to their re-election in the following words or in words to the like effect:

          You have given notice of your intention to re-elect the mode of your trial. You now have the option to do so. How do you intend to re-elect?

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 255

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 38(1)
      • 255 (1) Subsections 561.1(2) and (3) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Right to re-elect before trial — Nunavut

          (2) An accused who has elected or is deemed to have elected a mode of trial but has not requested a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536.1(3) or is not entitled to make such a request under that subsection may, as of right, re-elect to be tried by any other mode of trial at any time up to 60 days before the day first appointed for the trial.

        • Right to re-elect at preliminary inquiry — Nunavut

          (3) An accused who has elected or is deemed to have elected a mode of trial and has requested a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536.1(3) may, as of right, re-elect to be tried by the other mode of trial at any time before the completion of the preliminary inquiry or before the 60th day after its completion.

      • 1999, c. 3, s. 43

        (2) Subsection 561.1(4) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Avis : cas des paragraphes (1) ou (3) : Nunavut

          (4) S’il a l’intention de faire un nouveau choix avant la fin de l’enquête préliminaire en vertu des paragraphes (1) ou (3), le prévenu doit en donner un avis écrit, accompagné, le cas échéant, du consentement, au juge de paix ou juge présidant l’enquête qui, sur réception de l’avis, l’appelle à faire son nouveau choix en vertu du paragraphe (9).

      • 2002, c. 13, s. 38(2)

        (3) Subsection 561.1(5) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Notice at preliminary inquiry — Nunavut

          (5) If at a preliminary inquiry an accused intends to re-elect under subsection (1) or (3) to be tried by a judge without a jury but does not intend to request a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536.1(3), the presiding justice of the peace shall notify a judge or a clerk of the Nunavut Court of Justice of the accused’s intention to re-elect and send to the judge or clerk any information, appearance notice, undertaking or release order given by or issued to the accused and any evidence taken before a coroner that is in the possession of the justice of the peace.

      • 2002, c. 13, s. 38(2)

        (4) Subsection 561.1(6) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Notice when no preliminary inquiry or preliminary inquiry completed — Nunavut

          (6) If an accused who has not requested a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536.1(3), who has had one or who was not entitled to make such a request under that subsection intends to re-elect under this section, the accused shall give notice in writing of the intention to re-elect together with the written consent of the prosecutor, if that consent is required, to the judge before whom the accused appeared and pleaded or to a clerk of the Nunavut Court of Justice.

      • 1999, c. 3, s. 43

        (5) Subsection 561.1(9) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Proceedings on re-election — Nunavut

          (9) The accused shall attend or, if in custody, shall be produced at the time and place appointed under subsection (8) and shall be put to a re-election after

          • (a) the charge on which the accused has been ordered to stand trial has been read to the accused or, if an indictment has been preferred under section 566, 574 or 577 or is filed with the court before which the indictment is to be preferred under section 577, the indictment has been read to the accused; or

          • (b) the information — in the case of a re-election under subsection (1) or (3), before the completion of the preliminary inquiry, or under subsection (2) — has been read to the accused.

          The accused shall be put to their re-election in the following words or in words to the like effect:

          You have given notice of your intention to re-elect the mode of your trial. You now have the option to do so. How do you intend to re-elect?

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 256

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 110

      256 Section 562 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Proceedings following re-election
        • 562 (1) If the accused re-elects under subparagraph 561(1)(a)(i) before the completion of the preliminary inquiry, under paragraph 561(1)(a) after the completion of the preliminary inquiry or under paragraph 561(1)(b), the provincial court judge or judge, as the case may be, shall proceed with the trial or appoint a time and place for the trial.

        • Proceedings following re-election

          (2) If the accused re-elects under subparagraph 561(1)(a)(ii) before the completion of the preliminary inquiry, or under subsection 561(2), and requests a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536(4), the justice shall proceed with the preliminary inquiry.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 257

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 39

      257 Subsection 562.1(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Proceedings following re-election — Nunavut
        • 562.1 (1) If the accused re-elects under subsection 561.1(1) to be tried by a judge without a jury and does not request a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536.1(3), or if the accused re-elects any other mode of trial under subsection 561.1(2) but is not entitled to make a request for a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536.1(3), the judge shall proceed with the trial or appoint a time and place for the trial.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 258

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 110

      258 Paragraph 563(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (a) the accused shall be tried on the information that was before the justice at the preliminary inquiry, if applicable, subject to any amendments to the information that may be allowed by the provincial court judge by whom the accused is tried; and

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 259

    • 1999, c. 3, s. 45; 2002, c. 13, s. 40

      259 The portion of subsection 563.1(1) of the Act before paragraph (b) is replaced by the following:

      • Proceedings on re-election to be tried by judge without jury — Nunavut
        • 563.1 (1) If an accused re-elects under section 561.1 to be tried by a judge without a jury and does not request a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536.1(3) or is not entitled to make such a request under that subsection,

          • (a) the accused shall be tried on the information that was before the justice of the peace or judge at the preliminary inquiry, if applicable, subject to any amendments that may be allowed by the judge by whom the accused is tried; and

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 260

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 111; 1999, c. 3, ss. 46(1) and (2); 2008, c. 18, s. 23
      • 260 (1) Subsections 565(1) to (2) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Election deemed to have been made
          • 565 (1) If an accused is ordered to stand trial for an offence that, under this Part, may be tried by a judge without a jury, the accused shall, for the purposes of the provisions of this Part relating to election and re-election, be deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury if

            • (a) the justice of the peace, provincial court judge or judge, as the case may be, declined to record the election or re-election of the accused under section 567 or subsection 567.1(1); or

            • (b) the accused does not elect when put to an election under section 536 or 536.1.

          • When direct indictment preferred

            (2) If an accused is to be tried after an indictment has been preferred against the accused on the basis of a consent or order given under section 577, the accused is, for the purposes of the provisions of this Part relating to election and re-election, deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury and not to have requested a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536(4) or 536.1(3), if they were entitled to make such a request, and may re-elect to be tried by a judge without a jury without a preliminary inquiry.

      • 2008, c. 18, s. 23

        (2) Subsection 565(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Notice of re-election

          (3) If an accused intends to re-elect under subsection (2), the accused shall give notice in writing to a judge or clerk of the court where the indictment has been filed or preferred. The judge or clerk shall, on receipt of the notice, notify a judge having jurisdiction or clerk of the court by which the accused wishes to be tried of the accused’s intention to re-elect and send to that judge or clerk any indictment, appearance notice, undertaking or release order given by or issued to the accused, any summons or warrant issued under section 578 and any evidence taken before a coroner that is in the possession of the first-mentioned judge or clerk.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 261

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 42

      261 Subsection 566.1(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Indictment — Nunavut
        • 566.1 (1) The trial of an accused for an indictable offence, other than an indictable offence referred to in section 553 or an offence in respect of which the accused has elected or re-elected to be tried by a judge without a jury and in respect of which no party has requested a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536.1(3) or was not entitled to make such a request under that subsection, must be on an indictment in writing setting out the offence with which the accused is charged.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 262

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 112; 1994, c. 44, s. 59(1)
      • 262 (1) Subsections 570(1) and (2) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Record of conviction or order
          • 570 (1) If an accused who is tried under this Part is determined by a judge or provincial court judge to be guilty of an offence on acceptance of a plea of guilty or on a finding of guilt, the judge or provincial court judge, as the case may be, shall endorse the information accordingly and shall sentence the accused or otherwise deal with the accused in the manner authorized by law and, on request by the accused, the prosecutor, a peace officer or any other person, a conviction in Form 35 and a certified copy of it, or an order in Form 36 and a certified copy of it, shall be drawn up and the certified copy shall be delivered to the person making the request.

          • Acquittal and record of acquittal

            (2) If an accused who is tried under this Part is found not guilty of an offence with which the accused is charged, the judge or provincial court judge, as the case may be, shall immediately acquit the accused in respect of that offence, an order in Form 37 shall be drawn up and, on request, a certified copy shall be drawn up and delivered to the accused.

      • 1994, c. 44, s. 59(2); 2003, c. 21, s. 10

        (2) Subsections 570(5) and (6) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Warrant of committal

          (5) If an accused other than an organization is convicted, the judge or provincial court judge, as the case may be, shall issue a warrant of committal in Form 21, and section 528 applies in respect of a warrant of committal issued under this subsection.

        • Admissibility of certified copy

          (6) If a warrant of committal is signed by a clerk of a court, a copy of the warrant of committal, certified by the clerk, is admissible in evidence in any proceeding.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 263

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 45

      263 Subsection 574(1.1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Preferring indictment when no preliminary inquiry

        (1.1) If a person has not requested a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536(4) or 536.1(3) into the charge or was not entitled to make such a request, the prosecutor may, subject to subsection (3), prefer an indictment against a person in respect of a charge set out in an information or informations, or any included charge, at any time after the person has made an election, re-election or deemed election on the information or informations.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 264

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 117

      264 Subsection 579(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Attorney General may direct stay
        • 579 (1) The Attorney General or counsel instructed by the Attorney General for that purpose may, at any time after any proceedings in relation to an accused or a defendant are commenced and before judgment, direct the clerk or other proper officer of the court to make an entry on the record that the proceedings are stayed by the Attorney General’s or counsel’s direction, as the case may be, and the entry shall then be made, at which time the proceedings shall be stayed accordingly and any undertaking or release order relating to the proceedings is vacated.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 265

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 60
      • 265 (1) The portion of subsection 579.1(1) of the Act before paragraph (b) is replaced by the following:

        • Intervention by Attorney General of Canada or Director of Public Prosecutions
          • 579.1 (1) The Attorney General of Canada or the Director of Public Prosecutions appointed under subsection 3(1) of the Director of Public Prosecutions Act, or counsel instructed by him or her for that purpose, may intervene in proceedings in the following circumstances:

            • (a) the proceedings are in respect of an offence for which he or she has the power to commence or to conduct a proceeding;

      • 1994, c. 44, s. 60

        (2) Paragraph 579.1(1)(d) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • d) à l’égard de laquelle n’est pas intervenu le procureur général de la province où les poursuites ou procédures sont engagées.

      • 1994, c. 44, s. 60

        (3) Subsection 579.1(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Sections 579 and 579.01 to apply

          (2) Sections 579 and 579.01 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to proceedings in which the Attorney General of Canada or the Director of Public Prosecutions intervenes under this section.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 266

    • 266 Subsection 597(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Interim release

        (3) If an accused is arrested under a warrant issued under subsection (1), a judge of the court that issued the warrant may make a release order referred to in section 515.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 267

    • 267 Paragraph 599(1)(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (a) it appears expedient to the ends of justice, including

        • (i) to promote a fair and efficient trial, and

        • (ii) to ensure the safety and security of a victim or witness or to protect their interests and those of society; or

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 268

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 49(1)
      • 268 (1) The portion of subsection 606(1.1) of the English version of the Act before subparagraph (b)(i) is replaced by the following:

        • Conditions for accepting guilty plea

          (1.1) A court may accept a plea of guilty only if it is satisfied that

          • (a) the accused is making the plea voluntarily;

          • (b) the accused understands

      • (2) Subsection 606(1.1) of the Act is amended by adding “and” at the end of paragraph (b) and by adding the following after paragraph (b):

        • (c) the facts support the charge.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 269

    • 1992, c. 41, s. 2; 2001, c. 32, s. 40; 2002, c. 13, s. 54(1) and (2); 2008, c. 18, s. 25; 2011, c. 16, s. 8

      269 Sections 633 and 634 of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Stand by

        633 The judge may direct a juror who has been called under subsection 631(3) or (3.1) to stand by for reasons of personal hardship, maintaining public confidence in the administration of justice or any other reasonable cause.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 270

    • 1992, c. 41, s. 2

      270 Subsection 635(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Order of challenges
        • 635 (1) The accused shall be called on before the prosecutor is called on to declare whether the accused challenges the first juror for cause, and after that the prosecutor and the accused shall be called on alternately, in respect of each of the remaining jurors, to first make such a declaration.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 271

    • 271 Paragraphs 638(1)(b) to (d) of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • (b) a juror is not impartial;

      • (c) a juror has been convicted of an offence for which they were sentenced to a term of imprisonment of two years or more and for which no pardon or record suspension is in effect;

      • (d) a juror is not a Canadian citizen;

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 272

    • 2008, c. 18, s. 26; 2011, c. 16, s. 9

      272 Section 640 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Determination of challenge for cause
        • 640 (1) If a challenge is made on a ground mentioned in section 638, the judge shall determine whether the alleged ground is true or not and, if the judge is satisfied that it is true, the juror shall not be sworn.

        • Exclusion order

          (2) On the application of the accused or prosecutor or on the judge’s own motion, the judge may order the exclusion of all jurors, sworn and unsworn, from the court room until it is determined whether the ground of challenge is true if the judge is of the opinion that the order is necessary to preserve the impartiality of the jurors.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 273

    • 273 Section 644 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (2):

      • Trial may continue without jury

        (3) If in the course of a trial the number of jurors is reduced below 10, the judge may, with the consent of the parties, discharge the jurors, continue the trial without a jury and render a verdict.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 274

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 61; 1997, c. 18, s. 77(1)(F) and (2)

      274 Subsections 650(1.1) and (1.2) of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Video links

        (1.1) If the court so orders, and if the prosecutor and the accused so agree, the accused may appear by counsel or by closed-circuit television or videoconference, for any part of the trial other than a part in which the evidence of a witness is taken.

      • Video links

        (1.2) If the court so orders, an accused who is confined in prison may appear by closed-circuit television or videoconference, for any part of the trial other than a part in which the evidence of a witness is taken, as long as the accused is given the opportunity to communicate privately with counsel if they are represented by counsel.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 275

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 61

      275 Section 650.02 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Remote appearance

        650.02 The prosecutor or the counsel designated under section 650.01 may appear before the court by audioconference or videoconference, if the technological means is satisfactory to the court.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 276

    • 1991, c. 43, s. 4; 2005, c. 22, par. 42(d)(F)

      276 Section 672.46 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Status quo pending Review Board hearing
        • 672.46 (1) If the court does not make a disposition in respect of the accused at a disposition hearing, any order for the detention of the accused or any release order, appearance notice, summons or undertaking in respect of the accused that is in force at the time the verdict of not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder or unfit to stand trial is rendered continues in force, subject to its terms, until the Review Board makes a disposition.

        • Variation

          (2) Despite subsection (1), a court may, pending a disposition by the Review Board in respect of the accused, on cause being shown, vacate the detention order, release order, appearance notice, summons or undertaking referred to in that subsection, and make any other order for the detention of the accused or any other release order that the court considers to be appropriate in the circumstances, including an order directing that the accused be detained in custody in a hospital.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 277

    • 1997, c. 18, s. 84(2); 2005, c. 22, para. 42(g)(F)

      277 Subsection 672.5(13) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Video links

        (13) If the accused so agrees, the court or the chairperson of the Review Board may permit the accused to appear by closed-circuit television or videoconference for any part of the hearing.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 278

    • 2013, c.11, s.2

      278 Paragraph (b) of the definition sentence in section 673 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an order made under subsection 109(1) or 110(1), section 161, subsection 164.2(1) or 194(1), section 259, 261 or 462.37, subsection 491.1(2), 730(1) or 737(2.1) or (3) or section 738, 739, 742.1, 742.3, 743.6, 745.4 or 745.5,

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 279

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 141; 1999, c. 25, s. 14
      • 279 (1) Subsections 679(5) to (6) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Conditions of release order

          (5) If the judge of the court of appeal does not refuse the appellant’s application, the judge shall make a release order referred to in section 515, the form of which may be adapted to suit the circumstances, which must include a condition that the accused surrender themselves into custody in accordance with the order.

        • Immediate release of appellant

          (5.1) The person having the custody of the appellant shall, if the appellant complies with the release order, immediately release the appellant.

        • Applicable provisions

          (6) Sections 495.1, 512.3 and 524 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, in respect of any proceedings under this section.

      • (2) Subsection 679(9) of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 280

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 68

      280 The portion of subsection 680(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

      • Review by court of appeal
        • 680 (1) A decision made by a judge under section 522, a decision made under subsections 524(3) to (5) with respect to an accused referred to in paragraph 524(1)(a) or a decision made by a judge of the court of appeal under section 261 or 679 may, on the direction of the chief justice or acting chief justice of the court of appeal, be reviewed by that court and that court may, if it does not confirm the decision,

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 281

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 67
      • 281 (1) Subsection 683(2.1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Remote appearance

          (2.1) In proceedings under this section, the court of appeal may order that a party appear by audioconference or videoconference, if the technological means is satisfactory to the court.

      • (2) Section 683 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (2.2):

        • Application of sections 715.25 and 715.26

          (2.3) Sections 715.25 and 715.26 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to proceedings under this section.

      • 2008, c. 18, s. 29(1)

        (3) Subsection 683(5.1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Release order or recognizance

          (5.1) Before making an order under paragraph (5)(e) or (f), the court of appeal, or a judge of that court, may make a release order or order the offender to enter into a recognizance.

      • 2008, c. 18, s. 29(2)

        (4) Subsection 683(7) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Release order to be taken into account

          (7) If the offender is subject to a release order under subsection (5.1), the court of appeal shall, in determining whether to vary the sentence of the offender, take into account the conditions of that order and the period for which they were imposed on the offender.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 282

    • 1999, c. 3, s. 52(2)

      282 Paragraph 686(5.01)(b) of the English version of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) if the accused, in the notice of appeal or notice of application for leave to appeal, did not request that the new trial, if ordered, should be held before a court composed of a judge and jury, the new trial shall, without further election by the accused, and without a preliminary inquiry, be held before a judge, acting under Part XIX, other than a judge who tried the accused in the first instance, unless the Court of Appeal of Nunavut directs that the new trial be held before the judge who tried the accused in the first instance;

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 283

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 68

      283 Paragraphs 688(2.1)(a) and (b) of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • (a) at an application for leave to appeal or at any proceedings that are preliminary or incidental to an appeal, the appellant appear by audioconference or videoconference, if the technological means is satisfactory to the court; and

      • (b) at the hearing of the appeal, if the appellant has access to legal advice, they appear by closed-circuit television or videoconference.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 284

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203; 1997, c. 30, s. 2

      284 Subsections 699(5) and (5.1) of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Signature

        (5) A subpoena or warrant that is issued by a justice or provincial court judge under this Part must be signed by the justice, provincial court judge or the clerk of the court.

      • Sexual offences

        (5.1) Despite anything in subsections (1) to (5), in the case of an offence referred to in subsection 278.2(1), a subpoena requiring a witness to bring to the court a record, the production of which is governed by sections 278.1 to 278.91, must be issued by a judge and signed by the judge or the clerk of the court.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 285

    • 1999, c. 18, s. 94

      285 Subsection 700.1(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Video links
        • 700.1 (1) If a person is to give evidence under section 714.1 or under subsection 46(2) of the Canada Evidence Act — or is to give evidence or a statement under an order made under section 22.2 of the Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act — at a place within the jurisdiction of a court referred to in subsection 699(1) or (2) where the technology is available, a subpoena shall be issued out of the court to order the person to give that evidence at that place.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 286

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203
      • 286 (1) The portion of subsection 705(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

        • Warrant if witness does not attend
          • 705 (1) If a person who has been served with a subpoena to give evidence in a proceeding does not attend or remain in attendance, the court, judge, justice or provincial court judge before whom that person was required to attend may issue a warrant in Form 17 for the arrest of that person if it is established

      • (2) The portion of subsection 705(1) of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203

        (3) Subsection 705(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Warrant if witness bound by recognizance

          (2) If a person who has been bound by a recognizance to attend to give evidence in any proceeding does not attend or does not remain in attendance, the court, judge, justice or provincial court judge before whom that person was bound to attend may issue a warrant in Form 17 for the arrest of that person.

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203

        (4) Subsection 705(3) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Mandat valable partout au Canada

          (3) Un mandat décerné par un juge de paix ou un juge de la cour provinciale en vertu des paragraphes (1) ou (2) peut être exécuté partout au Canada.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 287

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203

      287 Section 706 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • If witness arrested under warrant

        706 If a person is brought before a court, judge, provincial court judge or justice under a warrant issued under subsection 698(2) or section 704 or 705, the court, judge, provincial court judge or justice may, so that the person will appear and give evidence when required, order that the person be detained in custody or be released on recognizance, with or without sureties.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 288

    • 288 Subsection 707(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Review of detention

        (3) If the judge before whom a witness is brought under this section is not satisfied that the continued detention of the witness is justified, the judge shall order them to be discharged or to be released on recognizance, with or without sureties, so that the witness will appear and give evidence when required. However, if the judge is satisfied that the continued detention of the witness is justified, the judge may order their continued detention until they do what is required of them under section 550 or the trial is concluded, or until they appear and give evidence when required, except that the total period of detention of the witness from the time they were first detained in custody shall not in any case exceed 90 days.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 289

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203

      289 Subsection 708(2) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Peine

        (2) Un tribunal, un juge, un juge de paix ou un juge de la cour provinciale peut traiter par voie sommaire une personne coupable d’un outrage au tribunal en vertu du présent article, et cette personne est passible d’une amende maximale de cent dollars et d’un emprisonnement maximal de quatre-vingt-dix jours, ou de l’une de ces peines, et il peut lui être ordonné de payer les frais résultant de la signification de tout acte judiciaire selon la présente partie et de sa détention, s’il en est.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 290

    • 1999, c. 18, s. 95

      290 Sections 714.1 to 714.8 of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Audioconference and videoconference — witness in Canada

        714.1 A court may order that a witness in Canada give evidence by audioconference or videoconference, if the court is of the opinion that it would be appropriate having regard to all the circumstances, including

        • (a) the location and personal circumstances of the witness;

        • (b) the costs that would be incurred if the witness were to appear personally;

        • (c) the nature of the witness’ anticipated evidence;

        • (d) the suitability of the location from where the witness will give evidence;

        • (e) the accused’s right to a fair and public hearing;

        • (f) the nature and seriousness of the offence; and

        • (g) any potential prejudice to the parties caused by the fact that the witness would not be seen by them, if the court were to order the evidence to be given by audioconference.

      • Videoconference — witness outside Canada
        • 714.2 (1) A court shall receive evidence given by a witness outside Canada by videoconference, unless one of the parties satisfies the court that the reception of such testimony would be contrary to the principles of fundamental justice.

        • Notice

          (2) A party who wishes to call a witness to give evidence under subsection (1) shall give notice to the court before which the evidence is to be given and the other parties of their intention to do so not less than 10 days before the witness is scheduled to testify.

      • Audioconference — witness outside Canada

        714.3 The court may receive evidence given by a witness outside Canada by audioconference, if the court is of the opinion that it would be appropriate having regard to all the circumstances, including those set out in paragraphs 714.1(a) to (g).

      • Reasons

        714.4 If the court does not make an order under section 714.1 or does not receive evidence under section 714.2 or 714.3, it shall include in the record a statement of the reasons for not doing so.

      • Cessation

        714.41 The court may, at any time, cease the use of the technological means referred to in section 714.1, 714.2 or 714.3 and take any measure that the court considers appropriate in the circumstances to have the witness give evidence.

      • Oath or affirmation

        714.5 The evidence referred to in section 714.2 or 714.3, that is given by a witness who is outside of Canada, shall be given

        • (a) under oath or affirmation in accordance with Canadian law;

        • (b) under oath or affirmation in accordance with the law in the place where the witness is physically present; or

        • (c) in any other manner that demonstrates that the witness understands that they must tell the truth.

      • Other laws about witnesses to apply

        714.6 When a witness who is outside Canada gives evidence under section 714.2 or 714.3, the evidence is deemed to be given in Canada, and given under oath or affirmation in accordance with Canadian law, for the purposes of the laws relating to evidence, procedure, perjury and contempt of court.

      • Costs of technology

        714.7 Unless the court orders otherwise, a party who calls a witness to give evidence by means of the technology referred to in section 714.1, 714.2 or 714.3 shall pay any costs associated with the use of the technology.

      • Consent

        714.8 Nothing in sections 714.1 to 714.7 is to be construed as preventing a court from receiving evidence by audioconference or videoconference, if the parties so consent.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 291

    • 291 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 715:

      • Transcript of evidence
        • 715.01 (1) Despite section 715, the transcript of testimony given by a police officer, as defined in section 183, in the presence of an accused during a voir dire or preliminary inquiry held in relation to the accused’s trial may be received in evidence at that trial.

        • Notice of intention to produce evidence

          (2) No transcript is to be received in evidence unless the party intending to produce it has given to the party against whom it is intended to be produced reasonable notice of that intention together with a copy of the transcript.

        • Attendance of police officer

          (3) The court may require the attendance of the police officer for the purposes of examination or cross-examination, as the case may be.

        • Admission of evidence

          (4) Despite subsection (1), evidence that has been taken at a preliminary inquiry in the absence of an accused may be received in evidence for the purposes referred to in that subsection if the accused’s absence was authorized by a justice under paragraph 537(1)(j.1).

        • Absconding accused deemed present

          (5) For the purposes of this section, if evidence was taken during a voir dire or preliminary inquiry in the absence of an accused, who was absent by reason of having absconded, the accused is deemed to have been present during the taking of the evidence and to have had full opportunity to cross-examine the witness.

        • Exception

          (6) This section does not apply to any evidence received under subsection 540(7).

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 292

    • 292 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 715.2:

      PART XXII.01Remote Attendance by Certain Persons

      Principles

      • Attendance

        715.21 Except as otherwise provided in this Act, a person who appears at, participates in or presides at a proceeding shall do so personally.

      • Provisions providing for audioconference or videoconference

        715.22 The purpose of the provisions of this Act that allow a person to appear at, participate in or preside at a proceeding by audioconference or videoconference, in accordance with the rules of court, is to serve the proper administration of justice, including by ensuring fair and efficient proceedings and enhancing access to justice.

      Accused

      • Appearance by audioconference or videoconference
        • 715.23 (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the court may order an accused to appear by audioconference or videoconference, if the court is of the opinion that it would be appropriate having regard to all the circumstances, including

          • (a) the location and personal circumstances of the accused;

          • (b) the costs that would be incurred if the accused were to appear personally;

          • (c) the suitability of the location from where the accused will appear;

          • (d) the accused’s right to a fair and public hearing; and

          • (e) the nature and seriousness of the offence.

        • Reasons

          (2) If the court does not make an order under subsection (1) it shall include in the record a statement of the reasons for not doing so.

        • Cessation

          (3) The court may, at any time, cease the use of the technological means referred to in subsection (1) and take any measure that the court considers appropriate in the circumstances to have the accused appear at the proceeding.

      • Accused in prison

        715.24 Despite anything in this Act, if an accused who is in prison does not have access to legal advice during the proceedings, the court shall, before permitting the accused to appear by videoconference, be satisfied that the accused will be able to understand the proceedings and that any decisions made by the accused during the proceedings will be voluntary.

      Participants

      • Definition of participant
        • 715.25 (1) In this section, participant means any person, other than an accused, a witness, a juror, a judge or a justice, who may participate in a proceeding.

        • Participation by audioconference or videoconference

          (2) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the court may order a participant to participate in a proceeding by audioconference or videoconference, if the court is of the opinion that it would be appropriate having regard to all the circumstances, including

          • (a) the location and personal circumstances of the participant;

          • (b) the costs that would be incurred if the participant were to participate personally;

          • (c) the nature of the participation;

          • (d) the suitability of the location from where the participant will participate;

          • (e) the accused’s right to a fair and public hearing; and

          • (f) the nature and seriousness of the offence.

        • Reasons

          (3) If the court does not make an order under subsection (2) it shall include in the record a statement of the reasons for not doing so.

        • Cessation

          (4) The court may, at any time, cease the use of the technological means referred to in subsection (2) and take any measure that the court considers appropriate in the circumstances to have the participant participate in the proceeding.

        • Costs

          (5) Unless the court orders otherwise, a party who has a participant participate by audioconference or videoconference shall pay any costs associated with the use of that technology.

      Judge or Justice

      • Presiding by audioconference or videoconference
        • 715.26 (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the judge or justice may preside at the proceeding by audioconference or videoconference, if the judge or justice considers it necessary having regard to all the circumstances, including

          • (a) the accused’s right to a fair and public hearing;

          • (b) the nature of the witness’ anticipated evidence;

          • (c) the nature and seriousness of the offence; and

          • (d) the suitability of the location from where the judge or justice will preside.

        • Reasons

          (2) The judge or justice shall include in the record a statement of the judge or justice’s reasons for the decision to preside at the proceeding by audioconference or videoconference.

        • Cessation

          (3) The judge or justice may, at any time, cease the use of the technological means referred to in subsection (1) and take any measure that the judge or justice considers appropriate in the circumstances to preside at the proceeding.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 292.1

    • 292.1 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 718.03:

      • Objectives — offence against vulnerable person

        718.04 When a court imposes a sentence for an offence that involved the abuse of a person who is vulnerable because of personal circumstances — including because the person is Aboriginal and female — the court shall give primary consideration to the objectives of denunciation and deterrence of the conduct that forms the basis of the offence.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 293

    • 2005, c. 32, s. 25

      293 Subparagraph 718.2(a)(ii) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (ii) evidence that the offender, in committing the offence, abused the offender’s intimate partner or a member of the victim or the offender’s family,

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 293.1

    • 293.1 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 718.2:

      • Additional consideration — increased vulnerability

        718.201 A court that imposes a sentence in respect of an offence that involved the abuse of an intimate partner shall consider the increased vulnerability of female persons who are victims, giving particular attention to the circumstances of Aboriginal female victims.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 294

    • 294 Section 718.3 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (7):

      • Maximum penalty — intimate partner

        (8) If an accused is convicted of an indictable offence in the commission of which violence was used, threatened or attempted against an intimate partner and the accused has been previously convicted of an offence in the commission of which violence was used, threatened or attempted against an intimate partner, the court may impose a term of imprisonment that is more than the maximum term of imprisonment provided for that offence but not more than

        • (a) five years, if the maximum term of imprisonment for the offence is two years or more but less than five years;

        • (b) 10 years, if the maximum term of imprisonment for the offence is five years or more but less than 10 years;

        • (c) 14 years, if the maximum term of imprisonment for the offence is 10 years or more but less than 14 years; or

        • (d) life, if the maximum term of imprisonment for the offence is 14 years or more and up to imprisonment for life.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 296

    • 1995, c. 22, s. 6

      296 Subsection 730(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Period for which appearance notice, etc., continues in force

        (2) Subject to Part XVI, if an accused who has not been taken into custody or who has been released from custody under any provision of that Part pleads guilty to or is found guilty of an offence but is not convicted, the appearance notice, summons, undertaking or release order issued to, given or entered into by the accused continues in force, subject to its terms, until a disposition in respect of the accused is made under subsection (1) unless, at the time the accused pleads guilty or is found guilty, the court, judge or justice orders that the accused be taken into custody pending such a disposition.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 297

    • 2014, c. 21, s. 2(1)
      • 297 (1) Paragraph 732.1(2)(a.1) of the Act is repealed.

      • 2014, c. 21, s. 2(2)

        (2) Subsections 732.1(2.1) and (2.2) of the Act are repealed.

      • (3) Subsection 732.1(3) of the Act is amended by adding the following after paragraph (a):

        • (a.1) abstain from communicating, directly or indirectly, with any victim, witness or other person identified in the order or from going to any place or geographic area specified in the order, except in accordance with any specified conditions that the court considers necessary;

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 298

    • 2015, c. 23, s. 18

      298 Paragraph 733.1(1)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 299

    • 2008, c. 18, s. 38

      299 Paragraph 734(5)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) the maximum term of imprisonment that the court could itself impose on conviction or, if the punishment for the offence does not include a term of imprisonment, five years in the case of an indictable offence or two years less a day in the case of a summary conviction offence.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 300

    • 1995, c. 22, s. 6

      300 Section 734.4 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Proceeds to go to provincial treasurer
        • 734.4 (1) If a fine or forfeiture is imposed or an amount set out in an undertaking, release order or recognizance is forfeited and no provision, other than this section, is made by law for the application of the proceeds, the proceeds belong to Her Majesty in right of the province in which the fine or forfeiture was imposed or the amount was forfeited, and shall be paid by the person who receives them to the treasurer of that province.

        • Proceeds to go to Receiver General for Canada

          (2) The proceeds described in subsection (1) belong to Her Majesty in right of Canada and must be paid by the person who receives them to the Receiver General if, as the case may be,

          • (a) the fine or forfeiture is imposed

            • (i) in respect of a contravention of a revenue law of Canada,

            • (ii) in respect of a breach of duty or malfeasance in office by an officer or employee of the Government of Canada, or

            • (iii) in respect of any proceedings instituted at the instance of the Government of Canada in which that government bears the costs of prosecution; or

          • (b) an amount set out in an undertaking, release order or recognizance is forfeited in connection with proceedings mentioned in paragraph (a).

        • Direction for payment to municipality

          (3) If a provincial, municipal or local authority bears, in whole or in part, the expense of administering the law under which a fine or forfeiture is imposed or under which proceedings are taken in which an amount set out in an undertaking, release order or recognizance is forfeited,

          • (a) the lieutenant governor in council of a province may direct that the proceeds that belong to Her Majesty in right of the province shall be paid to that authority; and

          • (b) the Governor in Council may direct that the proceeds that belong to Her Majesty in right of Canada shall be paid to that authority.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 301

    • 301 Section 737 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Victim surcharge
        • 737 (1) An offender who is convicted, or discharged under section 730, of an offence under this Act, the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act or the Cannabis Act shall pay a victim surcharge for each offence, in addition to any other punishment imposed on the offender.

        • Amount of surcharge

          (2) Subject to subsections (2.1) and (3), the amount of the victim surcharge in respect of an offence is

          • (a) 30% of any fine that is imposed on the offender for the offence; or

          • (b) if no fine is imposed on the offender for the offence,

            • (i) $100 in the case of an offence punishable by summary conviction, and

            • (ii) $200 in the case of an offence punishable by indictment.

        • Exception

          (2.1) Despite subsection (1), the court may, on application of the offender or on its own motion, order an offender to pay no victim surcharge, or to pay a reduced amount, if it is satisfied that the victim surcharge

          • (a) would cause undue hardship to the offender; or

          • (b) would not cause undue hardship to the offender but would be disproportionate to the gravity of the offence or the degree of responsibility of the offender.

        • Definition of undue hardship

          (2.2) For the purposes of subsection (2.1), undue hardship means the offender is unable to pay a victim surcharge on account of the offender’s precarious financial circumstances, including because of their unemployment, homelessness, lack of assets or significant financial obligations towards their dependants.

        • For greater certainty

          (2.3) For greater certainty, for the purposes of subsection (2.2), the imprisonment of the offender alone does not constitute undue hardship.

        • Reasons

          (2.4) When the court makes an order under subsection (2.1), the court shall state its reasons in the record of the proceedings.

        • Increase in surcharge

          (3) The court may order an offender to pay a victim surcharge in an amount exceeding that set out in subsection (2) if the court considers it appropriate in the circumstances and is satisfied that the offender is able to pay the higher amount.

        • Time for payment

          (4) The victim surcharge imposed in respect of an offence is payable within the time established by the lieutenant governor in council of the province in which the surcharge is imposed. If no time has been so established, the surcharge is payable within a reasonable time after its imposition.

        • Amounts applied to aid victims

          (5) A victim surcharge shall be applied for the purposes of providing such assistance to victims of offences as the lieutenant governor in council of the province in which the surcharge is imposed may direct from time to time.

        • Notice

          (6) The court shall cause to be given to the offender a written notice setting out

          • (a) the amount of the victim surcharge;

          • (b) the manner in which the victim surcharge is to be paid;

          • (c) the time by which the victim surcharge must be paid; and

          • (d) the procedure for applying for a change in any terms referred to in paragraphs (b) and (c) in accordance with section 734.3.

        • Enforcement

          (7) Subsections 734(3) to (7) and sections 734.3, 734.5, 734.7, 734.8 and 736 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, in respect of a victim surcharge imposed under this section and, in particular,

          • (a) a reference in any of those provisions to “fine”, other than in subsection 734.8(5), must be read as if it were a reference to “victim surcharge”; and

          • (b) the notice provided under subsection (6) is deemed to be an order made under section 734.1.

        • Application — subsections (2.1) to (2.4)

          (8) Subsections (2.1) to (2.4) apply to any offender who is sentenced for an offence under this Act, the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act or the Cannabis Act that was committed after the day on which those subsections come into force.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 302

    • 1995, c. 22, s. 6; 2000, c. 12, par. 95(e)

      302 Paragraph 738(1)(c) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (c) in the case of bodily harm or threat of bodily harm to the offender’s intimate partner or child, or any other person, as a result of the commission of the offence or the arrest or attempted arrest of the offender, where the intimate partner, child or other person was a member of the offender’s household at the relevant time, by paying to the person in question, independently of any amount ordered to be paid under paragraphs (a) and (b), an amount not exceeding actual and reasonable expenses incurred by that person, as a result of moving out of the offender’s household, for temporary housing, food, child care and transportation, where the amount is readily ascertainable;

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 303

    • 2014, c. 21, s. 3
      • 303 (1) Subsections 742.3(1.1) to (1.3) of the Act are repealed.

      • (2) Subsection 742.3(2) of the Act is amended by adding the following after paragraph (a.2):

        • (a.3) abstain from communicating, directly or indirectly, with any victim, witness or other person identified in the order or from going to any place or geographic area specified in the order, except in accordance with any specified conditions that the justice considers necessary;

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 304

    • 1999, c. 5, s. 41(1)

      304 Paragraph 742.6(1)(e) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (e) if an offender is arrested for the alleged breach, the peace officer who makes the arrest or a judge or justice may release the offender and the offender’s appearance may be compelled under the provisions referred to in paragraph (a); and

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 305

    • 2008, c. 18, s. 42

      305 Paragraph 743.21(2)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 306

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 307

    • 2008, c. 6, s. 46

      307 Subsection 753.3(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Breach of long-term supervision
        • 753.3 (1) An offender who, without reasonable excuse, fails or refuses to comply with long-term supervision is guilty of

          • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

          • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 308

    • 308 The heading before section 762 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      Effect and Enforcement of Undertakings, Release Orders and Recognizances

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 309

    • 309 Subsection 762(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Applications for forfeiture
        • 762 (1) Applications for the forfeiture of an amount set out in an undertaking, release order or recognizance must be made to the courts designated in column II of the schedule of the respective provinces designated in column I of the schedule.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 310

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), ss. 167 and 203

      310 Sections 763 to 768 of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Undertaking or release order binding on person
        • 763 (1) If a person is bound by an undertaking, release order or recognizance to appear before a court, provincial court judge or justice for any purpose and the session or sittings of that court or the proceedings are adjourned or an order is made changing the place of trial, that person and their sureties continue to be bound by the undertaking, release order or recognizance as if it had been entered into or issued with respect to the resumed proceedings or the trial at the time and place at which the proceedings are ordered to be resumed or the trial is ordered to be held.

        • Summary of certain provisions

          (2) A summary of section 763 must be set out in any undertaking, release order or recognizance.

      • Undertaking or release order binding on accused
        • 764 (1) If an accused is bound by an undertaking or release order to appear for trial, their arraignment or conviction does not cancel the undertaking or release order, and it continues to bind them and their sureties for their appearance until the accused is discharged or sentenced, as the case may be.

        • Committal or new sureties

          (2) Despite subsection (1), the court, provincial court judge or justice may commit an accused to prison or may require them to furnish new or additional sureties for their appearance until the accused is discharged or sentenced, as the case may be.

        • Effect of committal

          (3) The sureties of an accused who is bound by a release order to appear for trial are discharged if the accused is committed to prison under subsection (2).

        • Summary of certain provisions

          (4) A summary of subsections (1) to (3) must be set out in any undertaking or release order.

      • Effect of subsequent arrest

        765 If an accused is bound by an undertaking or a release order to appear for trial, their arrest on another charge does not cancel the undertaking or release order, and it continues to bind them and their sureties for their appearance until the accused is discharged or sentenced, as the case may be, in respect of the offence to which the undertaking or release order relates.

      • Render of accused by sureties
        • 766 (1) A surety for a person who is subject to a release order or recognizance may, by an application in writing to a court, provincial court judge or justice, apply to be relieved of their obligation under the release order or recognizance, and the court, provincial court judge or justice shall then make an order in writing for committal of that person to the prison named in that order.

        • Arrest

          (2) An order issued by a court, provincial court judge or justice under subsection (1) must be given to the surety and, on receipt of it, the surety or any peace officer may arrest the person named in the order and deliver that person with the order to the keeper of the prison named in the order, and the keeper shall receive and imprison that person until the person is discharged according to law.

        • Certificate and entry of render

          (3) If a court, provincial court judge or justice issues an order under subsection (1) and receives from the sheriff a certificate that the person named in the order has been committed to prison under subsection (2), the court, provincial court judge or justice shall order an entry of the committal to be endorsed on the release order or recognizance, as the case may be.

        • Discharge of sureties

          (4) An endorsement under subsection (3) cancels the release order or recognizance, as the case may be, and discharges the sureties.

      • Render of accused in court by sureties

        767 A surety for a person who is subject to a release order or recognizance may bring that person before the court where the person is required to appear or where the person entered into the recognizance at any time during the sittings of that court and before the person’s trial, and the surety may discharge their obligation under the release order or recognizance by giving that person into the custody of the court. The court shall then commit that person to prison until the person is discharged according to law.

      • Substitution of surety
        • 767.1 (1) If a surety for a person who is subject to a release order or recognizance has given the person into the custody of a court under section 767, or a surety applies to be relieved of their obligation under the release order or recognizance under subsection 766(1), the court, justice or provincial court judge, as the case may be, may, instead of committing or issuing an order for the committal of the person to prison, substitute any other suitable person for the surety under the release order or recognizance.

        • Signing of release order or recognizance by new sureties

          (2) If a person substituted for a surety under a release order or recognizance under subsection (1) signs the release order or recognizance, the original surety is discharged, but the release order or recognizance is not otherwise affected.

      • Rights of surety preserved

        768 Nothing in this Part limits any right that a surety has of taking and giving into custody any person for whom they are a surety under a release order or recognizance.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 311

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 168; 1994, c. 44, s. 78; 1997, c. 18, s. 108(1) and (2)(F); 1999, c. 5, s. 43

      311 Sections 770 and 771 of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Default to be endorsed
        • 770 (1) If, in proceedings to which this Act applies, a person who is subject to an undertaking, release order or recognizance does not comply with any of its conditions, a court, provincial court judge or justice having knowledge of the facts shall endorse or cause to be endorsed on the undertaking, release order or recognizance a certificate in Form 33 setting out

          • (a) the nature of the default;

          • (b) the reason for the default, if it is known;

          • (c) whether the ends of justice have been defeated or delayed by reason of the default; and

          • (d) the names and addresses of the principal and sureties.

        • Transmission to clerk of court

          (2) Once endorsed, the undertaking, release order or recognizance must be sent to the clerk of the court and shall be kept by them with the records of the court.

        • Certificate is evidence

          (3) A certificate that has been endorsed on the undertaking, release order or recognizance is evidence of the default to which it relates.

        • Transmission of deposit

          (4) If, in proceedings to which this section applies, the principal or surety has deposited money as security for the performance of a condition of an undertaking, release order or recognizance, that money must be sent to the clerk of the court with the defaulted undertaking, release order or recognizance, to be dealt with in accordance with this Part.

      • Proceedings in case of default
        • 771 (1) If an undertaking, release order or recognizance has been endorsed with a certificate and has been received by the clerk of the court,

          • (a) a judge of the court shall, on the request of the clerk of the court or the Attorney General or counsel acting on the Attorney General’s or counsel’s behalf, as the case may be, fix a time and place for the hearing of an application for the forfeiture of the amount set out in the undertaking, release order or recognizance; and

          • (b) the clerk of the court shall, not less than 10 days before the time fixed under paragraph (a) for the hearing, send by registered mail, or have served in the manner directed by the court or prescribed by the rules of court, to each principal and surety, at the address set out in the certificate, a notice requiring the person to appear at the time and place fixed by the judge to show cause why the amount set out in the undertaking, release order or recognizance should not be forfeited.

        • Order of judge

          (2) If subsection (1) has been complied with, the judge may, after giving the parties an opportunity to be heard, in the judge’s discretion grant or refuse the application and make any order with respect to the forfeiture of the amount that the judge considers proper.

        • Judgment debtors of the Crown

          (3) If a judge orders forfeiture of the amount set out in the undertaking, release order or recognizance, the principal and their sureties become judgment debtors of the Crown, each in the amount that the judge orders them to pay.

        • Order may be filed

          (3.1) An order made under subsection (2) may be filed with the clerk of the superior court and if one is filed, the clerk shall issue a writ of fieri facias in Form 34 and deliver it to the sheriff of each of the territorial divisions in which the principal or any surety resides, carries on business or has property.

        • Transfer of deposit

          (4) If a deposit has been made by a person against whom an order for forfeiture has been made, no writ of fieri facias may be issued, but the amount of the deposit must be transferred by the person who has custody of it to the person who is entitled by law to receive it.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 312

    • R.S., c. 27 (2nd Supp.), s. 10 (Sch., subitem 6(15)); 1992, c. 1, s. 58(1) (Sch. I, s. 15), c. 51, ss. 40 and 41; 1998, c. 30, par. 14(d); 1999, c. 3, s. 54, c. 5, s. 44; 2002, c. 7, s. 148; 2015, c. 3, ss. 57 to 59
      • 312 (1) The reference to “a recognizance” in column II of the schedule to Part XXV of the Act, opposite “Ontario” in column I, is replaced by a reference to “a release order or recognizance”.

      • R.S., c. 27 (2nd Supp.), s. 10 (Sch., subitem 6(15)); 1992, c. 1, s. 58(1) (Sch. I, s. 15), c. 51, ss. 40 and 41; 1998, c. 30, par. 14(d); 1999, c. 3, s. 54, c. 5, s. 44; 2002, c. 7, s. 148; 2015, c. 3, ss. 57 to 59

        (2) The reference to “all other recognizances” in column II of the schedule to Part XXV of the Act, opposite “Ontario” in column I, is replaced by a reference to “undertakings or all other release orders or recognizances”.

      • (3) The references to “a recognizance” in column II of the schedule to Part XXV of the Act, opposite “British Columbia” in column I, are replaced by references to “an undertaking, release order or recognizance”.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 313

    • 313 Subsection 779(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Provisions of Part XXV

        (2) The provisions of Part XXV relating to forfeiture of an amount set out in a recognizance apply to a recognizance entered into under this section.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 314

    • 2013, c. 11, s. 4

      314 Paragraph (b) of the definition sentence in section 785 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an order made under subsection 109(1) or 110(1), section 259 or 261, subsection 730(1) or 737(2.1) or (3) or section 738, 739, 742.1 or 742.3,

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 315

    • 1997, c. 18, s. 110

      315 Subsection 786(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Limitation

        (2) No proceedings shall be instituted more than 12 months after the time when the subject matter of the proceedings arose, unless the prosecutor and the defendant so agree.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 316

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 171(2); 2008, c. 18, s. 44

      316 Section 787 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • General penalty
        • 787 (1) Unless otherwise provided by law, every person who is convicted of an offence punishable on summary conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $5,000 or to a term of imprisonment of not more than two years less a day, or to both.

        • Imprisonment in default if not otherwise specified

          (2) If the imposition of a fine or the making of an order for the payment of money is authorized by law, but the law does not provide that imprisonment may be imposed in default of payment of the fine or compliance with the order, the court may order that in default of payment of the fine or compliance with the order, as the case may be, the defendant shall be imprisoned for a term of not more than two years less a day.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 317

    • 1997, c. 18, s. 111

      317 Subsection 800(2.1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Video links

        (2.1) If the summary conviction court so orders and the defendant agrees, the defendant who is confined in prison may appear by closed-circuit television or videoconference, as long as the defendant is given the opportunity to communicate privately with counsel if they are represented by counsel.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 317.1

    • 317.1 Section 802.1 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Limitation on the use of agents

        802.1 Despite subsections 800(2) and 802(2), a defendant may not appear or examine or cross-examine witnesses by agent if he or she is liable, on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term of more than six months, unless

        • (a) the defendant is an organization;

        • (b) the defendant is appearing to request an adjournment of the proceedings; or

        • (c) the agent is authorized to do so under a program approved — or criteria established — by the lieutenant governor in council of the province.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 318

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 80(1)
      • 318 (1) Subsection 806(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Memo of conviction or order
          • 806 (1) If a defendant is convicted or an order is made in relation to the defendant, a minute or memorandum of the conviction or order must be made by the summary conviction court indicating that the matter was dealt with under this Part and, on request by the defendant, the prosecutor or any other person, a conviction or order in Form 35 or 36, as the case may be, and a certified copy of the conviction or order must be drawn up and the certified copy must be delivered to the person making the request.

      • (2) Subsection 806(2) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Mandat de dépôt

          (2) Lorsqu’un défendeur est déclaré coupable ou qu’une ordonnance est rendue contre lui, un mandat de dépôt selon la formule 21 ou 22 est délivré par la cour des poursuites sommaires, et l’article 528 s’applique à l’égard de ce mandat de dépôt.

      • 1994, c. 44, s. 80(2)

        (3) Subsection 806(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Admissibility of certified copy

          (3) If a warrant of committal in Form 21 is signed by a clerk of a court, a copy of the warrant of committal, certified by the clerk, is admissible in evidence in any proceeding.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 319

    • 2014, c. 31, s. 25
      • 319 (1) Paragraph 810(1)(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • (a) will cause personal injury to them or to their intimate partner or child or will damage their property; or

      • 1995, c. 39, s. 157

        (2) Subsection 810(3.1) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Condition

          (3.1) Le juge de paix ou la cour des poursuites sommaires qui rend une ordonnance en vertu du paragraphe (3), doit, s’il en arrive à la conclusion qu’il est souhaitable pour la sécurité du défendeur ou celle d’autrui de lui interdire d’avoir en sa possession des armes à feu, arbalètes, armes prohibées, armes à autorisation restreinte, dispositifs prohibés, munitions, munitions prohibées et substances explosives, ou l’un ou plusieurs de ces objets, ajouter comme condition à l’engagement de n’avoir aucun des objets visés en sa possession pour la période indiquée dans celui-ci.

      • 1995, c. 39, s. 157

        (3) Subsection 810(3.12) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Motifs

          (3.12) Le juge de paix ou la cour des poursuites sommaires qui n’assortit pas l’ordonnance de la condition prévue au paragraphe (3.1) est tenu de donner ses motifs, qui sont consignés au dossier de l’instance.

      • 1994, c. 44, s. 81(3); 2000, c. 12, par. 95(g); 2011, c. 7, s. 7(2)

        (4) Subsections 810(3.2) and (4) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Supplementary conditions

          (3.2) Before making an order under subsection (3), the justice or the summary conviction court shall consider whether it is desirable, in the interests of the safety of the informant, of the person on whose behalf the information was laid or of that person’s intimate partner or child, as the case may be, to add either or both of the following conditions to the recognizance,

          • (a) a condition prohibiting the defendant from being at, or within a distance specified in the recognizance from, a place specified in the recognizance where the person on whose behalf the information was laid or that person’s intimate partner or child, as the case may be, is regularly found; or

          • (b) a condition prohibiting the defendant from communicating, in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, with the person on whose behalf the information was laid or that person’s intimate partner or child, as the case may be.

        • Form — warrant of committal

          (4) A warrant of committal to prison for failure or refusal to enter into the recognizance under subsection (3) may be in Form 23.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 321

    • 2015, c. 20, s. 26

      321 Section 810.21 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Audioconference or videoconference
        • 810.21 (1) If a defendant is required to appear under any of sections 83.3 and 810 to 810.2, a provincial court judge may, on application of the prosecutor, order that the defendant appear by audioconference or videoconference.

        • Application

          (2) Despite section 769, sections 714.1 to 714.8 and Part XXII.01 apply, with any necessary modifications, to proceedings under this section.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 322

    • 2015, c. 23, s. 19

      322 Paragraph 811(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 323

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 181(E)

      323 Section 816 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Release order — appellant
        • 816 (1) A person who was the defendant in proceedings before a summary conviction court and who is an appellant under section 813 shall, if they are in custody, remain in custody unless the appeal court at which the appeal is to be heard makes a release order referred to in section 515, the form of which may be adapted to suit the circumstances, which must include the condition that the person surrender themselves into custody in accordance with the order.

        • Release of appellant

          (1.1) The person having the custody of the appellant shall, if the appellant complies with the order, immediately release the appellant.

        • Applicable provisions

          (2) Sections 495.1, 512.3 and 524 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, in respect of any proceedings under this section.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 324

      • 324 (1) Subsections 817(1) and (2) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • Recognizance of prosecutor
          • 817 (1) The prosecutor in proceedings before a summary conviction court by whom an appeal is taken under section 813 shall, immediately after filing the notice of appeal and proof of service of the notice in accordance with section 815, appear before a justice, and the justice shall, after giving the prosecutor and the respondent a reasonable opportunity to be heard, order that the prosecutor enter into a recognizance, with or without sureties, in the amount that the justice directs and with or without the deposit of money or other valuable security that the justice directs.

          • Condition

            (2) The condition of a recognizance entered into under this section is that the prosecutor will appear personally or by counsel at the sittings of the appeal court at which the appeal is to be heard.

      • (2) Subsection 817(4) of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 325

    • 325 Paragraph 825(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (a) the appellant has failed to comply with the conditions of a release order made under section 816 or of a recognizance entered into under section 817; or

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 326

    • 326 Subsection 828(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Duty of clerk of court

        (3) When a conviction or order that has been made by an appeal court is to be enforced by a justice, the clerk of the appeal court shall send to the justice the conviction or order and all writings relating to that conviction or order, except the notice of intention to appeal and any undertaking, release order or recognizance.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 327

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 182

      327 Subsection 832(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Release order or recognizance
        • 832 (1) If a notice of appeal is filed under section 830, the appeal court may, if the defendant is the appellant, make a release order as provided in section 816 or, in any other case, order that the appellant appear before a justice and enter into a recognizance as provided in section 817.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 328

      • 328 (1) Item 8 of the schedule to Part XXVII of the Act is amended by replacing “recognizance” with “release order or recognizance”.

      • (2) Item 17 of the schedule to Part XXVII of the Act is amended by replacing “take recognizance of bail” with “make a release order or take a recognizance”.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 329

    • 2002, c. 13, s. 84

      329 Section 848 of the Act is repealed.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 330

    • 2007, c. 22, s. 23

      330 The portion of Form 5.03 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the paragraph that begins with “To” and ends with “(territorial division):” is replaced by the following:

      Whereas (name of person) has been convicted under the Criminal Code, discharged under section 730 of that Act or, in the case of a young person, found guilty under the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, or the Youth Criminal Justice Act of (offence), which, on the day on which the person was sentenced or discharged, was a primary designated offence within the meaning of section 487.04 of the Criminal Code;

      Therefore, you are authorized to take or cause to be taken from (name of person) the number of samples of bodily substances that is reasonably required for forensic DNA analysis, provided that the person taking the samples is able, by virtue of training or experience, to take them by means of the investigative procedures described in subsection 487.06(1) of the Criminal Code and that, if the person taking the samples is not a peace officer, they take them under the direction of a peace officer.

      This order is subject to the following terms and conditions that the court considers advisable to ensure that the taking of the samples is reasonable in the circumstances:

      Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

      (Signature of judge of the court or clerk of the court)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 331

    • 2007, c. 22, s. 23; 2012, c. 1, s. 38; 2014, c. 25, s. 32
      • 331 (1) The portion of Form 5.04 of Part XXVIII of the Act that begins with “Whereas” and ends with “the “offender”,” is replaced by the following:

        Whereas (name of person), in this order called the “person”,

      • (2) The portion of paragraph (b) of the English version of Form 5.04 of Part XXVIII of the Act before subparagraph (i) is replaced by the following:

        • (b) has been convicted under the Criminal Code, discharged under section 730 of that Act or, in the case of a young person, found guilty under the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, or the Youth Criminal Justice Act, of, or has been found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder for, (offence), which, on the day on which the person was sentenced or discharged or the finding was made, was one of the following secondary designated offences within the meaning of section 487.04 of the Criminal Code (check applicable box):

      • (3) The portion of Form 5.04 of Part XXVIII of the Act that follows subparagraph (b)(v) is replaced by the following:

        Whereas the person’s criminal record, the nature of the offence, the circumstances surrounding its commission, whether the person was previously found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder for a designated offence, and the impact that this order would have on the person’s privacy and security have been considered by the court;

        And whereas the court is satisfied that it is in the best interests of the administration of justice to make this order;

        Therefore, you are authorized to take or cause to be taken from (name of person) the number of samples of bodily substances that is reasonably required for forensic DNA analysis, provided that the person taking the samples is able, by virtue of training or experience, to take them by means of the investigative procedures described in subsection 487.06(1) of the Criminal Code and that, if the person taking the samples is not a peace officer, they take them under the direction of a peace officer.

        This order is subject to the following terms and conditions that the court considers advisable to ensure that the taking of the samples is reasonable in the circumstances:

        Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        (Signature of judge of the court or clerk of the court)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 332

    • 2007, c. 22, s. 23
      • 332 (1) The paragraph of Form 5.041 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the paragraph that begins with “Whereas” and ends with “analysis;” is replaced by the following:

        This is therefore to order you, in Her Majesty’s name, to appear on blank line(date)blank lineblank line, at blank line(hour), at (blank lineplace), for the purpose of the taking of bodily substances by means of the investigative procedures set out in subsection 487.06(1) of the Criminal Code.

      • 2007, c. 22, s. 23

        (2) The portion of Form 5.041 of Part XXVIII of the Act after subsection 487.0552(1) set out in that Form is replaced by the following:

        Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        (Signature of judge of the court or clerk of the court)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 333

    • 2007, c. 22, s. 23

      333 The portion of Form 5.061 of Part XXVIII of the Act after subsection 487.0552(1) set out in that Form is replaced by the following:

      Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

      (Signature of judge of the court or clerk of the court)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 334

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 184(4)
      • 334 (1) The two paragraphs of Form 6 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the paragraph that begins with “To A.B.” and ends with “(occupation):” are replaced by the following:

        Because you have this day been charged with (set out briefly the offence in respect of which the accused is charged);

        Therefore, you are ordered, in Her Majesty’s name:

        • (a) to attend court on blank line(date)blank lineblank lineblank line, at blank line(hour), at (place)blank line or before any justice for the (territorial division) who is there, and to attend court at any time after as required by the court, in order to be dealt with according to law; and

        • (b) to appear on blank line(date)blank line, at blank line (hour), at (place)blank line, for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act. (Ignore if not filled in).

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 184(4)

        (2) The portion of Form 6 of Part XXVIII of the Act after section 510 set out in that Form is replaced by the following:

        Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        (Signature of judge, justice or clerk of the court)

      • (3) Form 6 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

        FORM 6(Section 2)Summons to a Person Charged with an Offence

        Canada,

        Province of blank line

        (territorial division).

        To (name of person), of blank line, born on (date of birth):

        Because you have this day been charged with (set out briefly the offence in respect of which the accused is charged);

        Therefore, you are ordered, in Her Majesty’s name:

        • (a) to appear on (date) at (hour) at (place) for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act (Ignore, if not filled in); and

        • (b) to attend court on (date), at (hour), at (place), or before any justice for the (territorial division) who is there, and to attend court at any time after as required by the court, in order to be dealt with according to law.

        You are warned that, unless you have a lawful excuse, it is an offence under subsection 145(3) of the Criminal Code to fail to appear for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act or to attend court, as required in this summons.

        If you commit an offence under subsection 145(3) of the Criminal Code, a warrant for your arrest may be issued (Section 512 or 512.1 of the Criminal Code) and you may be liable to a fine or to imprisonment, or to both.

        If you do not comply with this summons or are charged with committing an indictable offence after it has been issued to you, this summons may be cancelled and, as a result, you may be detained in custody (Subsection 524(4) of the Criminal Code).

        Signed on (date), at (place).

        blank line

        (Signature of judge, justice, clerk of the court or chairperson of the Review Board)

        blank line

        (Name of the judge, justice or chairperson)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 335

    • 1999, c. 5, s. 46

      335 Form 7 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

      FORM 7(Sections 475, 493, 597, 800 and 803)Warrant for Arrest

      Canada,

      Province of blank line,

      (territorial division).

      To the peace officers in the (territorial division):

      This warrant is issued for the arrest of (name of person), of blank line, born on (date of birth), referred to in this warrant as the accused.

      Because the accused has been charged with (set out briefly the offence in respect of which the accused is charged);

      And because (check those that are applicable):

      •  (a) there are reasonable grounds to believe that it is necessary in the public interest to issue this warrant for the arrest of the accused [507(4), 512(1)];

      •  (b) the accused failed to attend court in accordance with the summons served on the accused [512(2)];

      •  (c) (an appearance notice or undertaking) was confirmed and the accused failed to attend court in accordance with it [512(2)];

      •  (d) it appears that a summons cannot be served because the accused is evading service [512(2)];

      •  (e) the accused was ordered to be present at the hearing of an application for a review of an order made by a justice and did not attend the hearing [520(5), 521(5)];

      •  (f) there are reasonable grounds to believe that the accused has contravened or is about to contravene the (summons or appearance notice or undertaking or release order) on which the accused was released [512.3];

      •  (g) there are reasonable grounds to believe that the accused has committed an indictable offence since their release from custody on (summons or appearance notice or undertaking or release order) [512.3];

      •  (h) the accused was required by (appearance notice or undertaking or summons) to attend at a time and place stated in it for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act and did not appear at that time and place [512.1, 512.2];

      •  (i) an indictment has been found against the accused and the accused has not appeared or remained in attendance before the court for their trial [597];

      •  (j) (if none of the above applies, reproduce the provisions of the statute that authorize this warrant).

      Therefore, you are ordered, in Her Majesty’s name, to immediately arrest the accused and to bring them before (state court, judge or justice), to be dealt with according to law.

      •  (Check if applicable) Because there are reasonable grounds to believe that the accused is or will be present in (specify dwelling-house), this warrant is also issued to authorize you to enter the dwelling-house for the purpose of arresting the accused, subject to the condition that you may not enter the dwelling-house unless you have, immediately before entering the dwelling-house, reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested is present in the dwelling-house.

      Signed on (date), at (place).

      blank line

      (Signature of judge, provincial court judge, justice or clerk of the court)

      blank line

      (Name of the judge, provincial court judge or justice who has issued this warrant)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 336

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), ss. 184(19)(E) and 203
      • 336 (1) The portion of Form 8 of Part XXVIII of the Act that begins with “I do hereby command” and ends with “Provincial Court Judge or Justice” is replaced by the following:

        You are ordered to receive the accused in your custody in this prison and keep them safely there until they are delivered by due course of law.

        Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        (Signature of judge, justice or clerk of the court)

      • (2) Form 8 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

        FORM 8(Sections 493 and 515)Warrant for Committal

        Canada,

        Province of blank line,

        (territorial division).

        To the peace officers in the (territorial division) and to the keeper of the (prison) at blank line:

        This warrant is issued for the committal of (name of person), of blank line, born on (date of birth), referred to in this warrant as the accused.

        Because the accused has been charged with (set out briefly the offence in respect of which the accused is charged);

        And because (check those that are applicable):

        •  (a) the prosecutor has shown cause why the detention of the accused in custody is justified [515(5)];

        •  (b) a release order has been issued but the accused has not yet complied with the conditions of the order [519(1), 520(9), 521(10), 524(8), 525(6)];Footnote *

        •  (c) the application by the prosecutor for a review of the release order has been allowed and that release order has been vacated, and the prosecutor has shown cause why the detention of the accused in custody is justified [521];

        •  (d) the accused has contravened or was about to contravene a (summons or appearance notice or undertaking or release order) and it was cancelled, and the detention of the accused in custody is justified [515(10), 523.1(3), 524(3) and (4)];

        •  (e) there are reasonable grounds to believe that the accused has committed an indictable offence after having become subject to the (summons or appearance notice or undertaking or release order) and the detention of the accused in custody is justified [515(10), 524(3) and (4)];

        •  (f) (if none of the above applies, reproduce the provisions of the statute that authorize this warrant).

        Therefore, you are ordered, in Her Majesty’s name, to arrest the accused and convey them safely to the (prison) at blank line, and there deliver them to its keeper, with the following order:

        You are ordered to receive the accused in your custody in this prison and keep them safely there until they are delivered by due course of law.

        Signed on (date), at (place).

        blank line

        (Signature of judge, justice or clerk of the court)

        blank line

        (Name of the judge or justice who has issued this warrant)

        • Return to footnote *If the person having custody of the accused is authorized under paragraph 519(1)(b) of the Criminal Code to release the accused if they comply with a release order, endorse the authorization on this warrant and attach a copy of the order.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 337

    • 1997, c. 18, s. 115; 1999, c. 25, ss. 24 and 26; 2002, c. 13, s. 86(F); 2008, c. 18, s. 45.1

      337 Forms 9 to 14 of Part XXVIII of the Act are replaced by the following:

      FORM 9(Section 2)Appearance Notice

      Canada,

      Province of blank line

      (territorial division)

      • 1 Identification

        Surname: blank line Given name(s): blank line

        Date of Birth: blank line

      • 2 Contact Information

        blank line

      • 3 Alleged Offence

        You are alleged to have committed (set out briefly the substance of the offence, including any failure referred to in section 496, that the accused is alleged to have committed).

        •  (Check if applicable) No new charges are being laid against you at this time but you are required to appear at a judicial referral hearing under section 523.1 for a failure under section 496.

      • 4 Conditions

        You must attend court as indicated below, and afterwards as required by the court:

        Date: blank line

        Time: blank line

        Court number: blank line

        Court address: blank line

      • 5 Appearance for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act (if applicable)

      • 6 Consequence for non-compliance

        You are warned that,

        (a) in the case where charges have been laid against you, unless you have a lawful excuse, you commit an offence under subsection 145(3) of the Criminal Code if you fail to appear for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act or to attend court, as required in this appearance notice;

        (b) in the case where no charges have been laid against you and you fail to appear at a judicial referral hearing under section 523.1, as required in this appearance notice, charges may be laid against you for the alleged offence described in item 3 of this notice.

        If you commit an offence under subsection 145(3) of the Criminal Code, a warrant for your arrest may be issued (section 512 or 512.2 of the Criminal Code) and you may be liable to a fine or to imprisonment, or to both.

        It is not a lawful excuse to an offence under subsection 145(3) of the Criminal Code that this appearance notice does not accurately describe the offence that you are alleged to have committed (subsection 145(6) of the Criminal Code).

        If you do not comply with this appearance notice or are charged with committing an indictable offence after you have been released, this appearance notice may be cancelled and, as a result, you may be detained in custody (subsection 524(4) of the Criminal Code).

      • 7 Signatures

        ACCUSED:

        I understand the contents of this appearance notice and agree to comply with it.

        Signed on (date), at (place).

        blank line

        (Signature of accused)

        PEACE OFFICER:

        Signed on (date), at (place).

        blank line

        (Signature of peace officer)

        blank line

        (Name of the peace officer)

      FORM 10(Section 2)Undertaking

      Canada,

      Province of blank line

      (territorial division).

      • 1 Identification

        Surname: blank line Given name(s): blank line

        Date of Birth: blank line

      • 2 Contact Information

        blank line

      • 3 Charge(s)

        (set out briefly the offence in respect of which the accused was charged)

      • 4 Mandatory Condition

        You must attend court as indicated below, and afterwards as required by the court:

        Date: blank line

        Time: blank line

        Court number: blank line

        Court address: blank line

      • 5 Additional Conditions

        You must also comply with any conditions that are indicated below by a check mark (check only those that are reasonable in the circumstances of the offence and necessary, to ensure the accused’s attendance in court or the safety and security of any victim of or witness to the offence, or to prevent the continuation or repetition of the offence or the commission of another offence):

        •  (a) You must report to (name or title) at (place) on (date or dates).

        •  (b) You must remain within the following territorial jurisdiction: blank line

        •  (c) You must notify (name, title and phone number) of any change of your (address, employment or occupation).

        •  (d) You must not communicate, directly or indirectly, with blank line, except in accordance with the following conditions: blank line

        •  (e) You must not go to (places which are related to the person(s) mentioned in the condition set out in paragraph (d)), except in accordance with the following conditions: blank line

        •  (f) You must not enter the areas (describe in detail the boundaries of the areas related to the person(s) mentioned in the condition set out in paragraph (d)), except in accordance with the following conditions: blank line

        •  (g) You must deposit all your passports with (name or title) at (place) before (date).

        •  (h) You must reside at (place), be at that residence between (hour) and (hour), and present yourself at the entrance of that residence when a peace officer or (name and title of another person) requests you to do so within those hours.

        •  (i) You must not possess a firearm, cross-bow, prohibited weapon, restricted weapon, prohibited device, ammunition, prohibited ammunition or explosive substance and you must surrender those that are in your possession and also any authorization, licence or registration certificate or other document enabling you to acquire or possess them to (name or title) at (place).

        •  (j) You promise to pay the amount of blank line (not more than $500), if you fail to comply with a condition of this undertaking.

        •  (k) You must deposit money or other valuable security whose value is equal to the amount of blank line (not more than $500) with (name or title), because you are not ordinarily resident in the province or do not reside within 200 km of the place in which you are in custody.

        •  (l) You must comply with the following conditions (conditions for ensuring the safety and security of any victim of or witness to the alleged offence): blank line

      • 6 Appearance for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act

      • 7 Variation and Replacement

        The conditions of this undertaking may be varied with the written consent of the prosecutor and yourself. In addition, you or the prosecutor may apply to a justice of the peace to replace this undertaking with a release order under section 515 of the Criminal Code.

      • 8 Conditions in effect

        The mandatory condition and the conditions indicated by a check mark on this undertaking remain in effect until they are cancelled or changed or until you have been discharged, sentenced or otherwise detained by the court (sections 763 and 764 of the Criminal Code).

      • 9 Consequence for non-compliance

        You are warned that, unless you have a lawful excuse, you commit an offence under section 145 of the Criminal Code if you fail to follow any of the conditions set out in this undertaking, including

        • (a) to fail to attend court as required;

        • (b) to fail to appear as required for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act;

        • (c) to fail to remain in the territorial jurisdiction specified in section 5 of this undertaking (if applicable).

        If you commit an offence under section 145 of the Criminal Code, a warrant for your arrest may be issued (section 512 or 512.2 of the Criminal Code) and you may be liable to a fine or to imprisonment, or to both.

        It is not a lawful excuse to an offence under subsection 145(4) of the Criminal Code that this undertaking does not accurately describe the offence that you are alleged to have committed (subsection 145(6) of the Criminal Code).

        If you do not comply with this undertaking or are charged with committing an indictable offence after you have been released, this undertaking may be cancelled and, as a result, you may be detained in custody (subsection 524(4) of the Criminal Code).

        If you do not comply with this undertaking, the funds or valuable security promised or deposited by you or your surety could be forfeited (subsection 771(2) of the Criminal Code).

      • 10 Signatures

        ACCUSED:

        I understand the contents of this undertaking and agree to comply with the mandatory condition and the conditions that are indicated by a check mark.

        I understand that I do not have to accept the conditions and that, if I do not accept the conditions, I will be brought to a justice for a bail hearing.

        Signed on (date), at (place).

        blank line

        (Signature of accused)

        PEACE OFFICER:

        Signed on (date), at (place).

        blank line

        (Signature of peace officer)

        blank line

        (Name of the peace officer)

      FORM 11(Section 2)Release Order

      Canada,

      Province of blank line

      (territorial division).

      • 1 Identification

        Surname: blank line Given name(s): blank line

        Date of Birth: blank line

      • 2 Contact Information

        blank line

      • 3 Charge(s)

        (set out briefly the offence in respect of which the accused was charged)

      • 4 Financial Obligations

        •  You do not have any financial obligations under this release order.

        or

        In order for you to be released, the obligations that are indicated below by a check mark must be complied with.

        •  You promise to pay the amount of blank line if you fail to comply with a condition of this release order.

        •  You must deposit money in the amount of blank line or other valuable security whose value does not exceed blank line with the clerk of the court.

        •  The surety (name), born on (date of birth), (promises to pay or deposits) to the court the amount of blank line

      • 5 Conditions

        You must comply with the conditions that are indicated below by a check mark.

        •  You must report to (name or title) at (place) on (date or dates).

        •  You must remain within the territorial jurisdiction of (province or territory).

        •  You must notify (name, title and phone number) of any change of your (address, employment or occupation).

        •  You must not communicate, directly or indirectly, with (victims, witnesses or other persons), except in accordance with the following conditions: blank line

        •  You must not go to (place) or enter (geographic area), except in accordance with the following conditions: blank line

        •  You must deposit all your passports with (name or title) at (place) before (date).

        •  You must not possess a firearm, crossbow, prohibited weapon, restricted weapon, prohibited device, ammunition, prohibited ammunition or explosive substance and you must surrender any of them in your possession and any authorization, licence or registration certificate or other document enabling the acquisition or possession of a firearm to (name or title) at (place).

        •  You must comply with the following conditions (conditions for ensuring the safety and security of any victim of or witness to the alleged offence): blank line

        •  You must comply with the following conditions: blank line

      • 6 Variation

        The conditions of this release order may be varied with the written consent of the prosecutor, yourself and your sureties, if any. In addition, you or the prosecutor may apply to a judge to have any condition in this release order cancelled or changed.

      • 7 Conditions in effect

        The conditions indicated by a check mark on this release order (including any obligations imposed on your sureties) remain in effect until they are cancelled or changed or until you have been discharged, sentenced or otherwise detained by the court (sections 763 and 764 of the Criminal Code).

      • 8 Consequence for non-compliance

        You are warned that, unless you have a lawful excuse, you commit an offence under section 145 of the Criminal Code if you fail to follow any of the conditions set out in this release order, including if you fail to attend court as required.

        If you commit an offence under section 145 of the Criminal Code, a warrant for your arrest may be issued (sections 512 and 512.3 of the Criminal Code) and you may be liable to a fine or to imprisonment, or to both.

        If you do not comply with this release order or are charged with committing an indictable offence after you have been released, this release order may be cancelled and, as a result, you may be detained in custody (subsection 524(4) of the Criminal Code).

        If you do not comply with this release order, the money or other valuable security promised or deposited by you or your surety could be forfeited (subsection 771(2) of the Criminal Code).

      • 9 Signatures

        SURETY: (if applicable)

        I understand my role and my responsibilities under this release order and I agree to act as a surety.

        I agree to (promise or deposit) to the court the amount of money described in section 4 of this release order.

        •  Surety Declaration is attached (section 515.1 of the Criminal Code).

        •  Surety is excepted from providing Surety Declaration (subsection 515.1(2) of the Criminal Code).

        Signed on (date), at (place).

        blank line

        (Signature of the surety)

        ACCUSED:

        I understand the contents of this form and agree to comply with the conditions that are indicated by a check mark.

        I understand that I do not have to accept the conditions and that, if I do not accept the conditions, I will be detained.

        Signed on (date), at (place).

        blank line

        (Signature of accused)

        JUDGE, JUSTICE OR CLERK OF THE COURT:

        Signed on (date), at (place).

        blank line

        (Signature of judge, justice or clerk of the court)

        blank line

        (Name of judge or justice who has issued this order)

      FORM 12(Section 515.1)Surety Declaration

      Canada,

      Province of blank line,

      (territorial division).

      • 1 Identification

        Surname: blank line Given name(s): blank line

        Date of Birth: blank line

        Home address: blank line

        Phone number(s): blank line (primary) blank line (other)

        Other contact information (if any): blank line

        Employment or occupation (if any): blank line

        Name and contact information for employer (if any): blank line

      • 2 Information about the Accused

        Surname: blank line Given name(s): blank line

        Date of Birth: blank line

        Court file number: blank line

      • 3 Other information required

        Relationship to the accused: blank line

        I am acting as a surety in respect of another accused.

        □ Yes □ No

        If yes, name and date of birth of any other accused: blank line

        I have a criminal record or there are outstanding criminal charges against me.

        □ Yes □ No

        If yes, description of criminal record, if any, and all outstanding criminal charges, specifying offence and year of conviction: blank line

      • 4 Charges against the Accused

        I understand that the accused has been charged with (set out briefly the offence in respect of which the accused was charged).

      • 5 Other Outstanding Charges against the Accused

        □ I understand that the accused does not have any other outstanding criminal charges.

        □ I understand that the accused has also been charged with (set out briefly the offence in respect of which the accused was charged), but this declaration does not apply to those charges.

      • 6 Criminal Record of the Accused

        □ I understand that the accused does not have a criminal record.

        □ I understand that the accused has a criminal record, which is described below or a copy of which I have attached and initialled.

        blank line

      • 7 Financial Promise or Deposit

        As a surety for the accused, I am willing to (promise or deposit) to the court the amount of blank line

      • 8 Acknowledgment

        I understand that failure on the part of the accused to follow any of the conditions in their release order or recognizance could lead to the forfeiture of the amount of money that has been promised or deposited.

        I understand that I may, at any time, ask to no longer be a surety by making an application, by bringing the accused to the court in order to be discharged from my obligation (section 767 of the Criminal Code) or by taking and giving the accused into custody (section 768 of the Criminal Code).

        I voluntarily make this declaration and it is my free choice to take on the responsibilities of a surety.

      • 9 Signature

        Signed on (date), at (place).

        blank line

        (Signature of the surety)

        Sworn before me on (date), at (place).

        blank line

        (Signature of the person who is authorized to take or receive statements made under oath, solemn declaration or solemn affirmation)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 338

      • 338 (1) The paragraph of Form 15 of Part XXVIII of the Act that begins with “And whereas” and ends with “charge;” is replaced by the following:

        And whereas the deposition of X.Y. in respect of the charge has been taken by me (or if the signatory is not the justice, the justice);

      • (2) The portion of Form 15 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the paragraph that begins with “This is” and ends with “division).” is replaced by the following:

        Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        (Signature of justice or clerk of the court)

        blank line

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 339

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203
      • 339 (1) The paragraph of Form 18 of Part XXVIII of the Act that begins with “And Whereas” and ends with “abscond);” is replaced by the following:

        And whereas I am (or if the signatory is not the justice, the justice is) satisfied by information in writing and under oath that C.D., of blank line, in this warrant called the witness, is bound by recognizance to give evidence on the trial of the accused on the charge, and that the witness (has absconded or is about to abscond);

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203

        (2) The portion of Form 18 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the paragraph that begins with “This is” and ends with “Code.” is replaced by the following:

        Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        (Signature of justice or clerk of the court)

        blank line

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 340

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 184(9)

      340 The portion of Form 19 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the portion that begins with “Person” and ends with “Remanded to” is replaced by the following:

      And you, the keeper of the prison, are directed to receive each of the persons into your custody in the prison and keep each person safely until the day when that person’s remand expires and then to have that person before me or any other justice (or if the signatory is not the justice, before any justice) on blank line(date),blank line at blank line(hour), at blank line(place), there to answer to the charge and to be dealt with according to law, unless you are otherwise directed before that time.

      Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

      (Signature of justice or clerk of the court)

      blank line

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 341

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 184(19)(E)

      341 Form 20 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

      FORM 20(Section 545)Warrant of Committal of Witness for Refusing to Be Sworn or to Give Evidence

      Canada,

      Province of blank line,

      (territorial division).

      To the peace officers in the (territorial division):

      Whereas A.B. of blank line, in this warrant called the accused, has been charged that (set out offence as in the information);

      And whereas E.F. of blank line, in this warrant called the witness, attending before me (or if the signatory is not the justice, before the justice) to give evidence for (the prosecution or the defence) concerning the charge against the accused (refused to be sworn or being duly sworn as a witness refused to answer certain questions concerning the charge that were put to them or refused or failed to produce the following writings, namely blank lineor refused to sign their deposition) having been ordered to do so, without offering any just excuse for that refusal or failure;

      This is therefore to direct you, in Her Majesty’s name, to arrest, if necessary, and take the witness and convey them safely to the prison at blank line, and there deliver them to the keeper of it, together with the following precept:

      You, the keeper, are directed to receive the witness into your custody in the prison and safely keep them there for the term of blank line days, unless they sooner consent to do what was required of them, and for so doing this is a sufficient warrant.

      Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

      (Signature of justice or clerk of the court)

      blank line

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 342

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 184(19)(E)

      342 The portion of Form 22 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the paragraph that begins with “Whereas” and ends with “of ;” is replaced by the following:

      You are directed, in Her Majesty’s name, to arrest, if necessary, and take the defendant and convey them safely to the (prison) at blank line, and deliver them to the keeper of the prison, together with the following precept:

      You, the keeper of the prison, are directed to receive the defendant into your custody in this prison and keep them safely there for the term of blank line, unless the amounts and the costs and charges of the committal and of conveying the defendant to the prison are sooner paid, and for so doing this is a sufficient warrant.

      Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

      (Signature of provincial court judge, justice or clerk of the court)

      blank line

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 343

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 184(19)(E)

      343 Form 24 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

      FORM 24(Section 550)Warrant of Committal of Witness for Failure to Enter into Recognizance

      Canada,

      Province of blank line,

      (territorial division).

      To the peace officers in the (territorial division) and to the keeper of the (prison) at blank line:

      Whereas A.B., in this warrant called the accused, was committed for trial on a charge that (state offence as in the information);

      And whereas E.F., in this warrant called the witness, having appeared as a witness on the preliminary inquiry into the charge, and being required to enter into a recognizance to appear as a witness on the trial of the accused on the charge, has (failed or refused) to do so;

      This is therefore to direct you, in Her Majesty’s name, to arrest, if necessary, and take and safely convey the witness to the (prison) at blank line and there deliver them to the keeper of it, together with the following precept:

      You, the keeper, are directed to receive the witness into your custody in the prison and keep them there safely until the trial of the accused on the charge, unless before that time the witness enters into the recognizance.

      Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

      (Signature of justice or clerk of the court)

      blank line

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 344

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 184(19)(E)

      344 Form 25 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

      FORM 25(Section 708)Warrant of Committal for Contempt

      Canada,

      Province of blank line,

      (territorial division).

      To the peace officers in the (territorial division) and to the keeper of the (prison) at (place)blank line:

      Because E.F. of blank lineblank line, in this warrant called the defaulter, was on (date) blank line, at blank lineblank line (place), convicted before blank lineblank line for contempt because the defaulter did not attend before blank lineblank line to give evidence on the trial of a charge that (state offence as in the information) against A.B. of blank lineblank line, although (duly subpoenaed or bound by recognizance to appear and give evidence in that regard, as the case may be) and did not show any sufficient excuse for the default;

      And because, following the conviction it was ordered that the defaulter (set out the punishment imposed);

      And because the defaulter has not paid the amounts ordered to be paid; (delete if not applicable)

      Therefore, you are ordered, in Her Majesty’s name, to arrest, if necessary, and take the defaulter and convey them safely to the prison at blank lineblank line and there deliver them to its keeper, together with the following order:

      You, the keeper, are ordered to receive the defaulter into your custody in this prison and keep them safely thereFootnote * and for so doing this is a sufficient warrant.

      • (a) for the term of blank line;

      • (b) for the term of blank line , unless the sums and the costs and charges of the committal and of conveying the defaulter to the prison are sooner paid;

      • (c) for the term of blank line and for the term of (if consecutive so state) unless the sums and the costs and charges of the committal and of conveying the defaulter to the prison are sooner paid.

      Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

      (Signature of judge, provincial court judge, justice or clerk of the court)

      (Seal, if required)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 345

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 184(11)(E)
      • 345 (1) The portion of Form 27 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the paragraph that begins with “You are” and ends with “precept:” is replaced by the following:

        You, the keeper, are ordered to receive the defaulters into your custody in this prison and keep them safely there for a period of blank lineblank line or until satisfaction is made of a judgment debt of blank lineblank line dollars due to Her Majesty the Queen in respect of the forfeiture of a recognizance entered into by blank lineblank line on (date)blank line.

        Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        (Signature of judge of the court or clerk of the court)

        (Seal, if required)

      • (2) Form 27 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

        FORM 27(Section 773)Warrant of Committal on Forfeiture of Amounts

        Canada,

        Province of blank line,

        (territorial division).

        To the sheriff of (territorial division) and to the keeper of the (prison) at (place).

        This warrant of committal is issued for the arrest of (name of person or persons), referred to in this warrant as the defaulter or defaulters, as the case may be.

        You are ordered to arrest the defaulter or defaulters and convey them safely to the (prison) at blank line, and deliver them to its keeper, with the following order:

        You, the keeper, are ordered to receive the defaulter or defaulters into your custody in this prison and keep them safely there for a period of blank line or until satisfaction is made of a judgment debt of blank line, due to Her Majesty the Queen in respect of the forfeiture of an amount set out in (an undertaking entered into or a release order issued or a recognizance entered into) on (date).

        Dated (date), at (place).

        blank line

        (Signature of judge of the court or clerk of the court)

        blank line

        (Name of judge who has issued this warrant of committal)

        (Seal, if required)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 346

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 184(12)

      346 Form 28 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

      FORM 28(Section 528)Endorsement of Warrant

      Canada,

      Province of blank line,

      (territorial division).

      In accordance with the application this day made to me, I authorize the arrest of the accused (or defendant), within the (territorial division).

      Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place). blank line

      (Signature of justice) blank line

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 347

    • 347 Form 30 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

      FORM 30(Section 537)Order for Accused to Be Brought Before Justice Prior to Expiration of Period of Remand

      Canada,

      Province of blank line,

      (territorial division).

      To the keeper of the (prison) at blank line:

      Whereas by warrant dated (date), A.B., in this order called the accused, was committed to your custody and you were required to keep them safely until the (date)blank lineblank line, and then to have them before me or any other justice (or if the signatory is not the justice, any justice) at (place)blank line at blank lineblank line(hour) to answer to the charge against the accused and to be dealt with according to law unless you should be ordered otherwise before that time;

      Now, therefore, you are directed to have the accused before blank line at (place)blank line at blank lineblank line(hour) to answer to the charge against them and so they may be dealt with according to law.

      Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

      (Signature of justice or clerk of the court) blank line

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 348

    • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), par. 101(2)(e)(E) and ss. 184(13) and 203; R.S., c. 42 (4th Supp.), s. 7; 1993, c. 45, ss. 13 and 14; 1999, c. 25, s. 27
      • 348 (1) The portion of Form 32 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the reference to “(territorial division).” and before the number 1 is replaced by the following:

        Be it remembered that on this day the persons named in the following schedule personally came before me (or if the signatory is the clerk of the court, before the judge, provincial court judge or justice, as the case may be) and severally acknowledged themselves to owe to Her Majesty the Queen the several amounts set opposite their respective names, namely,

        NameAddressOccupationAmount
        A.B
        C.D
        E.F

        to be made and levied of their several goods and chattels, lands and tenements, respectively, to the use of Her Majesty the Queen, if A.B. fails in any of the conditions set out below.

        Taken and acknowledged before me (or if the signatory is the clerk of the court, the judge, provincial court judge or justice, as the case may be) on (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        (Signature of judge, provincial court judge, justice or clerk of the court)

      • R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), par. 101(2)(e)(E) and ss. 184(13) and 203; R.S., c. 42 (4th Supp.), s. 7; 1993, c. 45, ss. 13 and 14; 1999, c. 25, s. 27

        (2) Paragraphs (d) and (e) of Form 32 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the heading “Schedule of Conditions” are replaced by the following:

        • (d) abstains from communicating, directly or indirectly, with (identification of victim, witness or other person) except in accordance with the following conditions: (as the judge, provincial court judge or justice specifies);

        • (e) deposits their passport (as the judge, provincial court judge or justice directs); and

      • (3) Form 32 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

        FORM 32(Sections 2, 462.34, 490.9, 550, 683, 706, 707, 779, 810, 810.01, 810.1, 810.2, 817 and 832)Recognizance

        Canada,

        Province of blank line

        (territorial division)

        • 1 Identification

          Surname: blank line Given name(s): blank line

          Date of birth: blank line

          Home address: blank line

          Phone number(s): blank line (primary) blank line (other)

          Other contact information (if any): blank line

          Employment or Occupation (if any): blank line

          Name and contact information of employer (if any): blank line

        • 2 Financial Promise or Deposit

          Pursuant to blank line (provision) of the Criminal Code, I agree to (promise or deposit) the amount of $ blank line, or the other valuable security described here: blank line

          I understand that if I fail to comply with any of the conditions listed below, this amount or security may be forfeited.

        • 3 Conditions

          (List the conditions that have been ordered by the court and indicate the duration for which each condition remains in effect.)

          blank line

        • 4 Variation

          I understand that I may apply to a judge or a justice of the peace to have any condition in this form cancelled or varied.

        • 5 Conditions in effect

          I understand that the conditions in this recognizance remain in effect until they are cancelled or changed or until I have been discharged, sentenced or otherwise detained by the court (sections 763 and 764 of the Criminal Code).

        • 6 Signatures

          PERSON WHO IS GIVING RECOGNIZANCE:

          I understand the contents of this form and agree to comply with the conditions that are listed above.

          Signed on blank line (date), at blank line (place).

          blank line
          (Signature of the person)
          blank line
          (Print name)

          SURETY (if applicable):

          I understand my role and my responsibilities under this recognizance and I agree to act as a surety.

          I agree to (promise or deposit) as security to the court the amount of $ blank line

          I understand that if the person who is giving this recognizance fails to comply with any of the conditions in this recognizance, the money that I have promised or deposited may be forfeited.

          Surety Declaration (if applicable)

          •  Surety Declaration attached. (Section 515.1 of the Criminal Code.)

          •  Surety excepted from providing Surety Declaration. (Subsection 515.1(2) of the Criminal Code.)

          Signed on blank line (date), at blank line (place).

          blank line
          (Signature of the Surety)
          blank line
          (Print name)

          JUDGE, PROVINCIAL COURT JUDGE, JUSTICE OR CLERK OF THE COURT:

          Signed on blank line (date), at blank line (place).

          blank line
          (Signature of the judge, provincial court judge, justice or clerk of the court)
          blank line
          (Print name)

        List of Conditions

        • (a) has a surety (sections 462.34, 490.9, 550, 779, 810, 817 and 832 of the Criminal Code);

        • (b) agrees to keep the peace and be of good behaviour (sections 83.3, 810, 810.01, 810.1 and 810.2 of the Criminal Code);

        • (c) abstains from possessing a firearm, crossbow, prohibited weapon, restricted weapon, prohibited device, ammunition, prohibited ammunition or explosive substance and surrenders those in their possession and surrenders any authorization, licence or registration certificate or other document enabling the acquisition or possession of a firearm (sections 83.3, 810, 810.01, 810.1 and 810.2 of the Criminal Code);

        • (d) participates in a treatment program (sections 810.01, 810.1 and 810.2 of the Criminal Code);

        • (e) wears an electronic monitoring device (if the Attorney General makes the request) (sections 810.01, 810.1 and 810.2 of the Criminal Code);

        • (f) remains within a specified geographic area unless written permission to leave that area is obtained from the judge (sections 810.01 and 810.2 of the Criminal Code);

        • (g) returns to and remains at their place of residence at specified times (sections 810.01, 810.1 and 810.2 of the Criminal Code);

        • (h) abstains from the consumption of drugs, except in accordance with a medical prescription (sections 810.01, 810.1 and 810.2 of the Criminal Code);

        • (i) abstains from the consumption of alcohol or of any other intoxicating substance, except in accordance with a medical prescription (sections 810.01, 810.1 and 810.2 of the Criminal Code);

        • (j) abstains from any contact — including communicating by any means — with a person under the age of 16 years, unless doing so under the supervision of a person whom the judge considers appropriate (section 810.1 of the Criminal Code);

        • (k) abstains from using the Internet or other digital network, unless doing so in accordance with conditions set by the judge (section 810.1 of the Criminal Code);

        • (l) abstains from attending a public park or public swimming area where persons under the age of 16 years are present or can reasonably be expected to be present, or a daycare centre, schoolground or playground (section 810.1 of the Criminal Code);

        • (m) appears personally or by counsel at the sittings of the appeal court at which the appeal is to be heard (sections 817 and 832 of the Criminal Code);

        • (n) appears in court as required (sections 550, 706 and 707 of the Criminal Code);

        • (o) in the case where a warrant was issued under section 462.32 of the Criminal Code or a restraint order was made under subsection 462.33(3) of that Act in relation to any property (set out a description of the property and its location), refrains from doing or causing anything to be done that would result, directly or indirectly, in the disappearance, dissipation or reduction in value of the property or otherwise affect the property so that all or a part thereof could not be subject to an order of forfeiture under section 462.37 or 462.38 of that Act or any other provision of that Act or any other Act of Parliament (section 462.34 of the Criminal Code);

        • (p) agrees to prosecute the writ of certiorari at their own expense, without wilful delay, and, if ordered, to pay to the person in whose favour the conviction, order or other proceeding is affirmed their full costs and charges to be taxed according to the practice of the court where the conviction, order or proceeding is affirmed (section 779 of the Criminal Code);

        • (q) any other reasonable conditions, including:

          •  reports at specified times to peace officer or other person designated;

          •  remains within designated territorial jurisdiction;

          •  notifies peace officer or other person designated of any change in their address, employment or occupation;

          •  abstains from communicating, directly or indirectly, with victim, witness or other specified person except in accordance with conditions specified by judge, provincial court judge or justice; and

          •  deposits all their passports as the judge, provincial court judge or justice directs.

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 349

    • 1994, c. 44, s. 84
      • 349 (1) The paragraph of Form 33 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the heading of the Form is replaced by the following:

        It is certified that A.B. (has not appeared as required by this recognizance or has not complied with a condition of this recognizance) and that, as a result, the ends of justice have been (defeated or delayed, as the case may be).

      • 1994, c. 44, s. 84

        (2) The portion of Form 33 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the paragraph that begins with “The names” and ends with “as follows:” is replaced by the following:

        Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        (Signature of judge, provincial court judge, justice, clerk of the court, peace officer or other person)

        (Seal, if required)

      • (3) Form 33 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

        FORM 33(Section 770)Certificate of Default to Be Endorsed

        It is certified that A.B. (has not appeared as required by this undertaking, release order or recognizance or has not complied with a condition of this undertaking, release order or recognizance) and that for this reason the ends of justice have been (defeated or delayed, as the case may be).

        The nature of the default is blank line and the reason for the default is blank line (state reason if known).

        The names and addresses of the principal and sureties are as follows:

        Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        blank line
        (Signature of judge, provincial court judge, justice, clerk of the court, peace officer or other person)

        (Seal, if required)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 350

    • 350 Form 38 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

      FORM 38(Section 708)Conviction for Contempt

      Canada,

      Province of blank line,

      (territorial division).

      Be it remembered that on (date)blank line, at blank line(place) in the (territorial division), E.F. of blank line, in this conviction called the defaulter, is convicted for contempt in that they did not attend before (set out court or justice) to give evidence on the trial of a charge that (state fully offence with which accused was charged), although (duly subpoenaed or bound by recognizance to attend to give evidence, as the case may be) and has not shown any sufficient excuse for their default;

      The defaulter is therefore convicted for their default, (set out punishment as authorized and determined in accordance with section 708 of theCriminal Code).

      Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

      (Signature of judge, provincial court judge, justice or clerk of the court)

      (Seal, if required)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 351

    • 351 Form 39 of Part XXVIII of the Act is replaced by the following:

      FORM 39(Sections 519 and 550)Order for Discharge of a Person in Custody

      Canada,

      Province of blank line,

      (territorial division).

      To the keeper of the (prison) at blank line:

      You are directed to release E.F., detained by you under a (warrant of committal or order) dated (date)blank line, if E.F. is detained by you for no other cause.

      (Signature of judge, justice or clerk of the court)

      (Seal, if required)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 352

    • 2005, c. 22, s. 40
      • 352 (1) The portion of Form 48 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the reference to “(territorial division)” and before the first brackets “[ ]” is replaced by the following:

        Whereas I have (or if the signatory is the clerk of the court, the judge or justice has) reasonable grounds to believe that evidence of the mental condition of (name of accused), who has been charged with blank line, may be necessary to determine *

      • 2005, c. 22, s. 40

        (2) The paragraph of Form 48 of Part XXVIII of the Act that begins with “I hereby order” and ends with “days.” is replaced by the following:

        An assessment of the mental condition of (name of accused) is ordered to be conducted by/at (name of person or service by which or place where assessment is to be made) for a period of blank line days.

      • 2005, c. 22, s. 40

        (3) The portion of Form 48 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the reference to “* Check applicable option.” is replaced by the following:

        Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        (Signature of judge, provincial court judge, justice or clerk of the court)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 353

    • 1991, c. 43, s. 8
      • 353 (1) The paragraph of Form 49 of Part XXVIII of the English version of the Act that begins with “I do” and ends with “of law” is replaced by the following:

        You, the keeper (administrator, warden), are therefore directed to receive the accused in your custody in the (prison, hospital or other appropriate place) and to keep the accused safely there until the accused is delivered by due course of law.

      • 1991, c. 43, s. 8

        (2) The portion of Form 49 of Part XXVIII of the Act after the reference to “* Check applicable option.” is replaced by the following:

        Dated (date)blank line, at blank line(place).

        (Signature of judge, provincial court judge, justice, clerk of the court or chairperson of the review board)

  • — 2019, c. 25, s. 402(1), par. (11)(b) to (e), s. (14)

    • Bill C-46
      • 402 (1) Subsections (2) to (14) apply if Bill C-46, introduced in the 1st session of the 42nd Parliament and entitled An Act to amend the Criminal Code (offences relating to conveyances) and to make consequential amendments to other Acts (in this section referred to as the “other Act”), receives royal assent.

      • (11) If sections 14 and 15 of the other Act come into force before sections 85 to 88 of this Act, then on the day on which sections 85 to 88 come into force:

        • (b) subsection 320.19(1) of the Criminal Code is replaced by the following:

          • Punishment
            • 320.19 (1) Every person who commits an offence under subsection 320.14(1) or 320.15(1) is guilty of

              • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years and to a minimum punishment of,

                • (i) for a first offence, a fine of $1,000,

                • (ii) for a second offence, imprisonment for a term of 30 days, and

                • (iii) for each subsequent offence, imprisonment for a term of 120 days; or

              • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both, and to a minimum punishment of,

                • (i) for a first offence, a fine of $1,000,

                • (ii) for a second offence, imprisonment for a term of 30 days, and

                • (iii) for each subsequent offence, imprisonment for a term of 120 days.

        • (c) the portion of subsection 320.19(3) of the Criminal Code before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

          • Minimum fines for high blood alcohol concentrations

            (3) Despite subparagraphs (1)(a)(i) and (b)(i), every person who commits an offence under paragraph 320.14(1)(b) is liable, for a first offence, to

        • (d) subsections 320.19(4) and (5) of the Criminal Code are replaced by the following:

          • Minimum fine — subsection 320.15(1)

            (4) Despite subparagraphs (1)(a)(i) and (b)(i), every person who commits an offence under subsection 320.15(1) is liable, for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $2,000.

          • Punishment — dangerous operation and other offences

            (5) Every person who commits an offence under subsection 320.13(1) or 320.16(1), section 320.17 or subsection 320.18(1) is guilty of

            • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

            • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

        • (e) section 320.2 of the Criminal Code is replaced by the following:

          • Punishment in case of bodily harm

            320.2 Every person who commits an offence under subsection 320.13(2), 320.14(2), 320.15(2) or 320.16(2) is guilty of

            • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 14 years and to a minimum punishment of,

              • (i) for a first offence, a fine of $1,000,

              • (ii) for a second offence, imprisonment for a term of 30 days, and

              • (iii) for each subsequent offence, imprisonment for a term of 120 days; or

            • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both, and to the minimum punishments set out in subparagraphs (a)(i) to (iii).

      • (14) On the first day on which both section 22 of the other Act and section 280 of this Act are in force, subsection 680(1) of the Criminal Code is replaced by the following:

        • Review by court of appeal
          • 680 (1) A decision made by a judge under section 522, a decision made under subsections 524(3) to (5) with respect to an accused referred to in paragraph 524(1)(a) or a decision made by a judge of the court of appeal under section 320.25 or 679 may, on the direction of the chief justice or acting chief justice of the court of appeal, be reviewed by that court and that court may, if it does not confirm the decision,

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