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Canada Business Corporations Act

Version of section 119 from 2011-11-29 to 2024-06-19:

Marginal note:Liability of directors for wages

  •  (1) Directors of a corporation are jointly and severally, or solidarily, liable to employees of the corporation for all debts not exceeding six months wages payable to each such employee for services performed for the corporation while they are such directors respectively.

  • Marginal note:Conditions precedent to liability

    (2) A director is not liable under subsection (1) unless

    • (a) the corporation has been sued for the debt within six months after it has become due and execution has been returned unsatisfied in whole or in part;

    • (b) the corporation has commenced liquidation and dissolution proceedings or has been dissolved and a claim for the debt has been proved within six months after the earlier of the date of commencement of the liquidation and dissolution proceedings and the date of dissolution; or

    • (c) the corporation has made an assignment or a bankruptcy order has been made against it under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act and a claim for the debt has been proved within six months after the date of the assignment or bankruptcy order.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3) A director, unless sued for a debt referred to in subsection (1) while a director or within two years after ceasing to be a director, is not liable under this section.

  • Marginal note:Amount due after execution

    (4) Where execution referred to in paragraph (2)(a) has issued, the amount recoverable from a director is the amount remaining unsatisfied after execution.

  • Marginal note:Subrogation of director

    (5) A director who pays a debt referred to in subsection (1) that is proved in liquidation and dissolution or bankruptcy proceedings is entitled to any priority that the employee would have been entitled to and, if a judgment has been obtained, the director is

    • (a) in Quebec, subrogated to the employee’s rights as declared in the judgment; and

    • (b) elsewhere in Canada, entitled to an assignment of the judgment.

  • Marginal note:Contribution

    (6) A director who has satisfied a claim under this section is entitled to contribution from the other directors who were liable for the claim.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-44, s. 119
  • 1992, c. 27, s. 90
  • 2001, c. 14, ss. 47, 135(E)
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 187
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 51

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