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Canadian Payments Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-21)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2021-06-03 and last amended on 2021-04-02. Previous Versions

PART 1Canadian Payments Association (continued)

Board of Directors

Marginal note:Composition

  •  (1) There shall be a Board of Directors of the Association consisting of the following 13 directors:

    • (a) the President;

    • (b) three directors who are directors, officers or employees of members that, in the normal course of business, maintain a settlement account at the Bank of Canada;

    • (c) two directors who are directors, officers or employees of members other than those described in paragraph (b); and

    • (d) seven directors who are independent of the Association and of its members.

  • Marginal note:Election of directors

    (2) The directors referred to in paragraphs (1)(b) to (d) are to be elected by the members.

  • Marginal note:Quorum

    (3) At a meeting of the Board, the directors present constitute a quorum if at least seven directors are present and a majority of the directors present are directors referred to in paragraph (1)(d).

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-21, s. 8
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 226
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 337

Marginal note:Ineligibility

  •  (1) No person is eligible to be a director if they are

    • (a) a director, officer or employee of the Bank of Canada;

    • (b) employed in any capacity in the federal public administration or the public service of a province or hold any office or position for which any salary or other remuneration is payable out of public moneys; or

    • (c) a member of the Senate or House of Commons or a member of a provincial legislature.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (2) When a director, officer or employee of a member is a director of the Association, no other director, officer or employee of that member, or of an affiliate of that member, is eligible to be a director of the Association.

  • Marginal note:Affiliates

    (3) For the purposes of this section,

    • (a) one corporation is affiliated with another corporation if one of them is the subsidiary of the other or both are subsidiaries of the same corporation or each of them is controlled by the same person; and

    • (b) if two corporations are affiliated with the same corporation at the same time, they are deemed to be affiliated with each other.

  • Marginal note:Definition of control

    (4) In paragraph (3)(a), control means control in any manner that results in control in fact, whether directly through the ownership of securities or indirectly through a trust, agreement or arrangement, the ownership of any corporation or otherwise.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-21, s. 9
  • 1993, c. 34, s. 46(F)
  • 1999, c. 28, s. 112
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 227
  • 2003, c. 22, s. 142(E)
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 424
  • 2012, c. 5, s. 207
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 337

Marginal note:Term of office — elected directors

  •  (1) The elected directors hold office for a term of three years and are eligible to be elected for two further terms.

  • Marginal note:Removal of elected directors

    (2) If a resolution passed by a two-thirds majority of the members who are present at a special meeting of members called to consider the resolution provides for the recall of an elected director, then, despite subsection (1), that director ceases to be a director of the Association at the time notice of the resolution is given to the director or at any other time that may be fixed by by-law.

  • Marginal note:Remuneration

    (3) A director referred to in paragraph 8(1)(d) shall be paid by the Association the remuneration that is fixed by by-law.

Marginal note:Vacancy

 A vacancy on the Board does not impair the right of the remaining directors to act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-21, s. 10
  • 1993, c. 34, s. 47(F)
  • 1999, c. 28, s. 113
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 228
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 425

Marginal note:Vacancies

  •  (1) If a vacancy among the elected directors occurs, the directors shall cause a meeting to be held of the members for the purpose of electing a director to fill the vacancy for the remainder of the term of the director whose departure resulted in the vacancy.

  • Marginal note:Election by the Board

    (2) If the meeting is called and there is no quorum or the meeting fails to elect a director to fill the vacancy, the Board shall elect a director for the remainder of the term of the director whose departure from the Board resulted in the vacancy.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-21, s. 11
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 338

 [Repealed, 2014, c. 39, s. 338]

 [Repealed, 2014, c. 39, s. 338]

Marginal note:Canadian citizens

 At least three quarters of the directors of the Association must be Canadian citizens ordinarily resident in Canada.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-21, s. 14
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 426


Marginal note:Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson

  •  (1) The elected directors shall elect a Chairperson of the Board and a Deputy Chairperson of the Board from among the directors referred to in paragraph 8(1)(d) for a renewable term of up to three years. However, the Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson shall each serve no more than six years in office in total.

  • Marginal note:Duties of Chairperson

    (2) The Chairperson shall preside at meetings of the Board and perform the duties that are assigned by the by-laws.

  • Marginal note:Absence of Chairperson

    (3) If the Chairperson is unable to act by reason of absence or incapacity, the Deputy Chairperson shall perform the duties of the Chairperson.

  • Marginal note:Additional vote

    (4) The Chairperson or, in the absence or incapacity of the Chairperson, the Deputy Chairperson has, in the event of a tie vote on any matter before the Board at a meeting of the Board, a second vote.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-21, s. 15
  • 2001, c. 9, ss. 232(E), 245(E)
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 427(F)
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 339
  • 2019, c. 29, s. 94


Marginal note:President

  •  (1) The elected directors shall appoint the President of the Association.

  • Marginal note:Duties

    (2) The President is the chief executive of the Association and has, on behalf of the Board, the direction and management of the business of the Association with authority to act in all matters that are not by the by-laws or by resolution of the Board specifically reserved to be done by the Chairperson or the Board.

  • Marginal note:Exercise of powers by officers and employees

    (3) Except as otherwise provided by the President, and subject to any terms and conditions that may be specified by the President, an officer or employee of the Association may exercise any power and perform any duty or function of the Association if the officer or employee is appointed to serve in a capacity appropriate to the exercise of the power or performance of the duty or function.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-21, s. 16
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 245(E)
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 428
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 340

Duty of Care

Marginal note:Duty of care of directors and officers

 Every director and officer of the Association, in exercising their powers and performing their duties, shall

  • (a) act honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Association; and

  • (b) exercise the care, diligence and skill that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in comparable circumstances.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 341
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