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Version of document from 2022-12-05 to 2024-05-01:

Social Security Tribunal Rules of Procedure

SOR/2022-256

DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ACT

Registration 2022-12-02

Social Security Tribunal Rules of Procedure

Whereas, under subsection 45.1(2)Footnote a of the Department of Employment and Social Development ActFootnote b, the Minister of Employment and Social Development has approved the making of the annexed Social Security Tribunal Rules of Procedure;

Therefore, the Chairperson of the Social Security Tribunal makes the annexed Social Security Tribunal Rules of Procedure under subsection 45.1(2)Footnote a of the Department of Employment and Social Development ActFootnote b.

Ottawa, November 3, 2022

Le président du Tribunal de la sécurité sociale,
blank line
Paul Aterman
Chairperson of the Social Security Tribunal

Introduction

Marginal note:Purpose of these Rules

  •  (1) These Rules set out the procedure for appeals before the Tribunal. The Rules aim to help parties understand the appeal process and their roles and responsibilities. The Rules and the appeal process are meant to promote access to justice.

  • Marginal note:Tribunal’s authority

    (2) The Tribunal decides appeals from reconsideration decisions made under

Marginal note:About the Tribunal

 The Tribunal is an independent administrative tribunal. It consists of the members of the General Division and Appeal Division. The members are appointed under Part 5 of the Department of Employment and Social Development Act. The Tribunal is supported by the Tribunal Secretariat. The Secretariat consists of employees of the Administrative Tribunals Support Service of Canada. The Secretariat carries out some administrative tasks related to these Rules for the Tribunal.

Marginal note:Overview of these Rules

 These Rules are set out in the order that they normally apply, but the order may be different in some appeals. Not every rule applies in every appeal. The Rules are divided into the following Parts:

  • (a) Part 1 sets out how to interpret the Rules;

  • (b) Part 2 sets out general rules about what the Tribunal can do and how it conducts the appeal process;

  • (c) Part 3 sets out the roles and responsibilities of participants and the Tribunal;

  • (d) Part 4 sets out how to file documents with the Tribunal and how the Tribunal handles documents;

  • (e) Part 5 sets out how to appeal, how the Tribunal handles late appeals, what language the appeal can be in and how the Tribunal adds parties;

  • (f) Part 6 sets out various procedures that may apply in the appeal process;

  • (g) Part 7 sets out specific rules for Income Security appeals at the General Division and Appeal Division;

  • (h) Part 8 sets out specific rules for Employment Insurance appeals at the General Division and Appeal Division;

  • (i) Part 9 sets out specific rules for hearings and decisions;

  • (j) Part 10 sets out how the Rules apply to appeals that are ongoing when the Rules start to apply; and

  • (k) Part 11 sets out when the Rules start to apply.

PART 1Interpretation

Marginal note:What Part 1 is about

 This Part sets out definitions for terms and expressions used in these Rules. This Part also sets out how the Tribunal interprets and applies the Rules.

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in these Rules. To understand the Rules, it is important to first read the definitions and then refer back to them as needed.

appeal

appeal means an appeal under Part 5 of the Department of Employment and Social Development Act. It includes an application for permission to appeal to the Appeal Division. (appel)

appellant

appellant means the person who appeals a reconsideration decision to the General Division or a General Division decision to the Appeal Division. At the Appeal Division, the appellant may also be the Minister or the Commission. (appelant)

argument

argument means a submission that sets out a party’s point of view about what the Tribunal should do in an appeal. A party may file arguments with the Tribunal or make arguments at an oral hearing. (argument)

business day

business day means a day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or holiday. (jour ouvrable)

Commission

Commission means the Canada Employment Insurance Commission. (Commission)

contact information

contact information means

  • (a) an address;

  • (b) a phone number, if there is one; and

  • (c) an email address, if there is one. (coordonnées)

Employment Insurance appeal

Employment Insurance appeal means an appeal from a reconsideration decision that the Commission made under the Employment Insurance Act. (appel en assurance-emploi)

evidence

evidence means something that a party presents to the Tribunal to prove a fact. It includes documents, photographs, video recordings and sound recordings that a party may file with the Tribunal. It also includes testimony given at an oral hearing. (élément de preuve)

Income Security appeal

Income Security appeal means an appeal from a reconsideration decision that the Minister made under the Canada Pension Plan or the Old Age Security Act. (appel en sécurité du revenu)

Minister

Minister means the Minister of Employment and Social Development. (ministre)

participant

participant means

  • (a) the parties; and

  • (b) representatives, support persons, witnesses and interpreters who take part in an appeal. (participant)

party

party means 

  • (a) the appellant and the Minister, for Income Security appeals at the General Division;

  • (b) the appellant and the Commission, for Employment Insurance appeals at the General Division;

  • (c) the appellant and all other parties who were before the General Division, for appeals at the Appeal Division; and

  • (d) any person added as a party under section 33. (partie)

permission to appeal

permission to appeal means leave to appeal a General Division decision to the Appeal Division under section 58 or 58.1 of the Department of Employment and Social Development Act. (permission de faire appel)

reconsideration decision

reconsideration decision means

  • (a) a decision that the Minister made under section 81 of the Canada Pension Plan, including a decision about more time to make a reconsideration request and a decision to rescind or amend a decision based on new facts;

  • (b) a decision that the Minister made under section 27.1 of the Old Age Security Act, including a decision about more time to make a reconsideration request; or

  • (c) a decision that the Commission made under section 112 of the Employment Insurance Act, including a decision about more time to make a reconsideration request. (décision de révision)

reconsideration request

reconsideration request means a request for the Minister or the Commission to reconsider a decision under

Marginal note:How the Tribunal interprets and applies these Rules

 The Tribunal must interpret and apply these Rules so that

  • (a) the appeal process is simple, quick and fair;

  • (b) the Tribunal considers the parties’ particular circumstances;

  • (c) every party can participate in the appeal process, even if they do not have a representative; and

  • (d) the appeal process is flexible and appropriate for what the Tribunal must decide in each appeal.

PART 2General Rules

Marginal note:What Part 2 is about

 This Part sets out

  • (a) how the Tribunal conducts the appeal process;

  • (b) what happens if the Tribunal cannot reach a party; and

  • (c) how to ask for an accommodation.

Conducting the Appeal Process

Marginal note:Making the appeal process simple, quick and fair

  •  (1) The Tribunal must make sure that the appeal process is as simple and quick as fairness allows.

  • Marginal note:Using active adjudication

    (2) The Tribunal uses active adjudication as described in section 17(2) to help parties participate fully in the appeal process. This includes using methods other than the adversarial methods of adjudication the courts typically use.

  • Marginal note:If a party wants the Tribunal to decide on a procedure

    (3) A party may ask the Tribunal to do or decide something as part of the appeal process. To do this, the party must file a request with the Tribunal. The request must set out what the party wants and why.

  • Marginal note:Adapting these Rules

    (4) The Tribunal may adapt these Rules or decide that a party does not need to follow one or more rules if it is in the interest of justice.

  • Marginal note:If these Rules do not cover something

    (5) The Tribunal may decide the procedure for anything not in these Rules or the Social Security Tribunal Regulations, 2022.

Continuing the Appeal Process Without a Party

Marginal note:Contact information on file

  •  (1) The Tribunal uses the contact information it has on file when it contacts a party or sends a document to a party.

  • Marginal note:If the Tribunal cannot reach a party

    (2) The Tribunal may continue the appeal process even if it cannot reach a party using the contact information the party gave it. The Tribunal may do this without giving further notice to the party.

Asking for an Accommodation

Marginal note:Definition of accommodation

  •  (1) In this section, accommodation means an arrangement to remove a barrier so a person can participate fully in the appeal process. An accommodation must relate to one of the grounds set out in section 3 of the Canadian Human Rights Act.

  • Marginal note:If a participant needs an accommodation

    (2) A participant must notify the Tribunal as soon as possible if they need an accommodation.

PART 3Roles and Responsibilities

Marginal note:What Part 3 is about

 This Part sets out the roles and responsibilities of participants and the Tribunal.

All Participants

Marginal note:Participants’ responsibilities

 Participants must

Parties

Marginal note:How parties participate

  •  (1) Parties are responsible for participating in the appeal process. This may include

    • (a) preparing documents;

    • (b) filing documents with the Tribunal;

    • (c) presenting evidence or arguments;

    • (d) attending a conference or a hearing;

    • (e) questioning witnesses; and

    • (f) responding to another party’s arguments.

  • Marginal note:Following Rules and directions

    (2) Parties must follow these Rules and the Tribunal’s directions. This includes

    • (a) communicating with the Tribunal and responding to its requests; and

    • (b) meeting the deadlines the Tribunal sets out.

  • Marginal note:Keeping contact information up to date

    (3) Parties must notify the Tribunal as soon as possible of any changes to their contact information.

Representatives

Marginal note:What a representative does

  •  (1) If a party chooses to have a representative under section 63.1 of the Department of Employment and Social Development Act, the representative

    • (a) acts on behalf of the party by presenting their position;

    • (b) may represent the party for all or part of the appeal process; and

    • (c) does not need to be a lawyer.

  • Marginal note:How a representative participates

    (2) A representative is responsible for participating in the appeal process in the same way that a party participates as described in section 13.

  • Marginal note:Sharing information with a party

    (3) The Tribunal communicates directly with a representative. The representative must share information they receive from the Tribunal with the party they represent.

  • Marginal note:Keeping a representative’s contact information up to date

    (4) A representative must notify the Tribunal as soon as possible of any changes to their contact information.

  • Marginal note:If a representative stops representing a party

    (5) A representative must notify the Tribunal as soon as possible if they stop representing a party.

Support Persons

Marginal note:Definition of support person

  •  (1) In this section and in Part 1, support person means a person who helps a party at an oral hearing by

    • (a) organizing their documents;

    • (b) taking notes for the party; or

    • (c) giving moral and emotional support.

  • Marginal note:How a support person participates

    (2) A support person does not represent the party, but they may attend the oral hearing as an observer.

  • Marginal note:Sharing information with a support person

    (3) The Tribunal does not communicate directly with a support person outside an oral hearing. A party is responsible for sharing information from the Tribunal with their support person if they want the support person to have the information.

Witnesses

Marginal note:What a witness does

  •  (1) A witness testifies at an oral hearing to give relevant evidence.

  • Marginal note:How a witness participates

    (2) A witness may be questioned by a party, a representative or the Tribunal. A witness must answer all questions truthfully.

Tribunal

Marginal note:What the Tribunal does

  •  (1) The Tribunal hears appeals in a way that allows parties to participate fully in the appeal process. The Tribunal considers all of the parties’ evidence and arguments and gives a decision.

  • Marginal note:How the Tribunal actively adjudicates

    (2) The Tribunal actively adjudicates appeals. Active adjudication may include

    • (a) deciding what issues need to be addressed;

    • (b) deciding what procedures are appropriate in the circumstances;

    • (c) helping parties, representatives and witnesses understand the appeal process and these Rules;

    • (d) providing information about the laws that apply to the appeal;

    • (e) providing information about the evidence;

    • (f) deciding the order for parties to present evidence or arguments at an oral hearing; and

    • (g) asking parties, representatives and witnesses questions.

PART 4Documents

Marginal note:What Part 4 is about

 This Part sets out

  • (a) how to file documents with the Tribunal and what the Tribunal does with them;

  • (b) what the Tribunal can do with electronic documents; and

  • (c) when the Tribunal considers that a party has received a document.

Documents Filed with the Tribunal

Marginal note:How to file documents

  •  (1) A party that needs to file a document with the Tribunal must file the document in one of the following ways:

    • (a) by email, using the address set out on the Tribunal’s website;

    • (b) by mail, using the address set out on the Tribunal’s website; or

    • (c) electronically, using the electronic filing procedure set out on the Tribunal’s website.

  • Marginal note:When a document is filed

    (2) A document is considered filed on the date the Tribunal receives it. On each document, the Tribunal indicates the date it received the document.

  • Marginal note:Extending a deadline that falls on a weekend or holiday

    (3) If a filing deadline set by the Tribunal or these Rules falls on a day that is not a business day, the deadline is extended to the next business day.

Marginal note:Adding documents to the appeal record

  •  (1) When a party files a document to support their position in an appeal, the Tribunal must add it to the appeal record.

  • Marginal note:Sending copies to parties

    (2) When a party files a document to support their position in an appeal, the Tribunal must send a copy of it to the other parties as soon as possible.

  • Marginal note:Accessing documents in the appeal record

    (3) The public may access the documents in the appeal record unless the Tribunal limits public access to them under section 3 of the Social Security Tribunal Regulations, 2022.

Electronic Documents

Marginal note:An electronic copy is an original

  •  (1) An electronic copy of a document is considered the original version of the document.

  • Marginal note:Making electronic copies

    (2) The Tribunal may make an electronic copy of any document filed.

  • Marginal note:Providing an electronic copy

    (3) The Tribunal may provide an electronic copy of any document filed.

  • Marginal note:Certifying an electronic copy as a true copy

    (4) The Tribunal may certify an electronic copy as a true copy.

Receiving Documents from the Tribunal

Marginal note:When a party receives a document by regular mail

  •  (1) When the Tribunal sends a document to a party by regular mail, the document is considered received 10 days after the day it was sent.

  • Marginal note:When a party receives a document by registered mail or courier

    (2) When the Tribunal sends a document to a party by registered mail or courier, the document is considered received on the date of the delivery confirmation receipt.

  • Marginal note:When a party receives a document electronically

    (3) When the Tribunal sends a document to a party by email or another electronic method, the document is considered received on the next business day.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) The Tribunal applies sections 22(1) to (3) unless a party shows why the Tribunal should not apply them.

PART 5Appealing a Decision

Marginal note:What Part 5 is about

 This Part sets out

  • (a) how to appeal and what information to provide;

  • (b) how the Tribunal handles late appeals;

  • (c) what language the appeal can be in; and

  • (d) how the Tribunal adds parties.

Notice of Appeal

Marginal note:How to appeal a reconsideration decision to the General Division

  •  (1) To appeal a reconsideration decision, an appellant must file a notice of appeal with the Tribunal’s General Division. The notice must include

    • (a) the appellant’s full name;

    • (b) the appellant’s contact information;

    • (c) the appellant’s reasons for appealing;

    • (d) the identifying number referred to in section 24(2); and

    • (e) a copy of the reconsideration decision or the date of the reconsideration decision.

  • Marginal note:Identifying number

    (2) The identifying number is the number that the Tribunal asks for on its website. The number may be

    • (a) a social insurance number;

    • (b) a Canada Revenue Agency business number; or

    • (c) any other identifying number that the Tribunal asks for.

  • Marginal note:When to file the notice of appeal

    (3) The appellant must file the notice of appeal by the deadline set out in section 52 of the Department of Employment and Social Development Act.

  • Marginal note:Confirming the notice of appeal was received

    (4) The Tribunal notifies the appellant when it receives their notice of appeal.

Marginal note:Notifying an employer about an Employment Insurance appeal

 The Tribunal notifies an appellant’s employer or former employer about an Employment Insurance appeal at the General Division if the appeal is about one of the following situations:

  • (a) failing to take advantage of an opportunity for, apply for or accept suitable employment under section 27 of the Employment Insurance Act, if the reasons are work-related;

  • (b) losing or being suspended from an employment because of misconduct under section 30, 31 or 33 of the Employment Insurance Act;

  • (c) voluntarily leaving an employment under section 30 or 32 of the Employment Insurance Act, if the reasons are work-related; or

  • (d) a labour dispute under section 36 of the Employment Insurance Act.

Marginal note:How to appeal a General Division decision to the Appeal Division

  •  (1) To appeal a General Division decision, an appellant must file an application for permission to appeal with the Tribunal’s Appeal Division. The application must include

    • (a) the appellant’s full name;

    • (b) the appellant’s contact information;

    • (c) the appellant’s reasons for appealing; and

    • (d) a copy of the General Division decision, the date of the General Division decision or the General Division file number.

  • Marginal note:When to file the application

    (2) The appellant must file the application for permission to appeal by the deadline set out in section 57 of the Department of Employment and Social Development Act.

  • Marginal note:Getting permission to appeal

    (3) To be granted permission to appeal, the appellant must show

  • Marginal note:Confirming the application was received

    (4) The Tribunal notifies the appellant when it receives their application for permission to appeal.

Late Appeal

Marginal note:How to ask for more time

  •  (1) An appellant who files a notice of appeal or an application for permission to appeal after the deadline must explain why they are late. They must file the explanation with the Tribunal.

  • Marginal note:Deciding to give more time to appeal

    (2) The Tribunal gives more time to appeal if the appellant has a reasonable explanation for why they are late. The Tribunal decides whether to give more time without asking the other parties for arguments.

Language of the Appeal

Marginal note:Choosing English or French

 A party may choose whether they want the appeal to be in English or French. This rule does not apply to the Minister or the Commission.

Marginal note:Documents not in English or French

 A party who wants to file a document that is not in English or French must

  • (a) get the document translated into English or French; and

  • (b) file the translation with the document.

Marginal note:Asking for a translation of a document filed by the Minister or Commission

  •  (1) If the Minister or the Commission files a document that is not in a party’s chosen language for the appeal, the party may ask the Tribunal for a translation of the document in that language.

  • Marginal note:Filing the translation

    (2) If a party asks the Tribunal for a translation, the Minister or the Commission must get the document translated unless the document came from the party. The Minister or the Commission must file the translation with the Tribunal.

Marginal note:What to include with translated documents

 If a party files a translation with the Tribunal, the party must include the following information:

  • (a) the translator’s full name;

  • (b) the translator’s contact information; and

  • (c) a statement from the translator that the translation is accurate.

Marginal note:If a party needs an interpreter

  •  (1) A party must notify the Tribunal as soon as possible if they or any other participant need an interpreter to translate what people say at an oral hearing or conference.

  • Marginal note:Tribunal will provide an interpreter

    (2) The Tribunal provides an interpreter if a party asks for one.

Added Parties

Marginal note:When the Tribunal automatically adds a party

  •  (1) The Tribunal must add a person as a party to an appeal in the following situations:

  • Marginal note:Other situations when the Tribunal could add a party

    (2) The Tribunal may decide to add a person as a party to an appeal if the person has a direct interest in the decision.

  • Marginal note:How to ask to be added as a party

    (3) A person who wants to be added as a party to an appeal must file a request with the Tribunal. The request must include

    • (a) their full name;

    • (b) their contact information; and

    • (c) an explanation of how they have a direct interest in the decision.

  • Marginal note:Deciding without arguments from other parties

    (4) The Tribunal decides whether to add a person without asking the other parties for arguments.

PART 6Procedures that Apply in Certain Situations

Marginal note:What Part 6 is about

 This Part sets out various procedures that may apply in the appeal process.

Joining Appeals

Marginal note:When the Tribunal may join appeals

 The Tribunal may deal with two or more appeals together if

  • (a) the appeals raise a common question; and

  • (b) joining the appeals is not unfair to the parties.

Limiting Public Access to the Appeal

Marginal note:If a party wants to limit public access

  •  (1) A party may ask the Tribunal to limit public access to an oral hearing or the appeal record. To do this, the party must file a request with the Tribunal.

  • Marginal note:What information to include with the request

    (2) The party’s request must set out

    • (a) the serious risk described in section 3 of the Social Security Tribunal Regulations, 2022 that is leading the party to ask the Tribunal to limit public access;

    • (b) the information or documents they want to limit public access to; and

    • (c) the reasons why reasonable alternative measures cannot adequately reduce the serious risk.

Holding Conferences

Marginal note:What a conference may cover

  •  (1) The Tribunal may hold a conference with the parties to talk about the appeal. A conference may include discussions about any matter, such as

    • (a) the step the appeal is at and the next steps in the appeal process;

    • (b) the issues in the appeal;

    • (c) the Tribunal’s authority to do or decide something;

    • (d) the deadlines for filing documents; and

    • (e) ways to settle the appeal without a hearing.

  • Marginal note:How a conference takes place

    (2) A conference may take place

    • (a) by phone;

    • (b) by video or other type of telecommunication; or

    • (c) in person.

Marginal note:If a conference is a settlement conference

  •  (1) If a conference is a settlement conference, documents related to the conference and discussions at the conference must not be disclosed. The documents are not part of the appeal record.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) If all parties agree, the documents and discussions may be disclosed and the documents may be included in the appeal record.

  • Marginal note:If there is a hearing after a settlement conference

    (3) The Tribunal member who holds a settlement conference must not hear the appeal unless all parties agree.

Deciding Based on an Agreement

Marginal note:If the parties reach an agreement

  •  (1) Parties may ask the Tribunal to make a decision based on an agreement they have reached and signed. To do this, parties must file a request and the agreement with the Tribunal.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Parties do not need to file a request or the agreement if they reach the agreement at a settlement conference.

Having a Witness Participate

Marginal note:Having a witness at an oral hearing

 A party may have a witness testify at an oral hearing in the following types of appeals:

  • (a) an Employment Insurance appeal at the General Division;

  • (b) an Income Security appeal at the General Division; and

  • (c) an Income Security appeal at the Appeal Division.

Marginal note:How to notify the Tribunal about a witness in an Income Security appeal

  •  (1) If a party wants to have a witness testify in an Income Security appeal, the party must file a notice with the Tribunal by the filing deadline. The notice must include the following information:

    • (a) the witness’s full name;

    • (b) the relationship between the party and the witness; and

    • (c) the language the witness will use to testify.

  • Marginal note:Other information to include about certain witnesses

    (2) If a witness is testifying as a professional, the notice must also include the following:

    • (a) the witness’s résumé; and

    • (b) a list of the documents filed with the Tribunal that the witness will testify about or a summary of what the witness will testify about.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Section 41(2) does not apply to a witness who is a health care professional who treated the party seeking benefits.

  • Marginal note:Admitting evidence from a professional

    (4) The Tribunal does not qualify any witness as an expert before admitting the witness’s evidence.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (5) If a party wants to testify, they do not need to file a notice.

Handling Late Evidence

Marginal note:If a party files evidence after a deadline

  •  (1) The Tribunal must not consider any evidence that a party files after a filing deadline set by the Tribunal or these Rules unless it gives the party permission to use that evidence.

  • Marginal note:What factors the Tribunal considers

    (2) When deciding whether to give a party permission, the Tribunal must consider any relevant factor. For example, the Tribunal considers whether

    • (a) the evidence is relevant;

    • (b) the evidence is new;

    • (c) the party could have filed the evidence earlier;

    • (d) giving permission would be unfair to a party; and

    • (e) giving permission would cause delays.

  • Marginal note:Deciding without arguments from other parties

    (3) The Tribunal decides whether to give permission without asking the other parties for arguments unless fairness requires the Tribunal to ask.

Rescheduling a Hearing

Marginal note:Asking to reschedule a hearing

  •  (1) A party may ask the Tribunal to reschedule a hearing. The Tribunal must reschedule the hearing when the party meets the following conditions:

    • (a) they are asking for the first time;

    • (b) they ask at least five business days before the hearing; and

    • (c) they are available for a hearing within two weeks of the original hearing date.

  • Marginal note:Explaining why the hearing needs to be rescheduled

    (2) If a party wants to reschedule a hearing but does not meet the conditions set out in section 43(1), the party must file a request with the Tribunal. The request must explain why they want the hearing rescheduled.

  • Marginal note:Rescheduling for fairness reasons

    (3) The Tribunal may reschedule the hearing only if it is necessary for a fair hearing. The Tribunal decides whether to reschedule without asking the other parties for arguments unless fairness requires the Tribunal to ask.

Withdrawing an Appeal

Marginal note:How to withdraw an appeal

 An appellant may withdraw their appeal. They may do this by notifying the Tribunal anytime

  • (a) before the hearing ends, when there is an oral hearing; or

  • (b) before the Tribunal gives its decision, when there is a hearing in writing.

PART 7Income Security Appeal Process

Marginal note:What Part 7 is about

 This Part sets out specific rules for Income Security appeals at the General Division and Appeal Division.

Income Security Appeals at the General Division

Marginal note:Filing the reconsideration file

  •  (1) The Minister must file the reconsideration file with the Tribunal within 20 days after the day the Minister receives a copy of the notice of appeal.

  • Marginal note:What to include with the reconsideration file

    (2) The reconsideration file must include a copy of the following:

    • (a) the application that led to the reconsideration request;

    • (b) the reconsideration request;

    • (c) the reconsideration decision; and

    • (d) all other relevant documents, including, if applicable,

Marginal note:Sending filing deadlines

  •  (1) The Tribunal must send the parties the deadlines for filing evidence, arguments or any other documents.

  • Marginal note:If a party is filing evidence, arguments or other documents

    (2) Parties must file any evidence, arguments or other documents by the filing deadlines.

  • Marginal note:Changing the filing deadlines

    (3) The Tribunal may change the filing deadlines if it considers the change necessary. The Tribunal must then send the parties the new deadlines.

  • Marginal note:Two-year limit

    (4) The Tribunal must not set a filing deadline that falls more than two years after the day the appellant filed the notice of appeal unless there are exceptional circumstances.

Income Security Appeals at the Appeal Division

Marginal note:Asking for more information — permission to appeal

  •  (1) The Tribunal may ask an appellant for more information before it decides whether to grant permission to appeal a General Division decision.

  • Marginal note:Deciding without arguments from other parties

    (2) The Tribunal decides whether to grant permission to appeal without asking the other parties for arguments.

Marginal note:Sending filing deadlines

  •  (1) If it grants permission to appeal, the Tribunal must send the parties the deadlines for filing evidence, arguments or any other documents.

  • Marginal note:If a party is filing evidence, arguments or other documents

    (2) Parties must file any evidence, arguments or other documents by the filing deadlines.

  • Marginal note:Changing the filing deadlines

    (3) The Tribunal may change the filing deadlines if it considers the change necessary. The Tribunal must then send the parties the new deadlines.

PART 8Employment Insurance Appeal Process

Marginal note:What Part 8 is about

 This Part sets out specific rules for Employment Insurance appeals at the General Division and Appeal Division.

Employment Insurance Appeals at the General Division

Marginal note:Filing the reconsideration file

  •  (1) The Commission must file the reconsideration file with the Tribunal within seven business days after the day the Commission receives a copy of the notice of appeal.

  • Marginal note:What to include with the reconsideration file

    (2) The reconsideration file must include a copy of the following:

    • (a) the reconsideration request;

    • (b) the reconsideration decision;

    • (c) all other relevant documents; and

    • (d) a document that sets out the Commission’s arguments, if it has any.

Marginal note:If a party is filing evidence

 Parties must file any evidence before the hearing ends.

Marginal note:Asking the Commission to investigate and report

 The Tribunal may ask the Commission to investigate and report on any question related to a claim for benefits. The Tribunal may do this anytime before giving its decision.

Employment Insurance Appeals at the Appeal Division

Marginal note:Asking for more information — permission to appeal

  •  (1) The Tribunal may ask an appellant for more information before it decides whether to grant permission to appeal a General Division decision.

  • Marginal note:Deciding without arguments from other parties

    (2) The Tribunal decides whether to grant permission to appeal without asking the other parties for arguments.

Marginal note:Deadline for filing arguments

  •  (1) If the Tribunal grants permission to appeal, the parties must file any arguments no more than 45 days after the day the Tribunal grants permission.

  • Marginal note:Deadline for filing arguments — hearing in writing

    (2) When there is a hearing in writing, the Tribunal must give parties 15 days to file any arguments in response to another party’s position.

PART 9Hearing and Decision

Marginal note:What Part 9 is about

 This Part sets out specific rules for hearings and decisions.

Marginal note:Hearing details

 If there will be a hearing, the Tribunal must send the parties a notice that sets out the hearing details.

Marginal note:When an oral hearing may take place without a party

 An oral hearing may take place without a party if the Tribunal is of the opinion that the party received the notice of hearing.

Marginal note:When the Tribunal gives its decision

 The Tribunal must give its decision as soon as possible after the hearing. The Tribunal must give reasons for its decision.

PART 10Transitional Provisions

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

former Act

former Act means the Department of Employment and Social Development Act as it read immediately before the day these Rules come into force. (ancienne loi)

former Regulations

former Regulations means the Social Security Tribunal Regulations as they read immediately before the day these Rules come into force. (ancien règlement)

Marginal note:How these Rules apply to ongoing appeals

 Subject to sections 62 to 64, these Rules apply to appeals that are ongoing on the day these Rules come into force.

Marginal note:Exception for ongoing Income Security appeals at the General Division

  •  (1) Sections 46, 47 and 57 of these Rules do not apply to Income Security appeals at the General Division that are ongoing on the day these Rules come into force. For those appeals, sections 26 to 28 of the former Regulations continue to apply.

  • Marginal note:Exception for ongoing Income Security appeals at the Appeal Division

    (2) Sections 40 to 42, 48, 49 and 57 of these Rules do not apply to Income Security appeals at the Appeal Division that are ongoing on the day these Rules come into force. For those appeals, sections 41 to 43 of the former Regulations continue to apply.

Marginal note:Exception for appeals of summary dismissal decisions to the Appeal Division

 Sections 40 to 42, 48, 49, 54, 55 and 57 of these Rules do not apply to appeals of summary dismissal decisions made under section 53 of the former Act. For those appeals, sections 34 to 37 of the former Regulations continue to apply.

Marginal note:Exception for ongoing applications to rescind or amend a decision

  •  (1) Sections 40 to 42, Parts 7 and 8 and section 57 of these Rules do not apply to applications made under section 66 of the former Act that are ongoing on the day these Rules come into force. For those applications, sections 47 and 48 of the former Regulations continue to apply.

  • Marginal note:Exception for appeals of rescind or amend decisions to the Appeal Division

    (2) Sections 40 to 42, Parts 7 and 8 and section 57 of these Rules do not apply to appeals of decisions made under section 66 of the former Act. For those appeals, sections 41 to 43 of the former Regulations continue to apply.

PART 11Coming into Force

Marginal note:When these Rules start to apply

Footnote * These Rules come into force on the day Division 20 of Part 4 of the Budget Implementation Act, 2021, No. 1, chapter 23 of the Statutes of Canada, 2021, comes into force, but if they are registered after that day, they come into force on the day they are registered.


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