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Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations

Version of section 18 from 2013-02-22 to 2018-11-15:


Definition of fleet

  •  (1) In these Regulations, fleet refers to the heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty engines that a company imports or manufactures in Canada for the purpose of sale in Canada to the first retail purchaser, that are grouped in accordance with this section for the purpose of conforming to sections 21 to 23 or for the purpose of participation in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47.

  • Marginal note:Exclusions

    (2) A company may elect to exclude from its fleets

    • (a) the heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty engines that it manufactures and that will be used in Canada solely for the purpose of exhibition, demonstration, evaluation or testing, if it reports that election in its end of model year report; and

    • (b) the heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty engines that it imports solely for the purpose of exhibition, demonstration, evaluation or testing, if it makes a declaration in accordance with section 60 and it reports that election in its end of model year report.

  • Marginal note:Fleet composition

    (3) A company may group heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty engines of the same model year into more than one fleet as follows:

    • (a) in the case of heavy-duty vehicles and subject to subsections (4) to (7), each fleet is composed solely of the vehicles referred to in one of the following subparagraphs:

      • (i) subject to section 25 and subsection 26(6), Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, excluding those referred to in the definition vocational vehicle in subsection 1(1),

      • (ii) Class 2B, Class 3, Class 4 and Class 5 vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles,

      • (iii) Class 6 and Class 7 vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles,

      • (iv) Class 8 vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles,

      • (v) Class 7 low-roof tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (vi) Class 7 mid-roof tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (vii) Class 7 high-roof tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (viii) Class 8 low-roof day cab tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (ix) Class 8 low-roof sleeper cab tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (x) Class 8 mid-roof day cab tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (xi) Class 8 mid-roof sleeper cab tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (xii) Class 8 high-roof day cab tractors and incomplete tractors, or

      • (xiii) Class 8 high-roof sleeper cab tractors and incomplete tractors; and

    • (b) in the case of heavy-duty engines and subject to subsections (8) and (9), each fleet is composed solely of the engines referred to in one of the following subparagraphs:

      • (i) spark-ignition engines,

      • (ii) light heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines and that are designed to be used in vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles,

      • (iii) medium heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines and that are designed to be used in vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles,

      • (iv) heavy heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines and that are designed to be used in vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles,

      • (v) medium heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines and that are designed to be used in tractors and incomplete tractors, or

      • (vi) heavy heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines and that are designed to be used in tractors and incomplete tractors.

  • Marginal note:Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles

    (4) For the purposes of subparagraph (3)(a)(i), all of the following heavy-duty vehicles must be grouped into one separate fleet of Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles:

    • (a) hybrid vehicles with regenerative braking;

    • (b) vehicles equipped with an engine that includes a Rankine-cycle or other bottoming cycle exhaust energy recovery system;

    • (c) electric vehicles;

    • (d) fuel cell vehicles; and

    • (e) vehicles that are manufactured with innovative technologies.

  • Marginal note:Grouping into subfleets

    (5) For the purposes of subparagraph (3)(a)(i) and subsection 20(3), the vehicles in the fleet that exceed the standards set out in subsection 20(1) and have more than one N2O or CH4 family emission limits, must be grouped into subfleets that include vehicles with identical N2O or CH4 family emission limits, as the case may be, and that are of the same test group, as described in section 1827 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR.

  • Marginal note:Tractors and vocational vehicles

    (6) For the purposes of subparagraphs (3)(a)(ii) to (xiii), all heavy-duty vehicles of a fleet must

    • (a) if applicable, be vocational tractors, hybrid vehicles with regenerative braking, vehicles equipped with an engine that includes a Rankine-cycle or other bottoming cycle exhaust energy recovery system, electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles or vehicles manufactured with innovative technologies; and

    • (b) be grouped into subfleets that include vehicles with identical CO2 family emission limits if the vehicles in the fleet have more than one family emission limit.

  • Marginal note:Roof heights, cab types and GVWR

    (7) If a vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor model straddles a roof height, cab type or GVWR division, a company may elect to group all those vehicles into the same fleet if they conform to the most stringent standards applicable to a vehicle in the fleet.

  • Marginal note:Heavy-duty engines

    (8) For the purposes of paragraph (3)(b), all heavy-duty engines of a fleet must be of the same engine family and have, taking into account section 205(e) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart C, of the CFR,

    • (a) an identical CO2 family certification level; and

    • (b) identical N2O and CH4 family emission limits.

  • Marginal note:Fleet of engines not sold in United States

    (9) For the purposes of subsection (8), the CO2 family certification level and the N2O and CH4 family emission limits for the model year in question are determined using the engine sales in Canada if none of the engines in the fleet are sold in the United States.

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