Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
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Canada Labour Code

Version of section 133 from 2014-10-31 to 2020-12-31:

Marginal note:Complaint to Board

  •  (1) An employee, or a person designated by the employee for the purpose, who alleges that an employer has taken action against the employee in contravention of section 147 may, subject to subsection (3), make a complaint in writing to the Board of the alleged contravention.

  • Marginal note:Time for making complaint

    (2) The complaint shall be made to the Board not later than ninety days after the date on which the complainant knew, or in the Board’s opinion ought to have known, of the action or circumstances giving rise to the complaint.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (3) A complaint in respect of the exercise of a right under section 128 or 129 may not be made unless the employee has complied with subsection 128(6) or the Minister has received the reports referred to in subsection 128(16), as the case may be, in relation to the matter that is the subject-matter of the complaint.

  • Marginal note:Exclusion of arbitration

    (4) Notwithstanding any law or agreement to the contrary, a complaint made under this section may not be referred by an employee to arbitration or adjudication.

  • Marginal note:Duty and power of Board

    (5) On receipt of a complaint made under this section, the Board may assist the parties to the complaint to settle the complaint and shall, if it decides not to so assist the parties or the complaint is not settled within a period considered by the Board to be reasonable in the circumstances, hear and determine the complaint.

  • Marginal note:Burden of proof

    (6) A complaint made under this section in respect of the exercise of a right under section 128 or 129 is itself evidence that the contravention actually occurred and, if a party to the complaint proceedings alleges that the contravention did not occur, the burden of proof is on that party.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 133
  • R.S., 1985, c. 9 (1st Supp.), s. 4
  • 2000, c. 20, s. 10
  • 2013, c. 40, s. 183

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