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Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (S.C. 2001, c. 27)

Act current to 2019-07-01 and last amended on 2019-06-21. Previous Versions

PART 4Immigration and Refugee Board (continued)

Provisions that Apply to All Divisions

Marginal note:Sole and exclusive jurisdiction

  •  (1) Each Division of the Board has, in respect of proceedings brought before it under this Act, sole and exclusive jurisdiction to hear and determine all questions of law and fact, including questions of jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Procedure

    (2) Each Division shall deal with all proceedings before it as informally and quickly as the circumstances and the considerations of fairness and natural justice permit.

Marginal note:Composition of panels

 Matters before a Division shall be conducted before a single member unless, except for matters before the Immigration Division, the Chairperson is of the opinion that a panel of three members should be constituted.

Marginal note:Presence of parties

 Where a hearing is held by a Division, it may, in the Division’s discretion, be conducted in the presence of, or by a means of live telecommunication with, the person who is the subject of the proceedings.

Marginal note:Powers of a commissioner

 The Refugee Protection Division, the Refugee Appeal Division and the Immigration Division and each member of those Divisions have the powers and authority of a commissioner appointed under Part I of the Inquiries Act and may do any other thing they consider necessary to provide a full and proper hearing.

  • 2001, c. 27, s. 165
  • 2010, c. 8, s. 22

Marginal note:Proceedings — all Divisions

 Proceedings before a Division are to be conducted as follows:

  • (a) subject to the other provisions of this section, proceedings must be held in public;

  • (b) on application or on its own initiative, the Division may conduct a proceeding in the absence of the public, or take any other measure that it considers necessary to ensure the confidentiality of the proceedings, if, after having considered all available alternate measures, the Division is satisfied that there is

    • (i) a serious possibility that the life, liberty or security of a person will be endangered if the proceeding is held in public,

    • (ii) a real and substantial risk to the fairness of the proceeding such that the need to prevent disclosure outweighs the societal interest that the proceeding be conducted in public, or

    • (iii) a real and substantial risk that matters involving public security will be disclosed;

  • (c) subject to paragraph (d), proceedings before the Refugee Protection Division and the Refugee Appeal Division must be held in the absence of the public;

  • (c.1) subject to paragraph (d), proceedings before the Immigration Division must be held in the absence of the public if they concern a person who is the subject of a proceeding before the Refugee Protection Division or the Refugee Appeal Division that is pending or who has made an application for protection to the Minister that is pending;

  • (d) on application or on its own initiative, the Division may conduct a proceeding in public, or take any other measure that it considers necessary to ensure the appropriate access to the proceedings if, after having considered all available alternate measures and the factors set out in paragraph (b), the Division is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so;

  • (e) despite paragraphs (b) to (c.1), a representative or agent of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees is entitled to observe proceedings concerning a protected person or a person who has made a claim for refugee protection or an application for protection; and

  • (f) despite paragraph (e), the representative or agent may not observe any part of the proceedings that deals with information or other evidence in respect of which an application has been made under section 86, and not rejected, or with information or other evidence protected under that section.

  • 2001, c. 27, s. 166
  • 2008, c. 3, s. 5
  • 2012, c. 17, s. 50

Marginal note:Right to counsel

  •  (1) A person who is the subject of proceedings before any Division of the Board and the Minister may, at their own expense, be represented by legal or other counsel.

  • Marginal note:Representation

    (2) If a person who is the subject of proceedings is under 18 years of age or unable, in the opinion of the applicable Division, to appreciate the nature of the proceedings, the Division shall designate a person to represent the person.

  • 2001, c. 27, s. 167
  • 2010, c. 8, s. 23
  • 2012, c. 17, s. 63

Marginal note:Abandonment of proceeding

  •  (1) A Division may determine that a proceeding before it has been abandoned if the Division is of the opinion that the applicant is in default in the proceedings, including by failing to appear for a hearing, to provide information required by the Division or to communicate with the Division on being requested to do so.

  • Marginal note:Abuse of process

    (2) A Division may refuse to allow an applicant to withdraw from a proceeding if it is of the opinion that the withdrawal would be an abuse of process under its rules.

Marginal note:Decisions and reasons

 In the case of a decision of a Division, other than an interlocutory decision:

  • (a) the decision takes effect in accordance with the rules;

  • (b) reasons for the decision must be given;

  • (c) the decision may be rendered orally or in writing, except a decision of the Refugee Appeal Division, which must be rendered in writing;

  • (d) if the Refugee Protection Division rejects a claim, written reasons must be provided to the claimant and the Minister;

  • (e) if the person who is the subject of proceedings before the Board or the Minister requests reasons for a decision within 10 days of notification of the decision, or in circumstances set out in the rules of the Board, the Division must provide written reasons; and

  • (f) the period in which to apply for judicial review with respect to a decision of the Board is calculated from the giving of notice of the decision or from the sending of written reasons, whichever is later.

Refugee Protection Division

Marginal note:Composition

  •  (1) The Refugee Protection Division consists of the Deputy Chairperson, Assistant Deputy Chairpersons and other members, including coordinating members, necessary to carry out its functions.

  • Marginal note:Public Service Employment Act

    (2) The members of the Refugee Protection Division are appointed in accordance with the Public Service Employment Act.

  • 2010, c. 8, s. 26

Marginal note:Proceedings

 The Refugee Protection Division, in any proceeding before it,

  • (a) may inquire into any matter that it considers relevant to establishing whether a claim is well-founded;

  • (b) must hold a hearing;

  • (c) must notify the person who is the subject of the proceeding and the Minister of the hearing;

  • (d) must provide the Minister, on request, with the documents and information referred to in subsection 100(4);

  • (d.1) may question the witnesses, including the person who is the subject of the proceeding;

  • (e) must give the person and the Minister a reasonable opportunity to present evidence, question witnesses and make representations;

  • (f) may, despite paragraph (b), allow a claim for refugee protection without a hearing, if the Minister has not notified the Division, within the period set out in the rules of the Board, of the Minister’s intention to intervene;

  • (g) is not bound by any legal or technical rules of evidence;

  • (h) may receive and base a decision on evidence that is adduced in the proceedings and considered credible or trustworthy in the circumstances; and

  • (i) may take notice of any facts that may be judicially noticed, any other generally recognized facts and any information or opinion that is within its specialized knowledge.

  • 2001, c. 27, s. 170
  • 2010, c. 8, s. 27

Marginal note:No reopening of claim or application

 The Refugee Protection Division does not have jurisdiction to reopen on any ground — including a failure to observe a principle of natural justice — a claim for refugee protection, an application for protection or an application for cessation or vacation, in respect of which the Refugee Appeal Division or the Federal Court, as the case may be, has made a final determination.

  • 2012, c. 17, s. 51
 
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