Geneva Conventions Act
Marginal note:Grave breaches
3 (1) Every person who, whether within or outside Canada, commits a grave breach referred to in Article 50 of Schedule I, Article 51 of Schedule II, Article 130 of Schedule III, Article 147 of Schedule IV or Article 11 or 85 of Schedule V is guilty of an indictable offence, and
(a) if the grave breach causes the death of any person, is liable to imprisonment for life; and
(b) in any other case, is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.
Marginal note:Third Protocol emblem
(1.1) For the purposes of subsection (1), the distinctive emblems mentioned in Article 85, paragraph 3(f) of Schedule V are deemed to include the third Protocol emblem, referred to in Article 2, paragraph 2 of Schedule VII.
(2) Where a person is alleged to have committed an offence referred to in subsection (1), proceedings in respect of that offence may, whether or not the person is in Canada, be commenced in any territorial division in Canada and that person may be tried and punished in respect of that offence in the same manner as if the offence had been committed in that territorial division.
Marginal note:Appearance of accused at trial
(3) For greater certainty, any legal requirements that the accused appear at and be present during proceedings and any exceptions to those requirements apply to proceedings commenced in any territorial division pursuant to subsection (2).
(4) Proceedings with respect to an offence referred to in subsection (1), other than proceedings before a court martial, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the National Defence Act, may only be commenced with the personal consent in writing of the Attorney General of Canada or the Deputy Attorney General of Canada and be conducted by the Attorney General of Canada or by counsel acting on behalf of the Attorney General of Canada.
- R.S., 1985, c. G-3, s. 3
- 1990, c. 14, s. 2
- 2007, c. 26, s. 2
- 2019, c. 15, s. 57
- Date modified: