First Nations Land Management Act
Marginal note:Appointment of justices of the peace
24 (1) A first nation or, if Her Majesty and the first nation have entered into an agreement for that purpose in accordance with the Framework Agreement, the Governor in Council, may appoint justices of the peace to ensure the enforcement of first nation laws including the adjudication of offences for contraventions of first nation laws.
Marginal note:Judicial independence
(2) A justice of the peace appointed for a first nation shall have tenure and remuneration, and be subject to conditions of removal, that reflect the independence of the office of justice of the peace in the province in which the first nation land is situated.
(3) Justices of the peace have all the powers necessary for the performance of their duties and functions.
(4) An appeal lies from a decision of a justice of the peace in the manner in which an appeal lies in summary conviction proceedings under Part XXVII of the Criminal Code and the provisions of that Part relating to appeals apply to appeals under this section.
Marginal note:Courts of a province
(5) If no justices of the peace are appointed for a first nation, its first nation laws shall be enforced through a court of competent jurisdiction of the province in which its first nation land is situated.
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