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First Nations Land Management Act

Version of section 2 from 2018-12-13 to 2019-07-14:

Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) The definitions in this subsection apply in this Act.


    council, in relation to a First Nation, has the same meaning as the expression council of the band in subsection 2(1) of the Indian Act. (conseil)

    eligible voter

    eligible voter means a First Nation member who is eligible to vote under subsection 10(2). (électeur)

    First Nation

    First Nation means a band named in Schedule 1. (première nation)

    First Nation land

    First Nation land means reserve land or lands set aside to which a land code applies. It includes all the interests or rights in, and resources of, the land that are within the legislative authority of Parliament. (terres de la première nation)

    First Nation law

    First Nation law means a law referred to in section 20. (texte législatif)

    First Nation member

    First Nation member means a person whose name appears on the band list of a First Nation or who is entitled to have their name appear on that list. (membre de la première nation)

    Framework Agreement

    Framework Agreement means the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management concluded between Her Majesty in right of Canada and the First Nations on February 12, 1996, and includes any amendments to the Agreement made pursuant to its provisions. (accord-cadre)

    individual agreement

    individual agreement means an agreement with a First Nation entered into under subsection 6(3). (accord spécifique)


    interest, in relation to First Nation land in Canada elsewhere than in Quebec, means any estate, right or interest of any nature in or to the land, but does not include title to the land. (intérêt)

    land code

    land code means a land code of a First Nation referred to in subsection 6(1). (code foncier)

    lands set aside

    lands set aside means land in Yukon that is reserved or set aside by notation in the property records of the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development for the use of Indigenous peoples in Yukon. (terres mises de côté)


    licence, in relation to First Nation land, means

    • (a) in Canada elsewhere than in Quebec, any right of use or occupation of the land other than an interest in that land;

    • (b) in Quebec, any right to use or occupy the land other than a right as defined in this subsection. (permis)


    Minister means the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. (ministre)


    project has the same meaning as in subsection 2(1) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act. (projet d’exploitation)


    right, in relation to First Nation land in Quebec, means any right of any nature in or to that land, including the rights of a lessee, but does not include title to the land. (droit)

    Surveyor General

    Surveyor General has the same meaning as in subsection 2(1) of the Canada Lands Surveys Act. (arpenteur général)

  • Marginal note:Words and expressions in Indian Act

    (2) Unless the context otherwise requires, words and expressions used in this Act have the same meaning as in the Indian Act.

  • Marginal note:Not land claims agreement

    (3) For greater certainty, neither the Framework Agreement nor this Act is a land claims agreement referred to in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.

  • 1999, c. 24, s. 2
  • 2007, c. 17, s. 1
  • 2012, c. 19, ss. 627, 652(E)
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 353
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