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Expropriation Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. E-21)

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Act current to 2020-10-21 and last amended on 2018-03-29. Previous Versions

PART IExpropriation (continued)

Acquisition and Abandonment of Land (continued)

Marginal note:Confirmation or abandonment of intention

  •  (1) Where a notice of intention has been given, the Minister may

    • (a) confirm the intention, in the manner provided in section 14,

      • (i) if no objection is filed with him under section 9 within the period of thirty days referred to in that section,

      • (ii) if an objection has been filed with him under section 9 within the period of thirty days referred to in that section, after receiving and considering the report of a hearing officer appointed to conduct a public hearing with respect thereto, or

      • (iii) whether or not an objection has been filed with him under section 9, if a statement to the effect described in subsection 10(11) has been included in the notice of intention; or

    • (b) abandon the intention.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) Where, on the expiration of one hundred and twenty days after the day the notice was given, the Minister has not confirmed the intention in the manner provided in section 14, the Minister shall be deemed to have abandoned the intention.

  • Marginal note:If more limited interest or right only required

    (3) Whenever, at the time of confirming an intention to expropriate an interest in land or immovable real right, the Minister is of the opinion that a more limited interest or right is required by the Crown for a public work or other public purpose, the Minister may confirm the intention to expropriate the more limited interest or right, in which case the Minister shall be deemed to have abandoned the intention to expropriate the remainder of the interest in land or immovable real rights.

  • R.S., 1985, c. E-21, s. 11
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 134

Marginal note:Notice of abandonment of intention

  •  (1) If the Minister has abandoned an intention to expropriate an interest in land or immovable real right otherwise than by confirming an intention to expropriate a more limited interest or right in it, the Minister shall immediately cause a notice of abandonment of the intention to be sent

    • (a) to each of the persons then appearing to have any estate, interest or right in the land, so far as the Attorney General of Canada has been able to ascertain them, and each other person who served an objection on the Minister under section 9; and

    • (b) to the Attorney General of Canada, who shall immediately confirm the abandonment by causing the notice to be registered in the office of the registrar where the notice of intention was registered.

  • Marginal note:Right of owner or holder if abandonment of intention

    (2) If an intention to expropriate an interest in land or immovable real right, or the remainder of the interest or rights, has been abandoned, compensation in accordance with this Part shall be paid by the Crown to any person who was the owner or holder of the interest or right or of the remainder of the interest or rights at the time when the notice of intention was registered.

  • R.S., 1985, c. E-21, s. 12
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 135

Marginal note:Copy of report and reasons to be sent on request

 If the Minister, after receiving and considering a report of a hearing officer appointed to conduct a public hearing with respect to an objection served on the Minister by any person under section 9, has confirmed an intention to expropriate an interest in land or immovable real right, or a more limited interest or right in it, in the manner provided in section 14, the Minister shall, at the written request of the person who served the objection, provide that person with a copy of the report of the hearing officer and, if effect was not given to the objection, a statement of the reasons that the Minister had for not giving it effect.

  • R.S., 1985, c. E-21, s. 13
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 135

Marginal note:Notice of confirmation of intention

  •  (1) The Minister may confirm an intention to expropriate an interest in land or immovable real right to which a notice of intention relates, or a more limited interest or right in the land, by requesting the Attorney General of Canada to register a notice of confirmation, signed by the Minister, setting out,

    • (a) if the interest or right expropriated is the same as the interest or right to which the notice of intention relates, a statement that the intention to expropriate that interest or right is confirmed; or

    • (b) if the interest or right expropriated is a more limited interest or right than the interest or right to which the notice of intention relates, a statement that the intention to expropriate the interest or right to which the notice of intention relates is confirmed except as expressly specified in the statement.

  • Marginal note:Registration of notice

    (2) On receiving from the Minister a request to register a notice of confirmation described in this section, the Attorney General of Canada shall cause the notice to be registered in the office of the registrar where the notice of intention was registered, and if the land to which the notice of confirmation relates is more limited in area than the land described in the notice of intention, shall cause a revised plan of the land to which the notice of confirmation relates to be registered therewith.

  • R.S., 1985, c. E-21, s. 14
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 136

Marginal note:Effect of registration of notice

 On the registration of a notice of confirmation,

  • (a) the interest or right confirmed to be expropriated becomes and is absolutely vested in the Crown; and

  • (b) any other estate, interest or right is, as against the Crown or any person claiming on behalf of or under the direction of the Crown, thereby lost to the extent that the estate, interest or right is inconsistent with the interest or right confirmed to be expropriated.

  • R.S., 1985, c. E-21, s. 15
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 137

Marginal note:Copies to be sent and offer of full compensation to be made

  •  (1) When a notice of confirmation has been registered, the Minister shall,

    • (a) immediately after the registration of the notice, cause a copy of the notice to be sent to each of the persons then appearing to have any estate, interest or right in the land, so far as the Attorney General of Canada has been able to ascertain them, and each other person who served an objection on the Minister under section 9; and

    • (b) within 90 days after the day on which the notice is registered, or, if at any time before the expiration of those 90 days an application has been made under section 18, within the later of

      • (i) 90 days after the day on which the notice is registered, or

      • (ii) 30 days after the day on which the application is finally disposed of,

      make to each person who is entitled to compensation under this Part, in respect of an expropriated interest or right to which the notice of confirmation relates, an offer in writing of compensation, in an amount estimated by the Minister to be equal to the compensation to which that person is then entitled under this Part in respect of that interest or right, not conditional on the provision by that person of any release or releases and without prejudice to the right of that person, if the person accepts the offer, to claim additional compensation in respect thereof.

  • Marginal note:If delay in offer

    (2) If, in any case, it is not practicable for the Minister to make an offer of compensation under this section in respect of an expropriated interest or right within the applicable period described in paragraph (1)(b), the Minister shall make such an offer as soon as practicable after the expiration of that period and in any event before any compensation is adjudged by the Court to be payable under this Part in respect of that interest or right, in which case, interest as described in subsection 36(4) is payable in addition to any other interest payable under section 36 to the person entitled to compensation in respect of that interest or right.

  • Marginal note:Offer to be based on written appraisal

    (3) An offer of compensation made to a person under this section in respect of an expropriated interest or right shall be based on a written appraisal of the value of that interest or right, and a copy of the appraisal shall be sent to that person at the time of the making of the offer.

  • Marginal note:Statements to be included in copy of notice and in offer

    (4) There shall be included in any copy of a notice of confirmation sent to any person as described in paragraph (1)(a) a statement of the provisions of section 29 as that section applies to them, and there is to be included in any offer in writing sent to any person as described in paragraph (1)(b) a statement to the effect that the offer is not conditional on them providing any release or releases and is made without prejudice to their right, if the offer is accepted, to claim additional compensation in respect of the expropriated interest or right.

  • R.S., 1985, c. E-21, s. 16
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 137

Marginal note:Where offer accepted

 Where an offer of compensation has been made to any person under section 16, the full amount thereof shall, forthwith on the acceptance of the offer, be paid to that person.

  • R.S., c. 16(1st Supp.), s. 15

Marginal note:Determination respecting title

  •  (1) If the Attorney General of Canada, at any time after the registration of a notice of confirmation, is in doubt as to the persons who had any estate, interest or right in the land to which the notice relates or as to its nature or extent, the Attorney General of Canada may apply to the Court to make a determination respecting the state of the title to the land or any part of the land immediately before the registration of the notice, and to adjudge who had an estate, interest or right in the land at that time, and its nature and extent.

  • Marginal note:Hearing

    (2) An application under this section shall in the first instance be made ex parte and the Court shall fix a time and place for the hearing of the persons concerned and give directions as to

    • (a) the persons who are to be served with the notice of the hearing, the contents of the notice and the manner of service thereof;

    • (b) the material and information to be submitted by the Attorney General of Canada or any other persons; and

    • (c) such other matters as the Court considers necessary.

  • Marginal note:Adjudication

    (3) After the hearing under subsection (2), the Court shall either adjudge for the purposes of this Part what persons had any estate, interest or right in the land to which the notice of confirmation relates immediately before the registration of the notice, and its nature and extent, or direct an issue or issues to be tried for the purpose of enabling the Court to make such an adjudication.

  • Marginal note:Effect of adjudication

    (4) An adjudication made by the Court for the purposes of this Part is deemed to be a final judgment of the Court and, subject to variation on appeal, if any, to finally determine for all purposes of this Part what persons had any estate, interest or right in the land to which the notice of confirmation relates immediately before the registration of the notice, and its nature and extent.

  • R.S., 1985, c. E-21, s. 18
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 138
 
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