Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Excise Tax Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. E-15)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-09-22 and last amended on 2022-09-01. Previous Versions

PART IXGoods and Services Tax (continued)

DIVISION VIIIAdministration and Enforcement (continued)

SUBDIVISION CGeneral (continued)

Marginal note:Definitions

 In sections 288 to 292,

authorized person

authorized person means a person who is authorized by the Minister for the purposes of sections 288 to 292; (personne autorisée)

dwelling-house

dwelling-house means the whole or any part of a building or structure that is kept or occupied as a permanent or temporary residence, and includes

  • (a) a building within the curtilage of a dwelling-house that is connected to it by a doorway or by a covered and enclosed passageway, and

  • (b) a unit that is designed to be mobile and to be used as a permanent or temporary residence and that is being used as such a residence; (maison d’habitation)

judge

judge means a judge of a superior court having jurisdiction in the province where the matter arises or a judge of the Federal Court. (juge)

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 12

Marginal note:Inspections

  •  (1) An authorized person may, at all reasonable times, for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Part, inspect, audit or examine the documents, property or processes of a person that may be relevant in determining the obligations of that or any other person under this Part or the amount of any rebate or refund to which that or any other person is entitled and, for those purposes, the authorized person may

    • (a) subject to subsection (2), enter any premises or place where any business or commercial activity is carried on, any property is kept, anything is done in connection with any business or commercial activity or any documents are or should be kept; and

    • (b) require the owner or manager of the property, business or commercial activity and any other person on the premises or in the place to give to the authorized person all reasonable assistance and to answer all proper questions relating to the administration or enforcement of this Part and, for that purpose, require the owner or manager to attend at the premises or place with the authorized person.

  • Marginal note:Prior authorization

    (2) Where any premises or place referred to in paragraph (1)(a) is a dwelling-house, an authorized person may not enter that dwelling-house without the consent of the occupant, except under the authority of a warrant issued under subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Application

    (3) Where, on ex parte application by the Minister, a judge is satisfied by information on oath that

    • (a) there are reasonable grounds to believe that a dwelling-house is a premises or place referred to in paragraph (1)(a),

    • (b) entry into the dwelling-house is necessary for any purpose relating to the administration or enforcement of this Part, and

    • (c) entry into the dwelling-house has been, or there are reasonable grounds to believe that entry will be, refused,

    the judge may issue a warrant authorizing an authorized person to enter the dwelling-house subject to such conditions as are specified in the warrant, but, where the judge is not satisfied that entry into the dwelling-house is necessary for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Part, the judge may

    • (d) order the occupant of the dwelling-house to provide an authorized person with reasonable access to any document or property that is or should be kept in the dwelling-house, and

    • (e) make such other order as is appropriate in the circumstances to carry out the purposes of this Part,

    to the extent that access was or may be expected to be refused and that the document or property is or may be expected to be kept in the dwelling-house.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 12
  • 1994, c. 21, s. 127

Marginal note:Requirement to provide documents or information

  •  (1) Despite any other provision of this Part, the Minister may, subject to subsection (2), for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of a listed international agreement or this Part, including the collection of any amount payable or remittable under this Part by any person, by a notice served or sent in accordance with subsection (1.1), require that any person provide the Minister, within any reasonable time that is stipulated in the notice, with

    • (a) any information or additional information, including a return under this Part; or

    • (b) any document.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (1.1) A notice referred to in subsection (1) may be

    • (a) served personally;

    • (b) sent by registered or certified mail; or

    • (c) sent electronically to a bank or credit union that has provided written consent to receive notices under subsection (1) electronically.

  • Marginal note:Unnamed persons

    (2) The Minister shall not impose on any person (in this section referred to as a “third party”) a requirement under subsection (1) to provide information or any document relating to one or more unnamed persons unless the Minister first obtains the authorization of a judge under subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Judicial authorization

    (3) A judge of the Federal Court may, on application by the Minister and subject to any conditions that the judge considers appropriate, authorize the Minister to impose on a third party a requirement under subsection (1) relating to an unnamed person or more than one unnamed person (in this subsection referred to as the “group”) if the judge is satisfied by information on oath that

    • (a) the person or group is ascertainable; and

    • (b) the requirement is made to verify compliance by the person or persons in the group with any duty or obligation under this Part.

  • (4) to (6) [Repealed, 2013, c. 33, s. 46]

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 12
  • 2000, c. 30, s. 85
  • 2007, c. 18, s. 47
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 46
  • 2017, c. 33, s. 146
  • 2021, c. 23, s. 68

Marginal note:Compliance order

  •  (1) On summary application by the Minister, a judge may, despite subsection 326(2), order a person to provide any access, assistance, information or document sought by the Minister under section 288 or 289 if the judge is satisfied that

    • (a) the person was required under section 288 or 289 to provide the access, assistance, information or document and did not do so; and

    • (b) in the case of information or a document, the information or document is not protected from disclosure by solicitor-client privilege (within the meaning of subsection 293(1)).

  • Marginal note:Notice required

    (2) An application under subsection (1) must not be heard before the end of five clear days from the day the notice of application is served on the person against whom the order is sought.

  • Marginal note:Judge may impose conditions

    (3) The judge making an order under subsection (1) may impose any conditions in respect of the order that the judge considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Contempt of court

    (4) If a person fails or refuses to comply with an order, a judge may find the person in contempt of court and the person is subject to the processes and the punishments of the court to which the judge is appointed.

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (5) An order by a judge under subsection (1) may be appealed to a court having appellate jurisdiction over decisions of the court to which the judge is appointed. An appeal does not suspend the execution of the order unless it is so ordered by a judge of the court to which the appeal is made.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • 2001, c. 17, s. 258

Marginal note:Time period not to count

 The following periods of time shall not be counted in the computation of the period of time within which an assessment of a person may be made under section 296 or 297:

  • (a) if the person is served or sent a notice of a requirement under subsection 289(1), the period of time between the day on which an application for judicial review in respect of the requirement is made and the day on which the application is finally disposed of; and

  • (b) if an application is commenced by the Minister under subsection 289.1(1) to order the person to provide any access, assistance, information or document, the period of time between the day on which the person files a notice of appearance, or otherwise opposes the application, and the day on which the application is finally disposed of.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 50
  • 2021, c. 23, s. 69

Marginal note:Search warrant

  •  (1) A judge may, on ex parte application by the Minister, issue a warrant authorizing any person named therein to enter and search any building, receptacle or place for any document or thing that may afford evidence of the commission of an offence under this Part and to seize the document or thing and, as soon as is practicable, bring it before, or make a report in respect thereof to, the judge or, where that judge is unable to act, another judge of the same court, to be dealt with by the judge in accordance with this section.

  • Marginal note:Evidence on oath

    (2) An application under subsection (1) shall be supported by information on oath establishing the facts on which the application is based.

  • Marginal note:Issue of warrant

    (3) A judge may issue a warrant referred to in subsection (1) where the judge is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to believe that

    • (a) an offence under this Part has been committed;

    • (b) a document or thing that may afford evidence of the commission of the offence is likely to be found; and

    • (c) the building, receptacle or place specified in the application is likely to contain such a document or thing.

  • Marginal note:Contents of warrant

    (4) A warrant issued under subsection (1) shall refer to the offence for which it is issued, identify the building, receptacle or place to be searched and the person who is alleged to have committed the offence, and it shall be reasonably specific as to any document or thing to be searched for and seized.

  • Marginal note:Seizure of document

    (5) Any person who executes a warrant issued under subsection (1) may seize, in addition to the document or thing referred to in that subsection, any other document or thing that the person believes on reasonable grounds affords evidence of the commission of an offence under this Part and shall, as soon as is practicable, bring the document or thing before, or make a report in respect thereof to, the judge who issued the warrant or, where that judge is unable to act, another judge of the same court, to be dealt with by the judge in accordance with this section.

  • Marginal note:Retention of things seized

    (6) Subject to subsection (7), where any document or thing seized under subsection (1) or (5) is brought before a judge or a report in respect thereof is made to a judge, the judge shall, unless the Minister waives retention, order that it be retained by the Minister, who shall take reasonable care to ensure that it is preserved until the conclusion of any investigation into the offence in relation to which the document or thing was seized or until it is required to be produced for the purposes of a criminal proceeding.

  • Marginal note:Return of things seized

    (7) Where any document or thing seized under subsection (1) or (5) is brought before a judge or a report in respect thereof is made to a judge, the judge may, on the judge’s own motion or on summary application by a person with an interest in the document or thing on three clear days notice of application to the Deputy Attorney General of Canada, order that the document or thing be returned to the person from whom it was seized or the person who is otherwise legally entitled thereto, if the judge is satisfied that the document or thing

    • (a) will not be required for an investigation or a criminal proceeding; or

    • (b) was not seized in accordance with the warrant or this section.

  • Marginal note:Access and copies

    (8) The person from whom any document or thing is seized under this section is entitled, at all reasonable times and subject to such reasonable conditions as may be imposed by the Minister, to inspect the document or thing and, in the case of a document, to obtain one copy of the document at the expense of the Minister.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 12
  • 1994, c. 21, s. 128

Marginal note:Copies

  •  (1) If any document is seized, inspected, audited, examined or provided under any of sections 276 and 288 to 290, the person by whom it is seized, inspected, audited or examined or to whom it is provided or any officer of the Canada Revenue Agency may make or cause to be made one or more copies of it and, in the case of an electronic document, make or cause to be made a print-out of the electronic document, and any document purporting to be certified by the Minister or an authorized person to be a copy of the document, or to be a print-out of an electronic document, made under this section is evidence of the nature and content of the original document and has the same probative force as the original document would have if it were proven in the ordinary way.

  • Marginal note:Compliance

    (2) No person shall, physically or otherwise, do or attempt to do any of the following:

    • (a) interfere with, hinder or molest any official (in this subsection having the same meaning as in section 295) doing anything the official is authorized to do under this Part, or

    • (b) prevent any official from doing anything the official is authorized to do under this Part

    and every person shall, unless the person is unable to do so, do everything the person is required to do by or pursuant to subsection (1) or any of sections 288 to 290 and 292.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 12
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 283
  • 1999, c. 17, s. 156
  • 2000, c. 30, s. 86
  • 2001, c. 17, s. 259
  • 2017, c. 33, s. 161

Marginal note:Meaning of foreign-based information or document

  •  (1) For the purposes of this section, foreign-based information or document means any information or document that is available or located outside Canada and that may be relevant to the administration or enforcement of this Part, including the collection of any amount payable or remittable under this Part by any person.

  • Marginal note:Requirement to provide foreign-based information

    (2) Despite any other provision of this Part, the Minister may, by a notice served or sent in accordance with subsection (3.1), require a person resident in Canada or a non-resident person that carries on business in Canada to provide any foreign-based information or document.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (3) A notice referred to in subsection (2) shall set out

    • (a) a reasonable period of time of not less than ninety days for the provision of the information or document;

    • (b) a description of the information or document being sought; and

    • (c) the consequences under subsection (8) to the person of the failure to provide the information or document being sought within the period of time set out in the notice.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (3.1) A notice referred to in subsection (2) may be

    • (a) served personally;

    • (b) sent by registered or certified mail; or

    • (c) sent electronically to a bank or credit union that has provided written consent to receive notices under subsection (2) electronically.

  • Marginal note:Review of foreign information requirement

    (4) If a person is served or sent a notice of a requirement under subsection (2), the person may, within 90 days after the day on which the notice is served or sent, apply to a judge for a review of the requirement.

  • Marginal note:Powers on review

    (5) On hearing an application under subsection (4) in respect of a requirement, a judge may

    • (a) confirm the requirement;

    • (b) vary the requirement if satisfied that it is appropriate in the circumstances; or

    • (c) set aside the requirement if satisfied that it is unreasonable.

  • Marginal note:Requirement not unreasonable

    (6) For the purposes of subsection (5), a requirement to provide information or a document shall not be considered to be unreasonable because the information or document is under the control of or available to a non-resident person that is not controlled by the person on which the notice of the requirement under subsection (2) is served, or to which that notice is sent, if that person is related to the non-resident person.

  • Marginal note:Time period not to count

    (7) The period of time between the day on which an application for the review of a requirement is made under subsection (4) and the day on which the application is finally disposed of shall not be counted in the computation of

    • (a) the period of time set out in the notice of the requirement; and

    • (b) the period of time within which an assessment may be made under section 296 or 297.

  • Marginal note:Consequence of failure

    (8) If a person fails to comply substantially with a notice served or sent under subsection (2) and if the notice is not set aside under subsection (5), any court having jurisdiction in a civil proceeding relating to the administration or enforcement of this Part shall, on motion of the Minister, prohibit the introduction by that person of any foreign-based information or document covered by that notice.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 12
  • 2000, c. 30, s. 87
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 51
  • 2021, c. 23, s. 70
 
Date modified: