53 (1) The definitions in this subsection apply in this section.
government, in respect of a country other than Canada, includes
(a) a provincial, state, municipal or other local or regional government in the country;
(b) a person, agency or institution acting on behalf of, or under the authority of a law or other enactment passed by, the government of the country or a provincial, state, municipal or other local or regional government of the country; and
(c) an association of sovereign states of which the country is a member. (gouvernement)
- trade agreement
trade agreement means an agreement or arrangement relating to international trade to which the Government of Canada is a party. (accord commercial)
Marginal note:Governor in Council may make orders
(2) Notwithstanding this Act or any other Act of Parliament, the Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister and of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, by order, for the purpose of enforcing Canada’s rights under a trade agreement in relation to a country or of responding to acts, policies or practices of the government of a country that adversely affect, or lead directly or indirectly to adverse effects on, trade in goods or services of Canada, do any one or more of the following:
(a) suspend or withdraw rights or privileges granted by Canada to any country under a trade agreement or Act of Parliament;
(b) make goods that originate in any country or that are entitled to a tariff treatment provided for by regulations made under section 16, or a class of such goods, subject to a surtax in an amount, in addition to the customs duty provided in this Act and the duties imposed under any Act of Parliament or in any regulation or order made under any Act of Parliament, for those goods or that class of goods;
(c) include on the Import Control List established under section 5 of the Export and Import Permits Act goods that originate in any country or are entitled to a tariff treatment provided for by any regulations made under section 16, or a class of such goods; and
(d) notwithstanding any regulations made under section 16, levy, in respect of goods or a class of goods that originate in any country, a duty that varies from time to time as the quantity of those goods imported during a period specified in the order equals or exceeds totals set out in the order.
Marginal note:Removal from Import Control List
(3) If, by an order made under subsection (2), goods are included on the Import Control List referred to in paragraph (2)(c), those goods are deemed to have been removed from that List when the order is repealed or otherwise ceases to have effect.
(3.1) An order made under subsection (2) may, if it so provides, be retroactive and have effect in respect of a period before it is made, but no such order may have effect in respect of a period before this subsection comes into force.
Marginal note:Order tabled in Parliament
(4) The Minister shall cause a copy of any order made under subsection (2) to be laid before Parliament on any of the first 15 days after the making of the order that either House of Parliament is sitting.
(5) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister, make such regulations as the Governor in Council considers necessary for the carrying out of the purposes of this section and for its enforcement.
- 1997, c. 36, s. 53
- 2020, c. 1, s. 191
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