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Canada Shipping Act, 2001

Version of section 191 from 2003-01-01 to 2023-06-21:

Marginal note:Contravention of Act or regulations

  •  (1) Every person who, or vessel that, contravenes any of the following commits an offence:

    • (a) section 187 (discharge of a pollutant);

    • (b) section 188 (implement shipboard oil pollution emergency plan);

    • (c) a direction given under subparagraph 189(d)(i) (proceed to a place and unload a pollutant); and

    • (d) a provision of the regulations made under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every person or vessel that commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $1,000,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Continuing offence

    (3) If an offence under paragraph (1)(a) is committed or continued on more than one day, the person or vessel that committed it is liable to be convicted for a separate offence for each day on which it is committed or continued.

  • Marginal note:Factors to be considered

    (4) In determining the punishment under subsection (2), the court may have regard to the following factors:

    • (a) the harm or risk of harm caused by the offence;

    • (b) an estimate of the total costs of clean-up, of harm caused, and of the best available mitigation measures;

    • (c) the remedial action taken, or proposed to be taken, by the offender to mitigate the harm;

    • (d) whether the discharge or anticipated discharge was reported in accordance with the regulations made under paragraph 190(1)(b);

    • (e) any economic benefits accruing to the offender that, but for the offence, the offender would not have received; and

    • (f) any evidence from which the court may reasonably conclude that the offender has a history of non-compliance with legislation designed to prevent or to minimize pollution.

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