CONTEMPT OF COURT
28. (1) A person is guilty of contempt of court who
(a) at a hearing of the Court fails to maintain a respectful attitude, remain silent or refrain from showing approval or disapproval of the proceeding;
(b) wilfully disobeys a process or order of the Court;
(c) acts in such a way as to interfere with the orderly administration of justice or to impair the authority or dignity of the Court;
(d) is an officer of the Court and fails to perform his or her duties;
(e) is a sheriff or bailiff and does not execute a writ forthwith or does not make a return thereof; or
(f) contrary to these rules and without lawful excuse,
(i) refuses or neglects to obey a subpoena or to attend at the time and place appointed for his or her examination for discovery,
(ii) refuses to be sworn or to affirm or to answer any question put to him or her,
(iii) refuses or neglects to produce or permit to be inspected any document or other property, or
(iv) refuses or neglects to answer interrogatories or to make discovery of documents.
(2) Subject to subsection (6), before a person may be found in contempt of court, the person alleged to be in contempt shall be served with an order, made on the motion of a person who has an interest in the proceeding or at the Court’s own initiative, requiring the person alleged to be in contempt
(a) to appear before a judge at a time and place stipulated in the order;
(b) to be prepared to hear proof of the act with which the person is charged, which shall be described in the order with sufficient particularity to enable the person to know the nature of the case against the person; and
(c) to be prepared to present any defence that the person may have.
(3) A motion for an order under subsection (2) may be made ex parte.
(4) An order may be made under subsection (2) if the Court is satisfied that there is a prima facie case that contempt has been committed.
(5) An order under subsection (2) shall be personally served, together with any supporting documents, unless otherwise ordered by the Court.
(6) In a case of urgency, a person may be found in contempt of court for an act committed in the presence of a judge in the exercise of his or her functions and condemned at once, provided that the person has first been called on to justify his or her behaviour.
(7) A finding of contempt shall be based on proof beyond a reasonable doubt.
(8) A person alleged to be in contempt may not be compelled to testify.
(9) Where the Court considers it necessary, it may request the assistance of the Attorney General of Canada or any other person in relation to any proceedings for contempt.
(10) Where a person is found to be in contempt, a judge may order, in addition to any other order made in respect of the proceedings, any or all of the following:
(a) that the person be imprisoned for a period of less than two years;
(b) that the person pay a fine;
(c) that the person do or refrain from doing any act;
(d) that the person’s property be sequestered; and
(e) that the person pay costs.
- SOR/2004-98, s. 5.
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