3. These Regulations apply to and in respect of the employment of persons in any working area associated with any ship in Canada or on any Canadian ship outside Canada.
4. Every employer shall
(a) arrange that work in a working area is carried out in a manner that does not endanger the safety or health of any person employed in the work or in connection therewith;
(b) adopt and carry out reasonable procedures and techniques designed or intended to prevent or reduce the risk of employment injury in the operation or carrying out of the work; and
(c) without limiting the generality of paragraphs (a) and (b), arrange that the safe working practices set out in these Regulations will be complied with.
5. Every owner of any working area, structure, machinery or equipment used in the operation, maintenance or repair of a ship, or in the loading or unloading of a ship, shall ensure that the working area, structure, machinery or equipment is maintained in a safe condition and complies with these Regulations.
6. Every employer or owner shall ensure that a qualified person
(a) is in charge in every working area; and
(b) makes periodic inspections of every working area or structure and every item of machinery or equipment to ascertain that safe working conditions are maintained.
7. (1) Every person engaged in any employment to which these Regulations apply shall, in the course of his employment,
(a) take all reasonable and necessary precautions to ensure his own safety and the safety of his fellow employees; and
(b) at all appropriate times use such devices and wear such articles of clothing or equipment as are intended for his protection and furnished to him by his employer, or required pursuant to these Regulations to be used or worn by him.
(2) Nothing in subsection (1) relieves an employer from any duty imposed upon him by section 4.
8. (1) No person shall use any working area, structure, machinery or equipment for any purpose other than the purpose for which it is intended to be used.
(2) No person shall use any structure, machinery or equipment that has been re-assembled after being dismantled, in whole or in part, until it has been examined by a qualified person and found to be in a safe condition.
9. No person shall tamper with, or make ineffective, any safeguard or safety device that is intended to maintain the safe condition of any working area, structure, machinery or equipment.
10. No person shall cause an emergency exit to be obstructed or otherwise made ineffective.
11. (1) Any person who observes in a working area an unsafe condition or situation shall immediately report that condition or situation to the person in charge of the working area.
(2) The correction of an unsafe condition or situation referred to in subsection (1) shall be made only by a qualified person.
(3) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2), in an emergency any person may take whatever measures are necessary to prevent loss of human life or injury to persons.
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