Pension Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. P-6)

Act current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2017-06-22. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Review of decisions
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the Minister may, on the Minister’s own motion, review a decision made by the Minister or the Commission and may either confirm the decision or amend or rescind the decision if the Minister determines that there was an error with respect to any finding of fact or the interpretation of any law, or may do so on application if new evidence is presented to the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply with respect to a decision made by an Assessment Board or Entitlement Board under the former Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. P-6, s. 82;
  • 1995, c. 18, s. 73.

Definition of overpayment

  •  (1) In this section, overpayment, in relation to any period, means

    • (a) an award payment that was paid to a person in respect of that period and to which the person had no entitlement; or

    • (b) if an award payment was paid to a person in respect of that period that was in excess of the amount of the award payment to which the person was entitled, the amount of that excess.

  • Marginal note:Recovery of overpayments

    (2) If, through any cause, an overpayment is paid to a person, the overpayment is a debt due to Her Majesty by that person or by that person’s estate or succession, and

    • (a) may be recovered by deduction from any future payments made pursuant to this Act to that person or to that person’s estate or succession;

    • (b) may be recovered in accordance with section 155 of the Financial Administration Act; and

    • (c) may be recovered in any court of competent jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Remission of overpayments

    (3) If a person has received or obtained an overpayment and the Minister is satisfied that

    • (a) the overpayment cannot be recovered within the reasonably foreseeable future,

    • (b) the administrative costs of recovering the overpayment are likely to equal or exceed the amount to be recovered,

    • (c) repayment of the overpayment would cause undue hardship to the person, or

    • (d) the overpayment is the result of an administrative error, delay or oversight on the part of a public servant,

    the Minister may, unless that person has been convicted of an offence under the Criminal Code in connection with the receiving or obtaining of the overpayment, remit all or any portion of the overpayment.

  • Marginal note:Erroneous awards

    (4) Notwithstanding anything in this Act, the Minister may continue payment of an award, in whole or in part, to a person who is not entitled to it, or not entitled to a portion of it, if

    • (a) the amount paid to the person to which the person was not entitled is the result of an administrative error, delay or oversight on the part of a public servant and has been remitted pursuant to paragraph (3)(d);

    • (b) no part of the amount paid to the person to which the person was not entitled was the result of a misrepresentation or of concealment of a material fact on the part of the person, in the opinion of the Minister;

    • (c) cancellation or reduction of the award would, in the opinion of the Minister, cause undue hardship to the person; and

    • (d) the award has been paid to the person for five years or more.

  • Marginal note:Recovery from survivor or surviving dependant

    (5) Where a survivor or surviving dependant of a deceased member of the forces retains any amount of the member’s award paid after the last day of the month in which the member died, that amount may be deducted from any award granted to the survivor or surviving dependant.

  • R.S., 1985, c. P-6, s. 83;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 37 (3rd Supp.), s. 14;
  • 1995, c. 18, s. 73;
  • 2000, c. 34, s. 38.
Marginal note:Review

 An applicant who is dissatisfied with a decision made by the Minister under this Act, except under section 83, or under subsection 34(5) of the Veterans Review and Appeal Board Act, may apply to the Veterans Review and Appeal Board for a review of the decision.

  • R.S., 1985, c. P-6, s. 84;
  • 1995, c. 18, s. 73;
  • 2000, c. 34, s. 38.
Marginal note:Permission of Board required
  •  (1) The Minister may not consider an application for an award that has already been the subject of a determination by the Veterans Review and Appeal Board or one of its predecessors (the Veterans Appeal Board, the Pension Review Board, an Assessment Board or an Entitlement Board) unless

    • (a) the applicant has obtained the permission of the Veterans Review and Appeal Board; or

    • (b) the Veterans Review and Appeal Board has referred the application to the Minister for reconsideration.

  • Marginal note:Applications before March 30, 1971

    (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Minister may consider any application made before March 30, 1971 that was the subject of a final determination by the Commission or any other body empowered to grant or make awards before that day.

  • R.S., 1985, c. P-6, s. 85;
  • 1995, c. 18, s. 73.
Marginal note:Transitional
  •  (1) An applicant who is dissatisfied with a decision made by the Commission under the former Act and who has not made a request for a hearing under section 87 or 88 of the former Act may apply to the Veterans Review and Appeal Board to review the decision.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (2) An applicant who is dissatisfied with a decision made by an Assessment Board or Entitlement Board under the former Act may appeal the decision to the Veterans Review and Appeal Board.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Subsection (2) does not apply to a decision that has already been subject to a determination by the Veterans Appeal Board.

  • R.S., 1985, c. P-6, s. 86;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 20 (3rd Supp.), s. 22;
  • 1995, c. 18, s. 73.

PART VIIGeneral

Marginal note:Inquiries Act
  •  (1) The Minister has all the powers of a commissioner appointed under Part I of the Inquiries Act for the purpose of carrying out the functions of the Minister under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Taking oaths, etc.

    (2) Any officer or employee of the Department authorized by the Minister may, in the course of their employment and subject to any other Act of Parliament or any Act of the legislature of a province, administer oaths and take and receive affidavits, declarations and solemn affirmations for the purpose of the administration of this Act or the regulations, and every person so authorized has, with respect to any such oath, affidavit, declaration or affirmation, all the powers of a commissioner for taking affidavits.

  • Marginal note:Acceptance of oaths, etc.

    (3) The Minister may accept, for the purpose of the administration of this Act or the regulations, any oath administered or any affidavit, declaration or solemn affirmation taken or received by any officer or employee of

    • (a) a department in, or other portion of, the federal public administration specified in Schedule I, IV or V to the Financial Administration Act, or

    • (b) a department of the government of a province

    who has all the powers of a commissioner for taking affidavits.

  • R.S., 1985, c. P-6, s. 87;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 16 (1st Supp.), s. 13, c. 37 (3rd Supp.), s. 15;
  • 1990, c. 43, s. 25;
  • 1995, c. 18, s. 73;
  • 2000, c. 34, s. 39;
  • 2003, c. 22, s. 188.
Marginal note:Representation of applicant

 In all proceedings under this Act, an applicant may be represented by a service bureau of a veterans’ organization or, at the applicant’s own expense, by any other representative of the applicant’s choice.

  • R.S., 1985, c. P-6, s. 88;
  • 1990, c. 43, s. 26;
  • 1995, c. 18, s. 73.
Marginal note:Medical examinations
  •  (1) The Minister may at any time require an applicant or pensioner to undergo a medical examination by a person qualified to practise medicine.

  • Marginal note:Non-compliance

    (2) Where an applicant or pensioner who is required by the Minister to undergo a medical examination unreasonably fails to do so, the Minister may suspend payment of a pension to the applicant or pensioner for the period during which the failure continues.

  • R.S., 1985, c. P-6, s. 89;
  • 1995, c. 18, s. 73.
 
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