Version of document from 2002-12-31 to 2003-03-31:

Judges Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. J-1

An Act respecting judges of federal and provincial courts

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Judges Act.

  • R.S., c. J-1, s. 1.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Act,

age of retirement

mise à la retraite d’office

age of retirement of a judge means the age, fixed by law, at which the judge ceases to hold office; (mise à la retraite d’office)

attorney general of the province

procureur général de la province

attorney general of the province, except where otherwise defined, means the minister of the Crown of the province who is responsible for judicial affairs; (procureur général de la province)

common-law partner

conjoint de fait

common-law partner, in relation to an individual, means a person who is cohabiting with the individual in a conjugal relationship, having so cohabited for a period of at least one year; (conjoint de fait)

Council

Conseil

Council means the Canadian Judicial Council established by subsection 59(1); (Conseil)

county

comté

county includes district; (comté)

judge

juge

judge includes a chief justice, senior associate chief justice, associate chief justice, supernumerary judge, chief judge, associate chief judge, senior judge and regional senior judge; (juge)

survivor

survivant

survivor, in relation to a judge, means a person who was married to the judge at the time of the judge’s death or who establishes that he or she was cohabiting with the judge in a conjugal relationship at the time of the judge’s death and had so cohabited for a period of at least one year. (survivant)

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 2;
  • 1990, c. 17, s. 27;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 2;
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 159.

PART IJudges

Eligibility

Marginal note:Eligibility for appointment

 No person is eligible to be appointed a judge of a superior court in any province unless, in addition to any other requirements prescribed by law, that person

  • (a) is a barrister or advocate of at least ten years standing at the bar of any province; or

  • (b) has, for an aggregate of at least ten years,

    • (i) been a barrister or advocate at the bar of any province, and

    • (ii) after becoming a barrister or advocate at the bar of any province, exercised powers and performed duties and functions of a judicial nature on a full-time basis in respect of a position held pursuant to a law of Canada or a province.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 3;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 3;
  • 1996, c. 22, s. 2.

 [Repealed, 1990, c. 17, s. 28]

 [Repealed, 1992, c. 51, s. 4]

Age of Retirement

Marginal note:Retirement age
  •  (1) A judge of the Supreme Court of British Columbia who held the office of a judge of the County Courts of British Columbia on March 1, 1987 and on June 30, 1990 may retire at the age of seventy years.

  • Marginal note:Retirement age

    (2) A judge of the Superior Court of Justice in and for the Province of Ontario who held the office of a judge of the District Court of Ontario on March 1, 1987 and on August 31, 1990 may retire at the age of seventy years.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) A judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia who held the office of a judge of the County Court of Nova Scotia on March 1, 1987 and on the coming into force of this subsection may retire at the age of seventy years.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 8;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 16 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 4;
  • 1998, c. 30, s. 1.

Salaries

Marginal note:Supreme Court of Canada

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Supreme Court of Canada are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Justice of Canada

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $254,500,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph 10(b) remains the same as the ratio between $254,500 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph 10(b) remains the same as the ratio between $254,500 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph 10(b) remains the same as the ratio between $254,500 and $198,000; and

  • (b) Eight puisne judges, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $235,700,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the judge and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph 10(b) remains the same as the ratio between $235,700 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the judge and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph 10(b) remains the same as the ratio between $235,700 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the judge and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph 10(b) remains the same as the ratio between $235,700 and $198,000.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 9;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 1.
Marginal note:Federal Court

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Federal Court are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Justice of the Federal Court

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (b) The other judges of the Federal Court of Appeal, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1);

  • (c) The Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Associate Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Associate Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Associate Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000; and

  • (d) The other judges of the Trial Division, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 10;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 41 (1st Supp.), s. 1, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 2.
Marginal note:Tax Court of Canada

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Tax Court of Canada are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Judge

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Judge and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (c) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Judge and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (c) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Judge and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (c) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (b) The Associate Chief Judge

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Associate Chief Judge and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (c) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Associate Chief Judge and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (c) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Associate Chief Judge and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (c) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000; and

  • (c) The other judges, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 11;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 11 (1st Supp.), s. 2, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 13;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 3.
Marginal note:Court of Appeal for Ontario and the Superior Court of Justice

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Court of Appeal for Ontario and of the Superior Court of Justice in and for the Province of Ontario are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice of Ontario, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a justice referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a justice referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a justice referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (b) Fourteen Justices of Appeal, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1);

  • (c) The Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000; and

  • (d) One hundred and ninety-two other judges of the Superior Court of Justice, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 12;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 41 (1st Supp.), s. 2, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 1990, c. 17, s. 29;
  • 1998, c. 30, s. 2;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 4.
Marginal note:Court of Appeal and Superior Court of Quebec

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Court of Appeal and of the Superior Court in and for the Province of Quebec are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Justice of Quebec

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a puisne judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a puisne judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a puisne judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (b) Eighteen puisne judges of the Court of Appeal, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1);

  • (c) The Chief Justice, the Senior Associate Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a puisne judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a puisne judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a puisne judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000; and

  • (d) One hundred and forty puisne judges of the Superior Court, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 13;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 41 (1st Supp.), s. 3, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 1;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 5.
Marginal note:Court of Appeal and Supreme Court of Nova Scotia

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Nova Scotia Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Justice of Nova Scotia

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (b) Seven other judges of the Court of Appeal, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1);

  • (c) The Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000; and

  • (d) Twenty-three other judges of the Supreme Court, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment referred to in subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment referred to in subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment referred to in subsection 25(1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 14;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 2;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 5;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 6.
Marginal note:Court of Appeal and Court of Queen’s Bench of New Brunswick

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Court of Appeal of New Brunswick and of the Court of Queen’s Bench of New Brunswick are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Justice of New Brunswick

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (b) Five other judges of the Court of Appeal, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1);

  • (c) The Chief Justice of the Court of Queen’s Bench

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000; and

  • (d) Twenty-one other judges of the Court of Queen’s Bench, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 15;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 41 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 7.
Marginal note:Court of Appeal and Court of Queen’s Bench for Manitoba

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Court of Appeal for Manitoba and of Her Majesty’s Court of Queen’s Bench for Manitoba are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Justice of Manitoba

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (b) Six Judges of Appeal, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1);

  • (c) The Chief Justice, the Senior Associate Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice of the Court of Queen’s Bench, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a puisne judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a puisne judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a puisne judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000; and

  • (d) Thirty puisne judges of the Court of Queen’s Bench,

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 16;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 41 (1st Supp.), s. 5, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 3;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 8.
Marginal note:Court of Appeal and Supreme Court of British Columbia

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Court of Appeal for British Columbia and of the Supreme Court of British Columbia are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Justice of British Columbia

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a justice referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a justice referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a justice referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (b) Twelve Justices of Appeal, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1);

  • (c) The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (c.1) The Associate Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Associate Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Associate Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Associate Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000; and

  • (d) Eighty-one other judges of the Supreme Court, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 17;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 41 (1st Supp.), s. 6, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 4;
  • 1990, c. 16, s. 15;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 9.
Marginal note:Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Justice of Prince Edward Island

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (b) Two other judges of the Appeal Division, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1);

  • (c) The Chief Justice of the Trial Division

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000; and

  • (d) Three other judges of the Trial Division, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 18;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 27 (2nd Supp.), s. 1, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 10.
Marginal note:Court of Appeal and Court of Queen’s Bench for Saskatchewan

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan and of Her Majesty’s Court of Queen’s Bench for Saskatchewan are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Justice of Saskatchewan

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (b) Six Judges of Appeal, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1);

  • (c) The Chief Justice of the Court of Queen’s Bench

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000; and

  • (d) Twenty-nine other judges of the Court of Queen’s Bench, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 19;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 11.
Marginal note:Court of Appeal and Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Court of Appeal of Alberta and of the Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Justice of Alberta

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a justice referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a justice referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a justice referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (b) Ten Justices of Appeal, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1);

  • (c) The Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice of the Court of Queen’s Bench, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a justice referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a justice referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between their respective salaries and the salary for that period of a justice referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000; and

  • (d) Fifty-five other Justices of the Court of Queen’s Bench, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 20;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 41 (1st Supp.), s. 7, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 5;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 12.
Marginal note:Supreme Court of Newfoundland

 The yearly salaries of the judges of the Supreme Court of Newfoundland are as follows:

  • (a) The Chief Justice of Newfoundland

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (b) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000;

  • (b) Five Judges of Appeal, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1);

  • (c) The Chief Justice of the Trial Division

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $217,100,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000,

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000, and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount that ensures that the ratio between the salary of the Chief Justice and the salary for that period of a judge referred to in paragraph (d) remains the same as the ratio between $217,100 and $198,000; and

  • (d) Eighteen other judges of the Trial Division, each

    • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

    • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

    • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

    • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 21;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 41 (1st Supp.), s. 8, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 27 (2nd Supp.), s. 2, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 6;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 13.
Marginal note:Supreme Court of Yukon Territory
  •  (1) The yearly salaries of the judges of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory are as follows:

    • (a) The senior judge

      • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

      • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

      • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

      • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1); and

    • (b) The other judge

      • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

      • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

      • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

      • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • Marginal note:Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories

    (2) The yearly salaries of the judges of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories are as follows:

    • (a) The senior judge

      • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

      • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

      • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

      • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1); and

    • (b) The two other judges, each

      • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

      • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

      • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

      • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • Marginal note:Nunavut Court of Justice

    (2.1) The yearly salaries of the judges of the Nunavut Court of Justice are as follows:

    • (a) The senior judge

      • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

      • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

      • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

      • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1); and

    • (b) The two other judges, each

      • (i) for the period beginning April 1, 2000 and ending March 31, 2001, $198,000,

      • (ii) for the period beginning April 1, 2001 and ending March 31, 2002, $200,000, plus the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1),

      • (iii) for the period beginning April 1, 2002 and ending March 31, 2003, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (ii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1), and

      • (iv) for the period beginning April 1, 2003 and ending March 31, 2004, the amount received for the period referred to in subparagraph (iii), plus $2,000 and the annual adjustment calculated under subsection 25(1).

  • Marginal note:Definition of "senior judge"

    (3) In this section, “senior judge” means the judge with the earlier date of appointment to the court in question or, in the case of more than one judge appointed on the same day, the judge that the Governor in Council may designate as the senior judge.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 22;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 1;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 7;
  • 1999, c. 3, s. 72;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 14.
Marginal note:Rounding of amounts

 A salary referred to in any of sections 9 to 22 that is not a multiple of one hundred dollars shall be rounded down to the next lowest multiple of one hundred dollars.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 23;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 5 (1st Supp.), s. 2, c. 11 (1st Supp.), s. 2, c. 41 (1st Supp.), s. 9, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 4;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 8;
  • 1990, c. 16, s. 16, c. 17, s. 30;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 6;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 15.
Marginal note:Additional judges
  •  (1) Notwithstanding sections 12 to 22 but subject to subsections (3) and (4), where the number of judges of a superior court in a province has been increased by or pursuant to an Act of the legislature of the province beyond the number of judges of that court whose salaries are provided for by sections 12 to 22, a salary is payable pursuant to this section to each additional judge, appointed to that court in accordance with that Act and in the manner provided by law, from the time that judge’s appointment becomes effective and in the same manner and subject to the same terms and conditions as if the salary were payable under sections 12 to 22.

  • Marginal note:Salaries fixed

    (2) The salary of a judge appointed in the circumstances described in subsection (1) is the salary annexed, pursuant to sections 12 to 22, to the office of judge to which the appointment is made.

  • Marginal note:Limit

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), the number of salaries that may be paid pursuant to this section at any one time shall not be greater than

    • (a) thirteen, in the case of judges appointed to appeal courts in the provinces; and

    • (b) thirty, in the case of judges appointed to superior courts in the provinces other than appeal courts.

    • (c) [Repealed, 1992, c. 51, s. 7]

  • Marginal note:Unified family courts

    (4) For the purposes of assisting the establishment of unified family courts in the provinces, a further number of salaries not greater than thirty-six at any one time may be paid in the case of judges appointed to courts described in paragraph (3)(b)

    • (a) where the court has the jurisdiction of a unified family court; or

    • (b) where a request has been made by a provincial attorney general for the appointment to the court of judges to exercise the jurisdiction of a unified family court.

  • Marginal note:Salary deemed payable under sections 12 to 22

    (5) A salary payable to a judge under this section is deemed, for all purposes of the provisions of this Act, other than this section, and of any other Act of Parliament, to be a salary payable under sections 12 to 22.

  • Definition of appeal court

    (6) In this section, appeal court means

    • (a) in relation to each of the Provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Manitoba, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Alberta and Newfoundland, the Court of Appeal of the Province; and

    • (b) in relation to the Province of Prince Edward Island, the Appeal Division of the Supreme Court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 24;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 41 (1st Supp.), s. 10, c. 27 (2nd Supp.), s. 3;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 9;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 7;
  • 1996, c. 30, s. 1;
  • 1998, c. 30, s. 3.

Periodic Adjustment and Revision of Salaries

Marginal note:Annual adjustment of salary
  •  (1) For the twelve month periods commencing April 1, 2001, April 1, 2002 and April 1, 2003, the annual adjustment referred to in sections 9 to 22 shall be the amount obtained by multiplying

    • (a) the salary annexed to that office for the twelve month period immediately preceding the twelve month period in respect of which the salary is to be determined plus $2,000

      by

    • (b) the percentage that the Industrial Aggregate for the first adjustment year is of the Industrial Aggregate for the second adjustment year less one hundred per cent, or seven per cent, whichever is less.

  • Marginal note:Annual adjustment of salary

    (2) The salary annexed to an office of judge in sections 9 to 22 for the twelve month period commencing April 1, 2004, and for each subsequent twelve month period, shall be the amount obtained by multiplying

    • (a) the salary annexed to that office for the twelve month period immediately preceding the twelve month period in respect of which the salary is to be determined

      by

    • (b) the percentage that the Industrial Aggregate for the first adjustment year is of the Industrial Aggregate for the second adjustment year, or one hundred and seven per cent, whichever is less.

  • Marginal note:Meaning of certain expressions

    (3) For the purposes of this section,

    • (a) in relation to any twelve month period in respect of which the annual adjustment or the salary is to be determined, the “first adjustment year” is the most recent twelve month period for which the Industrial Aggregate is available on the first day of the period in respect of which the annual adjustment or the salary is to be determined, and the “second adjustment year” is the twelve month period immediately preceding the first adjustment year; and

    • (b) the “Industrial Aggregate” for an adjustment year is the average weekly wages and salaries of the Industrial Aggregate in Canada for that year as published by Statistics Canada under the authority of the Statistics Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 25;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 16 (3rd Supp.), s. 2;
  • 1993, c. 13, s. 10;
  • 1994, c. 18, s. 9;
  • 1998, c. 30, s. 4;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 16.
Marginal note:Commission
  •  (1) The Judicial Compensation and Benefits Commission is hereby established to inquire into the adequacy of the salaries and other amounts payable under this Act and into the adequacy of judges’ benefits generally.

  • Marginal note:Factors to be considered

    (1.1) In conducting its inquiry, the Commission shall consider

    • (a) the prevailing economic conditions in Canada, including the cost of living, and the overall economic and current financial position of the federal government;

    • (b) the role of financial security of the judiciary in ensuring judicial independence;

    • (c) the need to attract outstanding candidates to the judiciary; and

    • (d) any other objective criteria that the Commission considers relevant.

  • Marginal note:Quadrennial inquiry

    (2) The Commission shall commence an inquiry on September 1, 1999, and on September 1 of every fourth year after 1999, and shall submit a report containing its recommendations to the Minister of Justice of Canada within nine months after the date of commencement.

  • Marginal note:Postponement

    (3) The Commission may, with the consent of the Minister of Justice and the judiciary, postpone the date of commencement of a quadrennial inquiry.

  • Marginal note:Other reports

    (4) In addition to its quadrennial inquiry, the Minister of Justice may at any time refer to the Commission for its inquiry a matter mentioned in subsection (1). The Commission shall submit to that Minister a report containing its recommendations within a period fixed by the Minister after consultation with the Commission.

  • Marginal note:Extension of time

    (5) The Governor in Council may, on the request of the Commission, extend the time for submission of a report under subsection (2) or (4).

  • Marginal note:Report of Commission

    (6) The Minister of Justice shall table a copy of the report in each House of Parliament on any of the first ten days on which that House is sitting after the Minister receives the report.

  • Marginal note:Referral to Committee

    (6.1) A report that is tabled in each House of Parliament under subsection (6) shall, on the day it is tabled or, if the House is not sitting on that day, on the day that House next sits, be referred by that House to a committee of that House that is designated or established by that House for the purpose of considering matters relating to justice.

  • Marginal note:Report by Committee

    (6.2) A committee referred to in subsection (6.1) may conduct inquiries or public hearings in respect of a report referred to it under that subsection, and if it does so, the committee shall, not later than ninety sitting days after the report is referred to it, report its findings to the House that designated or established the committee.

  • Definition of sitting day

    (6.3) For the purpose of subsection (6.2), sitting day means a day on which the House of Commons or the Senate, as the case may be, sits.

  • Marginal note:Response to report

    (7) The Minister of Justice shall respond to a report of the Commission within six months after receiving it.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 26;
  • 1996, c. 2, s. 1;
  • 1998, c. 30, s. 5;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 17(F).
Marginal note:Nomination
  •  (1) The Judicial Compensation and Benefits Commission consists of three members appointed by the Governor in Council as follows:

    • (a) one person nominated by the judiciary;

    • (b) one person nominated by the Minister of Justice of Canada; and

    • (c) one person, who shall act as chairperson, nominated by the members who are nominated under paragraphs (a) and (b).

  • Marginal note:Tenure and removal

    (2) Each member holds office during good behaviour, and may be removed for cause at any time by the Governor in Council.

  • Marginal note:Term of office

    (3) The term of office for the initial members appointed to the Commission ends on August 31, 2003. The members subsequently appointed hold office for a term of four years.

  • Marginal note:Continuance of duties

    (4) Where the term of a member ends, other than in the case of removal for cause, the member may carry out and complete any duties of the members in respect of a matter that was referred to the Commission under subsection 26(4) while he or she was a member.

  • Marginal note:Reappointment

    (5) A member is eligible to be reappointed for one further term if re-nominated in accordance with subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Absence or incapacity

    (6) In the event of the absence or incapacity of a member, the Governor in Council may appoint as a substitute temporary member a person nominated in accordance with subsection (1) to hold office during the absence or incapacity.

  • Marginal note:Vacancy

    (7) If the office of a member becomes vacant during the term of the member, the Governor in Council shall appoint a person nominated in accordance with subsection (1) to hold office as a member for the remainder of the term.

  • Marginal note:Quorum

    (8) A quorum of the Commission consists of all three members.

  • Marginal note:Remuneration

    (9) The members of the Commission and persons carrying out duties under subsection (4) shall be paid

    • (a) the fees fixed by the Governor in Council; and

    • (b) such travel and living expenses incurred in the course of their duties while away from their ordinary place of residence as are fixed by the Governor in Council.

  • Marginal note:Compensation

    (10) The members of the Commission and persons carrying out duties under subsection (4) are deemed to be employed in the public service of Canada for the purposes of the Government Employees Compensation Act and any regulations made under section 9 of the Aeronautics Act.

  • 1998, c. 30, s. 5.
Marginal note:Personnel
  •  (1) The Commission may engage the services of any persons necessary for the proper conduct of the Commission.

  • Marginal note:Presumption

    (2) No person engaged under subsection (1) shall, as a result, be considered to be employed in the public service of Canada.

  • 1998, c. 30, s. 5.
Marginal note:Costs payable
  •  (1) The Commission may identify those representatives of the judiciary participating in an inquiry of the Commission to whom costs shall be paid in accordance with this section.

  • Marginal note:Entitlement to payment of costs

    (2) A representative of the judiciary identified under subsection (1) who participates in an inquiry of the Commission is entitled to be paid, out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund, one-half of the costs determined under subsection (3) in respect of his or her participation.

  • Marginal note:Determination of costs

    (3) A prothonotary of the Federal Court of Canada shall determine the amount of costs, on a solicitor-and-client basis, as if the assessment of costs were an assessment of costs under subsection 413(1) of the Federal Court Rules, 1998, with any modifications that the circumstances require.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (4) This section applies to costs incurred in relation to participation in any inquiry of the Commission conducted after September 1, 1999.

  • 2001, c. 7, s. 18.

Allowances for Incidental, Non-accountable and Representational Expenses

Marginal note:Allowance for incidental expenditures actually incurred
  •  (1) On and after April 1, 2000, every judge in receipt of a salary under this Act is entitled to be paid, up to a maximum of $5,000 for each year, for reasonable incidental expenditures that the fit and proper execution of the office of judge may require, to the extent that the judge has actually incurred the expenditures and is not entitled to be reimbursed for them under any other provision of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Additional allowance for northern judges

    (2) On and after April 1, 2000, there shall be paid to each judge of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory, the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories and the Nunavut Court of Justice who is in receipt of a salary under this Act, in addition to the allowance provided by subsection (1), a non-accountable yearly allowance of $12,000 as compensation for the higher cost of living in the territories.

  • Marginal note:Additional allowance for Federal Court judges

    (3) There shall be paid to every judge of the Federal Court who is in receipt of a salary under this Act, in addition to the allowance provided by subsection (1), a non-accountable yearly allowance of $2,000 as compensation for special incidental expenditures inherent in the exercise of their office as judge.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3.1) There shall be paid to every judge of the Tax Court of Canada an additional yearly allowance of $2,000 as compensation for special incidental expenditures inherent in the exercise of the office of judge.

  • Marginal note:Continuance in force of subsections (3) and (3.1)

    (4) Subsections (3) and (3.1) shall continue in force for so long as subsection 57(2) continues in force in relation to judges of superior courts in the provinces.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (5) The additional allowances described in subsections (2) and (3) are deemed not to be travel or personal or living expense allowances expressly fixed by this Act.

  • Marginal note:Representational allowance

    (6) A chief justice or chief judge, a puisne judge of the Supreme Court of Canada, the Chief Justice of the Court of Appeal of the Yukon Territory, the Chief Justice of the Court of Appeal of the Northwest Territories, the Chief Justice of the Court of Appeal of Nunavut, the senior judge of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory, the senior judge of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories and the senior judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice are entitled to be paid, as a representational allowance, reasonable travel and other expenses actually incurred by the justice or judge or the spouse or common-law partner of the justice or judge in discharging the special extra-judicial obligations and responsibilities that devolve on the justice or judge, to the extent that those expenses may not be reimbursed under any other provision of this Act and their aggregate amount does not exceed in any year the maximum amount indicated in respect of each office in subsection (7).

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (7) On and after April 1, 2000, the maximum yearly amounts of the representational allowance referred to in subsection (6) are as follows:

    • (a) The Chief Justice of Canada $18,750

    • (b) Each puisne judge of the Supreme Court of Canada $10,000

    • (c) The Chief Justice of the Federal Court and each chief justice described in sections 12 to 21 as the chief justice of a province $12,500

    • (d) Each other chief justice referred to in sections 10 and 12 to 21 $10,000

    • (e) The senior judge of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory, the senior judge of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories and the senior judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice, each $10,000

    • (f) The Chief Judge of the Tax Court of Canada $10,000

    • (g) The Chief Justice of the Court of Appeal of the Yukon Territory, the Chief Justice of the Court of Appeal of the Northwest Territories and the Chief Justice of the Court of Appeal of Nunavut, each $10,000

    • (h) The Chief Justice of the Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada $10,000

  • Marginal note:Judge acting in place of recipient

    (8) Where any justice or judge mentioned in subsection (6), other than a puisne judge of the Supreme Court of Canada, is unable to discharge the obligations and responsibilities referred to in that subsection or the office of that justice or judge is vacant, the judge who acts in the place of that justice or judge is entitled to be paid the representational allowance provided for that justice or judge.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (9) In this section,

    chief judge

    juge en chef

    chief judge includes an associate chief judge; (juge en chef)

    chief justice

    juge en chef

    chief justice, except in paragraphs (7)(a) and (c), includes a senior associate chief justice and associate chief justice; (juge en chef)

    senior county court judge

    senior county court judge[Repealed, 1990, c. 17, s. 31]

    senior judge

    juge principal

    senior judge of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory, of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories or of the Nunavut Court of Justice means the judge with the earlier date of appointment to the court in question, or in the case of more than one judge appointed on the same day, means the judge that the Governor in Council may designate as the senior judge. (juge principal)

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 27;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 5, c. 27 (2nd Supp.), s. 4, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 14;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 10;
  • 1990, c. 17, s. 31;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 8;
  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78;
  • 1996, c. 30, s. 2;
  • 1998, c. 15, s. 29;
  • 1999, c. 3, s. 73;
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 168;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 19.

Supernumerary Judges

Marginal note:Supernumerary judges of the Federal Court and Tax Court
  •  (1) Where a judge of the Federal Court or a judge of the Tax Court of Canada has notified the Minister of Justice of Canada of his election to give up regular judicial duties and hold office only as a supernumerary judge, that judge shall thereupon hold only the office of supernumerary judge of that Court and shall be paid the salary annexed to that office until the judge reaches the age of retirement, resigns or is removed from or otherwise ceases to hold office.

  • Marginal note:Restriction on election

    (2) No judge may make the election referred to in subsection (1) unless the judge

    • (a) has attained the age of sixty-five years and has continued in judicial office for at least fifteen years; or

    • (b) has attained the age of seventy years and has continued in judicial office for at least ten years.

  • Marginal note:Duties of judge

    (3) A judge who has made the election referred to in subsection (1) shall hold himself available to perform such special judicial duties as may be assigned to the judge

    • (a) by the Chief Justice of the Federal Court, if the judge is a member of the Federal Court of Appeal;

    • (b) by the Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court, if the judge is a member of the Federal Court, Trial Division; or

    • (c) by the Chief Judge or the Associate Chief Judge of the Tax Court of Canada, if the judge is a judge of that Court.

  • Marginal note:Salary of supernumerary judge

    (4) The salary of each supernumerary judge of the Federal Court or the Tax Court of Canada is the salary annexed to the office of a judge, other than the Chief Justice or the Associate Chief Justice, of the Federal Court or a judge, other than the Chief Judge or the Associate Chief Judge, of the Tax Court of Canada, as the case may be.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 28;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 16 (3rd Supp.), s. 3.
Marginal note:Supernumerary judges of provincial superior courts
  •  (1) Where the legislature of a province has enacted legislation establishing for each office of judge of a superior court or courts of the province the additional office of supernumerary judge of the court or courts and a judge of such a court has notified the Minister of Justice of Canada and the attorney general of the province of his election to give up regular judicial duties and hold office only as a supernumerary judge, the judge shall thereupon hold only the office of supernumerary judge of that court and shall be paid the salary annexed to that office until he reaches the age of retirement, resigns or is removed from or otherwise ceases to hold office.

  • Marginal note:Restriction on election

    (2) No judge may make the election referred to in subsection (1) unless the judge

    • (a) has attained the age of sixty-five years and continued in judicial office for at least fifteen years; or

    • (b) has attained the age of seventy years and continued in judicial office for at least ten years.

  • Marginal note:Duties of judge

    (3) A judge who has made the election referred to in subsection (1) shall hold himself available to perform such special judicial duties as may be assigned to the judge

    • (a) by the chief justice, senior associate chief justice or associate chief justice, as the case may be, of the court of which the judge is a member or, where that court is constituted with divisions, of the division of which the judge is a member; or

    • (b) in the case of a supernumerary judge of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory, of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories or of the Nunavut Court of Justice, by the senior judge of that Court.

  • Marginal note:Salary of supernumerary judge

    (4) The salary of each supernumerary judge of a superior court is the salary annexed to the office of a judge of that court other than a chief justice, senior associate chief justice or associate chief justice.

  • Marginal note:Reference to attorney general of a province

    (5) In this section, a reference to the attorney general of a province shall be construed in relation to the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut as a reference to the Commissioner thereof.

  • Marginal note:Definition of "senior judge"

    (6) In this section, “senior judge” of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory, of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories or of the Nunavut Court of Justice means the judge with the earlier date of appointment to the court in question, or in the case of more than one judge appointed on the same day, means the judge that the Governor in Council may designate as the senior judge.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 29;
  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78;
  • 1999, c. 3, s. 74.

 [Repealed, 1992, c. 51, s. 9]

Chief Justice or Judge continuing as Judge

Marginal note:Election to cease to perform duties of Chief or Associate Chief of the Federal Court or Tax Court
  •  (1) Where the Chief Justice or Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court or the Chief Judge or Associate Chief Judge of the Tax Court of Canada has notified the Minister of Justice of Canada of his election to cease to perform the duties of that office and to perform only the duties of a judge, he shall thereupon hold only the office of a judge of the Federal Court or the Tax Court of Canada, as the case may be, and shall be paid the salary annexed to the office of a judge of the Federal Court or the Tax Court of Canada, as the case may be, until he reaches the age of retirement, resigns or is removed from or otherwise ceases to hold office.

  • Marginal note:Restriction on election

    (2) The Chief Justice or Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court or the Chief Judge or Associate Chief Judge of the Tax Court of Canada may make the election referred to in subsection (1) only if he has continued in the office for at least five years or has continued in the office and another office referred to in this subsection for a total of at least five years.

  • Marginal note:Duties of judge

    (3) The Chief Justice or Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court or the Chief Judge or Associate Chief Judge of the Tax Court of Canada who has made the election referred to in subsection (1) shall perform all of the judicial duties normally performed by a judge of the Federal Court or the Tax Court of Canada, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Salary of judge

    (4) The salary of a Chief Justice or Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court or a Chief Judge or Associate Chief Judge of the Tax Court of Canada who has made the election referred to in subsection (1) is the salary annexed to the office of judge, other than the Chief Justice or the Associate Chief Justice, of the Federal Court or judge, other than the Chief Judge or the Associate Chief Judge, of the Tax Court of Canada, as the case may be.

  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 158, s. 35.
Marginal note:Election to cease to perform duties of chief justice of provincial superior court
  •  (1) Where the legislature of a province has enacted legislation establishing for each office of chief justice of a superior court of the province such additional offices of judge of that court as are required for the purposes of this section, and a chief justice of that court has notified the Minister of Justice of Canada and the attorney general of the province of his election to cease to perform the duties of chief justice and to perform only the duties of a judge, the chief justice shall thereupon hold only the office of a judge, other than a chief justice, of that court and shall be paid the salary annexed to the office of a judge, other than a chief justice, of that court until he reaches the age of retirement, resigns or is removed from or otherwise ceases to hold office.

  • Marginal note:Restriction on election

    (2) A chief justice of a superior court of a province may make the election referred to in subsection (1) only if the chief justice has continued in the office of chief justice, senior associate chief justice or associate chief justice of a superior court of the province or a division thereof, or in two or more such offices, for at least five years.

  • Marginal note:Duties of judge

    (3) A chief justice of a superior court of a province who has made the election referred to in subsection (1) shall perform all of the judicial duties normally performed by a judge, other than the chief justice, of that court.

  • Marginal note:Salary of judge

    (4) The salary of each chief justice of a superior court of a province who has made the election referred to in subsection (1) is the salary annexed to the office of a judge of that court, other than a chief justice.

  • Definition of chief justice and chief justice of a superior court of a province

    (5) In this section, chief justice or chief justice of a superior court of a province means a chief justice, senior associate chief justice or associate chief justice of such a court or, where the court is constituted with divisions, of a division thereof.

  • (6) [Repealed, 1992, c. 51, s. 10]

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 32;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 10.

Early Notice

Marginal note:Deemed election and notice
  •  (1) Where a judge gives notice to the Minister of Justice of Canada and, where appropriate, to the attorney general of the province concerned of the judge’s election as provided in section 28, 29, 31 or 32 to be effective on a future day specified in the notice, being a day on which the judge will be eligible to so elect, the judge shall, effective on that day, be deemed to have elected and given notice thereof on that day pursuant to section 28, 29, 31 or 32, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Reference to attorney general of a province

    (2) In this section, a reference to the attorney general of a province shall be construed in relation to the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut as a reference to the Commissioner thereof.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 33;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 11;
  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78.

Travel and Other Allowances

Marginal note:Superior and Tax Courts
  •  (1) Subject to this section and sections 36 to 39, a judge of a superior court or of the Tax Court of Canada who for the purposes of performing any function or duty in that capacity attends at any place other than that at which or in the immediate vicinity of which the judge is by law obliged to reside is entitled to be paid, as a travel allowance, moving or transportation expenses and the reasonable travel and other expenses incurred by the judge in so attending.

  • Marginal note:Where no allowance

    (2) No judge is entitled to be paid a travel allowance for attending at or in the immediate vicinity of the place where the judge resides.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 34;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 12.

 [Repealed, 1992, c. 51, s. 13]

Marginal note:Certain superior courts, where no allowance
  •  (1) No travel allowance shall be paid

    • (a) to a judge of the Nova Scotia Court of Appeal or of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia for attending at the judicial centre at which or in the immediate vicinity of which the judge maintains his or her principal office;

    • (b) to a judge of the Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island for attending at the city of Charlottetown; or

    • (c) to a judge of the Court of Appeal for British Columbia for attending at either of the cities of Victoria or Vancouver, unless the judge resides at the other of those cities or in the immediate vicinity thereof.

  • Marginal note:Where place of residence approved by order in council

    (2) Nothing in subsection (1) affects the right of a judge to be paid a travel allowance under subsection 34(1) if the judge resides at a place approved by the Governor in Council.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 36;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 14.
Marginal note:Judges of Supreme Court of Nova Scotia

 A judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia who, for the purposes of performing any function or duty in that capacity, attends at any judicial centre within the judicial district for which the judge is designated as a resident judge, other than the judicial centre at which or in the immediate vicinity of which the judge resides or maintains his or her principal office, is entitled to be paid, as a travel allowance, moving or transportation expenses and the reasonable travel and other expenses incurred by the judge in so attending.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 37;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 15.
Marginal note:Judges of the Superior Court of Justice of Ontario

 A judge of the Superior Court of Justice in and for the Province of Ontario who, for the purpose of performing any function or duty in that capacity, attends at any judicial centre within the region for which the judge was appointed or assigned, other than the judicial centre at which or in the immediate vicinity of which the judge resides, is entitled to be paid, as a travel allowance, moving or transportation expenses and the reasonable travel and other expenses incurred by the judge in so attending.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 38;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 11 (1st Supp.), s. 2;
  • 1990, c. 17, s. 33;
  • 1998, c. 30, s. 6.
Marginal note:Certificate of judge

 Every application for payment of a travel allowance shall be accompanied by a certificate of the judge applying for it showing the number of days for which a travel allowance is claimed and the amount of the actual expenses incurred.

  • R.S., c. J-1, s. 21.
Marginal note:Removal allowance
  •  (1) A removal allowance shall be paid to

    • (a) a person who is appointed a judge of a superior court or of the Tax Court of Canada and who, for the purposes of assuming the functions and duties of that office, is required to move from the person’s place of residence to a place outside the immediate vicinity of the place where the person resided at the time of the appointment;

    • (b) a judge of a superior court who, during tenure and for the purposes of performing the functions and duties of that office, is required to change the place of residence of the judge to a place other than that at which or in the immediate vicinity of which the judge was required to reside immediately before being required to change the place of residence of that judge;

    • (c) a judge of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory, the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories or the Nunavut Court of Justice who, within two years after retiring or resigning from that office, moves to a place of residence in one of the ten provinces or to another territory;

    • (d) a survivor or child, as defined in subsection 47(1), of a judge of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory, the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories or the Nunavut Court of Justice who dies while holding office as such, where the survivor or child lives with the judge at the time of the judge’s death and, within two years after the death, moves to a place of residence in one of the ten provinces or to another territory;

    • (e) a judge of the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court or the Tax Court of Canada who, within two years after retiring or resigning from that office, moves to a place of residence in Canada outside the area within which the judge was required to reside by the Act establishing that Court; and

    • (f) a survivor or child, as defined in subsection 47(1), of a judge of the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court or the Tax Court of Canada who dies while holding office as such, where the survivor or child lives with the judge at the time of the judge’s death and, within two years after the death, moves to a place of residence in Canada outside the area within which the judge was required to reside by the Act establishing that Court.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (1.1) Paragraphs (1)(c) and (d) apply only in respect of a judge who resided in one of the ten provinces or in another territory at the time of appointment to the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory, the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories or the Nunavut Court of Justice, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (1.2) Paragraphs (1)(e) and (f) apply only in respect of a judge who, at the time of appointment to the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court or the Tax Court of Canada, as the case may be, resided outside the area within which the judge was required to reside by the Act establishing that Court.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) A removal allowance referred to in subsection (1) shall be paid for moving and other expenses of such kinds as are prescribed by or under the authority of the Governor in Council and on such terms and conditions as are so prescribed.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 40;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 6;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 11;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 16;
  • 1999, c. 3, s. 75;
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 160.
Marginal note:Meeting, conference and seminar expenses
  •  (1) A judge of a superior court or of the Tax Court of Canada who attends a meeting, conference or seminar that is held for a purpose relating to the administration of justice and that the judge in the capacity of a judge is required by law to attend, or who, with the approval of the chief justice or chief judge of that court, attends any such meeting, conference or seminar that the judge in that capacity is expressly authorized by law to attend, is entitled to be paid, as a conference allowance, reasonable travel and other expenses actually incurred by the judge in so attending.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), a judge of a superior court or of the Tax Court of Canada who, with the approval of the chief justice or chief judge of that court,

    • (a) attends a meeting, conference or seminar that the judge in the capacity of a judge is not expressly authorized by law or is not required by law to attend but that is certified by the chief justice or chief judge to be a meeting, conference or seminar having as its object or as one of its objects the promotion of efficiency or uniformity in the superior courts or the Tax Court of Canada, or the improvement of the quality of judicial service in those courts, or

    • (b) in lieu of attending a meeting, conference or seminar referred to in paragraph (a) that is certified as provided in that paragraph, acquires written or recorded materials distributed for the purpose of, or written or recorded proceedings of, any such meeting, conference or seminar,

    is entitled to be paid, as a conference allowance, reasonable travel and other expenses actually incurred by the judge in so attending or the cost of acquiring the materials or proceedings, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3) Where the aggregate amount of conference allowances that have been paid under subsection (2) in any year

    • (a) to the judges of the Supreme Court of Canada exceeds the product obtained by multiplying the number of judges of that Court by one thousand dollars, or

    • (b) to the judges of any other particular superior court or the Tax Court of Canada exceeds the greater of the product obtained by multiplying the number of judges of that court by five hundred dollars, and five thousand dollars,

    no additional amount may be paid under that subsection in that year as a conference allowance to any judge of that court except with the approval of the Minister of Justice of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (4) For the purposes of this section,

    chief justice or chief judge

    juge en chef

    chief justice or chief judge of any court of which a particular judge is a member means the chief justice, chief judge or other person recognized by law as having rank or status senior to all other members of, or having the supervision of, that court, but where that court is a superior court constituted with divisions, then the person having such rank or status in relation to all other members of the division of which the particular judge is a member; (juge en chef)

    superior court

    juridiction supérieure

    superior court, in the case of a superior court constituted with divisions, means a division thereof. (juridiction supérieure)

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 41;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 7;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 17.

Special Retirement Provision — Supreme Court of Canada Judges

Marginal note:Retired judge may continue to hold office
  •  (1) A judge of the Supreme Court of Canada who has retired may, with the approval of the Chief Justice of Canada, continue to participate in judgments in which he or she participated before retiring, for a period not greater than six months after the date of the retirement.

  • Marginal note:Salary, etc.

    (2) A retired judge participating in judgments shall receive

    • (a) the salary annexed to the office during that period less any amount otherwise payable to him or her under this Act in respect of the period, other than those amounts described in paragraphs (b) and (c);

    • (b) an amount that bears the same ratio to the allowance for incidental expenditures actually incurred referred to in subsection 27(1) that the number of months in the period bears to twelve; and

    • (c) the representational allowance referred to in subsection 27(6) for the period, as though the appropriate maximum referred to in subsection 27(7) were an amount that bears the same ratio to that allowance that the number of months in the period bears to twelve.

  • Marginal note:No extra remuneration

    (3) Section 57 applies with respect to a judge to whom this section applies.

  • 2001, c. 7, s. 20.

Benefits

Marginal note:Life insurance
  •  (1) The Treasury Board shall establish, or enter into a contract to acquire, an insurance program for judges covering the following, on terms and conditions similar to those contained in the Public Service Management Insurance Plan and the public service management insurance directives that apply to executives:

    • (a) basic life insurance;

    • (b) supplementary life insurance;

    • (c) post-retirement life insurance;

    • (d) dependants’ insurance; and

    • (e) accidental death and dismemberment insurance.

  • Marginal note:Administration

    (2) The Treasury Board may

    • (a) set terms and conditions in respect of the program, including those respecting premiums or contributions payable, benefits, and management and control of the program;

    • (b) make contributions and pay premiums or benefits, as required, out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund; and

    • (c) undertake and do all things it considers appropriate for the purpose of administering or supervising the program.

  • Marginal note:Non-application of certain regulations

    (3) A contract entered into under this section is not subject to any regulation with respect to contracts made by the Treasury Board under the Financial Administration Act.

  • Marginal note:Compulsory participation

    (4) Participation in basic life insurance under paragraph (1)(a) is compulsory for all judges.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (5) A judge who holds office on the day on which this section comes into force may, despite subsection (4), elect, at any time within ninety days after that day,

    • (a) to participate in basic life insurance under paragraph (1)(a) but have his or her coverage under it limited to 100 per cent of salary at the time of his or her death; or

    • (b) not to participate in basic life insurance.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (6) Subject to subsection (7), on the coming into force of this section, judges shall no longer be eligible for coverage under any other life insurance program established by the Treasury Board.

  • Marginal note:Supplementary life insurance

    (7) Those judges covered by supplementary life insurance on the coming into force of this section may have their coverage continued under the insurance program for judges, unless they have made an election under paragraph (5)(b).

  • 2001, c. 7, s. 20.
Marginal note:Health and dental care benefits
  •  (1) Judges shall be eligible to participate in the Public Service Health Care Plan and the Public Service Dental Care Plan established by the Treasury Board, on the same terms and conditions as apply to employees in the executive group.

  • Marginal note:Health and dental care benefits for retired judges

    (2) Judges who are in receipt of an annuity under this Act shall be eligible to participate in the Public Service Health Care Plan and the Pensioners’ Dental Services Plan established by the Treasury Board, on the same terms and conditions as apply to pensioners.

  • Marginal note:Administration

    (3) Subject to subsections (1) and (2), the Treasury Board may

    • (a) set any terms and conditions in respect of those plans, including those respecting premiums or contributions payable, benefits, and management and control of the plans;

    • (b) make contributions and pay premiums or benefits, as required, out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund; and

    • (c) undertake and do all things it considers appropriate for the purpose of administering or supervising the plans.

  • 2001, c. 7, s. 20.
Marginal note:Accidental death in the exercise of duties
  •  (1) Compensation, within the meaning of the Government Employees Compensation Act, shall be paid to the dependants of a judge whose death results from an accident arising out of or in the performance of judicial duties, on the same basis as that paid to dependants eligible for compensation under that Act.

  • Marginal note:Flying accidents causing death

    (2) Regulations made under section 9 of the Aeronautics Act apply with respect to a judge whose death results from an accident arising out of or in the performance of judicial duties.

  • Marginal note:Death resulting from act of violence

    (3) Compensation shall be paid to the survivors of a judge whose death results from an act of violence unlawfully committed by another person or persons that occurs while the judge is performing judicial duties, on the same basis as that paid to the survivors of employees slain on duty within the meaning of the Public Service Income Benefit Plan for Survivors of Employees Slain on Duty, with any modifications that the circumstances require.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (4) Subsections (1) to (3) apply to deaths that occur on or after April 1, 2000.

  • 2001, c. 7, s. 20.
Marginal note:Delegation
  •  (1) The Treasury Board may authorize the President or Secretary of the Treasury Board to exercise and perform, in such manner and subject to such terms and conditions as the Treasury Board directs, any of the powers and functions of the Treasury Board under sections 41.2 and 41.3 and may, from time to time as it sees fit, revise or rescind and reinstate the authority so granted.

  • Marginal note:Subdelegation

    (2) The President or Secretary of the Treasury Board may, subject to and in accordance with the authorization, authorize one or more persons under his or her jurisdiction or any other person to exercise or perform any of those powers or functions.

  • 2001, c. 7, s. 20.

Annuities granted to Judges

Marginal note:Grant of annuities
  •  (1) The Governor in Council shall grant to

    • (a) a judge who has continued in judicial office for at least fifteen years, whose combined age and number of years in judicial office is not less than eighty and who resigns from office,

    • (b) a judge who has continued in judicial office for at least fifteen years and resigns his office, if in the opinion of the Governor in Council the resignation is conducive to the better administration of justice or is in the national interest,

    • (c) a judge who has become afflicted with a permanent infirmity disabling him from the due execution of the office of judge and resigns his office or by reason of that infirmity is removed from office,

    • (d) a judge who has attained the age of retirement and has held judicial office for at least ten years, or

    • (e) a judge of the Supreme Court of Canada who has continued in judicial office on that Court for at least ten years, has attained the age of sixty-five years and resigns from office,

    an annuity equal to two-thirds of the salary annexed to the office held by the judge at the time of his resignation, removal or attaining the age of retirement, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Prorated annuity

    (2) Where a judge who has attained the age of retirement has held judicial office for less than ten years, the Governor in Council shall grant to that judge an annuity that bears the same ratio to the annuity described in subsection (1) as the number of years the judge has held judicial office, to the nearest one-tenth of a year, bears to ten years.

  • Marginal note:Duration of annuities

    (3) An annuity granted to a judge under this section shall commence on the day of his resignation, removal or attaining the age of retirement and shall continue during the life of the judge.

  • Definition of judicial office

    (4) In this section, judicial office means the office of a judge of a superior or county court or of the Tax Court of Canada.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 42;
  • 1998, c. 30, s. 7.
Marginal note:Annuity payable to supernumerary judge
  •  (1) Where a supernumerary judge, prior to becoming a supernumerary judge, held the office of chief justice, senior associate chief justice, associate chief justice, chief judge or associate chief judge, the annuity payable to the judge under section 42 shall be an annuity equal to two-thirds of the salary annexed, at the time of his resignation, removal or attaining the age of retirement, to the office previously held by him of chief justice, senior associate chief justice, associate chief justice, chief judge or associate chief judge.

  • Marginal note:Annuity payable to judge who elected under section 31 or 32

    (2) Where the Chief Justice or Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court or the Chief Judge or Associate Chief Judge of the Tax Court of Canada, in accordance with section 31, or a chief justice of a superior court of a province, in accordance with section 32, has elected to cease to perform his duties as such and to perform only the duties of a judge, the annuity payable to him under section 42 shall be an annuity equal to two-thirds of the salary annexed, at the time of his resignation, removal or attaining the age of retirement, to the office held by him immediately prior to his election.

  • Marginal note:Definition of "chief justice" and "chief justice of a superior court of a province"

    (3) In subsection (2), “chief justice” or “chief justice of a superior court of a province” means a chief justice, senior associate chief justice or associate chief justice of that court, or, where that court is constituted with divisions, of a division thereof.

  • (4) [Repealed, 1992, c. 51, s. 19]

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 43;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 19.

Prorated Annuities — Early Retirement

Marginal note:Fifty-five years of age and ten years in office
  •  (1) The Governor in Council shall grant to a judge who has attained the age of fifty-five years, who has continued in judicial office for at least ten years and who elects early retirement, at the option of the judge, an immediate annuity or a deferred annuity, calculated in accordance with this section.

  • Marginal note:Calculation of amount of deferred annuity

    (2) The amount of the deferred annuity shall be two-thirds of the amount of the salary annexed to the judge’s office at the time of the election multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of years, to the nearest one-tenth of a year, during which the judge has continued in judicial office and the denominator of which is the number of years, to the nearest one-tenth of a year, during which the judge would have been required to serve in judicial office in order to be eligible to be granted an annuity under paragraph 42(1)(a).

  • Marginal note:Immediate annuity

    (3) If a judge exercises the option to receive an immediate annuity, the amount of that annuity is equal to the amount of the deferred annuity, reduced by the product obtained by multiplying

    • (a) five per cent of the amount of the deferred annuity

      by

    • (b) the difference between sixty and his or her age in years, to the nearest one-tenth of a year, at the time he or she exercises the option.

  • Marginal note:Second exercise of option

    (4) A judge whose option was to receive a deferred annuity may, between the date of that option and the date on which the deferred annuity would be payable, opt for an immediate annuity. The Governor in Council shall, in that case, grant an immediate annuity to the judge from the date of the second option.

  • Marginal note:Survivor’s annuity

    (5) On the death of a judge who has been granted an immediate annuity or a deferred annuity under subsection (1) or (4), the annuity granted to a survivor under subsection 44(2) shall be determined as if the judge were in receipt of a deferred annuity.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (6) The definitions in this subsection apply in this section.

    deferred annuity

    pension différée

    deferred annuity means an annuity that becomes payable to a judge at the time that he or she reaches sixty years of age and that continues to be paid during the life of the judge. (pension différée)

    immediate annuity

    pension immédiate

    immediate annuity means an annuity that becomes payable to a judge at the time that he or she exercises an option to receive the annuity and that continues to be paid during the life of the judge. (pension immédiate)

  • 2001, c. 7, s. 21.

Annuities Granted to Survivors

Marginal note:Annuity to survivor
  •  (1) Subject to this section, where, after July 10, 1955, a judge of a superior court or of the Tax Court of Canada died or dies while holding office, the Governor in Council shall grant to the survivor of the judge an annuity equal to one third of

    • (a) the salary of the judge at the date of the death of the judge, or

    • (b) the salary annexed, at the date of the death of the judge, to the office previously held by the judge of chief justice, senior associate chief justice, associate chief justice, chief judge or associate chief judge if either subsection 43(1) or (2) would have applied to the judge if the judge had resigned, been removed or attained the age of retirement, on the day of his death,

    commencing on July 18, 1983 or immediately after the death of the judge, whichever is later, and continuing thenceforth during the life of the survivor.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) Subject to this section, where a judge who, before, on or after July 11, 1955, was granted a pension or annuity under this Act or any other Act of Parliament providing for the grant of pensions or annuities to judges died or dies after July 10, 1955, the Governor in Council shall grant to the survivor of the judge an annuity equal to one-half of the pension or annuity granted to the judge, commencing on July 18, 1983 or immediately after the death of the judge, whichever is later, and continuing thenceforth during the life of the survivor.

  • (3) [Repealed, 2001, c. 7, s. 22]

  • Marginal note:Limitation on annuity to survivor

    (4) No annuity shall be granted under this section to the survivor of a judge if the survivor became the spouse or began to cohabit with the judge in a conjugal relationship after the judge ceased to hold office.

  • (5) and (6) [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 2]

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 44;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 2;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 20;
  • 1996, c. 30, s. 3;
  • 2000, c. 12, ss. 162, 169;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 22.
Marginal note:Election for enhanced annuity to survivor
  •  (1) Subject to the regulations, a judge may elect to have the annuity to be granted to his or her survivor increased so that it is calculated as if the reference to “one-half” in subsection 44(2) were read as a reference to “sixty per cent” or “seventy-five per cent”.

  • Marginal note:Reduction of annuity

    (2) If a judge makes the election, the amount of the annuity granted to the judge shall be reduced in accordance with the regulations as of the date the election takes effect, but the combined actuarial present value of the reduced annuity and the annuity that would be granted to the survivor may not be less than the combined actuarial present value of the annuity granted to the judge and the annuity that would be granted to the survivor, immediately before the reduction is made.

  • Marginal note:Election to take effect at time of retirement

    (3) Subject to subsection (6), an election under this section takes effect on the date that the judge ceases to hold office.

  • Marginal note:Death within one year after election

    (4) Despite anything in this section, when a judge dies within one year after the election takes effect, the annuity payable to the survivor remains that payable under subsection 44(2) and the amount representing the reduction that was made in the amount of the judge’s annuity under subsection (2) shall be repaid to the judge’s estate or succession, together with interest at the rate prescribed under the Income Tax Act for amounts payable by the Minister of National Revenue as refunds of overpayments of tax under that Act.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (5) The Governor in Council may make regulations respecting

    • (a) the time, manner and circumstances in which an election is made, is deemed to have been made or is deemed not to have been made, is revoked or is deemed to have been revoked, or ceases to have effect, and the retroactive application of that making, revocation or cessation;

    • (b) the reduction to be made in the amount of a judge’s annuity when the election is made;

    • (c) the calculation of the amount of the annuity to be paid to the judge and the survivor under subsection (2);

    • (d) the time, manner and circumstances in which a reduction of a judge’s annuity may be returned and interest may be paid; and

    • (e) any other matter that the Governor in Council considers necessary for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this section.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (6) A judge who is in receipt of an annuity on the day on which this section comes into force may make his or her election in accordance with the regulations, and the election takes effect on the day this section comes into force.

  • Marginal note:Limitation on annuity to survivor

    (7) Despite anything in this section, no election may be made under this section for the benefit of a spouse or common-law partner of a judge unless that person was the spouse or common-law partner at the date the judge ceased to hold office.

  • 2001, c. 7, s. 23.
Marginal note:Annuity to be prorated between the two survivors
  •  (1) Notwithstanding section 44, if there are two persons who are entitled to an annuity under that section, each survivor shall receive a share of the annuity prorated in accordance with subsection (2) for his or her life.

  • Marginal note:Determination of prorated share

    (2) The prorated share of each survivor is equal to the product obtained by multiplying the annuity by a fraction of which the numerator is the number of years that the survivor cohabited with the judge, whether before or after his or her appointment as a judge, and the denominator is the total obtained by adding the number of years that each of the survivors so cohabited with the judge.

  • Marginal note:Years

    (3) In determining a number of years for the purpose of subsection (2), a part of a year shall be counted as a full year if the part is six or more months and shall be ignored if it is less.

  • Marginal note:Waiver

    (4) A survivor is not entitled to receive an annuity under section 44 or this section if the survivor has waived his or her entitlement to the annuity under an agreement entered into in accordance with applicable provincial law.

  • 2000, c. 12, s. 163.

 [Repealed, 1992, c. 51, s. 21]

Lump Sum Payment

Marginal note:Lump sum payment

 Where a judge dies while holding office, a lump sum equal to one sixth of the yearly salary of the judge at the time of death shall be paid to the survivor of the judge or, if there are two survivors, to the survivor who was cohabiting with the judge at the time of death, and if there is no survivor, to the estate or succession of the judge.

  • 1989, c. 8, s. 12;
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 164.

Annuities granted to Surviving Children

Definition of child

  •  (1) For the purposes of this section and sections 48 and 49, child means a child of a judge, including a child adopted legally or in fact, who

    • (a) is less than eighteen years of age; or

    • (b) is eighteen or more years of age but less than twenty-five years of age and is in full-time attendance at a school or university, having been in such attendance substantially without interruption since the child of the judge reached eighteen years of age or the judge died, whichever occurred later.

  • Marginal note:Regulations respecting school attendance

    (2) The Governor in Council may make regulations

    • (a) defining, for the purposes of this Act, the expression “full-time attendance at a school or university” as applied to a child of a judge; and

    • (b) specifying, for the purposes of this Act, the circumstances under which attendance at a school or university shall be determined to be substantially without interruption.

  • Marginal note:Annuity to surviving children

    (3) Where, after October 5, 1971, a judge of a superior or county court or of the Tax Court of Canada dies while holding office, or a judge who was granted an annuity after October 5, 1971 dies, an annuity shall be granted to each surviving child of that judge as provided in subsections (4) to (6).

  • Marginal note:Annuity for children where survivor

    (4) The Governor in Council shall grant to each child of a judge described in subsection (3)

    • (a) if the judge leaves a survivor, an annuity equal to one-fifth of the annuity that is provided for a survivor under subsection 44(1) or (2); and

    • (b) if there is no survivor or the survivor dies, an annuity equal to two-fifths of the annuity that is provided for a survivor under subsection 44(1) or (2).

  • Marginal note:Maximum of annuities to children

    (5) The total amount of the annuities paid under subsection (4) shall not exceed four-fifths, in the case described in paragraph (4)(a), and eight-fifths, in the case described in paragraph (4)(b), of the annuity that is provided for a survivor under subsection 44(1) or (2).

  • (6) [Repealed, 2000, c. 12, s. 165]

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 47;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 39 (3rd Supp.), s. 3;
  • 1998, c. 30, s. 8(F);
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 165.
Marginal note:Apportionment of annuities among surviving children
  •  (1) Where, in computing the annuities to be paid under subsection 47(3) to the children of a judge referred to in that subsection, it is determined that there are more than four children of the judge to whom an annuity shall be granted, the total amount of the annuities granted shall be apportioned among the children in such shares as the Minister of Justice deems just and proper under the circumstances.

  • Marginal note:Children’s annuities, to whom paid

    (2) Where a child of a judge is granted an annuity under this Act, payment thereof shall, if the child is less than eighteen years of age, be made to the person having the custody and control of the child or, where there is no person having the custody and control of the child, to such person as the Minister of Justice may direct and, for the purposes of this subsection, the survivor of the judge, except where the child is living apart from the survivor, shall be presumed, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, to be the person having the custody and control of the child.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 48;
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 166.

Regulations concerning Inheritance Taxes

Marginal note:Payment of certain taxes out of C.R.F.

 The Governor in Council may make regulations providing for the payment out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund, on the grant of an annuity under this Act to the survivor or children of a judge or a retired judge, of the whole or any part of such portion of any estate, legacy, succession or inheritance duties or taxes that are payable by the survivor or children with respect to the annuity, as is determined in accordance with the regulations to be attributable to that annuity, and prescribing the amount by which and the manner in which any such annuity in any such case shall be reduced.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 49;
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 169.

Judges' Contributions toward Annuities

Marginal note:Judges appointed before February 17, 1975
  •  (1) Every judge appointed before February 17, 1975 to hold office as a judge of a superior or county court shall, by reservation from the judge’s salary under this Act, contribute to the Consolidated Revenue Fund one and one-half per cent of that salary.

  • Marginal note:Judges appointed after February 16, 1975

    (2) Every judge appointed after February 16, 1975 to whom subsection (1) does not apply, shall, by reservation from the judge’s salary under this Act, contribute

    • (a) to the Consolidated Revenue Fund an amount equal to six per cent of that salary; and

    • (b) to the Supplementary Retirement Benefits Account established in the accounts of Canada pursuant to the Supplementary Retirement Benefits Act,

      • (i) prior to 1977, an amount equal to one-half of one per cent of that salary, and

      • (ii) commencing with the month of January 1977, an amount equal to one per cent of that salary.

  • Marginal note:Reduction of contributions

    (2.1) A supernumerary judge, a judge who continues in judicial office after having been in judicial office for at least fifteen years and whose combined age and number of years in judicial office is not less than eighty, or a judge referred to in section 41.1 is not required, on or after April 1, 2000, to contribute under subsections (1) and (2) but is required to contribute, by reservation from salary, to the Supplementary Retirement Benefits Account, in respect of the period beginning on that day, at a rate of one per cent of his or her salary.

  • Marginal note:Interest

    (2.2) Interest is payable on all contributions refunded as a result of the application of subsection (2.1) at the rate prescribed under the Income Tax Act for amounts payable by the Minister of National Revenue as refunds of overpayments of tax under that Act.

  • Marginal note:Income Tax Act

    (3) For the purposes of the Income Tax Act, the amounts contributed by a judge pursuant to subsection (1), (2) or (2.1) are deemed to be contributed to or under a registered pension plan.

  • Marginal note:Amounts to be credited to S.R.B. Account

    (4) Where any amount is paid into the Supplementary Retirement Benefits Account pursuant to paragraph (2)(b), an amount equal to the amount so paid shall be credited to that Account.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 50;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 23;
  • 1999, c. 31, s. 240;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 25.
Marginal note:Return of contributions where no annuity
  •  (1) Where a judge has ceased to hold office otherwise than by reason of death and, at the time he ceased to hold office, no annuity under this Act was granted or could be granted to that judge, there shall thereupon be paid to the judge, in respect of his having ceased to hold that office, an amount equal to the total contributions made by him under subsection 50(1) or paragraph 50(2)(a), together with interest, if any, calculated pursuant to subsection (4).

  • Marginal note:Idem, where annuity

    (2) Where a judge to whom subsection 50(1) applies has ceased to hold office otherwise than by reason of death and that judge is granted an annuity under this Act, if,

    • (a) at the time the judge ceased to hold office, there is no person to whom an annuity under this Act could be granted in respect of the judge on his death, or

    • (b) at any time after the judge ceased to hold office but before his death, all persons to whom an annuity under this Act could be granted in respect of the judge on his death have died or ceased to be eligible to be granted such an annuity,

    there shall thereupon be paid to the judge in respect of his having ceased to hold that office an amount equal to the total contributions made by the judge under subsection 50(1), together with interest, if any, calculated pursuant to subsection (4).

  • Marginal note:Death benefit

    (3) Where, on or at any time after the death of a judge who died while holding office, or the death of a judge who died after ceasing to hold office but to whom no amount has been paid under subsection (1) or (2), there is no person or there is no longer any person to whom an annuity under this Act may be paid in respect of the judge, any amount by which

    • (a) the total contributions made by the judge under subsection 50(1) or paragraph 50(2)(a), together with interest, if any, calculated pursuant to subsection (4),

    exceeds

    • (b) the total amount, if any, paid to or in respect of the judge as annuity payments under this Act,

    shall thereupon be paid as a death benefit to the estate of the judge or, if less than one thousand dollars, as the Minister of Justice may direct.

  • Marginal note:Interest on payments and amounts of contributions

    (4) Where an amount becomes payable under subsection (1), (2) or (3) in respect of contributions made by a judge under subsection 50(1) or paragraph 50(2)(a), the Minister of Justice shall

    • (a) determine the total amount of contributions that have been made under that provision by the judge in respect of each year, in this subsection called a “contribution year”, in which contributions were made by the judge; and

    • (b) calculate interest on the amount determined under paragraph (a) in respect of each contribution year, compounded annually,

      • (i) in respect of each contribution year before 1997,

        • (A) at the rate of four per cent from December 31 of the contribution year to December 31, 1996, and

        • (B) at the rate prescribed under the Income Tax Act for amounts payable by the Minister of National Revenue as refunds of overpayments of tax under that Act in effect from time to time, from December 31, 1996 to December 31 of the year immediately before the year in which the amount in respect of contributions made by the judge becomes payable, and

      • (ii) in respect of the 1997 contribution year and each contribution year after 1997, at the rate mentioned in clause (i)(B) from December 31 of the contribution year to December 31 of the year immediately before the year in which the amount in respect of contributions made by the judge becomes payable.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 51;
  • 1998, c. 30, s. 9.

Diversion under Financial Support Order

Marginal note:Diversion of payments to satisfy financial support order
  •  (1) Where any court in Canada of competent jurisdiction has made an order requiring a recipient of an annuity or other amount payable under section 42, 43, 44, 44.1 or 44.2, or under subsection 51(1) to pay financial support, amounts so payable to the recipient are subject to being diverted to the person named in the order in accordance with Part II of the Garnishment, Attachment and Pension Diversion Act.

  • Marginal note:Payment deemed to be to former judge

    (2) For the purposes of this Part, any payment made pursuant to subsection (1) shall be deemed to have been made to the former judge in respect of whom the payment was made.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 52;
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 167.

Payment of Salaries, Allowances, Annuities and Other Amounts

Marginal note:Amounts payable out of C.R.F.
  •  (1) The salaries, allowances and annuities payable under this Act and the amounts payable under sections 46.1 and 51 shall be paid out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund.

  • Marginal note:Prorating

    (2) For any period less than a year, the salaries and annuities payable under this Act shall be paid pro rata.

  • Marginal note:Monthly instalments

    (3) The salaries and annuities payable under this Act shall be paid by monthly instalments.

  • Marginal note:First payment

    (4) The first payment of salary of any judge shall be made pro rata on the first day of the month that occurs next after the appointment of the judge.

  • Marginal note:Legal representatives

    (5) If a judge resigns the office of judge or dies, the judge or his legal representatives are entitled to receive such proportionate part of the judge’s salary as has accrued during the time that the judge executed the office since the last payment.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 53;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 13.

Absence from Judicial Duties

Marginal note:Leave of absence
  •  (1) No judge of a superior court or of the Tax Court of Canada shall be granted leave of absence from his or her judicial duties for a period

    • (a) of six months or less, except with the approval of the chief justice or senior judge of the superior court or of the chief judge of the Tax Court of Canada, as the case may be; or

    • (b) of more than six months, except with the approval of the Governor in Council.

  • Marginal note:Notification of leave by chief justice, etc.

    (1.1) Whenever a leave of absence is granted pursuant to paragraph (1)(a), the chief justice or senior judge of the superior court or the chief judge of the Tax Court of Canada, as the case may be, shall, without delay, notify the Minister of Justice of Canada and, in the case of provincial or territorial courts, the minister of justice or the attorney general of the province or territory.

  • Marginal note:Notification of leave by Minister of Justice of Canada

    (1.2) Whenever a leave of absence is granted pursuant to paragraph (1)(b), the Minister of Justice of Canada shall, without delay, notify the chief justice or senior judge of the superior court or the chief judge of the Tax Court of Canada, as the case may be, and, in the case of provincial or territorial courts, the minister of justice or the attorney general of the province or territory.

  • Marginal note:Report by chief justice, etc., of absence

    (2) If it appears to the chief justice or senior judge of a superior court or to the chief judge of the Tax Court of Canada that a judge of the court is absent from the judge’s judicial duties without the approval required by subsection (1), the chief justice, senior judge or chief judge of the Tax Court of Canada, as the case may be, shall report the absence to the Minister of Justice of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Absentee judge to report

    (3) Whenever a judge of a superior court or of the Tax Court of Canada is absent from the judge’s judicial duties for a period in excess of thirty days, the judge shall report the absence and the reasons therefor to the Minister of Justice of Canada.

  • Definition of senior judge

    (4) In this section, senior judge, in respect of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory, the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories or the Nunavut Court of Justice, means the judge with the earliest date of appointment to the Court in question, or in the case of more than one judge appointed on the same day, means the judge that the Governor in Council may designate as the senior judge.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 54;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 24;
  • 1996, c. 30, s. 4;
  • 1999, c. 3, s. 76.

Extra-judicial Employment

Marginal note:Judicial duties exclusively

 No judge shall, either directly or indirectly, for himself or others, engage in any occupation or business other than his judicial duties, but every judge shall devote himself exclusively to those judicial duties.

  • R.S., c. J-1, s. 36.
Marginal note:Acting as commissioner, etc.
  •  (1) No judge shall act as commissioner, arbitrator, adjudicator, referee, conciliator or mediator on any commission or on any inquiry or other proceeding unless

    • (a) in the case of any matter within the legislative authority of Parliament, the judge is by an Act of Parliament expressly authorized so to act or the judge is thereunto appointed or so authorized by the Governor in Council; or

    • (b) in the case of any matter within the legislative authority of the legislature of a province, the judge is by an Act of the legislature of the province expressly authorized so to act or the judge is thereunto appointed or so authorized by the lieutenant governor in council of the province.

  • Marginal note:Acting as statutory assessor or arbitrator

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to judges acting as arbitrators or assessors of compensation or damages under any public Act, whether of general or local application, of Canada or of a province, whereby a judge is required or authorized without authority from the Governor in Council or lieutenant governor in council to assess or ascertain compensation or damages.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 56;
  • 1996, c. 10, s. 233.
Marginal note:Authorization
  •  (1) Notwithstanding section 55, Madam Justice Louise Arbour of the Ontario Court of Appeal is authorized to take a leave from her judicial duties to serve as Prosecutor of the International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia and of the International Tribunal for Rwanda.

  • Marginal note:Expenses

    (2) Madam Justice Louise Arbour may receive moving or transportation expenses and reasonable travel and other expenses, in connection with her service as Prosecutor, from the United Nations.

  • Marginal note:Leave without pay

    (3) Madam Justice Louise Arbour may elect to take a leave of absence without pay for the purpose described in subsection (1), in which case she is not entitled to receive any salary or allowances under this Act for the duration of the leave, but may receive remuneration from the United Nations for her service as Prosecutor.

  • Marginal note:Ceasing contributions

    (4) If Madam Justice Louise Arbour elects to take a leave of absence without pay under subsection (3), she shall not continue the contributions required by section 50 for the duration of the leave and that section does not apply to her for the duration of the leave, which duration shall not be counted as time during which she held judicial office for the purposes of sections 28, 29 and 42.

  • Marginal note:Deemed salary in event of death

    (5) For the purposes of subsections 44(1) and (2), section 46.1 and subsection 47(3), if Madam Justice Louise Arbour dies while on a leave of absence without pay, she is deemed to be in receipt at the time of death of the salary that she would have been receiving if she had not been absent on leave without pay.

  • 1996, c. 30, s. 5.

Extra Remuneration

Marginal note:No extra remuneration
  •  (1) Except as provided in subsection (3), no judge shall accept any salary, fee, remuneration or other emolument or any expenses or allowances for acting in any capacity described in subsection 56(1) or as administrator or deputy of the Governor General or for performing any duty or service, whether judicial or executive, that the judge may be required to perform for or on behalf of the Government of Canada or the government of a province.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The right of a judge to receive remuneration under any Act of the legislature of a province, other than for acting in any capacity described in subsection 56(1), is not affected by subsection (1), but no judge is entitled to receive remuneration under any such Act or Acts in an aggregate amount exceeding $3,000 per annum.

  • Marginal note:Expenses excepted

    (3) In the cases described in subsection (1), a judge may receive his moving or transportation expenses and the reasonable travel and other expenses incurred by him away from his ordinary place of residence while acting in any such capacity or in the performance of any such duty or service, in the same amount and under the same conditions as if the judge were performing a function or duty as such judge, if those expenses are paid in respect of any matter within the legislative authority of Parliament, by the Government of Canada, and in respect of any matter within the legislative authority of the legislature of a province, by the government of the province.

  • R.S., c. J-1, s. 38;
  • 1974-75-76, c. 48, s. 22.

PART IICanadian Judicial Council

Interpretation

Definition of Minister

 In this Part, Minister means the Minister of Justice of Canada.

Constitution of the Council

Marginal note:Council established
  •  (1) There is hereby established a Council, to be known as the Canadian Judicial Council, consisting of

    • (a) the Chief Justice of Canada, who shall be the chairman of the Council;

    • (b) the chief justice and any senior associate chief justice and associate chief justice of each superior court or branch or division thereof;

    • (c) the senior judges, as defined in subsection 22(3), of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory, the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories and the Nunavut Court of Justice;

    • (d) the Chief Justice of the Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada; and

    • (e) the Chief Judge and Associate Chief Judge of the Tax Court of Canada.

  • (2) and (3) [Repealed, 1999, c. 3, s. 77]

  • Marginal note:Substitute member

    (4) Each member of the Council may appoint a judge of that member’s court to be a substitute member of the Council and the substitute member shall act as a member of the Council during any period in which he is appointed to act, but the Chief Justice of Canada may, in lieu of appointing a member of the Supreme Court of Canada, appoint any former member of that Court to be a substitute member of the Council.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 59;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 25;
  • 1996, c. 30, s. 6;
  • 1999, c. 3, s. 77.
Marginal note:Objects of Council
  •  (1) The objects of the Council are to promote efficiency and uniformity, and to improve the quality of judicial service, in superior courts and in the Tax Court of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Powers of Council

    (2) In furtherance of its objects, the Council may

    • (a) establish conferences of chief justices, associate chief justices, chief judges and associate chief judges;

    • (b) establish seminars for the continuing education of judges;

    • (c) make the inquiries and the investigation of complaints or allegations described in section 63; and

    • (d) make the inquiries described in section 69.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 60;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 26.
Marginal note:Meetings of Council
  •  (1) The Council shall meet at least once a year.

  • Marginal note:Work of Council

    (2) Subject to this Act, the work of the Council shall be carried on in such manner as the Council may direct.

  • Marginal note:By-laws

    (3) The Council may make by-laws

    • (a) respecting the calling of meetings of the Council;

    • (b) respecting the conduct of business at meetings of the Council, including the fixing of quorums for such meetings, the establishment of committees of the Council and the delegation of duties to any such committees; and

    • (c) respecting the conduct of inquiries and investigations described in section 63.

  • R.S., c. J-1, s. 30;
  • R.S., c. 16(2nd Supp.), s. 10;
  • 1976-77, c. 25, s. 15.
Marginal note:Employment of counsel and assistants

 The Council may engage the services of such persons as it deems necessary for carrying out its objects and duties, and also the services of counsel to aid and assist the Council in the conduct of any inquiry or investigation described in section 63.

  • R.S., c. 16(2nd Supp.), s. 10;
  • 1976-77, c. 25, ss. 15, 16;
  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 157, ss. 16, 17(F).

Inquiries concerning Judges

Marginal note:Inquiries
  •  (1) The Council shall, at the request of the Minister or the attorney general of a province, commence an inquiry as to whether a judge of a superior court or of the Tax Court of Canada should be removed from office for any of the reasons set out in paragraphs 65(2)(a) to (d).

  • Marginal note:Investigations

    (2) The Council may investigate any complaint or allegation made in respect of a judge of a superior court or of the Tax Court of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Inquiry Committee

    (3) The Council may, for the purpose of conducting an inquiry or investigation under this section, designate one or more of its members who, together with such members, if any, of the bar of a province, having at least ten years standing, as may be designated by the Minister, shall constitute an Inquiry Committee.

  • Marginal note:Powers of Council or Inquiry Committee

    (4) The Council or an Inquiry Committee in making an inquiry or investigation under this section shall be deemed to be a superior court and shall have

    • (a) power to summon before it any person or witness and to require him to give evidence on oath, orally or in writing or on solemn affirmation if the person or witness is entitled to affirm in civil matters, and to produce such documents and evidence as it deems requisite to the full investigation of the matter into which it is inquiring; and

    • (b) the same power to enforce the attendance of any person or witness and to compel the person or witness to give evidence as is vested in any superior court of the province in which the inquiry or investigation is being conducted.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition of information relating to inquiry, etc.

    (5) The Council may prohibit the publication of any information or documents placed before it in connection with, or arising out of, an inquiry or investigation under this section when it is of the opinion that the publication is not in the public interest.

  • Marginal note:Inquiries may be public or private

    (6) An inquiry or investigation under this section may be held in public or in private, unless the Minister requires that it be held in public.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 63;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 27.
Marginal note:Notice of hearing

 A judge in respect of whom an inquiry or investigation under section 63 is to be made shall be given reasonable notice of the subject-matter of the inquiry or investigation and of the time and place of any hearing thereof and shall be afforded an opportunity, in person or by counsel, of being heard at the hearing, of cross-examining witnesses and of adducing evidence on his own behalf.

  • R.S., c. J-1, s. 31;
  • R.S., c. 16(2nd Supp.), s. 10;
  • 1976-77, c. 25, s. 15.

Report and Recommendations

Marginal note:Report of Council
  •  (1) After an inquiry or investigation under section 63 has been completed, the Council shall report its conclusions and submit the record of the inquiry or investigation to the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Recommendation to Minister

    (2) Where, in the opinion of the Council, the judge in respect of whom an inquiry or investigation has been made has become incapacitated or disabled from the due execution of the office of judge by reason of

    • (a) age or infirmity,

    • (b) having been guilty of misconduct,

    • (c) having failed in the due execution of that office, or

    • (d) having been placed, by his conduct or otherwise, in a position incompatible with the due execution of that office,

    the Council, in its report to the Minister under subsection (1), may recommend that the judge be removed from office.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 65;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (2nd Supp.), s. 5.

Effect of Inquiry

  •  (1) [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 27 (2nd Supp.), s. 6]

  • Marginal note:Leave of absence with salary

    (2) The Governor in Council may grant leave of absence to any judge found, pursuant to subsection 65(2), to be incapacitated or disabled, for such period as the Governor in Council, in view of all the circumstances of the case, may consider just or appropriate, and if leave of absence is granted the salary of the judge shall continue to be paid during the period of leave of absence so granted.

  • Marginal note:Annuity to judge who resigns

    (3) The Governor in Council may grant to any judge found to be incapacitated or disabled, if the judge resigns, the annuity that the Governor in Council might have granted the judge if the judge had resigned at the time when the finding was made by the Governor in Council.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 66;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (2nd Supp.), s. 6.

 [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 16 (3rd Supp.), s. 5]

 [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 16 (3rd Supp.), s. 6]

Inquiries concerning Other Persons

Marginal note:Further inquiries
  •  (1) The Council shall, at the request of the Minister, commence an inquiry to establish whether a person appointed pursuant to an enactment of Parliament to hold office during good behaviour other than

    should be removed from office for any of the reasons set out in paragraphs 65(2)(a) to (d).

  • Marginal note:Applicable provisions

    (2) Subsections 63(3) to (6), sections 64 and 65 and subsection 66(2) apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, to inquiries under this section.

  • Marginal note:Removal from office

    (3) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister, after receipt of a report described in subsection 65(1) in relation to an inquiry under this section in connection with a person who may be removed from office by the Governor in Council other than on an address of the Senate or House of Commons or on a joint address of the Senate and House of Commons, by order, remove the person from office.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 69;
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 144(F), c. 51, s. 28;
  • 1993, c. 34, s. 89.

Report to Parliament

Marginal note:Orders and reports to be laid before Parliament

 Any order of the Governor in Council made pursuant to subsection 69(3) and all reports and evidence relating thereto shall be laid before Parliament within fifteen days after that order is made or, if Parliament is not then sitting, on any of the first fifteen days next thereafter that either House of Parliament is sitting.

  • 1974-75-76, c. 48, s. 18;
  • 1976-77, c. 25, s. 15.

Removal by Parliament or Governor in Council

Marginal note:Powers, rights or duties not affected

 Nothing in, or done or omitted to be done under the authority of, any of sections 63 to 70 affects any power, right or duty of the House of Commons, the Senate or the Governor in Council in relation to the removal from office of a judge or any other person in relation to whom an inquiry may be conducted under any of those sections.

  • 1974-75-76, c. 48, s. 18;
  • 1976-77, c. 25, s. 15.

PART IIIAdministration of Federal Judicial Affairs

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Part,

Commissioner

commissaire

Commissioner means the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs referred to in section 73; (commissaire)

Minister

ministre

Minister means the Minister of Justice of Canada. (ministre)

Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs

Marginal note:Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs

 There shall be an officer, called the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs, who shall have the rank and status of a deputy head of a department and who shall be appointed by the Governor in Council after consultation by the Minister with the Council or such committee thereof as is named for the purpose by the Council.

  • 1976-77, c. 25, s. 17.
Marginal note:Duties and functions of Commissioner
  •  (1) It shall be the duty and function of the Commissioner, under the Minister, to

    • (a) act as the deputy of the Minister in performing all such duties and functions in relation to the administration of Part I as fall, by law, within the responsibility of the Minister;

    • (b) prepare budgetary submissions for the requirements of the Federal Court, the Tax Court of Canada and the Council;

    • (c) be responsible for such other administrative arrangements as are necessary to ensure that all reasonable requirements, including those for premises, equipment and other supplies and services and for officers, clerks and employees of the Federal Court, the Tax Court of Canada and the Council for the carrying out of their respective operations, are provided for in accordance with law; and

    • (d) do such other things as the Minister may require in connection with any matter or matters falling, by law, within the Minister’s responsibilities for the proper functioning of the judicial system in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation of subsection (1)

    (2) It is hereby declared for greater certainty that such of the duties and functions of the Minister as are, by paragraphs (1)(a) to (d), subject to be performed by the Commissioner do not form part of the duties and functions assigned to the Minister by the Department of Justice Act.

  • 1976-77, c. 25, s. 17;
  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 158, s. 49.

Registrar of the Supreme Court of Canada

Marginal note:Duties and functions
  •  (1) The duties and functions described in paragraphs 74(1)(a) to (c) shall, in relation to the Supreme Court of Canada and the judges thereof, be carried out by the Registrar of the Court, who may, for that purpose, utilize the services of other persons on the staff of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Registrar deemed deputy head

    (2) The Registrar of the Supreme Court of Canada shall, for the purposes of the Public Service Employment Act and other Acts of Parliament and for purposes relating to the duties and functions of the Registrar under this section, be deemed to be the deputy head of the portion of the public service of Canada appointed under subsection 12(2) of the Supreme Court Act.

  • 1976-77, c. 25, s. 17.

Deputies of the Commissioner

Marginal note:Federal Court
  •  (1) In so far as the duties and functions of the Commissioner under paragraphs 74(1)(b) and (c) relate to the Federal Court, they shall be carried out, under the direction of the Commissioner, by an officer who shall be a deputy of the Commissioner and who shall be appointed or designated by the Commissioner with the concurrence therein of the Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice of that Court.

  • Marginal note:Tax Court

    (2) In so far as the duties and functions of the Commissioner under paragraphs 74(1)(b) and (c) relate to the Tax Court of Canada, they shall be carried out, under the direction of the Commissioner, by an officer who shall be a deputy of the Commissioner and who shall be appointed or designated by the Commissioner with the concurrence therein of the Chief Judge and the Associate Chief Judge of that Court.

  • Marginal note:Deputy may be an officer of the Court

    (3) An officer appointed or designated under subsection (1) or (2) may be an officer of the Court and, if he is such an officer, may continue to perform his duties as an officer of the Court and may utilize the services of other persons on the staff of the Court in carrying out his duties and functions under this section.

  • Marginal note:Title of officer

    (4) An officer appointed or designated under subsection (1) or (2) shall be known by such title as may be determined from time to time by the Commissioner with the concurrence of the Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court or the Chief Judge and the Associate Chief Judge of the Tax Court of Canada, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Deemed deputy head

    (5) An officer appointed or designated under subsection (1) or (2) shall, for the purposes of the Public Service Employment Act and other Acts of Parliament and for purposes relating to the duties and functions of the officer under this section, be deemed to be, as the case may be, the deputy head of the portion of the public service of Canada appointed under subsection 14(2) of the Federal Court Act or the deputy head of the portion of the public service of Canada appointed under subsection 23(2) of the Tax Court of Canada Act.

  • 1976-77, c. 25, s. 17;
  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 158, s. 50.

Commissioner’s Staff

Marginal note:Appointment

 Such officers, clerks and employees as are required by the Commissioner to carry out the Commissioner’s duties and functions under section 74 shall, subject to section 76, be appointed under the Public Service Employment Act.

  • 1976-77, c. 25, s. 17;
  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 158, s. 51.
Marginal note:Commissioner deputy head

 The Commissioner, the officers appointed or designated under subsections 76(1) and (2) and the officers, clerks and employees appointed under section 77 shall be a portion of the public service of Canada, separate from the Department of Justice, of which the Commissioner shall be the deputy head.

  • 1976-77, c. 25, s. 17;
  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 158, s. 51.
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