Income Tax Act

Version of section 174 from 2004-08-31 to 2013-06-25:

Marginal note:Reference of common questions to Tax Court of Canada
  •  (1) Where the Minister is of the opinion that a question of law, fact or mixed law and fact arising out of one and the same transaction or occurrence or series of transactions or occurrences is common to assessments or proposed assessments in respect of two or more taxpayers, the Minister may apply to the Tax Court of Canada for a determination of the question.

  • Marginal note:Application to Court

    (2) An application under subsection 174(1) shall set out

    • (a) the question in respect of which the Minister requests a determination,

    • (b) the names of the taxpayers that the Minister seeks to have bound by the determination of the question, and

    • (c) the facts and reasons on which the Minister relies and on which the Minister based or intends to base assessments of tax payable by each of the taxpayers named in the application,

    and a copy of the application shall be served by the Minister on each of the taxpayers named in the application and on any other persons who, in the opinion of the Tax Court of Canada, are likely to be affected by the determination of the question.

  • Marginal note:Where Tax Court of Canada may determine question

    (3) Where the Tax Court of Canada is satisfied that a determination of the question set out in an application under this section will affect assessments or proposed assessments in respect of two or more taxpayers who have been served with a copy of the application and who are named in an order of the Tax Court of Canada pursuant to this subsection, it may

    • (a) if none of the taxpayers so named has appealed from such an assessment, proceed to determine the question in such manner as it considers appropriate; or

    • (b) if one or more of the taxpayers so named has or have appealed, make such order joining a party or parties to that or those appeals as it considers appropriate and proceed to determine the question.

  • Marginal note:Determination final and conclusive

    (4) Subject to subsection 174(4.1), where a question set out in an application under this section is determined by the Tax Court of Canada, the determination thereof is final and conclusive for the purposes of any assessments of tax payable by the taxpayers named by it pursuant to subsection 174(3).

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (4.1) Where a question set out in an application under this section is determined by the Tax Court of Canada, the Minister or any of the taxpayers who have been served with a copy of the application and who are named in an order of the Court pursuant to subsection 174(3) may, in accordance with the provisions of this Act, the Tax Court of Canada Act or the Federal Courts Act, as they relate to appeals from decisions of the Tax Court of Canada, appeal from the determination.

  • Marginal note:Time during consideration of question not counted

    (5) The time between the day on which an application under this section is served on a taxpayer pursuant to subsection 174(2) and

    • (a) in the case of a taxpayer named in an order of the Tax Court of Canada pursuant to subsection 174(3), the day on which the determination becomes final and conclusive and not subject to any appeal, or

    • (b) in the case of any other taxpayer, the day on which the taxpayer is served with notice that the taxpayer has not been named in an order of the Tax Court of Canada pursuant to subsection 174(3),

    shall not be counted in the computation of

    • (c) the periods determined under subsection 152(4),

    • (d) the time for service of a notice of objection to an assessment under section 165, or

    • (e) the time within which an appeal may be instituted under section 169,

    for the purpose of making an assessment of the tax, interest or penalties payable by the taxpayer, serving a notice of objection thereto or instituting an appeal therefrom, as the case may be.

  • NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text;
  • see relevant amending Acts. R.S., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.), s. 174;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 182.
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