Excise Tax Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. E-15)

Act current to 2017-07-03 and last amended on 2017-07-01. Previous Versions

Taxable Benefits

Marginal note:Employee and shareholder benefits
  •  (1) Where a registrant makes a supply (other than an exempt or zero-rated supply) of property or a service to an individual or a person related to the individual and

    • (a) an amount (in this subsection referred to as the “benefit amount”) in respect of the supply is required under paragraph 6(1)(a), (e), (k) or (l) or subsection 15(1) of the Income Tax Act to be included in computing the individual’s income for a taxation year of the individual, or

    • (b) the supply relates to the use or operation of an automobile and an amount (in this subsection referred to as a “reimbursement”) is paid by the individual or a person related to the individual that reduces the amount in respect of the supply that would otherwise be required under paragraph 6(1)(e), (k) or (l) or subsection 15(1) of that Act to be so included,

    the following rules apply:

    • (c) in the case of a supply of property otherwise than by way of sale, the use made by the registrant in so providing the property to the individual or person related to the individual is deemed, for the purposes of this Part, to be use in commercial activities of the registrant and, to the extent that the registrant acquired or imported the property or brought it into a participating province for the purpose of making that supply, the registrant is deemed, for the purposes of this Part, to have so acquired or imported the property or brought it into the province, as the case may be, for use in commercial activities of the registrant, and

    • (d) in any case, except where

      • (i) the registrant was, because of section 170, not entitled to claim an input tax credit in respect of the last acquisition, importation or bringing into a participating province of the property or service by the registrant,

      • (ii) an election under subsection (2) by the registrant in respect of the property is in effect at the beginning of the taxation year,

      • (iii) the registrant is an individual or a partnership and the property is a passenger vehicle or aircraft of the registrant that is not used by the registrant exclusively in commercial activities of the registrant, or

      • (iv) the registrant is not an individual, a partnership or a financial institution and the property is a passenger vehicle or aircraft of the registrant that is not used by the registrant primarily in commercial activities of the registrant,

      for the purpose of determining the net tax of the registrant,

      • (v) the total of the benefit amount and all reimbursements is deemed to be the total consideration payable in respect of the provision during the year of the property or service to the individual or person related to the individual,

      • (vi) the tax calculated on the total consideration is deemed to be equal to

        • (A) where the benefit amount is an amount that is or would, if the individual were an employee of the registrant and no reimbursements were paid, be required under paragraph 6(1)(k) or (l) of the Income Tax Act to be included in computing the individual’s income, the prescribed percentage of the total consideration, and

        • (B) in any other case, the amount determined by the formula

          (A/B) × C

          where

          A
          is
          • (I) where

            • 1. the benefit amount is required to be included under paragraph 6(1)(a) or (e) of the Income Tax Act in computing the individual’s income from an office or employment and the last establishment of the employer at which the individual ordinarily worked or to which the individual ordinarily reported in the year in relation to that office or employment is located in a participating province, or

            • 2. the benefit amount is required under subsection 15(1) of that Act to be included in computing the individual’s income and the individual is resident in a participating province at the end of the year,

            the total of 4% and the percentage determined in prescribed manner in respect of the participating province or, in the absence of a percentage determined in prescribed manner in respect of the participating province, the total of 4% and the tax rate for the participating province, and

          • (II) in any other case, 4%,

          B
          is the total of 100% and the percentage determined for A, and
          C
          is the total consideration.
      • (vii) that tax is deemed to have become collectible, and to have been collected, by the registrant

        • (A) except where clause (B) applies, on the last day of February of the year following the taxation year, and

        • (B) where the benefit amount is or would, if no reimbursements were paid, be required under subsection 15(1) of that Act to be included in computing the individual’s income and relates to the provision of the property or service in a taxation year of the registrant, on the last day of that taxation year.

  • Marginal note:Election in respect of passenger vehicle or aircraft

    (2) Where

    • (a) in a reporting period of a registrant other than a financial institution, the registrant acquires a passenger vehicle or aircraft by way of lease for use otherwise than primarily in commercial activities of the registrant or the registrant uses, otherwise than primarily in commercial activities of the registrant, a passenger vehicle or aircraft that was last acquired by the registrant by way of lease, or

    • (b) in a reporting period of a registrant that is a financial institution, the registrant acquires a passenger vehicle or aircraft by way of purchase or lease or uses a passenger vehicle or aircraft that was last so acquired by the registrant,

    the registrant may make an election under this subsection in respect of the vehicle or aircraft to take effect on the first day of that reporting period of the registrant.

  • Marginal note:Effect of election

    (3) For the purposes of this Part, where an election made by a registrant under subsection (2) in respect of property becomes effective on a day in a particular reporting period of the registrant,

    • (a) notwithstanding paragraph (1)(c), the registrant is deemed to have begun, on that day, to use the property exclusively in activities of the registrant that are not commercial activities and, at all times thereafter until the registrant next disposes of or ceases to lease the property, the registrant is deemed to use the property exclusively in activities of the registrant that are not commercial activities;

    • (b) where the property was last supplied to the registrant by way of lease,

      • (i) there shall not be included, in determining an input tax credit claimed by the registrant in the return under section 238 for the particular or any subsequent reporting period, tax calculated on consideration, or a part thereof, for that supply that is reasonably attributable to a period after that day, and

      • (ii) where an amount in respect of any tax referred to in subparagraph (i) was included in determining an input tax credit claimed by the registrant in a return under section 238 for a reporting period ending before the particular reporting period, that amount shall be added in determining the net tax of the registrant for the particular reporting period;

    • (c) where the property was last supplied to the registrant by way of sale, the registrant is a financial institution and the cost of the property to the registrant did not exceed $50,000,

      • (i) there shall not be included, in determining an input tax credit claimed by the registrant in the return under section 238 for the particular or any subsequent reporting period, tax that is calculated on consideration or part thereof, for that supply or that is in respect of an improvement to the property acquired, imported or brought into a participating province by the registrant after the property was last so acquired, imported or brought in, as the case may be, and

      • (ii) where an amount in respect of any tax referred to in subparagraph (i) was included in determining an input tax credit claimed by the registrant in a return under section 238 for a reporting period of the registrant ending before the particular reporting period, that amount shall be added in determining the net tax of the registrant for the particular reporting period; and

    • (d) there shall not be included, in determining an input tax credit claimed by the registrant in the return under section 238 for the particular or any subsequent reporting period, tax calculated on an amount of consideration, or a value determined under section 215 or subsection 220.05(1), 220.06(1) or 220.07(1), that can reasonably be attributed to

      • (i) any property that is acquired, imported or brought into a participating province for consumption or use in operating the vehicle or aircraft in respect of which the election is made and that is, or is to be used, or consumed after that day, or

      • (ii) that portion of any service relating to the operation of that vehicle or aircraft that is, or is to be, rendered after that day; and

    • (e) where an amount in respect of any tax referred to in paragraph (d) was included in determining an input tax credit claimed by the registrant in a return under section 238 for a reporting period ending before the particular reporting period, that amount shall be added in determining the net tax of the registrant for the particular reporting period.

  • Marginal note:Form of election

    (4) An election made under subsection (2) shall be made in prescribed form containing prescribed information.

  • NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text;
  • see relevant amending Acts. 1990, c. 45, s. 12;
  • 1993, c. 27, s. 40;
  • 1994, c. 21, s. 126;
  • 1997, c. 10, ss. 22, 165;
  • 2006, c. 4, s. 4;
  • 2007, c. 35, s. 185;
  • 2009, c. 32, s. 6.
 
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