Marginal note:Consent voluntary
12. The Minister shall take all reasonable steps to determine whether an offender's consent has been given voluntarily.
CONTINUED ENFORCEMENT AND ADAPTATION
Marginal note:Continued enforcement
13. The enforcement of a Canadian offender's sentence is to be continued in accordance with the laws of Canada as if the offender had been convicted and their sentence imposed by a court in Canada.
14. Subject to subsection 17(1) and section 18, if, at the time the Minister receives a request for the transfer of a Canadian offender, the sentence imposed by the foreign entity is longer than the maximum sentence provided for in Canadian law for the equivalent offence, the Canadian offender is to serve only the shorter sentence.
Marginal note:Equivalent offence
15. For the purposes of the application of any Act of Parliament to a Canadian offender, the Minister shall identify the criminal offence that, at the time the Minister receives their request for a transfer, is equivalent to the offence of which the Canadian offender was convicted.
Marginal note:Deemed probation order
16. A foreign sentence that consists of a period of supervision, other than by reason of conditional release — or a period of supervision that is, other than by reason of a conditional release, an element of a foreign sentence of imprisonment of less than two years — is deemed to be a probation order under section 731 of the Criminal Code, to a maximum of three years, or under paragraph 42(2)(k) of the Youth Criminal Justice Act, to a maximum of two years.
Marginal note:Transfer of young person — 12 or 13 years old
17. (1) Subject to subsection (2), and if the following conditions are met, the maximum sentence to be enforced in Canada is the maximum youth sentence that could have been imposed under the Youth Criminal Justice Act:
(a) the Canadian offender was, at the time the offence was committed, 12 or 13 years old; and
(b) their sentence is longer than the maximum youth sentence that could have been imposed under that Act for an equivalent offence.
Marginal note:Sentence for young person convicted of murder — 12 or 13 years old
(2) A Canadian offender who was 12 or 13 years old at the time the offence was committed and whose conduct, if it had occurred in Canada, would have constituted first or second degree murder within the meaning of section 231 of the Criminal Code is required to serve
(a) the sentence imposed by the foreign entity — if less than ten years, in the case of first degree murder, or less than seven years, in the case of second degree murder — consisting, in the same proportion as in paragraph 42(2)(q) of the Youth Criminal Justice Act, of a committal to custody and a placement under conditional supervision to be served in the community; or
(b) the maximum sentence that could be imposed under paragraph 42(2)(q) of that Act if the sentence imposed by the foreign entity was ten years or more in the case of first degree murder or seven years or more in the case of second degree murder.
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